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RECREATION AND PARK
AREA FACILITIES
DR. ABDUL WAHEED MUGHAL
DEAN, SOCIAL SCIENCES, ARTS & EDUCATION
EMAIL. dean.ss@suit.edu.pk
RECREATION CONCEPTS
This age is age of machines and technological change which has
created awareness and acceptance of leisure and recreation as an
important part of human life. Not only there has been much fold
increase in production due to machines, but also man has been relieved
from excessive labor. He gets so much leisure that he is at a loss to
know how to spend it. Due to these technological awareness the need
for recreation in our changing society is increasing.
(Cont) B
Therefore planning for park and recreational facilities must be
undertaken by people. Happy people need to be creative, have a feeling
of belonging of and have opportunities to direct their energies in to
constructive activities away from the job.
The facilities must be designed and constructed to provide for the
recreational programs as projected to serve the people. Buildings must
be designed to meet program requirements rather than programs
designed to fit existing facilities.
SPECIAL PLANNING AND CONSIDERATION FOR
METROPOLITAN AND CONGESTED AREAS: (A)
Today living trends in big cities is increasing day by day. Lack of open
space, coupled with poor environmental quality in many of our urban
areas has created a growing public concerned for recreational facilities
and the need for special planning considerations.
 The lack of open space and in many cases, the lack of economic
resources make it mandatory that all governmental and public
agencies cooperate in planning facilities for maximum use.
(Cont) B
 Additional or secondary uses of all facilities public and private must be considered.
For examples the parking lot of a large industrial plant can be used for recreation on
weekends with little additional cost if planned properly.
 Because the mobility of people in dense urban areas is often restricted, facilities must
be provided where the people are rather than in places reachable only by extensive.
Travel
 Plan should be revised for maximum use of existing facilities. Twenty-four-hour use
might be a possibility in some areas.
PLANNING FOR MULTIPUL USE:
 Planning facilities for many kind of recreational uses is a major
consideration in the establishment of playgrounds, parks and other
recreational properties. Multiple-use facilities require space that can
accommodate varied activities for all age groups during varied times
– e.g., of the day, week, month, season or year – and on varied
surfaces and enclosures –. Example Golf – (Morning) Skiing
(Winter) etc.
FIELD GAMES:
 The multiple-use turf area can accommodate many kinds of field’s
games and games requiring spaces. Its size, shape and treatment will
depend on the needs and space available. It should contain large and
small open-turf areas with peripheral planting, branches, and table.
The small games-field is used for active games of low organization in
formal class work, storytelling, and creative free play. The field large
space games include Hockey, Football, Basketball & softball etc.
COURT GAMES:
 The multiple use of paved area is an all-weather space
used for court games requiring a hard surface, such as
basketball, volleyball, badminton, tennis, paddle tennis,
and handball.
CAMPS AND CAMPING
INTRODUCTION:
 It is the act of living in the outdoor or in primitive surrounding.
Camping is organized away from the noise of the city in the lap of
nature. There one could not get comfort of home. Whatever one get
from natural sources is to be accepted by one. Both young and old
enjoy the camping because of the universal desire to get away from
the common place existence in any permanent habitat and confined
life in city. Examples – europe - etc
RESIDENT CAMPS:
The term resident camp is use to designate an area that provide for 50
to 150 people with facilities for cooking, sleeping and program
development. There are three major consideration in the development
of resident camps:
Selecting the camp site
Planning the layout and development
Constructing the building and facilities
RESIDENT CAMPS:
SELECTING THE CAMPSITE:
The selection of a site for a camp in which children and adults can live and learn is no
small task; both vision and technical knowledge are required. There is no such thing as a
perfect camp site, and the plans will need to be adapted to the site available.
Camp should not be so close to camper homes that parents can drop in at odd times.
Campus feel more of a sense of adventure when camp is somewhat distant from home.
About 40 or 50 miles is a desirable minimum distance. A sight should offer both a sense
of seclusion and reasonable accessibility.
PLANNING THE LAYOUT AND DEVELOPMENT
OF RESIDENT CAMPS:
Money will be saved and mistake reduced if a camp planner, architects and
engineers are engaged to develop a master plan. Problem are considerably different
from those in other types of developments and there is no substitute for specialized
technical help. All groups who will use the camp should be considered in the plan.
Planning should include consideration of the following:
 Present needs and possible future demands
 Possible year-round use
 Group that will use the camp – age, sex and socio-economics background
 Program of the camp
(Cont) B
Financing of consideration, maintenance and operation
Protection - fire, police and off season
Accessibility and seclusion
Aesthetic Values
Transportation Available
(Cont) C
The lay of the land, with its natural divisions will often determine
construction sites and plan should be flexible to take advantages of the land.
The following however are considered desirable distance between structures;
 Cabins – at least 100 feet apart
 Units of small camp – 500 feet apart, or so located that there is little
interface from one another.
 Health Center – at least 200 feet from other facilities
 toilets – within 150 feet of living facilities
The trail system should follow natural travel routes to camp facilities. Well-
planned and developed trails will protect the natural environment.
DINING HALL, KITCHEN AND
STORE:
 A central dining room should contain at least 12 to 15
square feet of dinning space per person. It should be
attractive, comfortable and heated if used in cold weather.
It should be located within five minutes’ walk of camp
living quarters.
HOUSING UNITS:
 There are several approaches to the design of housing
units, depending upon the need of the group and the
program. Some camp administrators prefer to house an
activity group together in one large unit, while other prefer
smaller, decentralized units.
HEALTH CENTRE:
The resident camp need a center to provide health care and to house the camp nurse.
Desirable feather include the following:
 Space for ill campers – one bed for 20 campers with separate
 Room for male and female patients
 Isolation room for observation and temporary care of campers with suspected
communicable diseases.
 Treatment room
 Office space for records and nurse’s work
 Housing for camp nurse
SHOWER HOUSES
A camp without shower in the living quarters may have a central shower house or
several shower houses. These should provide lavatories flush toilet as well and laundry
facilities are desirable. The following are minimum needs.
 One shower head for 10 to 15 persons
 One toilet seat for 08 to 10 girls
 One toilet seat for 12 to 15 boys
 One urinal for 30 boys
 Heated water for showers
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
BUILDING
A building of sufficient size to store the necessary equipment for
maintaining the camp is desirable. It should include space for the
trucks, ground maintenance machinery and tools, repair materials and
a room for miscellaneous repair work. The design of the building will
depend upon the types of equipment to be stored and the nature of
maintenance work to be performed by the residence maintenance
staff.
SEWER, WATER AND UTILITIES:
 Resident camps need to be develop their sewage system carefully.
Several system may be acceptable such as absorption field,
aeration system with lagoons or dry wells. We generally prefer
flush toilets
INDIVIDUALES CAMP SITES:
 Six to eight sites per acre are common in natural areas,
with 50 to 75 feet between tent or vehicle locations.
Minimum size for a site is about 2500 square feet.
WATER ACTIVITIES:
Water is the one of the most important recreational
attractions, particularly for destination campground, as it
provides for swimming, boating, fishing and scenic beauty.
Swimming and boating facilities are discussed elsewhere
in the publication.

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Recreational concepts

  • 1. RECREATION AND PARK AREA FACILITIES DR. ABDUL WAHEED MUGHAL DEAN, SOCIAL SCIENCES, ARTS & EDUCATION EMAIL. dean.ss@suit.edu.pk
  • 2. RECREATION CONCEPTS This age is age of machines and technological change which has created awareness and acceptance of leisure and recreation as an important part of human life. Not only there has been much fold increase in production due to machines, but also man has been relieved from excessive labor. He gets so much leisure that he is at a loss to know how to spend it. Due to these technological awareness the need for recreation in our changing society is increasing.
  • 3. (Cont) B Therefore planning for park and recreational facilities must be undertaken by people. Happy people need to be creative, have a feeling of belonging of and have opportunities to direct their energies in to constructive activities away from the job. The facilities must be designed and constructed to provide for the recreational programs as projected to serve the people. Buildings must be designed to meet program requirements rather than programs designed to fit existing facilities.
  • 4. SPECIAL PLANNING AND CONSIDERATION FOR METROPOLITAN AND CONGESTED AREAS: (A) Today living trends in big cities is increasing day by day. Lack of open space, coupled with poor environmental quality in many of our urban areas has created a growing public concerned for recreational facilities and the need for special planning considerations.  The lack of open space and in many cases, the lack of economic resources make it mandatory that all governmental and public agencies cooperate in planning facilities for maximum use.
  • 5. (Cont) B  Additional or secondary uses of all facilities public and private must be considered. For examples the parking lot of a large industrial plant can be used for recreation on weekends with little additional cost if planned properly.  Because the mobility of people in dense urban areas is often restricted, facilities must be provided where the people are rather than in places reachable only by extensive. Travel  Plan should be revised for maximum use of existing facilities. Twenty-four-hour use might be a possibility in some areas.
  • 6. PLANNING FOR MULTIPUL USE:  Planning facilities for many kind of recreational uses is a major consideration in the establishment of playgrounds, parks and other recreational properties. Multiple-use facilities require space that can accommodate varied activities for all age groups during varied times – e.g., of the day, week, month, season or year – and on varied surfaces and enclosures –. Example Golf – (Morning) Skiing (Winter) etc.
  • 7. FIELD GAMES:  The multiple-use turf area can accommodate many kinds of field’s games and games requiring spaces. Its size, shape and treatment will depend on the needs and space available. It should contain large and small open-turf areas with peripheral planting, branches, and table. The small games-field is used for active games of low organization in formal class work, storytelling, and creative free play. The field large space games include Hockey, Football, Basketball & softball etc.
  • 8. COURT GAMES:  The multiple use of paved area is an all-weather space used for court games requiring a hard surface, such as basketball, volleyball, badminton, tennis, paddle tennis, and handball.
  • 9. CAMPS AND CAMPING INTRODUCTION:  It is the act of living in the outdoor or in primitive surrounding. Camping is organized away from the noise of the city in the lap of nature. There one could not get comfort of home. Whatever one get from natural sources is to be accepted by one. Both young and old enjoy the camping because of the universal desire to get away from the common place existence in any permanent habitat and confined life in city. Examples – europe - etc
  • 10. RESIDENT CAMPS: The term resident camp is use to designate an area that provide for 50 to 150 people with facilities for cooking, sleeping and program development. There are three major consideration in the development of resident camps: Selecting the camp site Planning the layout and development Constructing the building and facilities
  • 11. RESIDENT CAMPS: SELECTING THE CAMPSITE: The selection of a site for a camp in which children and adults can live and learn is no small task; both vision and technical knowledge are required. There is no such thing as a perfect camp site, and the plans will need to be adapted to the site available. Camp should not be so close to camper homes that parents can drop in at odd times. Campus feel more of a sense of adventure when camp is somewhat distant from home. About 40 or 50 miles is a desirable minimum distance. A sight should offer both a sense of seclusion and reasonable accessibility.
  • 12. PLANNING THE LAYOUT AND DEVELOPMENT OF RESIDENT CAMPS: Money will be saved and mistake reduced if a camp planner, architects and engineers are engaged to develop a master plan. Problem are considerably different from those in other types of developments and there is no substitute for specialized technical help. All groups who will use the camp should be considered in the plan. Planning should include consideration of the following:  Present needs and possible future demands  Possible year-round use  Group that will use the camp – age, sex and socio-economics background  Program of the camp
  • 13. (Cont) B Financing of consideration, maintenance and operation Protection - fire, police and off season Accessibility and seclusion Aesthetic Values Transportation Available
  • 14. (Cont) C The lay of the land, with its natural divisions will often determine construction sites and plan should be flexible to take advantages of the land. The following however are considered desirable distance between structures;  Cabins – at least 100 feet apart  Units of small camp – 500 feet apart, or so located that there is little interface from one another.  Health Center – at least 200 feet from other facilities  toilets – within 150 feet of living facilities The trail system should follow natural travel routes to camp facilities. Well- planned and developed trails will protect the natural environment.
  • 15. DINING HALL, KITCHEN AND STORE:  A central dining room should contain at least 12 to 15 square feet of dinning space per person. It should be attractive, comfortable and heated if used in cold weather. It should be located within five minutes’ walk of camp living quarters.
  • 16. HOUSING UNITS:  There are several approaches to the design of housing units, depending upon the need of the group and the program. Some camp administrators prefer to house an activity group together in one large unit, while other prefer smaller, decentralized units.
  • 17. HEALTH CENTRE: The resident camp need a center to provide health care and to house the camp nurse. Desirable feather include the following:  Space for ill campers – one bed for 20 campers with separate  Room for male and female patients  Isolation room for observation and temporary care of campers with suspected communicable diseases.  Treatment room  Office space for records and nurse’s work  Housing for camp nurse
  • 18. SHOWER HOUSES A camp without shower in the living quarters may have a central shower house or several shower houses. These should provide lavatories flush toilet as well and laundry facilities are desirable. The following are minimum needs.  One shower head for 10 to 15 persons  One toilet seat for 08 to 10 girls  One toilet seat for 12 to 15 boys  One urinal for 30 boys  Heated water for showers
  • 19. GENERAL MAINTENANCE BUILDING A building of sufficient size to store the necessary equipment for maintaining the camp is desirable. It should include space for the trucks, ground maintenance machinery and tools, repair materials and a room for miscellaneous repair work. The design of the building will depend upon the types of equipment to be stored and the nature of maintenance work to be performed by the residence maintenance staff.
  • 20. SEWER, WATER AND UTILITIES:  Resident camps need to be develop their sewage system carefully. Several system may be acceptable such as absorption field, aeration system with lagoons or dry wells. We generally prefer flush toilets
  • 21. INDIVIDUALES CAMP SITES:  Six to eight sites per acre are common in natural areas, with 50 to 75 feet between tent or vehicle locations. Minimum size for a site is about 2500 square feet.
  • 22. WATER ACTIVITIES: Water is the one of the most important recreational attractions, particularly for destination campground, as it provides for swimming, boating, fishing and scenic beauty. Swimming and boating facilities are discussed elsewhere in the publication.