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Elkhart Community Schools
Introducing Strategy#3Introducing Strategy#3Introducing Strategy#3Introducing Strategy#3Introducing Strategy#3Introducing Strategy#3Introducing Strategy#3Introducing Strategy#3Introducing Strategy#3Introducing Strategy#3Introducing Strategy#3Introducing Strategy#3
When kids are little….When kids are little….
They can’t stop asking questions.
They drive their family crazy with,
“Why does the kitty land on its
feet when you throw it in the
air? Why do I have two eyes?
Why do I have to go to bed?”
Relentlessly, they examine their
environment, trying to make
sense of it.
However….However….
As students get older, the
teacher ends up asking most of
the questions, expecting
students to find the right
answer.
Being able to create thoughtful
questions is a sophisticated
cognitive skill.
The Importance of Building
“Schema”
The Importance of Building
“Schema”
Schema is all the
background knowledge
and experience we have
in our brains.
Building conceptual
frameworks or schema is
the way in which the mind
stores and retrieves data.
Questioning Skills
Help With Learning
Questioning Skills
Help With Learning
Research shows that if students cannot
formulate meaningful questions, their
ability to learn is significantly reduced.
“When an individual cannot ask
questions, he/she is like a computer
without a keyboard. It is very difficult to
access data.”
-Ruby Payne
Put in a simpler way . . .Put in a simpler way . . .
Questioning is
a strategy that
propels readers
forward.
can help you establish a
purpose for reading and keep
you more focused.
encourages your curiosity so
that you want to stay with the
material until you understand
it.
Being able to ask questions…Being able to ask questions…
helps to make the text
clearer.
takes readers to deeper
meanings to help them
understand text.
Being able to ask questions…Being able to ask questions…
clarify something in the text or a
text feature.
understand vocabulary.
find specific information in the text.
connect to the ideas or characters
in the text.
put yourself in the text by using
your senses (visualizing, tasting,
smelling, and feeling).
understand choices the author
made when writing the text.
You can ask questions to . . .You can ask questions to . . .
understand the text organization
and text structure.
to summarize what you have
read.
extend your learning beyond the
text.
understand a character or an
object.
make predictions.
You can ask questions to . . .You can ask questions to . . .
Questioning
Strategies
Questioning
Strategies
Strategic Readers Ask
Questions . . .
Strategic Readers Ask
Questions . . .
Before Reading
During Reading
After Reading
What questions
does this image
bring to mind?
What questions
does this image
bring to mind?
I wonder where this
place is.
I wonder if it’s real.
I wonder who would
live in a place like
this.
Tell a partner. . .
“I wonder…”
Some questions . . .
require only a brief answer
require only a yes or no answer
have only one correct answer
are open-ended
have more than one correct answer
require a detailed, complex answer
are unanswerable
Questions Are Not
All the Same
Questions Are Not
All the Same
For instance . . .
What is photosynthesis?
You could not answer that
question with one word. The
answer is long and involved
and would need to be
researched.
DEEP QUESTIONSDEEP QUESTIONSDEEP QUESTIONSDEEP QUESTIONS
Deep questions address large,
universal concepts
DEEP QUESTIONSDEEP QUESTIONSDEEP QUESTIONSDEEP QUESTIONS
Deep questions address large,
universal concepts
Surface questions that can be
answered with a number or a simple
“yes or no” fall in this category.
For instance . . .
How many flowers are in the vase?
Does the vase have water?
You use surface questions to
understand specific details.
SURFACE QUESTIONSSURFACE QUESTIONS
Structure of QuestionsStructure of Questions
Most of us think of these words when we
think of questions:
Who?
What?
When?
Where?
How?
Why?
But questions can also look like
this…
But questions can also look like
this…
Which of the following
statements fits with . . .?
Can you think of an
example. . .?
Could, should, would. . .?
If this story happened. . .?
Does she/he mean that . . .?
In what ways. . . ?
The PayoffThe PayoffThe Payoff
“Hearing others’ questions
inspires new ones of your
own; likewise, listening to
others’ answers can also
inspire new thinking.”
Debbie Miller
Be an Independent ThinkerBe an Independent ThinkerBe an Independent Thinker
Learn to use questioning
strategies on your own to
become a strategic reader.
Learn to use the tools
available to become an
independent thinker.
Is the answer right there in the text?
Can this be answered using my
background knowledge?
Can I infer (figure this out) from different
sections in the text?
Could I answer this if I discussed it with
someone?
Do I need to do further research?
Is this question confusing me?
When you’re trying to answer
questions, ask yourself. . .
When you’re trying to answer
questions, ask yourself. . .
What are
some surface
questions you
could ask
about this
picture?
What are
some surface
questions you
could ask
about this
picture?
What are
some deepdeepdeepdeep
questions
you could
ask about
this picture?
What are
some deepdeepdeepdeep
questions
you could
ask about
this picture?
The goal of learning
cognitive reading strategies
is to help you take
responsibility for your own
learning and be self-
directed rather than
teacher directed.
The goal of learningThe goal of learning
cognitive reading strategiescognitive reading strategies
is to help you takeis to help you take
responsibility for your ownresponsibility for your own
learning and be selflearning and be self--
directed rather thandirected rather than
teacher directed.teacher directed.
Remember . . .Remember . . .Remember . . .Remember . . .Remember . . .Remember . . .Remember . . .Remember . . .Remember . . .Remember . . .Remember . . .Remember . . .
Elkhart Community Schools
Strategy#3Strategy#3Strategy#3Strategy#3Strategy#3Strategy#3Strategy#3Strategy#3Strategy#3Strategy#3Strategy#3Strategy#3
What do you wonder?What do you wonder?What do you wonder?What do you wonder?What do you wonder?What do you wonder?What do you wonder?What do you wonder?What do you wonder?What do you wonder?What do you wonder?What do you wonder?

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Asking questions

  • 1. Elkhart Community Schools Introducing Strategy#3Introducing Strategy#3Introducing Strategy#3Introducing Strategy#3Introducing Strategy#3Introducing Strategy#3Introducing Strategy#3Introducing Strategy#3Introducing Strategy#3Introducing Strategy#3Introducing Strategy#3Introducing Strategy#3
  • 2. When kids are little….When kids are little…. They can’t stop asking questions. They drive their family crazy with, “Why does the kitty land on its feet when you throw it in the air? Why do I have two eyes? Why do I have to go to bed?” Relentlessly, they examine their environment, trying to make sense of it.
  • 3. However….However…. As students get older, the teacher ends up asking most of the questions, expecting students to find the right answer. Being able to create thoughtful questions is a sophisticated cognitive skill.
  • 4. The Importance of Building “Schema” The Importance of Building “Schema” Schema is all the background knowledge and experience we have in our brains. Building conceptual frameworks or schema is the way in which the mind stores and retrieves data.
  • 5. Questioning Skills Help With Learning Questioning Skills Help With Learning Research shows that if students cannot formulate meaningful questions, their ability to learn is significantly reduced. “When an individual cannot ask questions, he/she is like a computer without a keyboard. It is very difficult to access data.” -Ruby Payne
  • 6. Put in a simpler way . . .Put in a simpler way . . . Questioning is a strategy that propels readers forward.
  • 7. can help you establish a purpose for reading and keep you more focused. encourages your curiosity so that you want to stay with the material until you understand it. Being able to ask questions…Being able to ask questions…
  • 8. helps to make the text clearer. takes readers to deeper meanings to help them understand text. Being able to ask questions…Being able to ask questions…
  • 9. clarify something in the text or a text feature. understand vocabulary. find specific information in the text. connect to the ideas or characters in the text. put yourself in the text by using your senses (visualizing, tasting, smelling, and feeling). understand choices the author made when writing the text. You can ask questions to . . .You can ask questions to . . .
  • 10. understand the text organization and text structure. to summarize what you have read. extend your learning beyond the text. understand a character or an object. make predictions. You can ask questions to . . .You can ask questions to . . .
  • 12. Strategic Readers Ask Questions . . . Strategic Readers Ask Questions . . . Before Reading During Reading After Reading
  • 13. What questions does this image bring to mind? What questions does this image bring to mind? I wonder where this place is. I wonder if it’s real. I wonder who would live in a place like this. Tell a partner. . . “I wonder…”
  • 14. Some questions . . . require only a brief answer require only a yes or no answer have only one correct answer are open-ended have more than one correct answer require a detailed, complex answer are unanswerable Questions Are Not All the Same Questions Are Not All the Same
  • 15. For instance . . . What is photosynthesis? You could not answer that question with one word. The answer is long and involved and would need to be researched. DEEP QUESTIONSDEEP QUESTIONSDEEP QUESTIONSDEEP QUESTIONS Deep questions address large, universal concepts DEEP QUESTIONSDEEP QUESTIONSDEEP QUESTIONSDEEP QUESTIONS Deep questions address large, universal concepts
  • 16. Surface questions that can be answered with a number or a simple “yes or no” fall in this category. For instance . . . How many flowers are in the vase? Does the vase have water? You use surface questions to understand specific details. SURFACE QUESTIONSSURFACE QUESTIONS
  • 17. Structure of QuestionsStructure of Questions Most of us think of these words when we think of questions: Who? What? When? Where? How? Why?
  • 18. But questions can also look like this… But questions can also look like this… Which of the following statements fits with . . .? Can you think of an example. . .? Could, should, would. . .? If this story happened. . .? Does she/he mean that . . .? In what ways. . . ?
  • 19. The PayoffThe PayoffThe Payoff “Hearing others’ questions inspires new ones of your own; likewise, listening to others’ answers can also inspire new thinking.” Debbie Miller
  • 20. Be an Independent ThinkerBe an Independent ThinkerBe an Independent Thinker Learn to use questioning strategies on your own to become a strategic reader. Learn to use the tools available to become an independent thinker.
  • 21. Is the answer right there in the text? Can this be answered using my background knowledge? Can I infer (figure this out) from different sections in the text? Could I answer this if I discussed it with someone? Do I need to do further research? Is this question confusing me? When you’re trying to answer questions, ask yourself. . . When you’re trying to answer questions, ask yourself. . .
  • 22. What are some surface questions you could ask about this picture? What are some surface questions you could ask about this picture? What are some deepdeepdeepdeep questions you could ask about this picture? What are some deepdeepdeepdeep questions you could ask about this picture?
  • 23. The goal of learning cognitive reading strategies is to help you take responsibility for your own learning and be self- directed rather than teacher directed. The goal of learningThe goal of learning cognitive reading strategiescognitive reading strategies is to help you takeis to help you take responsibility for your ownresponsibility for your own learning and be selflearning and be self-- directed rather thandirected rather than teacher directed.teacher directed. Remember . . .Remember . . .Remember . . .Remember . . .Remember . . .Remember . . .Remember . . .Remember . . .Remember . . .Remember . . .Remember . . .Remember . . .
  • 24. Elkhart Community Schools Strategy#3Strategy#3Strategy#3Strategy#3Strategy#3Strategy#3Strategy#3Strategy#3Strategy#3Strategy#3Strategy#3Strategy#3 What do you wonder?What do you wonder?What do you wonder?What do you wonder?What do you wonder?What do you wonder?What do you wonder?What do you wonder?What do you wonder?What do you wonder?What do you wonder?What do you wonder?