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Presented by
Dr. Sudhakar Kokate
Director PPRC, India
Land of great diversity
Home for a large variety of flora and fauna
Traditional medical folklore in the form of Ayurveda,

Homeopathy, Siddha
Traditional systems based on Plants
PPRC/INDIA 01
WHO …..80% world population relies on plant based

raw materials for medicinal purpose
20,000 plant species: Medicinal
About 100 species are commercially cultivated

PPRC/INDIA 02
 Plants possess unique features
 Wide spread and used in formulations
 Quite effective in small dose
 Less side effects
 Preparations: simple, effective & have broad spectrum

activities
 Rich in disease specific curative properties

PPRC/INDIA 03
The age-old scriptures contained detailed account of
medicinal plants…..5000 B.C.
Scripture

Dates back

No. of Plants

Yajurveda

4500 – 2500 B.C.

290

Charaka Samhita

700 B.C.

1100

Sushruta Samhita

200 B.C.

1200

Atharvaveda

PPRC/INDIA 04
Category

No. of plants

Tribal communications

550

Ethnic groups

220

Forest villages

5000

Plants from higher group

17,500

Major vegetarian types

16

Ethno-medical utility plants

9500
PPRC/INDIA 05
Western Himalayas

Gangetic plains

Eastern Himalayas

Western Ghats

North-Eastern region

Eastern Ghats

Semi-arid region

Andaman & Nicobar

Islands
PPRC/INDIA 06
Ginseng roots
 Chirayita herb
 Gum-resin of Asafoetida
 Liquorice root

Medicinal
plants

 Guggal
PPRC/INDIA 07
Imports of Medi-aroma plants
 Geranium


Patchouli



Lavender



Clove leaf / stem oil



Vetiver



Peppermint



Supermint



Bergamot mint

Aromatic
plants

PPRC/INDIA 08
Plantago ovata
 Cassia angustifolia

 Rheum australe
 Rauwolfia serpentina
 Hedychium spicatum
 Zingiber officinale

PPRC/INDIA 09
PPRC/INDIA 10
PPRC/INDIA 11
PPRC/INDIA 12
PPRC/INDIA 13
PPRC/INDIA 14
PPRC/INDIA 15
Acorus calamus
 Adathoda vasica

 Juglans regia
 Punica granatum
 Juniperus communis
 Heracleum candicans

PPRC/INDIA 16
PPRC/INDIA 17
PPRC/INDIA 18
PPRC/INDIA 19
PPRC/INDIA 20
PPRC/INDIA 21
PPRC/INDIA 22
Picrorhiza kurroa
 Aconitum species

 Saussurea lappa
 Swertia chirata
 Podophyllum emodi
 Valeriana wallichii

PPRC/INDIA 23
PPRC/INDIA 24
PPRC/INDIA 25
PPRC/INDIA 26
PPRC/INDIA 27
PPRC/INDIA 28
PPRC/INDIA 29


Apamarga



Kaner



Babul



Sadabahar



Bael



Brahmi



Shirish



Musali safed



Vish Naag



Tejpatra



Kalmegh



Lemon



Kutaki



Arjun

PPRC/INDIA 30
PPRC/INDIA 31

ARJUN

KALMEGH

BRAHMI

BAEL


Vad



Bavchi



Gular



Chitrak



Tulsi



Sarpagandha



Medha



Ashwagandha



Pudina



Erand



Karela



Jamun



Amla



Imli

PPRC/INDIA 32
PPRC/INDIA 33

KARELA

AMLA

PUDINA

JAMUN
 Karanj

 Bhringaraaj



Baheda



Garlic



Hirda



Turmeric



Ginger



Adulsa



Shatavari



Datura



Neem



Peepal

PPRC/INDIA 34
PPRC/INDIA 35

HIRDA

NEEM

BAHEDA

TURMERIC
“BE WITH US”

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Medicinal plants in India