Architecture Thesis Recreation center

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Architecture Thesis Recreation center

  1. 1. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 1 “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” DESIGNDISSERTATIONSUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE WITH INTERIOR DESIGN BY Mr.ROHIT A.DIGRA UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF ARCHITECT R.G.DESHMUKH SIR DR.BALIRAM HIRAY COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE (L.B.H.S.S.T) BANDRA, MUMBAI UNIVERSITY OF MUMBAI DR.BALIRAM HIRAY COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE (L.B.H.S.S.T) BANDRA, MUMBAI UNIVERSITY OF MUMBAI CERTIFICATE
  2. 2. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 2 This is to certify that Mr.ROHIT A.DIGRA has satisfactorily carried out and completedthe Projectentitled “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” This work is being submitted for the award of degree of Bachelor of Architecture with Interior Design. It is submitted in the partial fulfillment of the prescribed syllabus of University of Mumbai for the academic year 2015-2016. …………………………… …………………………... Ar. Kalyani Salvi Ar.R.G.Deshmukh Sir Class In charge Project Guide …………………………… …………………………... Ar.Swapna Khade Principal External Examiner DECLARATION I hereby declare that these Thesis Report Titled “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” submitted by me in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of bachelor of architecture with interior design course of Dr.Baliram Hiray College Of Architecture (L.B.H.S.S.T). India is a record of my own work. The matter embodied in this report has not been submitted for the award of any other degree or diploma. Name of student: Mr.Rohit A.Digra Project Guide: Ar.R.G.Deshmukh Sir Year: 2015 -2016
  3. 3. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 3 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT It gives me an immense pleasure to express my gratitude to ARCHITECT R.G.DESHMUKH SIR, his guidance, constant encouragement and support during the course of work in the past one year. I truly appreciate and value his esteemedguidance and encouragement from the beginning to the end of this project. I, am especially thankful to AR.SUNIL MAGDUM SIR Vice Principal, AR.PRANAV BHATT SIR head of department, and MR.ANIL PARAB SIR office superintendent of Dr. Baliram Hiray College Of Architecture (L.B.H.S.S.T.), for providing the necessary facilities to carry out the work successfully. My sincere thanks to Mr.SURU NAYAK , Ex-cricketer of India and operational manager of B.C.C.I., for providing necessary facility for my work and I am also very thankful to AR.A.D.RANADE SIR, Visiting faculty of Dr.Baliram Hiray College of Architecture (L.B.H.S.S.T.) for his help and encouragement during the project. I also thankful to my friends and batch mates who have directly or indirectly helped me in my project work. I pay my deepest gratitude with a deep sense of respect to Lt.Col.M.K.Choudhury (Retd.) Chief operating officer N.S.C.I. Club, worli, Mumbai for the cooperation in providing the necessary information and guidance. Last but not least to my parents and family for encouragement, patience and understanding Thank you all and all Dated: 29th March 2016 DEDICATION
  4. 4. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 4 This Thesis report is dedicated to my loving “FAMILY” Whose blessing and prayers strengthen up, to do my project successfully. INDEX List of contents Page No.  PREFACE 07  INTRODUCTION 08  IMPORTANCE OF RECREATION SPORTS 09  TOPIC JUSTIFICATION 11  INTERACTION& IMPORTANCE 19  RESEARCH 21  METHODOLOGY 39  CASE STUDIES 40  COMPARISONS OF CASE STUDIES 65  HYPOTHESIS 68  TECHNICAL DATA 69  DESIGN CONTENT 95  INTRODUCTIONTO THANE 100
  5. 5. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 5  SITE LOCATION 102  SITE ANALYSIS 103  CONCLUSION 109  BIBLOGRAPHY 110  SUMMARY INDEX 111  PREFACE The release of the body from the tension and strain of work may be understood as a natural physical response to fatigue. Yet relaxation as a regulated right of human labour in the Western world emerged only in the nineteenth century, and ever since has been repeatedlychecked by anxieties about mass leisure and by the dynamics of economic growth. Scientists began to understand the working body as a ‘motor’ with a measurable capacity for work and the need for regularly spaced rest. Work scientists like Angelo Mosso believed that output could be optimized if exhaustion was avoided. Overwork reduced longevity, decreased fertility, stunted the growth of youth, produced insomnia and nervousness, and encouraged alcoholism and torpor. Efficiency in the human motor required daily and weekly rest breaks and even regularly spaced rests within the workday. Since the 1970s, complex economic and social trends have reversed the historical trend toward increased leisure time. Increased speed of communications and transport along with the rise of global competition has created the 24-hour economy and, with it, work at all hours. Economic maximizing and consumerism have induced workers not only to opt for overtime but to choose timesaving devices to aid in their leisure. This has meant a saturation of free time with leisure goods and their maintenance.
  6. 6. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 6  INTRODUCTION Recreation or fun is the expenditure of time in a manner designed for therapeutic refreshment of one's body or mind. While leisure is more likely a form of entertainment or sleep, recreation is active for the participant but in a refreshing and diverting manner. A time in which individuals are not compelled to do anything, and are free to choose to relax or to take part in a leisure activity. Leisure has important social functions, including relief from the demands and restrictions of work. Most people enjoy socializing with friends for dinner or a drink after a hard day at work. For many young people, having a regular night out a week is a normal part of their free time, whether it is joining friends for a drink in a pub, dining out in a restaurant, watching a film, playing video games or dancing at a club.  Types of leisure  Active leisure activities involve the exertion of physical or mental energy. Low-impact physical activities include walking and yoga, which expend little energy and have little contact or competition. High-impact activities such as kick-boxing and football consume much energy and are competitive. Some active leisure activities involve almost no physical activity, but do require a substantial mental effort, such as playing chess or painting a picture. Active leisure and recreation overlap significantly.  Passive leisure activities are those in which a person does not exert any significant physical or mental energy, such as going to the cinema, watching television, or gambling on slot machines. Some leisure experts discourage these types of leisure activity, on the grounds that they do not provide the benefits offered by active leisure activities. For example, acting in a community drama (an active leisure activity) could build a person's skills or self-confidence. Nevertheless, passive leisure activities are a good way of relaxing for many people.  Importance To The Indian Context A new developed sporting infrastructure is a trade mark of developed nation of today, where in attention can be diverted from basic issues to recreation and leisure issues.so it becomes obligatory for every developing country to make developments in the sports sector so that the health of the society and standard of living in general also develop along with it.  IMPORTANCE OF RECREATION SPORTS  Recreational sports are important to the quality of life and communities. It has been long associated with benefits to health such as heart disease, diabetes and bowel cancer. It also helps decrease overweight and obesity numbers with regular physical activity among people and communities.  Recreational sports have been reported as changing lives. The activities create positive outcomes such as confidence, self-respect, self-esteem, trust, self-reliance and leadership abilities.  “Over the last 15 years however, sports, outdoor pursuits and constructive leisure activities have been a well-established feature of initiatives whose aim is to divert offenders and young people at risk away from crime” (East Leigh, 2007). Therefore, participating in recreational activities can help young men and women stay away from crime and can become leaders.
  7. 7. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 7  Recreational sports provide challenges and adventures for individuals. In the economic aspect, promoting physical activity for employees makes good business sense. As for college students, recreational sports programs and activities are correlated with overall college satisfaction and success. Students become more socially oriented than other students who don’t participated in recreational sports.  Other benefits of recreational sports include reduction of stress, improvement of happiness, build character, improve interaction with diverse sets of people, and contribute to time management.  Recreation is essential to the longevity of humans because it assists with lowering stress levels. Organized recreational activities can be found at local parks, YMCA’s, churches, and other community facilities. These types of programs are successful because they include recreation for the entire family.  Regular family activities can help everyone become more active and healthier. This gives both parents and children the opportunity to interact as a family and have fun together. In addition, some community facilities include senior citizen programming.  Indoor recreational programs can include table tennis, racquetball, bowling, indoor swimming, indoor treadmills, arts and crafts, indoor skating, and more.  Outdoor recreational programs can include running, volleyball, basketball, football, Frisbee tossing, swimming, and much more.  Sports and health  More and more number have secondary occupations .The number of people in non- manual jobs has increased in the UK by approximately 20% over the last 20 years, whilst the number of people manual appointment has fallen in the UK by around 35% over the same period  Regular exercise for men and women of all ages can provide the essential complement to programs of preventive health care evolved by government and health authorities  Cost of remedial care in health service rise inexorably year by year  Investment in sports development is likely to pay back in the reduction of many avoidable illness  Sports and school  If the number of people participating in sports are to be raised, on setting is more important than school will be an asset for life  A loss of playing fields and a lack of commitment to school sports can deprive youngsters of their birthright This is a loss to nation as whole,  Team work and achievement in sports impart a spirit of self-discipline, personal achievement, and respect for others  The implications of policies on the availabilities need care full study. Errors made now would cost huge sums of money to repair for many young people opportunities may never  It is important that people who leave school in further education have continuing access to sports facilities  The sports council believes that sharing facilities between schools and local people confers positive benefits  Such partnerships should be a factor in all local strategies for sports development  It is important that maximum use is made of sports halls,pools,and pitches but it is equally important that physical education should have a full role properly to create literacy in movement as vital role to every person literacy as verbal expression itself  Many sports clubs provide opportunities that school children might not otherwise have ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…IMPORTANCE OF RECREATION SPORTS
  8. 8. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 8  Sports policy should promote such arrangement between club and schools, and school and the community  The aim should be to promote self confidence among children, to encourage school leavers to maintain sporting activities in later life and it identifies and develop special talent.  TOPIC JUSTIFICATION  Recreation is an activity of leisure, leisure being discretionary time.  The "need to do something for recreation" is an essential element of human biology and psychology. Recreational activities are often done for enjoyment, amusement, or pleasure and are considered to be "fun".  Etymology  The term recreation appears to have been used in English first in the late 14th century, first in the sense of "refreshment or curing of a sick person”, and derived turn from Latin (re: "again", creare: "to create, bring forth, beget.).  Prerequisites to leisure  Humans spend their time in activities of daily living, work, sleep, social duties, and leisure, the latter time being free from prior commitments to physiologic or social needs, a prerequisite of recreation.  Leisure has increased with increased longevity and, for many, with decreased hours spent for physical and economic survival, yet others argue that time pressure has increased for modern people, as they are committed to too many tasks.  Other factors that account for an increased role of recreation are affluence, population trends, and increased commercialization of recreational offerings.  While one perception is that leisure is just "spare time", time not consumed by the necessities of living, another holds that leisure is a force that allows individuals to consider and reflect on the values and realities that are missed in the activities of daily life, thus being an essential element of personal development and civilization.  This direction of thought has even been extended to the view that leisure is the purpose of work, and a reward in itself and "leisure life" reflects the values and character of a nation. Leisure is considered a human right under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.  Play, recreation and work  Recreation is difficult to separate from the general concept of play, which is usually the term for children's recreational activity. Children may playfully imitate activities that reflect the realities of adult life. It has been proposed that play or recreational activities are outlets of or expression of excess energy, channeling it into socially acceptable activities that fulfill individual as well as societal needs, without need for compulsion, and providing satisfaction and pleasure for the participant.  A traditional view holds that work is supported by recreation, recreation being useful to "recharge the battery" so that work performance is improved. Work, an activity generally performed out of economic necessity and useful for society and organized within the economic framework, however can also be pleasurable and may be self-imposed thus blurring the distinction to recreation.  Many activities may be work for one person and recreation for another, or, at an individual level, over time recreational activity may become work, and vice versa. Thus, for a ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…..…TOPIC JUSTIFICATION
  9. 9. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 9 musician, playing an instrument may be at one time a profession, and at another a recreation. Similarly, it may be difficult to separate education from recreation as in the case of recreational mathematics.  Recreational activities  Recreation is an essential part of human life and finds many different forms which are shaped naturally by individual interests but also by the surrounding social construction.  Recreational activities can be communal or solitary, active or passive, outdoors or indoors, healthy or harmful, and useful for society or detrimental.  A list of typical activities could be almost endless including most human activities, a few examples being reading, playing or listening to music, watching movies or TV, gardening, hunting, hobbies, sports, studies, and travel. Some recreational activities - such as gambling, recreational drug use, or delinquent activities - may violate societal norms and laws.  Public space such as parks and beaches are essential venues for many recreational activities. Tourism has recognized that many visitors are specifically attracted by recreational offerings.  In support of recreational activities government has taken an important role in their creation, maintenance, and organization, and whole industries have developed merchandise or services. Recreation-related business is an important factor in the economy; it has been estimated that the outdoor recreation sector alone contributes $730 billion annually to the U.S. economy and generates 6.5 million jobs.  Health and recreation  Recreation has many health benefits, and, accordingly, Therapeutic Recreation has been developed to take advantage of this effect. The National Council for Therapeutic Recreation Certification (NCTRC) is the nationally recognized credentialing organization for the profession of Therapeutic Recreation.  Professionals in the field of Therapeutic Recreation who are certified by the NCTRC are called "Certified Therapeutic Recreation Specialists". The job title "Recreation Therapist" is identified in the U.S. Dept. of Labor's Occupation Outlook. Such therapy is applied in rehabilitation, psychiatric facilities for youth and adults and in the care of the elderly, the disabled, or people with chronic diseases.  Recreational physical activity is important to reduce obesity, and the risk of osteoporosis and of cancer, most significantly in men that of colon and prostate, and in women that of the breast; however, not all malignancies are reduced as outdoor recreation has been linked to a higher risk of melanoma. Extreme adventure recreation naturally carries its own hazards.  Recreation as a career  A recreation specialist would be expected to meet the recreational needs of a community or assigned interest group. Educational institutions offer courses that lead to a degree as a Bachelor of Arts in recreation management.  People with such degrees often work in parks and recreation clubs in towns, on community projects and activities. Networking with instructors, budgeting, and evaluation of continuing programs are common job duties.  In the United States, most states have a professional organization for continuing education and certification in recreation management. The National Recreation and Park Association administer a certification program called the CPRP (Certified Park and ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…..…TOPIC JUSTIFICATION
  10. 10. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 10 Recreation Professional) that is considered a national standard for professional recreation specialist practices.  Need For The Topic  Sports have been given secondary importance and are quite a neglected aspect, particularly in huge metropolitan cities. This is due to the lack of sufficient and proper facilities and due to the hectic lives that we all are living. Increase in migration rate causes overcrowding and reduction in open spaces. There is an acute shortage of playing facilities. Reasons behind this are:  Encroachment of civilization which have robbed us of our natural playing fields.  Shortages of funds as the people have still not realized the importance of sports in their lives and hence no initiative is taken by them. While other countries have progressed by leaps and bounds, Indian sports are still far behind.  Even growing commercial centers like Thane don’t have facilities for competitions along with training facilities which is absolutely necessary. There are few sports clubs but restricted only to a chosen few as these are commercial clubs.  Talented younger generation has to remain satisfied within the building courtyards. Amidst the mushrooming concrete jungle, a place like a RECREATION CLUB would cater to an important aspect of human life. It would open the door to another dimension of the metropolis man, so respectfully ignored and neglected by majority.  In cities we have a lot of talented youngsters but the facilities are lacking at that level. A lot of talent is present in the junior and sub-junior level. They are our future and we should promote the games at these levels, in order to spot talent. The design of sporting installations is a fascinating challenge which often leads to the creation of magnificent works that typically combine pragmatism and aesthetics.  The diversity of these works is a direct consequence of the evolution of sport which has led to the replacement of artistic academism by innovative ideas and new forms, even though there are still certain common aspects which have become the distinguishing features of the typology known as SPORTS ARCHITECTURE.  The public nature of a RECREATION CLUB is a direct consequence of a view of sporting activity as a pleasant social activity and an effective means of promoting interpersonal communication.  Its designing would involve not only spatial design but also the structural design is given equal weightage. Another aspect which the architect has to consider is the various services involved. Therefore in dealing with a RECREATION CLUB as a design dissertation topic, scope for architectural ability along with applied sciences like services is present.  Aims & objectives  URBAN: City level  CATALYST: An event or thing causing a change.  Thus, the main aim of the project is to introduce urban catalysts within the fabric of the place.  In saying that the idea is to provide people with more interaction platforms before mankind completely loses the ability to communicate with one another.  The thesis aims at understanding a particular space of existence in its entirety. With this understanding in mind, it then looks to provide a sensitized plan of action taking into consideration the stake holders amongst the local communities, interaction amongst its ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…..…TOPIC JUSTIFICATION ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…..…TOPIC JUSTIFICATION
  11. 11. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 11 surrounding landscape along with the daily nuances of the individual localities. An attempt has been made to counter three major concerns:  Providing for interaction spaces for people in neighbourhood.as time moves people are getting more and more busy with their lifes.giving them a reason to celebrate life’  Providing for the open spaces lost in a neighborhood that is constantly getting denser. The adjoining cityscape has been getting denser owing to the increased commercial activities. The connectivity it offers through the rail-road network has led to the increased congestion & a denser neighborhood.  Resolving the urban conflict between the Infrastructural Development & the Local Community. The issue needs to be addressed keeping not just the development factor in mind but also paying heed to the daily needs of the local community.  Scope & limitation THANE spans the east and west, antiquity to modernity, it is rich and poor, high rise and slum, and has offices and malls sharing common compounds in new interpretations of space. The transformation of Indian life that has occurred in the past few decades can be well interpreted here. There are unlimited opportunities to present in THANE. Be it the history, the culture, prominent location; the SUBURB has the right ingredients which are waiting to be explored and presented in the right gourmet.  Evolution of sports and recreation  Activities of the present are the ones being inherited from our ancestors and being modified from time to time. Before civilization had ushered into the historic arena and before the onset of the machine age, man led a hard and robust life in contrast to the soft and luxurious life of today the hard work for surviving done by the primitives contributed to the physical perfection and there was no necessity for organized system to physical education  With the advancement of the civilization, physical degradation took place because of less exertion in the machine age life. Thus, the need is felt for body developement.human body has not indeed and cannot have altered greatly. Habits and living have altered beyond recognition and the strain of modern life needs correction, if balance is to be presser end and true functions of life acchieved.hence the need for an organized system of physical education is needed to compensate the loss sustained by man.the desire to pay is one of the strongest instincts of the human race.it is the easiest way to express to one’s natural emotions. Even the king displayed their hammer throwing power with a blacks tossed great stones like present day .open spaces are essential for living. Encroachment of civilization has robbed us of our natural play fields and grounds. Towns had central open spaces between clusters of houses for gains and to be express their playing instincts which are essential and inherent.disapperewance of gardens has largely been the construction of factories and houses  Different kinds of sports and open spaces are both very important in the life and welfare of mankind, today people flock to watch matches not because they do not wish to play but to satisfy these instincts of facilities keep them away from their love for sports. They love sports and derive benefits from open air excitement, tensing of muscles as they watch and cheer makes them use their lungs. Millions years for open spaces and weekend holidays. What they really have is an urge to go back to nature and so people love seeing outdoor sports ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…..…TOPIC JUSTIFICATION
  12. 12. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 12  Thus sports filed provide fresh air and act as communal center. They therefore are nation assists  Thus they are not just Victorian parks with bands or well-equipped recreation club but place designed for recreation with people with people instruct, supervise and improve physical fitness of people and encourage them with knowledge  Due to acute shortage of genuine playing facilities and management, the sporting talent of the youngsters is more or less getting suppressed  Lack of sporting facilities may divert the talent energies of the youth to unsalutory activities,  Sports and games have very important role in the growth and development of mind and body.it also provide a ladder of fulfillment and success to youngsters who may otherwise be crowded in uncomfortable housing or tempted to a wayward life on the streets  Hence, the need for an organized system physical education is needed to compensate the loss sustained by man  People all over the world are showing kin interest in the international sporting events like the Olympics Asian games and commonwealth games winning medals in such events has become a prestige issue for both individuals and nation  Different kinds of sports and open spaces are both very important in the life and welfare of mankind.today,people flock to watch matches not because they do not wish to play but to satisfy their instincts  Contribute to grater fitness, better health and sense of personal well being  Plays a vital part in rounded education for children  Generates large sums of money for national economics  Provides a large number of jobs  Promotes and enhances standing in the world  Present day standards of an international competition demand high degree of technical skills for precious time and sequence schedules and affective insulation distribution  Many of today’s sports recognized events are necessarily held indoors  The covering provides protection to the spectrum from both rain and sunlight  Sport, even when its cost are considered gives far more than it consumers  Today, epic revolution in sports has radically changed the sports movement  The sports council believes the investment in sports and recreation is worthwhile  In hard times as well as in good  Thus there is a need to establish a hierarchy in sports education and admiration at national state, regional and district level  Sports and sporting activities  The advancement of science and technology is providing more and more leisure time to people all over the world and hence they are taking to sports and games at scale unseen ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…..…TOPIC JUSTIFICATION ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…..…TOPIC JUSTIFICATION
  13. 13. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 13 in past. More and more games are being internationalized. The number of inter-national sporting events is increasing .people all over the world are showing a keener interest in the international sporting events like the Olympics, Asian games and commonwealth games and winning medals in such evens has become a prestige issue for both individuals and nations.  INTERACTION AND IMPORTANCE  Social interaction is the process by which we act and react to those around us. In a nutshell, social interaction includes those acts people perform toward each other and the responses they give in return. Social interaction includes a large number of behaviors so many that in sociology interaction is usually divided into three categories.  The solution  Interaction in public spaces is an old tradition and needs to be policy of contemporary cities.  A good city should have a good community life. Urbanized centers world over have a tendency to create individual spaces and gated communities which result in aloofness, loneliness and depressed lifestyles. Sense of community fades and individualism takes over. According to urbanologist Jan Gehl when the city whole heartedly invites to walk, stand and sit in the city’s common space a new urban pattern emerges: more people walk and stay in the city. We need to design cities as meeting places — for small events and larger perspectives. City designers need to set the stage for necessary activities like walking, optional activities like enjoying a view and social activities like tempting public interaction. Public institutions tempt public interaction and greatly enhance and consolidate social, cultural and community aspirations. Historically public institutions like libraries, cultural centers, theatres, planned squares and chowks, etc. have led to significant movements, demonstrations and alternate thinking. For now and for the future it is necessary to establish public institutions to contribute and enrich the life of all the people in the city and facilitate growth of public engagement and knowledge for human development. By building public spaces we weave psychological and intellectual growth into a comprehensive physical plan while bringing substance to the notion of public realm.  The Importance  Active and passive recreational opportunity.
  14. 14. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 14  Natural features and spaces important to defining community image and distinctive character.  Boundaries between incompatible uses and breaks from continuous development. They can shape land use patterns to promote more compact, efficient-to-service development.  Places for facilities, such as zoos, aquariums, cultural and historical sites, and community centers that contribute educational and cultural benefits.  Opportunity to prevent youth crime through park and recreation programs that offer social support from adult leaders; leadership opportunities for youth; intensive and individualized attention to participants; a sense of group belonging; youth input into program decisions; and opportunities for community services.  Healthy lifestyles enhancement by facilitating improvements in physical fitness through exercise, and also by facilitating positive emotional, intellectual, and social experiences.  Historic preservation opportunities to remind people of what they once were, who they are, what they are, and where they are.  RESEARCH  Sequence of design  All design are being set out from the flowing determination factor  Pitch/central area. The starting point of design is the central area or the playing field, its shape, dimensions and orientation must enable it to fulfill all the functions required of it ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………INTERACTION AND IMPORTANCE
  15. 15. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 15  Seating capacity. If the pitch is of variable enter for very different activities then the design capacity should be stated as we figure  The numbers of seats around the maximum pitch size, and the maximum capacity around the smallest space user. The stadium owner will have a very strong view on seating capacity as this form the basis of their profitability calculation  Orientation. Pitch orientation must he suitable for the event to be shaped  The orientation of the playing field will depend on the uses to which it will put to, the main factor being  The hemisphere in which the recreation club located  The period of the year in which the designed sports will be played  Zoning .finally a discipline for the arrangement of all the element of the stadium ,from the pitch at the center for the parking space outside is ,provide by the need for safety zone  Having set orientation the next priority is to plan the position of the stadium of the site, and to start thinking about the interrelationship its major parts, and this is best done by identifying the four zones which make up the safety plans. The size and the location of these zones are critical to the performance tot the stadium in all emergencies, and they are  Zone1 the activity area that is the control area /or pitch on which the games takes place  Zone 2 the spectator terrace and concourse surroundings the activity area  Zone 3 the circulation area surrounding the stadium structure and separating it from the parking  Zone 4 the open space outside the perimeter fence and separating it from the car parking  The purpose of such zoning is to allow spectators to escape from the seats, in an emergency to a series of interdict safety zones leading ultimately to place of permanent safety outside .it provide a clear and helpful framework for design not only from new stadia but also for refurbishment of existing facilities  Evolution of design  As a project under consideration includes the number of activities or function, which has little scope for flexibility in most of the designing concept, applied is of form follows function  The playing arena ,which is the defining factor of a stadium itself, is defined by the regulation and standards stipulated for the individual sports considered for playing in stadiums  The spectator seating depending on the calculated or estimated capacity of spectator expected during a large tournament is provided all around the arena  The stadium being massive structure occupying the vast portion of the site including the parking area was designed first and then was followed by the other forms of structure  Energy efficiency  Since various service such as toilets, changing rooms, ventilation plant rooms,etc.need fresh air they are placed along the periphery of the stadium thus saving the energy expenditure  Since the aim of the project is to promote interaction between the people themselves, between the public and sport person and most importantly to arouse and encourage new interest in the visitors, informal interaction spaces have been introduced in the design and in a manner so as to least obstruct or disturb the game going in on there ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…RESEARCH
  16. 16. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 16  Promotion of sports  The Government plays a major role in promoting and developing sports in a country. The Government and Governmental organizations constitute the Public Sector of the sports industry which is responsible for making sports policies, allocating funds for developing infrastructure, nurturing talents, designing specialized programmers like dope control etc. The Planning Commission of India estimates that the country will be the home of approximately 510 million people of the age group of 15 to 35 years by 2016. The role of Government, therefore, is extremely important in providing participation opportunities to the youth of India for the overall development of sports.  1982 was a landmark year in Indian sports when India organized the Asian Games. Prior to 1982, hardly any emphasis had been given to sports in Public Policies. Funds had been allocated to sports in different Five Year Plans, mainly for building infrastructure and nurturing talents at the grass root level.  Five Year PlansThrust Areas  2nd Five Year Plan - Developing sports infrastructure  3rd Five Year Plan - Grass root developmental activities  4th Five Year Plan - Grass root developmental activities  5th Five Year Plan - Carried forward the initiatives of 4th Five Year Plan  6th Five Year Plan - Selecting and nurturing young sporting talents across the country  7th Five Year Plan - Building sports infrastructure at the grass root level  8th Five Year Plan - Consolidating the initiatives adopted in the 7th Five Year Plan by introducing a number of schemes, such as Special Area Games (SAG), Sports Project Development Area Centers (SPDA etc.)  9th Five Year Plan - Developing sports talents  10th Five Year Plan - Making the Comprehensive Sports Policy with three main objectives: “Sports for All”, “Excellence in Sports” and “Contingent Constitutional, Legal and Institutional measures to implement the policy”.  An increase in allocation of funds for Sports in different Five Year Plans can be observed from the following table:  Five Year Plans Allocation (INR million)  Sixth Five Year Plan (1980- 1985) 270 million  Seventh Five Year Plan (1985- 1989) 2,070 million  Eighth Five Year Plan (1992-1997) 2,100 million  Ninth Five Year Plan (1997- 2002) 4,730 million  Tenth Five Year Plan (2002- 2007) 11,450 million  Eleventh Five Year Plan (2007-2012) 46,360 million  In spite of a significant increase in the allocation of fund, it is important to note that not more than one percent of total budget is allocated to sports. Hence, there is a scope of improvement in terms of fund allocation for the promotion and development of sports in this country.  Considering the developmental aspect of sports, the Panchayat Yuva Krida Aur Khel Abhiyan (PYKKA) had been introduced to generate sports culture at the grass root level. The objectives of the scheme are to provide sports infrastructure/ equipment’s at the Panchayat level and to encourage youth in rural areas to participate in sports. Various competitions are organized from block level to national level to achieve these objectives. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…RESEARCH ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…RESEARCH
  17. 17. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 17 Rs. 1,500 crore has been approved by the Planning Commission for this project in the 11th Five Year Plan and a budgetary allocation of Rs. 92 crore was provided in the scheme for 2008-09 while Rs. 160 crore was provided for 2009-10.  The effectiveness of these initiatives should be evaluated on the basis of the success of Indian athletes at the international level. It is relevant to mention that the result is not enough convincing. Therefore, a few recommendations can be made for making the system more effective.  Recommendations  The allocation of funds to sport, as a percentage of budgets, can be increased for broad- basing sports in this country.  Periodic evaluation of various projects initiated by the Government and Governmental organizations for making those initiatives more effective.  Integration of sports with education to introduce sports culture in India.  Sports is a state subject and therefore uniformity in sports specific activities of various states in India is extremely important for providing equal sporting opportunities to all the citizens of the country.  A structure of good governance should be incorporated to make the system transparent and accountable.  Sepp Blatter, the President of FIFA, once said that India is a sleeping giant in football. The same is applicable for any other discipline of sports. Considering the social impact of sports and the enormous potential of this country, we may expect that the Government will play a pro-active role in making India a sporting nation.  Need of combining conventional sports with leisure sports  sports always are played professional some sports are looked upon as in leisure activity .by combining sports like pools,tennis,bowling,skating with conventional sports help in creating enthusiasm are liking for sports. Large masses of people are attracted towards such sports center  Main problem faced by sports complex is lack of recreational facilitites.fusion of conventional sports will serve as recreational place to some extent. Even though sports complex helps the professionals, normal man also has a right to experience them. Usually stadiums are built as a venue for the championships, later whole year they are vacant and deserted so as leisure games provided in the sports center it will attracts residential people in the vanity of the complex, more over it funds the complex and help in maintenance  recreational sports would help in preparing a child or a person professionaly,which is neglected aspects of India  Today most of the people go to the health clubs for entertainment leisure. Thus the conventional sports play an important role in day to day life of the people .regular workout during the days keeps us refreshing .huge amount of teenagers want or just move out at recreational places like bowling alleys, pool points  moreover the indoor stadium provided is true sayings Olympics standards an can be a venue for hosting national and international games this adds facilities  Leisure sports are rapidly expanding market promising immense growth potential for investment and to expand Indian market. Recently in Mumbai at lower parel ,co bowling company has set open a bowling alley ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…RESEARCH
  18. 18. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 18  People are becoming westernized, thus there is a need for combing leisure sports with conventional sports. Now here in Mumbai there is a fusion of these sports  The leisure activities of a society keep evolving over time. Earlier leisure was related to religious events, festivals and family gathering .now that here have loosened the string held over the urban population other leisure activities rush into take place  Scales of provisions  Good toilet provision is intrinsic to a venue image while inadequate provision, uneven distribution and poor quality are major sources of complaint from spectators. insufficient toilets or urinals to meet the needs of large crowds of fans can also lead to misuse of the facilities, offending and driving away potential visitors and club members, thus reducing stadium revenue  There are two separate design problem to he addressed  The proportion of male to female spectators who will be using the toilets  The intensive use of toilets in very short periods of time.  Males to female ratio  Every type of event or club membership, will have its own ratio of male to female spectators for instance  If a stadium is designed for multipurpose use including concerts, then the male: female ratio will approach 1:1  Tennis or athletics clubs or events will have higher proportion of woman than will soccer or rugby  Clubs with high family memberships will usually have above average proportion of females  Higher status clubs, and clubs in pleasant parts of town, will tend to have higher proportion of woman than those with basic image environment  At particular event there may also be different gender mixes in different parts of stadium  There will be higher proportion of woman in the private or family enclosure of British football stadia than in the standing terraces  There will be higher proportion of woman among the home supporters at the European football match than among the way supporters  On the basis of the above data gender mix should be reflected in the proportion of toilets provided for that event ,organized clubs keep of the male/female split for particular occasions and such clubs records are the only reliable source of briefing information for new stadium design  In view of the variation of the male/female ratio from the event sonic flexibility should be built into toilet provision. movable partitions and defended section which can be labeled either male or female for particular event are two possibilities .there solution may see an extranvangece, but the problems of inadequate provision and customer dissatisfaction are so great in stadium design that all possible solution must be considered in the interest of attracting more spectators  Toilet provisions ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…RESEARCH ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…RESEARCH
  19. 19. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 19  Each recreational facility will provide the number of toilets, showers or lavatories or fraction thereof as cited in Tables I-IV of the appendix, and such facilities will be maintained clean, sanitary, well-lighted and in good repair;  Hand washing facilities will be adjacent to toilet facilities and urinals;  Potable hot and cold running water will be provided at all showers and lavatories unless a variance has been granted;  Approved hand cleaner and approved hand drying facilities will be provided at all lavatories unless a variance has been granted; Proper ventilation will be provided;  Location of toilets  The use area should be sloped 1.5 percent maximum to drain. The toilet facility should be located in a convenient location, near the picnic sites. A recommended distance is within 300 feet of the parking area. Picnic sites shall meet or exceed the minimum accessible scoping requirement. Accessible picnic sites shall be dispersed throughout the area at several preferred locations, including under trees or shade shelters, in sun, near water or preferred sight lines, etc. Accessible picnic sites should include any features offered within other picnic sites.  Number of application in toilet Office washrooms (female toilet) Minimum scale of provision of sanitary appliances for staff toilets in offices, shops, factories and other non-domestic premises used as place of work. Number of persons at work Number of WCs Number of washbasins 1 to 5 1 1 6 to 15 2 2 16 to 30 3 3 31 to 45 4 4 46 to 60 5 5 61 to 75 6 6 76 to 90 7 7 91 to 100 8 8 Above 100 persons require: 8, plus 1 WC and washbasin for every unit or fraction of a unit of 25 persons. Office washrooms (male toilet) Every male toilet should have at least one WC. Considerations should be given to the provision of privacy screens between urinals. Number of persons at work Number of WCs Number of urinals Number of washbasins 1 to 15 1 1 1 16 to 30 2 1 2 31 to 45 2 2 2 46 to 60 3 2 3 61 to 75 3 3 3 76 to 90 4 3 4 91 to 100 4 4 4 Above 100 persons require: 4, plus 1 WC and washbasin for every unit or fraction of a unit of 50 persons. shops Minimum provision of sanitary appliances for customer toilets in shops and shopping centers with a retail area in excess of 1,000 m2. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…RESEARCH
  20. 20. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 20 Sanitary appliance Male customers Female customers WC 1 per 500 males; plus 1 per every additional 1,000 males or part thereof Where urinals are not used, WC numbers to be half of those used for females 1 per 100 females up to 500, plus 1 per every additional 200 females or part thereof Urinal 2 for up to 500 males, plus 1 for every additional 500 males or part thereof N/A Washbasin 1 per WC, plus 1 per 5 urinals or part thereof 1, plus 1 per 2 WCs or part thereof Sports and entertainment venues Minimum provision of sanitary appliances for assembly buildings where most toilet use is during intervals. For example, theatres, cinemas, concert halls, sports stadiums and similar buildings. Sanitary appliance Male visitors Female visitors WC 2 for up to 250 males; plus 1 for every additional 250 males or part thereof 2 for up to 20 females; plus 1 for every additional 20 females or part thereof up to 500 females; and 1 per 25 females or part thereof over 500 females Urinal 2 for up to 50 males; plus 1 for every additional 50 males or part thereof N/A Washbasins 1 per WC and in addition, 1 per 5 urinals or part thereof 1, plus 1 per 2 WCs or part thereof Minimum provision of sanitary appliances for assembly buildings where toilet use is NOT concentrated during intervals. For example, exhibition centers, libraries, museums and similar buildings. WC 1 per 250 males; plus 1 for every additional 500 males or part thereof Male WC provision should be half female WC provision where urinals are not used 2 for up to 40 females; 3 for up to 70 females; 4 for up to 100 females; plus 1 for every additional 50 females or part thereof Urinal 1 per 50 males up to 100 males; plus 1 for every additional 100 males or part thereof N/A Washbasin 1 per WC and in addition, 1 per 5 urinals or part thereof 1, plus 1 per 2 WCs or part thereof Restaurant & food courts Minimum provision of sanitary appliances for restaurants and other places where seating is provided for eating and drinking. Sanitary appliance Male customers Female customers WC 2 for up to 150 males; plus 1 for every additional 250 males or part thereof 2 for up to 30 females; plus 1 for every additional 30 females up to 120, plus 1 for ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…RESEARCH
  21. 21. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 21 2 for up to 50 males if urinals are not provided every additional 60 females or part thereof Urinal 1 per 60 males or part thereof up to 120 males; plus 1 for every additional 100 males or part thereof N/A Washbasin 1 per WC, plus 1 per 5 urinals or part thereof 1 per WC Pubs, bars & nightclubs Minimum provision of sanitary appliances for licensed pubs, bars, nightclubs, and discotheques. Sanitary appliance Male customers Female customers WC 2 for up to 150 males; plus 1 for every additional 200 males or part thereof2 for up to 40 males if urinals are not provided 2 for up to 25 females; plus 1 for every additional 25 females or part thereof up to 200 females; plus 1 for every additional 35 females or part thereof Urinal 1 for every 50 males up to 200 males; plus 1 for every additional 70 males or part thereof N/A Washbasin 1 per WC, plus 1 per 5 urinals or part thereof 1, plus 1 per 2 WCs or part thereof Swimming pool Minimum provision of sanitary appliances for swimming pools. Sanitary appliance Male pool users Female pool users WC 2 for up to 100 males; plus 1 for every additional 100 males or part thereof 1 per 5 females up to 50 females; plus 1 for every additional 10 females or part thereof up to 100 females; plus 1 per 50 females or part thereof thereafter Urinal 1 per 20 males up to 100; and 1 per 80 males or part thereof N/A Washbasin 1 per WC, plus 1 per 5 urinals or part thereof 1, plus 1 per 2 WCs or part thereof Shower 1 per 10 males or part thereof 1 per 10 females or part thereof Spectator seating  TipUp smart Ultimate seating comfort at a favorable price-performance ratio. The TipUp smart connects modern, filigree design with exceptional stability. It is also available in an upholstered business version. This seat also fits perfect to our product family “Copacabana”.  Copacabana Copacabana is a soft and comfortable seat made of high ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…RESEARCH
  22. 22. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 22 level molding technology which absorbs mechanical forces in use. Copacabana was created together with the famous international designer Marting Ballendat and is a symbiosis of perfect design and solid construction. Therefore it rewarded an “Honorable Mention” at the Red Dot Product Design Award 2011, the if product design award 2012 and the nomination for the German Design Award 2013. The Copacabana family includes a seating shell, a tip up seat, a business seat and a VIP seat.  Champion Deluxe A VIP-seat of its own class. This chair with a slender silhouette and headrest offers first-class seating comfort. Embroidered club or sponsor logos make it an unmistakable, unique seat. Options like cup holders and a storage bag on the backrest ensure even more comfort. Champion Deluxe is also available with leather covered side parts.  Franken Compact The classic among VIP seats. FRANKEN offers first- class seating comfort in VIP areas all over the world. Franken VIP has an extra-large seat pan, additional plastic covers for protection and steel oval side tubes to reduce risk of injury. The compact version is more versatile so there are no losses concerning seating comfort even if the step depth is limited.  Bamberg and Krefeld Bamberg and Krefeld are the perfect combination of ergonomically designed perforated steel, durable construction and patented folding mechanism using its own weight. Bamberg and Krefeld seating has a maintenance-free pivot spring mechanism, which is integrated in the frame. Bamberg and Krefeld are suitable for indoor and outdoor areas and by the filigree appearance the robust characteristics are elegantly concealed.  Types and materials  Normally, seat frames are manufactured from steel, which is then galvanized or thermoplastic-coated to provide protection against corrosion and wear. Seats and backs may be injection-molded or upholstered, and be fixed to the horizontal or vertical part of the stepped banking using a variety of mechanical fixings. Once installed, these seats should be virtually maintenance free for a number of years. There are also telescopic seating platform systems, which are designed for use in multi-purpose arenas. They consist of banks of tiered seating which can be opened or closed at the touch of a button. These systems also feature refined levels of finishing and may include guardrails, aisle lights, row numbers and aisle letters. There are also mobile versions, which can be moved On wheels and stored in a separate location. In the USA, stadium and arena seating is often fully upholstered and is intended to improve spectator comfort. This level of comfort has also made its way into some stadiums in Europe. Innovative designs based on good ergonomic foundations can provide the individual with the perception of long-term comfort. This is a useful advantage when some sports require the spectator to remain sitting for long periods. Foam-based seating needs to remain resilient throughout the seat’s life and ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…RESEARCH
  23. 23. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 23 should not significantly lose its thickness or hardness. Ventilation of the upholstery is also important, together with a cover that remains intact during service, thus preventing absorption and subsequent hygiene problems. Some of these aspects will be covered by the standards listed above. However, in many cases, additional testing may be required to show that a claim is justified.  Flammability  In addition, flammability requirements will need to be addressed. In the UK, the operator of the building is responsible for fire safety (Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) order 2005). The appropriate tests depend on the risk assessments of the facility undertaken by the operator of the building. Whole item testing is often the most appropriate way of testing these types of products, and BS 5852:2006 section 12 provides test methods for a variety of ignition sources, including cigarette, match and cribs.  Professional organizations may have their own specifications and requirements. For instance, seating for football events must comply with FIFA (and, in Europe, UEFA) regulations.  Elements of car parking  Public parking  Private parking  Buses coaches  Motorcycles and bicycles  Players parking’  Official parking  Media parking  Services and deliveries  Parking description  The growing population of India has created many problems – one of the challenging ones being car parking which we confront almost every day. Besides the problem of space for cars moving on the road, greater is the problem of space for a parked vehicle considering that private vehicles remain parked for most of their time. Roads are being built for cars to ply but are we also giving the vehicles enough space to park. Parking is one of the major problems that are created by the increasing road track. It is an impact of transport development. The availability of less space in urban areas has increased the demand for parking space especially in areas like Central business district.  Parking statistics  Parking accumulation It is defined as the number of vehicles parked at a given instant of time. Normally this is expressed by accumulation curve. Accumulation curve is the graph obtained by plotting the number of bays occupied with respect to time.  Parking volume parking volume is the total number of vehicles parked at a given duration of time. This does not account for repetition of vehicles.  Parking load parking load gives the area under the accumulation curve. It can also be obtained by simply multiplying the number of vehicles occupying the parking area at each time interval with the time interval. It is expressed as vehicle hours. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…RESEARCH ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…RESEARCH
  24. 24. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 24  Average parking duration it is the ratio of total vehicle hours to the number of vehicles parked.  Parking turnover it is the ratio of number of vehicles parked in duration to the number of parking bays. This can be expressed as number of vehicles per bay per time duration.  Parking index parking index is also called occupancy or efficiency. It is defined as the ratio of number of bays occupied in time duration to the total space available. It gives an aggregate measure of how effectively the parking space is utilized. Parking index can be found out as follows Parking index = parking load/parking capacity × 100  Effects of parking  Parking has some effects like congestion, accidents, pollution, obstruction to fire-fighting operations etc.  Congestion Parking takes considerable street space leading to the lowering of the road capacity. Hence, speed will be reduced; journey time and delay will also subsequently increase. The operational cost of the vehicle increases leading to great economical loss to the community.  Accidents Careless manoeuvring of parking and unparking leads to accidents which are referred to as parking accidents. Common type of parking accidents occur while driving out a car from the parking area, careless opening of the doors of parked cars, and while bringing in the vehicle to the parking lot for parking.  Environmental pollution they also cause pollution to the environment because stopping and starting of vehicles while parking and unparking results in noise and fumes. They also aced the aesthetic beauty of the buildings because a car parked at every available space creates a feeling that building rises from a plinth of cars.  Obstruction to fire fighting operations Parked vehicles may obstruct the movement of fire fighting vehicles. Sometimes they block access to hydrants and access to buildings.  Types of Parking  On street parking On street parking means the vehicles are parked on the sides of the street itself. This will be usually controlled by government agencies itself. Common types of on-street parking are as listed below. As per IRC the standard dimensions of a car is taken as 5× 2.5 m and that for a truck is 3.75× 7.5 m.  Off street parking  Off street parking means vehicles are parked off the street itself. This will be usually controlled by commercial agencies itself.    Parallel parking The vehicles are parked along the length of the road. Here there is no backward movement involved while parking or UN parking the vehicle. Hence, it is the safest parking from the accident ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…RESEARCH
  25. 25. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 25 perspective. However, it consumes the maximum curb length and therefore only a minimum number of vehicles can be parked for a given kerbed length. This method of parking produces least obstruction to the on-going track on the road since least road width is used.  30 degree parking In thirty degree parking, the vehicles are parked at 30 with respect to the round alignment. In this case, more vehicles can be parked compared to parallel parking. Also there is better manoeuvre-ability. Delay caused to the track is also minimum in this type of parking.  45 degree parking  As the angle of parking increases, more number of vehicles can be parked. Hence compared to parallel parking and thirty degree parking, more number of vehicles can be accommodated in this type of parking.  60 degree parking  The vehicles are parked at 60 to the direction of road. More number of vehicles can be accommodated in this parking type.  Right angle parking In right angle parking or 90parking, the vehicles are parked perpendicular to the direction of the road. Although it consumes maximum width kerbed length required is very little. In this type of parking, the vehicles need complex manoeuvring and this may cause severe accidents. This arrangement causes obstruction to the road track particularly if the road width is less. However, it can accommodate maximum number of vehicles for a given kerbed length.  Multiple Level Car Parking It is a building (or part there hereof) which is designed specifically to be for Automobile Parking and where there are a number of floors or levels on which parking takes place. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…RESEARCH
  26. 26. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 26  Is essentially a Stacked Car Park  “Multilevel Car Park” – Term Originated in UK, in US it is called a “Parking Structure” Types  Manually operated (non mechanized-with ramps)  Mechanized (Classified in different type based on technology)  Mini  Puzzle  Tower  In order to accommodate the large volume of vehicles, small cities and towns must develop their infrastructure. One solution may be a multi-level car parking system to maximize car parking capacity by utilizing vertical space, rather than expand horizontally. With land in metros and ‘a’ grade cities becoming scarce and dearer, and plots getting smaller, conventional parking is proving infeasible.  Salient Features  Dynamic peak hour management to configure the system in line with the demand pattern. Intelligent buffering system offering zero wait time for the public.  Flexible, scalable and modular design to accommodate wide range of layout and capacities and offers seamless capacity addition.  Simple design by the way of electrical push pulls mechanism with direct drives.  Use of electrical drives to optimize power consumption.  Intelligent emergency management system via. Manual override option.  Advantages  Space effective – space savings upwards of 70 percent.  Freeing the space at ground level for better commercial use.  Reduced total cost of ownership.  Environmental friendly as ramps are avoided.  Higher throughput and faster operations (capability to handle 40 to 60 cars an hour)  Advance Studies  Relevance Of Electives  Land and interior design were the two areas of advanced studies chosen by the author.  Landscape  A club building is very different from other buildings in the sense that it does not offer any functional service in the prevalent sense of the word. What it offers instead is a sense of joy fitness and wellbeing. One has to plan experience and expectations while planning a club building. While planning the user psychological state. One cannot stop with a small area called the built mass that is the building, for it consists only a part of the whole experience of the user. The planning has then to be extended to the whole site area.  Further Indian climate is suitable for outdoor planning. The club has more attendance during evenings and members have a tendency to enjoy outdoor surroundings. That is why has given specific stress in landscape detailing and tried to integrate it with the built mass as far as possible.  Interior Design ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…RESEARCH ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…RESEARCH
  27. 27. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 27  The reason for choosing interior design as a topic of advanced studies arise from the same philosophy that only provision of any facility is not sufficient while planning a club building. What is more important instead of what type of atmosphere that activity and the area assigned to it produces.  Though the placement of various areas had already explorer this aspect of visual connection between two areas nevertheless while designing the interior, aesthetical considerations were sole deciding factors sometimes.  Overall Finding And Proposals  Interior of Restaurant  The following guidelines are followed to make environment of restaurant make delightful and purposeful:  Every table gives a close view of either dancing flour or outside surroundings.  French window increases the visual area and brings nature more closely.  Artificial and natural plants are given in the restaurant to create the inter-penetration of nature inside the hall.  To create a royal impression of restaurant by providing innovative artistic features, color, texture and lighting.  Lighting- there is dim light in the restaurant living area to reduce the harshness of features and it should be orange brown tone.  The food served should look delectable, fortunately most food item fall in orange brown category and so look fine under the dim brown lights meant for people.  Contrast color is used insight the restaurant to create dramatic effect.  Smooth texture is used by large size of glazed opening and plain plastering with combination of cool and hot colors.  Landscaping Of Children’s Playground  All equipment should contribute to the healthy growth and recreational enjoyment of the child, so that he learns to coordinate, cooperate, compete, create, enjoy and acquire confidence, playing equipment should-  Develop strength ability, coordination, balance and courage.  Stimulate the child to learn social skills of sharing and playing with others and to compete in a spirit of fair play.  Encourage each child to be creative and have play experience which are meaningful to him.  Assist the child in making the transition from playsuit to playground.  Site Boundary Planning  Site boundary planting can soften the visual impact of the large stadium development on its environment, making the building seem smaller and perhaps less gaunt. Radial access routes can help them find their way and once they are inside and walking towards the stadium, rows of tall trees can similarly help them in.  Land Cost ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…RESEARCH
  28. 28. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 28  Land cost must be kept to the minimum and this is why sports facilities are frequently built on low grade land, such refused tips or reclaimed land that is to poor for residential or industrial use but which may then lead to additional structure cost  Local or regional planning legislature must be checked to ensure that the proposed development will be allow in that area  METHODOLOGY  First – Data from literature regarding behavioral aspect of the buildings was collected. This data was synthesized to select the aspects which could govern inter-relationship of various activities in a club building.  Case studies were analyzed in the light of behavioral ‘aspects’, by means of observation and users survey.  Inferences were drawn from the case-studies about behavioral pattern of users and their expectations from the space were analyzed. Such inferences were used to chalk-out ‘requirements’ which incorporated behavioral aspects along with functional aspects.  Various techniques were explored from literature for producing the desired psychology effect in a space.  Climatological data were gathered and analyzed
  29. 29. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 29  CASE STUDIES  Project profile  TYPE - RECREATION CLUB  LOCATION - Dhokali Naka,Thane West  SITE AREA - 13 Acres  Scope Of The Project  To develop a RECREATION CLUB in thane may will be of national standards & Associated Facilities  To create an Ground For Local teams to practice and hold tournaments so that there may be competition  Objective  To develop the recreation club into one that can provide the required facilities for the training and day to day maintenance of a squad of players who may be able to compete at the national and on international level  To provide an arena for the development of sports in the thane district  To provide opportunities for the younger generation of players to showcase their skills and be noticed  Project Brief  To develop a recreation club that can host national events  It should have facilities to accommodate the training of a team  The facility should be able to re accomodate the present shop keepers inside it  To enhance the quality of life of those living in the area, ensure that the ground is integrated into the day-to-day life of its community and thus provide additional financial stability for the facility  GARWARE SPORTS CLUB,CHURCHGATE,MUMBAI Project Facts  Location: Mumbai, India  Architect: shashi prabhu & associates  Project Start : 1972  Project End: 1974  Estimated Cost: Rs. 120 crore  Details: 18,600 sq.m club with recreation facilities  Introduction The Bombay Cricket Association now known as Mumbai Cricket Association is the parent body in organizing Cricket activities in the …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..CASE STUDIES
  30. 30. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 30 Mumbai city including holding of Ranji Trophy Matches, Test Matches, and One Day International Matches etc. The Mumbai Cricket Association under the President ship of Late Shri.S.K.Wankhede decided to construct stadium and the Club House in the year 1972. The construction of Stadium and Club House was completed in 1974. The Stadium was named as Wankhede Stadium. The Club House was named as BCA Garware Club House and started functioning from December, 1974. The Club House started functioning independently since 1979, as per its Rules, Constitution & Bye-Laws with facilities such as Health Club, Swimming Pool, Billiards, Table Tennis and other facilities like Library, Restaurant, Permit Room and Residential accommodation. Many prominent personalities have become Members of the Garware Club House. The Members of the Garware Club House enjoy witnessing the Test Matches, One Day International Cricket Matches played at Wankhede Stadium  Elements & Features Phase - 1 Phase - 2 Restaurant – 2nos with 150/120 capacity Billiards – 5 tables Swimming pool Carom & chess – 4/4 tables Rooms/suites – 58 rooms and 5 suites Pool table – 5 tables Banquet hall for functions/parties – 800 pax Squash – 3 courts Card room – 104 capacity Table tennis – 5 tables Bar – 2nos with 130/132 capacity Tennis – 1nos Unisex gym & health club – male and female Virtual golf – 3nos Business centre – 2nos with 16/4 capacity Kids area  Observation  The facade of the building is clad in blend of Aluminum Composite Panels, Glass and UPVC Louvers which are intentionally designed to make the building look lighter and sleeker due to limited available foreground. The concentric rings fabricated in ACP are aesthetically set within UPVC louvered background. These louvers creatively hide the plumbing and ventilation services from the front of the building. An ornamental staircase winding within a glass enclosure on the lower corner of the main entrance beautifully balances the heavy metal mass above and provides the necessary ventilation for the toilet shafts. Although the contemporary design stands out in complete contract to the art deco buildings in the surrounding area, it places beautifully as a foreground to the modern mass of Wankhede Stadium, which was recently renovated as part of the complex. The roof canopy not only hides the structural support for the guided rail system for facade maintenance but also acts as a wind barrier for the tennis court.  As one walks into the club side of the building, one enters an imposing double height atrium space which is adorned with a flowing mural, cast in fiber reinforce plastic. The petals of this mural envelope the entire wall which balance the attention from the shiny three brass clad elevators on one end of the building to the sunken cafeteria overlooking the swimming pool on the other side. Overlooking this area on the first floor is the multi- cuisine restaurant which was designed in a simple style focusing more on the dining experience than the clutter of interior detailing. A provision was also made for the children’s room adjacent to this restaurant to facilitate parents to keep their children within safe protected boundaries while having their meal. Once completed, the building will be a 6-storied structure with a total built up area of almost 200,000 sq.ft. Analysis Of Case Studies  Peak time – 4.00 pm to 9.00 pm …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..CASE STUDIES
  31. 31. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 31  Peak Days – Thursday, Saturday, Sunday including holidays  Population (General) - 500 approx.  Population (Maximum) – 2000-2200  Merits  A good variety of indoor and outdoor games are available.  Extra sit-out is provided by the side of card room, so that the player can enjoy playing in natural environment.  1.5 m wide jogging path is provided around the boundary of the cricket ground.  Good parking facility is available  Standard size pools are provided which makes them to organize national level competition.  In the billiard room, seating arrangement for the spectators is also provided.  Glazing is done at the atrium and restaurant zone of the building. One can enjoy the view of cricket sitting inside the building.  Natural Lighting is also almost at all the places.  The indoor block consists of the paintings on wall and lavish interiors.  Separate block is provided for ladies.  Placement of Banquet hall and restaurant was done in such a way, to link them at time of rush.  Demerits  Administration block is situated at quite a distance from the entrance gate to the complex.  Lack of maintenance of the courts of outdoor sports.  Insufficient rooms are available for lodging.  Only Indoor gaming facilities are available, planning is being made to propose for outdoor games and theatre also.  The party hall is having only a single entrance and also there is lack of source of ventilation.  Ladies activity block is located at far distance from the entrance gate of the complex.  Planning is being made to extent the center to some extent photos Main Building Garware Club Swimming area …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..CASE STUDIES Main building Swimming pool view from exterior and interior
  32. 32. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 32 Entrance area with lobby and satellite kitchen Card room Reception and entrance lobby Banquet hall
  33. 33. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 33 Lounge room Restaurant area Squash court area Lodging rooms Changing room and toilet area
  34. 34. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 34  NATIONAL SPORTS CLUB OF INDIA,WORLI,MUMBAI Project Facts  Location: Mumbai, India  Architect: shashi prabhu & associates  Project Start : 1950 - 1957  Project End: 2004  Estimated Cost: Rs. 300 crore  Details: 34,643.75 sq.m club with recreation facilities  Introduction  The National Sports Club of India is a sprawling institution right in the center of the city, on the beautiful seafront, with a posh frontage & turf lawns, The club has history, associated with the eminent leaders of free India, who with great vision and foresight formulated the policy of promoting games and sports in the country.  It was only in the 80's that real spurt took place in improving the facilities & extending sports activities in the club. It initiated setting up facilities for Billiards, Table Tennis, Badminton, Carom and a well-equipped Ladies & Gents Health club along with coaching classes in various games, including judo, Karate & Aerobics. The club has dining and recreational facilities providing high grade restaurants, permit rooms, lounges and a consumer store. Regular film shows on Sunday evenings and two housie sessions every week cater to the leisure activities of the esteemed members. Besides, the club organizes Musical Evenings, Food Festivals & many more...  Elements & Features Tennis – 6nos Table tennis – 6nos Swimming- international Health club ladies Health club gents Squash court – 4nos Cards room – 200 capacity Billiards – 5 tables Badminton – 5 nos Housie – 200 capacity Chess – 5tables Carom – 5nos Restaurant – 5nos with 100/150/200/250/300 capacity Bar – 3nos with 150/200/250 capacity Banquets – 1000 pax Permit room – 55 rooms Library – 120 capacity Consumer store Observation It is difficult to miss the Sardar Vallabhai Patel Indoor Stadium, an imposing glass and aluminum clad structure, as one passes the Haji Ali in Worli. The stadium was designed by us to have a 90 mts diameter column less indoor arena surrounded by 16 individual halls which act as ancillary support spaces to this arena. Two of these 16 halls are converted into a sprawling unisex gymnasium, health club and a salon encompassing almost 28,000 sq.ft. Equipment’s and mirror paneling are strategically placed within the gymnasium to provide cardiovascular, strength and weight training to the gym users. A separate enclosed room for aerobics & yoga is placed on one end of the gymnasium to provide a quiet area of the users. The health club is equipped with Steam Room, Sauna Room, Jacuzzi, Massage Rooms and Shower/ Change facilities. Almost 900 lockers provide secured storage to the members. Analysis Of Case Studies  Peak time – 4.00 pm to 9.00 pm  Peak Days – Thursday, Saturday, Sunday including holidays  Population (General) - 1500 approx. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..CASE STUDIES …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..CASE STUDIES
  35. 35. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 35  Population (Maximum) – 6000 Merits  A good variety of indoor and outdoor games are available.  A variety of tennis court is available, a player can chose as per his liking.  Extra sit-out is provided by the side of card room, so that the player can enjoy playing in natural environment.  1.5 m wide jogging path is provided around the boundary of the ground.  Standard size pools are provided which makes them to organize national level competition.  In the billiard room, seating arrangement for the spectators is also provided.  Glazing is done at the atrium and restaurant zone of the building. One can enjoy the view of sports sitting inside the building.  Natural Lighting is also almost at all the places.  The indoor block consists of the paintings on wall and lavish interiors.  Separate block is provided for ladies.  Placement of Banquet hall and restaurant was done in such a way, to link them at time of rush. Demerits  Administration block is situated at quite a distance from the entrance gate to the complex.  Insufficient parking facility  Lack of maintenance of the courts of outdoor sports.  The party hall is having only a single entrance and also there is lack of source of ventilation.  Ladies activity block is located at far distance from the entrance gate of the complex.  The swimming pool of the gymkhana is located at some other place from this site. Photos …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..CASE STUDIES
  36. 36. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 36 Main building views Theatre area
  37. 37. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 37 Gym Turf Area Indoor Badminton court area Banquette hall
  38. 38. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 38 Family Restaurant Locker room Gym area Indoor stadium
  39. 39. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 39  MCA RECREATION CLUB,BANDRA,MUMBAI Project Facts  Location: Mumbai, India  Architect: B.G.shirke  Project Start : 2002  Project End: 2004  Estimated Cost: Rs. 90 crore  Details: 18,650 sq.m club with recreation facilities Introduction  The MCA’s Recreation Centre has various elite class facilities including the one exclusive for Mumbai Cricket Association i.e. Indoor Cricket Academy. All spread over land of about 14 acres, covering total construction area of about 90,000 Sq.ft having separate exclusive covered parking of about 1,00,000 Sq.ft at very strategic prime location – The Bandra-Kurla Complex, Bandra, Mumbai.  The Mumbai Cricket Association Recreation Centre will remind you of a bygone era of old world hospitality and warm service matched with all the luxuries of contemporary living. Element & Features Billiards- 3 tables Badminton – 3 courts Squash – 3 courts Tennis – 2 courts Gymnasium - separate Steam/sauna - separate Jogging Swimming pool - international Banquet – 1000 capacity Card room – 200 capacity Library – 120 seatings Movie room – 200 capacity Permit rooms – 22 rooms Conference – 3 rooms Indoor cricket area – 7nos Observation  The sports facilities at the MCA Indoor Cricket Academy and Recreation Centre are outstanding, probably among the best available in India today. I want to start playing badminton all over again when I see the stunning courts, the likes of which I’ve only seen in international tournaments on television. There are two billiard tables, squash courts, a 3,000 sq.ft gym complete with 12 treadmills, Eco Flex flooring and Techno gym equipment. There’s a half Olympic size pool (and another smaller pool, though buildings overlook both pools and you can forget about privacy); and a card room with a great view of the cricket stadium where a Bombay University practice match is on currently. The Mumbai vs Hyderabad Ranji Trophy match was held here last November. The full-length toughened glass windows at the bar, which shares the same view of the stadium as the card room, were imported from Istanbul and have already been tested by Mohammad Kaif, whose ball apparently hit the glass with zero impact. Analysis of case studies  Peak time – 4.00 pm to 9.00 pm  Peak Days – Thursday, Saturday, Sunday including holidays  Population (General) - 600 approx.  Population (Maximum) – 1500 to 2000 approx. Merits  A good variety of indoor and outdoor games are available.  A variety of tennis court is available, a player can chose as per his liking.  Extra sit-out is provided by the side of card room, so that the player can enjoy playing in natural environment.  1.5 m wide jogging path is provided around the boundary of the cricket ground.  Good underground parking facility is available  International Standard size pools are provided which makes them to organize national level competition. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..CASE STUDIES …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..CASE STUDIES
  40. 40. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 40  In the billiard room, seating arrangement for the spectators is also provided.  Glazing is done at the atrium and restaurant zone of the building. One can enjoy the view of cricket sitting inside the building.  Natural Lighting is also almost at all the places.  The indoor block consists of the paintings on wall and lavish interiors.  Separate block is provided for ladies.  Placement of Banquet hall and restaurant was done in such a way, to link them at time of rush. Demerits  Administration block is situated at quite a distance from the entrance gate to the complex.  Lack of maintenance of the courts of outdoor sports.  Insufficient rooms are available for lodging.  Only Indoor gaming facilities are available, planning is being made to propose for outdoor games and theatre also.  The party hall is having only a single entrance and also there is lack of source of ventilation.  Ladies activity block is located at far distance from the entrance gate of the complex.  The swimming pool of the gymkhana is located at some other place from this site.  Planning is being made to extent the center to some extent Photos Swimming pool area Exterior view Viewing gallery Ground view
  41. 41. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 41  SACHIN TENDULKAR GYMKHANA,KANDIVALI,MUMBAI Project Facts …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..CASE STUDIES Banquette hall Restaurant Bar Indoor Cricket nets Banquette hall
  42. 42. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 42  Location: Mumbai, India  Architect: shashi prabhu & associates  Project Start : 2009  Project End: 2013  Estimated Cost: Rs. 120 crore  Details: 9,500 sq.m club with recreation facilities Introduction  The club is constructed over 12 acres of land as a Build-Operate-Transfer project by Shirke Infrastructure for Mumbai Cricket Association  The facade is cast in basalt stone with GRC molding the club has facilities like 3 restaurants/ lounge/ bar, 16 rooms, Banquet, Gym/ SPA, Bowling Alley etc. Cricket is set to receive a further boost here in the metropolis with the Mumbai Cricket Association (MCA) building a club house at Kandivali in suburban Mumbai - the third in Mumbai after the Garware Club and BKC Club houses.  The Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai has allotted 33,582 square meters of land to the MCA which will be used for holding matches, and hosting cricket tournaments and training Camps. The ground will have two creases.  The club will have all facilities - from food court to proper cricket training. The club will be converted into a cricket academy later for the benefit of budding players  Real estate observers are of the opinion that property prices are likely to shoot up due to the construction of this club house at Mahavir Nagar in Kandivali Elements & features Billiards – 2 tables Badminton – 3 courts Tennis – 2 courts Gymnasium - common Permit rooms – 16 rooms Swimming pool - common Card room – 75 pax Library – 60 pax Bowling – 3 lane Steam/sauna - separate Conference – 6/15/25 pax Banquet – 350/500/1100 pax Observation The sports facilities at the MCA Recreation Centre are outstanding, probably among the best available in India today. As want to start playing badminton the stunning courts, the likes of which only seen in international tournaments on television. There are two billiard tables, bowling, and gym complete with 12 treadmills, Eco Flex flooring and Techno gym equipment. There’s a half Olympic size pool (and another smaller pool, though buildings overlook both pools and you can forget about privacy); and a card room with a great view of the cricket stadium where a Bombay University practice match is on currently. The full- length toughened glass windows at the bar, which shares the same view of the stadium as the card room, were imported from Istanbul. Analysis of case studies  Peak time – 4.00 pm to 9.00 pm  Peak Days – Thursday, Saturday, Sunday including holidays  Population (General) - 200 approx.  Population (Maximum) – 2000-2200 Merits  A good variety of indoor and outdoor games are available.  A variety of tennis court is available, a player can chose as per his liking.  Extra sit-out is provided by the side of card room, so that the player can enjoy playing in natural environment. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..CASE STUDIES
  43. 43. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 43  1.5 m wide jogging path is provided around the boundary of the cricket ground.  Good underground parking facility is available  Standard size pools are provided which makes them to organize national level competition.  In the billiard room, seating arrangement for the spectators is also provided.  Glazing is done at the atrium and canteen zone of the building. One can enjoy the view of cricket sitting inside the building.  Natural Lighting is also almost at all the places.  The indoor block consists of the paintings on wall and lavish interiors.  Separate block is provided for ladies.  Bowling and disco acting point of attraction in the recreation club.  Placement of Banquet hall and restaurant was done in such a way, to link them at time of rush. Demerits  Administration block is situated at quite a distance from the entrance gate to the complex.  Insufficient parking facility  Bar and restaurant are provided at the same place  Lack of maintenance of the courts of outdoor sports.  Insufficient rooms are available for lodging.  The party hall is having only a single entrance and also there is lack of source of ventilation.  Ladies activity block is located at far distance from the entrance gate of the complex.  The swimming pool of the gymkhana is located at some other place from this site.  Planning is being made to extent the center to some extent photos …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..CASE STUDIES Main building
  44. 44. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 44 Side view Pathways
  45. 45. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 45 Swimming pool Backyard view Reception view Bowling arena Conference area Cards Room
  46. 46. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 46 Internet Case Studies San Wayao Recreation club / CSWADI  Architects - CSWADI  Location - Jin Gui Lu, Wuhou Qu, Chengdu Shi, Sichuan Sheng, China  Architect in Charge - Liu YiDesign  Area - 11936.0 sqm  Project Year – 2015  Introduction  From the architect. Located in DongYuan residential district of Chengdu, the site of SanWaYao community sports facilities is surrounded with aged housing, intensive high- rise residential buildings which were built recently and a primary school. Challenging the limited site and building area, designers created an energetic public space in community, offering numerous kinds of sports facilities for people living around including swimming pool, fitness center, tennis court, basketball court, squash court, ping pong table, billiards table, gate ball court, outdoor fitness center , playground for kids and so on.  With the aim of producing a friendly sports space, the concept is to make the building and site integrated. Creating a sloping shape of the building by “extruding” and connecting the sports ground on the east with walkable sloping roof lead to a stronger space perception of the building as a public facility.  Continuous sloping roof is an open public space with big steps acting as a walking route and bleachers for the east sports ground in the same time. Moreover, lawn roof provides spaces for grass skating, yoga, picnic and more for the community without charging a fee. People could walk slowly up to roof deck on 4th floor along the slope and down through a cantilevered stairway on the north. These form a round route in an “artificial hill” bringing the pleasure of climbing a real mountain into the crowded city town.  Multi-function arena on the lawn slope is a pure semitransparent space made of U-shaped glass. It provides tender interior light suitable for various kinds of ball games, group calisthenics, and parties. In the corner of the arena, batter posts replace upright posts in structure which makes the building a floating glow box as a unique sight in community. Photos …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..CASE STUDIES
  47. 47. “RECREATION CLUB AT THANE” 47

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