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What is Figurative Language?
What is Figurative Language?

“My grandpa says I’m really bright!”
   In the sentence above,
 bright is not meant to be
 understood literally.
   The sentence does not refer
 to the boy as shiny or lit up.
What is Figurative Language?

         Words, phrases, and
       sentences that are meant to be
       understood exactly word-for-
       word are literal.
         Words, phrases, and
       sentences that are not meant
       to be understood word-for-
       word are figurative.
Take the Challenge!

  The sentences on the
following slides contain
figurative language.
  See if you can pick out the
sentence below it that best
explains the figurative
language.
1.
Which choice best expresses the meaning of the
figurative language used in the sentence?
Marissa is such a fast reader that
she gulps down novels.
A. Marissa eats paperback novels.
B. Marissa reads many novels
   very quickly.
C. Marissa is confused by what
   she reads.
1.
Marissa is such a fast reader that
she gulps down novels.
A. Marissa eats paperback novels.
B. Marissa reads many novels
   very quickly.
C. Marissa is confused by what
   she reads.
2.
Which choice best expresses the meaning of the figurative
language used in the sentence?

Rudy has hands that are like
sandpaper.
A. Rudy’s hands have sand glued to
   them.
B. Rudy’s hands have been rubbed
   smooth.
C. Rudy’s hands are dry and very
   rough.
2.
Rudy has hands that are like
sandpaper.
A. Rudy’s hands have sand glued
   to them.
B. Rudy’s hands have been
   rubbed smooth.
C. Rudy’s hands are dry and very
   rough.
3.
Which choice best expresses the meaning of the figurative
language used in the sentence?

Before a big test, Jason is as
nervous as a racehorse before a
race.
A. Jason runs very fast.
B. Jason keeps moving around
   and can’t stay still.
C. Jason can easily kick and hurt
   someone.
3.
Before a big test, Jason is as
nervous as a racehorse before a
race.
A. Jason runs very fast.
B. Jason keeps moving around
   and can’t stay still.
C. Jason can easily kick and hurt
   someone.
4.
Which choice best expresses the meaning of the figurative
language used in the sentence?
When Sheila is hurt or unhappy, she
pulls herself into her shell, like a
turtle.
A. Sheila withdraws from other people
   when she is upset.
B. Sheila gets angry and shouts when
   she is upset.
C. Sheila moves very slowly when she is
   upset.
4.
When Sheila is hurt or unhappy,
she pulls herself into her shell, like
a turtle.
A. Sheila withdraws from other
   people when she is upset.
B. Sheila gets angry and shouts
   when she is upset.
C. Sheila moves very slowly when
   she is upset.
What is Figurative Language?

  Many figurative expressions, like the
one using bright, have been used for
many years. Their meanings are familiar
to many people.
  Good writers try to create fresh
figurative expressions to get their ideas
across. These new expressions often
require more thought by a reader.
What is Figurative Language?
“With his long, powerful legs, David is a
greyhound among beagles when he competes
in the 440-yard dash.”
  Luis, who is a very fast runner, is compared
to a greyhound. That dog, which has long,
powerful legs, is known for its speed. In fact,
the greyhound is used as a racing dog.
 Other runners are described as beagles,
dogs with short legs who do not run very fast.
Take the Challenge!

  Choose the sentence from
the pairs of sentences on the
next slides that use figurative
language.
5.
Which sentence uses figurative language?



A. When Howie is in the pool, he’s
   a fish.

B. When Howie is in the pool, he
   can swim better than anyone
   else.
5.
A. When Howie is in the pool, he’s
   a fish.

B. When Howie is in the pool, he
   can swim better than anyone
   else.
6.
Which sentence uses figurative language?
A. It’s so hot outside; the
   temperature has been over a
   hundred degrees every day this
   week!

B. It’s so hot outside; I feel like
   I’ve been standing under a
   rocket that has blasted off!
6.
A. It’s so hot outside; the
   temperature has been over a
   hundred degrees every day this
   week!

B. It’s so hot outside; I feel like
   I’ve been standing under a
   rocket that has blasted off!
7.
Which sentence uses figurative language?



A. Richard eats too much, too
   fast.

B. Richard cleans up food like a
   human vacuum cleaner.
7.
A. Richard eats too much, too
   fast.

B. Richard cleans up food like a
   human vacuum cleaner.
8.
Which sentence uses figurative language?



A. When it comes to remembering
   what other people say, Linda
   has tape recorders for ears.

B. When it comes to remembering
   what other people say, Linda
   can repeat every word.
8.
A. When it comes to remembering
   what other people say, Linda
   has tape recorders for ears.

B. When it comes to remembering
   what other people say, Linda
   can repeat every word.
9.
Which sentence uses figurative language?



A. As the storm passed, the sky
   turned a very white color.

B. As the storm passed, the sky
   changed color and looked like
   curdled milk.
9.
A. As the storm passed, the sky
   turned a very white color.

B. As the storm passed, the sky
   changed color and looked like
   curdled milk.

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What is Figurative Language?

  • 1. What is Figurative Language?
  • 2. What is Figurative Language? “My grandpa says I’m really bright!” In the sentence above, bright is not meant to be understood literally. The sentence does not refer to the boy as shiny or lit up.
  • 3. What is Figurative Language? Words, phrases, and sentences that are meant to be understood exactly word-for- word are literal. Words, phrases, and sentences that are not meant to be understood word-for- word are figurative.
  • 4. Take the Challenge! The sentences on the following slides contain figurative language. See if you can pick out the sentence below it that best explains the figurative language.
  • 5. 1. Which choice best expresses the meaning of the figurative language used in the sentence? Marissa is such a fast reader that she gulps down novels. A. Marissa eats paperback novels. B. Marissa reads many novels very quickly. C. Marissa is confused by what she reads.
  • 6. 1. Marissa is such a fast reader that she gulps down novels. A. Marissa eats paperback novels. B. Marissa reads many novels very quickly. C. Marissa is confused by what she reads.
  • 7. 2. Which choice best expresses the meaning of the figurative language used in the sentence? Rudy has hands that are like sandpaper. A. Rudy’s hands have sand glued to them. B. Rudy’s hands have been rubbed smooth. C. Rudy’s hands are dry and very rough.
  • 8. 2. Rudy has hands that are like sandpaper. A. Rudy’s hands have sand glued to them. B. Rudy’s hands have been rubbed smooth. C. Rudy’s hands are dry and very rough.
  • 9. 3. Which choice best expresses the meaning of the figurative language used in the sentence? Before a big test, Jason is as nervous as a racehorse before a race. A. Jason runs very fast. B. Jason keeps moving around and can’t stay still. C. Jason can easily kick and hurt someone.
  • 10. 3. Before a big test, Jason is as nervous as a racehorse before a race. A. Jason runs very fast. B. Jason keeps moving around and can’t stay still. C. Jason can easily kick and hurt someone.
  • 11. 4. Which choice best expresses the meaning of the figurative language used in the sentence? When Sheila is hurt or unhappy, she pulls herself into her shell, like a turtle. A. Sheila withdraws from other people when she is upset. B. Sheila gets angry and shouts when she is upset. C. Sheila moves very slowly when she is upset.
  • 12. 4. When Sheila is hurt or unhappy, she pulls herself into her shell, like a turtle. A. Sheila withdraws from other people when she is upset. B. Sheila gets angry and shouts when she is upset. C. Sheila moves very slowly when she is upset.
  • 13. What is Figurative Language? Many figurative expressions, like the one using bright, have been used for many years. Their meanings are familiar to many people. Good writers try to create fresh figurative expressions to get their ideas across. These new expressions often require more thought by a reader.
  • 14. What is Figurative Language? “With his long, powerful legs, David is a greyhound among beagles when he competes in the 440-yard dash.” Luis, who is a very fast runner, is compared to a greyhound. That dog, which has long, powerful legs, is known for its speed. In fact, the greyhound is used as a racing dog. Other runners are described as beagles, dogs with short legs who do not run very fast.
  • 15. Take the Challenge! Choose the sentence from the pairs of sentences on the next slides that use figurative language.
  • 16. 5. Which sentence uses figurative language? A. When Howie is in the pool, he’s a fish. B. When Howie is in the pool, he can swim better than anyone else.
  • 17. 5. A. When Howie is in the pool, he’s a fish. B. When Howie is in the pool, he can swim better than anyone else.
  • 18. 6. Which sentence uses figurative language? A. It’s so hot outside; the temperature has been over a hundred degrees every day this week! B. It’s so hot outside; I feel like I’ve been standing under a rocket that has blasted off!
  • 19. 6. A. It’s so hot outside; the temperature has been over a hundred degrees every day this week! B. It’s so hot outside; I feel like I’ve been standing under a rocket that has blasted off!
  • 20. 7. Which sentence uses figurative language? A. Richard eats too much, too fast. B. Richard cleans up food like a human vacuum cleaner.
  • 21. 7. A. Richard eats too much, too fast. B. Richard cleans up food like a human vacuum cleaner.
  • 22. 8. Which sentence uses figurative language? A. When it comes to remembering what other people say, Linda has tape recorders for ears. B. When it comes to remembering what other people say, Linda can repeat every word.
  • 23. 8. A. When it comes to remembering what other people say, Linda has tape recorders for ears. B. When it comes to remembering what other people say, Linda can repeat every word.
  • 24. 9. Which sentence uses figurative language? A. As the storm passed, the sky turned a very white color. B. As the storm passed, the sky changed color and looked like curdled milk.
  • 25. 9. A. As the storm passed, the sky turned a very white color. B. As the storm passed, the sky changed color and looked like curdled milk.