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Making Predictions
Keys to Unlocking Your Textbooks
Textbook Structures
 Most textbooks have common features.
 Strategic readers automatically consider
  how a particular text is structured in
  order to improve comprehension.
 Becoming familiar with text features
  will help you be a better reader.
Let’s Be Information
                THIEVES
 Title - What can we predict?
 Headings - What questions do you think they will answer?
 Introduction & first paragraph - Can you predict the main
  idea?
 Everything you know - What background knowledge do you
  already have about his topic?
 Visuals - What do the visual clues tell us?
 End of Chapter questions - Can you predict what they will be
  by looking at summaries, bold-faced or italicized words, or
  sub-headings?
 So What? - Why did the author write this? Why is the
  information important to know?
NB # - Textbook Features

 Try to create a mental image of your history
  textbook.
 With your partner, brainstorm a list of textbook
  features that the publisher uses to help you
  understand new information.
 As we review the features, circle the ones you
  predicted correctly. Add the ones you didn’t get to
  your list.
Text Feature 1 -
Chapter Titles
 What will this
  chapter be about?
 What do you already
  know about this
  topic?

Text Feature 2 -
Standards
 What are you
  expected to
  know?
Text Feature 3 -
Visuals
 What kinds of visuals
  do you expect to
  see?
     maps
     charts
     photos
     captions
     diagrams
     timelines
 What pictures are on
  the page?
 What do they tell you
  about what you will
  be learning?
Text Feature 4 -
Introduction
 What will you learn?
 What is the Big Idea?
 If YOU were there . . .
  taps into what
  cognitive strategy?
 What is the purpose of
  Building Background?
Text Feature 5 -
Key Terms
What new vocabulary
will you learn?
Where can you find
the definitions for
those terms?
Text Feature 6 -
Typography
 How does the
  publisher indicate
  important words,
  terms, or ideas in
  the text?
     Highlighting
     Italics
     Bold-face
     Color
     Font size
     Font style
Text Feature 3 - Visuals
Looking at Maps
 How do you know
  what’s most important?
 What is a legend? What
  information is it giving
  you?
 What is an inset map?
  What is its purpose?
 What is a compass
  rose? How does it help
  you answer the
  Interpreting Maps
  questions?
 How does the map and
  its captions relate to
  what you’re learning?
Text Feature 7 -
Reading Checks
 Where do the
  Reading Check
  questions occur?
 Why should you try
  to answer them?
Text Feature 8 -
Subheadings
 What questions will
  the subheadings
  answer?
What Text Features
are on this page?
   Subheadings
   Key terms
   Visuals
   Captions
   Typography
Text Feature 9 -
Skill Builders
 Besides learning
  information about
  history, what skills
  do they want you to
  develop?
 Why are those skills
  important?
 How could they help
  you in other classes?
  In your life?
Text Feature 10 -
Summary and Preview
 What main ideas were
  you supposed to have
  learned?
 What’s coming up next?
Text Feature 11 -
End-of-Chapter Questions
 What does the red text
  indicate?
 Where can you go to
  search for the answers?
 How would pre-reading
  the assessment
  questions first help you
  as you read the chapter?
Text Feature 12 -
Informational Tools
 If you need to find
  information, where
  can you look?
   Table of Contents
   Glossary
   Index
Remember . . .
 I can show you the tools . . .
but you have to choose to use
           them!

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Textbook Structures

  • 1. Making Predictions Keys to Unlocking Your Textbooks
  • 2. Textbook Structures  Most textbooks have common features.  Strategic readers automatically consider how a particular text is structured in order to improve comprehension.  Becoming familiar with text features will help you be a better reader.
  • 3. Let’s Be Information THIEVES  Title - What can we predict?  Headings - What questions do you think they will answer?  Introduction & first paragraph - Can you predict the main idea?  Everything you know - What background knowledge do you already have about his topic?  Visuals - What do the visual clues tell us?  End of Chapter questions - Can you predict what they will be by looking at summaries, bold-faced or italicized words, or sub-headings?  So What? - Why did the author write this? Why is the information important to know?
  • 4. NB # - Textbook Features  Try to create a mental image of your history textbook.  With your partner, brainstorm a list of textbook features that the publisher uses to help you understand new information.  As we review the features, circle the ones you predicted correctly. Add the ones you didn’t get to your list.
  • 5. Text Feature 1 - Chapter Titles  What will this chapter be about?  What do you already know about this topic? Text Feature 2 - Standards  What are you expected to know?
  • 6. Text Feature 3 - Visuals  What kinds of visuals do you expect to see?  maps  charts  photos  captions  diagrams  timelines  What pictures are on the page?  What do they tell you about what you will be learning?
  • 7. Text Feature 4 - Introduction  What will you learn?  What is the Big Idea?  If YOU were there . . . taps into what cognitive strategy?  What is the purpose of Building Background? Text Feature 5 - Key Terms What new vocabulary will you learn? Where can you find the definitions for those terms?
  • 8. Text Feature 6 - Typography  How does the publisher indicate important words, terms, or ideas in the text?  Highlighting  Italics  Bold-face  Color  Font size  Font style
  • 9. Text Feature 3 - Visuals Looking at Maps  How do you know what’s most important?  What is a legend? What information is it giving you?  What is an inset map? What is its purpose?  What is a compass rose? How does it help you answer the Interpreting Maps questions?  How does the map and its captions relate to what you’re learning?
  • 10. Text Feature 7 - Reading Checks  Where do the Reading Check questions occur?  Why should you try to answer them? Text Feature 8 - Subheadings  What questions will the subheadings answer?
  • 11. What Text Features are on this page?  Subheadings  Key terms  Visuals  Captions  Typography
  • 12. Text Feature 9 - Skill Builders  Besides learning information about history, what skills do they want you to develop?  Why are those skills important?  How could they help you in other classes? In your life?
  • 13. Text Feature 10 - Summary and Preview  What main ideas were you supposed to have learned?  What’s coming up next? Text Feature 11 - End-of-Chapter Questions  What does the red text indicate?  Where can you go to search for the answers?  How would pre-reading the assessment questions first help you as you read the chapter?
  • 14. Text Feature 12 - Informational Tools  If you need to find information, where can you look?  Table of Contents  Glossary  Index
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  • 16. Remember . . . I can show you the tools . . . but you have to choose to use them!