SlideShare a Scribd company logo
S.no. Duration Specifico
bjective
Contents Teachingle
arningacti
vity.
A.V.aid Evaluation
Student
teacher in
traduce s
topic.
1. 1/2min. INTRODUCTION–
Communication is an important Tool for effective running
of an educational institution and more so for effective
classroom instruction or teaching.
The word ‘communication’ has its origin in the Latin word
‘communis, meaning common, i.e. the communicator andthe
receiver have a common understanding of a thought ,ideas
,message ,feeling etc.Need for communication arises from
the very fact that the man is a social being. The man wishes
to exchange information, news, opinions ,experience, feeling
and the act of doing so iscommunication.
Student
teacher
define
scommuni-
cation.
PPT. What do
umean by
communica-
Tion?
2. 1min. To
definecom
muni-
cation.
DEFINITION–
1. Communication is transfer o f information fro m
thesender (teacher ) to the receiver (student) so
that it isunder stood in its right context.
2. Communication is the process of initiating,
transmitting and receiving information.
3. Communication is a two way process of sharing
thoughts ,ideas, opinions, messages and feelings.
Studen
tteacher
enumerates
elements of
communi-
cation
process.
Define
communi-
Cation.
3.
2min. To
enumerate
elements
of
communi-
cation
process.
ELEMENTS OF COMMUNICATION
process–
1. SEND ERor SOURCE–The person who passes
information or ideas to other person is known
as sender or source.
2. MASSAGE – This is the subject matter of
communication of this might be opinions
,attitudes ,feelings ,views, suggestions, order etc.
3. ENCODING – Conversion of subject matter into
symbols (words, actions, pictures etc.) is the
process of encoding. Symbols are transmitted
from the sender to the receiver.
4. CHANNEL – The symbols are transmitted from
sender to the receiver through certain channel
ssuch as radio, television ,telephoneetc.
Depending upon the relative distance between
the sender and the receiver.
5. RECEIVER–Receiver is the person to whom the
massage is sent for.
6. DECODING–Receiver converts the symbol s
7. From the sender to give him the meaning of the
massage.
8. FEEDBACK – Feedback is the response from the
receiver. Feedback is necessary to ensure that
the receiver has received the massage and
understood it in the samisen se as sender
wants.
Chart
,Black
board
&chalk.
Enumerate
elements of
communi-
cation
process.
4.
2min. To state
types o f
communi
-cation .
TYPES OF COMMUNICATION–
The re are som any types of communication depends
upon different basis.
1.On the basis of relationship–
A .Formal communication–Deliberate ly created flow of
communication.
Student
teacher
states types
of communi-
Cation.
Black
board
&chalk. Please tell
types o f
communiC
ation.
B.Informal communication –communication on the basis
of social relationships within the bound aries of formal
communication.
1. On the basis of flow–
1. Down ward communication-Flow of
communication from higher to lower level.
2. Upward communication-Flow of communication f
rom lower to higher level.
3. Horizonta lcommunication–Flow of communication
horizontally between persons of equal level post.
1.On the basis of expressions–
1. Verba l communication–Use of spoken and written
words.
2. Non verbal communication – No use of language
either writte nororal. E.g.facial expressions ,posture
,touch, eye move ments etc.
5.
2min. To
enlistbarri
ers
ofcommu
ni-Cation.
BARRIERS OF COMMUNICATION–
The existence of organization depends upon its
communication system .Effective communication might be
the result of accurate transmission of information or
ideas by the sender and its receipts and correct
understanding by the receiver . Some times the
communication process may be blocked or distorted
causing undesirable effects.
There fore one has reduce the barriers in
communication. 1.Barriers arising from the linguistic
capacity of the sender and the receiver-
*Badly expressed massages
*Faulty translation
*Faulty assumptions
*Use of technical llanguage
2.Barriers arising from the emotional and psychological
status of the sender and receiver.
*Immaturity
*Inattention and false attention
Student
teacher enlists
barriers of
communi-
Cation.
Black
board
&chalk. Enlist barriers
of communi-
cation.
*Jealousy ,anger, anxiety
1.Poor retention
2.Lack of grief
*Lack of interest
3.Failure to communicate
*Phobia
3.Barrier s arising within the organization structure–
*Complexity in organizational structure
*Organizational policie s not support ive t of low
of communication
*Poor facilities for communication
4.Barriers arising from the individual–
*Un willingness to communicate
*Lack of time
*Lack of confidence
*Fear of being criticised
*Disorder softhesense organs
*Student does not like teacher
1.Barriers arising from the environment–
*Geographical distance
*Mechanical or electricity failure
*Noise
*Physical obstructions
2.Barriers arising from the physical factors–
*Fatigue
*Illness
*Speech defects
*Deafness
*Pain
3.Barriers arising from the intellectual factors–
*LowI.Q.
*lack of knowledge
*Misinterpretation of words.
4.Barriers arising from the social factors–
*Difference in culture
6.
2min. To
discussstrat
egies
tomakeco
mmuni-
Cationeffec
tive.
*Difference in language
*Difference in race
*Difference in professional status
*Difference in socioeconomic status.
STRATEGIES TO MAKE
COMMUNICATION EFFECTIVE–
-Use of same language by the sender and the re ceiver.
-Expressid easin simple words ,briefly and completely.
-Avoid technical word s and abbreviation sthat are
notinuse.
-The reshould be clearity in expressionofide as- the
sende r should states what, why, how, when, who, where
etc. of any specific vent smake sure that the receiver
received the same.
-Pay attention on the non verbal massage
accompanying the verbal massages because the non
verbal massages are much closure to the truth than
verba l massage.
-Have adequacy of massage that is to be communicated.
-Have credibility in communication.
-
Besensitivetothereceiversneeds,feelingsandperc
eption.
-Beagoodlistener.
-FollowLADDERpattern
L–lookattheother person,maintaineyecontact.A–
Askappropriatequestions.
D–Don’tinterrupt.
D–Don’t change subject.
E–Expresse motion s with control
.R-Responsive ly listen.
-There should be adjustability and adaptability.
-the sender should have a thorough knowledge of
the subject be ing discussed.
-Getting and giving feedback in essential for effective
communication.
Student
teacher
dicusses
strategies to
make
communi-
cationeffecti
ve.
Blackbo
ard
&chalk. Explain
strategies to
make
communi-
cationeffecti
ve.
SUMMARY-
So communication is exchange of ideas, opinions or feelings, involving sender, massage, channel, receiver,
feedback, which may be verbal, non verbal, upward ,downward, horizontal, formal and informal type. Many
barriers may arise in communication process that may originate from language ,physical, environmental and
organizational structure, overcome by following LADDER pattern.
ASSIGNMENT–
Define communication, explain steps of communication process, and barriers o f communication and
strategies too ver come these barriers.
COCLUSION–
Effectivecommunicationisveryimportantateachandeverystepinnursingeducation,nursing,practiceandinnursingadmini
stration.
EVALUATION–IwilltakeaMCQtestof20marksafter3days.
9

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micro teaching on communication m.sc nursing.pdf

  • 1. S.no. Duration Specifico bjective Contents Teachingle arningacti vity. A.V.aid Evaluation Student teacher in traduce s topic. 1. 1/2min. INTRODUCTION– Communication is an important Tool for effective running of an educational institution and more so for effective classroom instruction or teaching. The word ‘communication’ has its origin in the Latin word ‘communis, meaning common, i.e. the communicator andthe receiver have a common understanding of a thought ,ideas ,message ,feeling etc.Need for communication arises from the very fact that the man is a social being. The man wishes to exchange information, news, opinions ,experience, feeling and the act of doing so iscommunication. Student teacher define scommuni- cation. PPT. What do umean by communica- Tion? 2. 1min. To definecom muni- cation. DEFINITION– 1. Communication is transfer o f information fro m thesender (teacher ) to the receiver (student) so that it isunder stood in its right context. 2. Communication is the process of initiating, transmitting and receiving information. 3. Communication is a two way process of sharing thoughts ,ideas, opinions, messages and feelings. Studen tteacher enumerates elements of communi- cation process. Define communi- Cation.
  • 2. 3. 2min. To enumerate elements of communi- cation process. ELEMENTS OF COMMUNICATION process– 1. SEND ERor SOURCE–The person who passes information or ideas to other person is known as sender or source. 2. MASSAGE – This is the subject matter of communication of this might be opinions ,attitudes ,feelings ,views, suggestions, order etc. 3. ENCODING – Conversion of subject matter into symbols (words, actions, pictures etc.) is the process of encoding. Symbols are transmitted from the sender to the receiver. 4. CHANNEL – The symbols are transmitted from sender to the receiver through certain channel ssuch as radio, television ,telephoneetc. Depending upon the relative distance between the sender and the receiver. 5. RECEIVER–Receiver is the person to whom the massage is sent for. 6. DECODING–Receiver converts the symbol s 7. From the sender to give him the meaning of the massage. 8. FEEDBACK – Feedback is the response from the receiver. Feedback is necessary to ensure that the receiver has received the massage and understood it in the samisen se as sender wants. Chart ,Black board &chalk. Enumerate elements of communi- cation process. 4. 2min. To state types o f communi -cation . TYPES OF COMMUNICATION– The re are som any types of communication depends upon different basis. 1.On the basis of relationship– A .Formal communication–Deliberate ly created flow of communication. Student teacher states types of communi- Cation. Black board &chalk. Please tell types o f communiC ation.
  • 3. B.Informal communication –communication on the basis of social relationships within the bound aries of formal communication. 1. On the basis of flow– 1. Down ward communication-Flow of communication from higher to lower level. 2. Upward communication-Flow of communication f rom lower to higher level. 3. Horizonta lcommunication–Flow of communication horizontally between persons of equal level post. 1.On the basis of expressions– 1. Verba l communication–Use of spoken and written words. 2. Non verbal communication – No use of language either writte nororal. E.g.facial expressions ,posture ,touch, eye move ments etc. 5. 2min. To enlistbarri ers ofcommu ni-Cation. BARRIERS OF COMMUNICATION– The existence of organization depends upon its communication system .Effective communication might be the result of accurate transmission of information or ideas by the sender and its receipts and correct understanding by the receiver . Some times the communication process may be blocked or distorted causing undesirable effects. There fore one has reduce the barriers in communication. 1.Barriers arising from the linguistic capacity of the sender and the receiver- *Badly expressed massages *Faulty translation *Faulty assumptions *Use of technical llanguage 2.Barriers arising from the emotional and psychological status of the sender and receiver. *Immaturity *Inattention and false attention Student teacher enlists barriers of communi- Cation. Black board &chalk. Enlist barriers of communi- cation.
  • 4. *Jealousy ,anger, anxiety 1.Poor retention 2.Lack of grief *Lack of interest 3.Failure to communicate *Phobia 3.Barrier s arising within the organization structure– *Complexity in organizational structure *Organizational policie s not support ive t of low of communication *Poor facilities for communication 4.Barriers arising from the individual– *Un willingness to communicate *Lack of time *Lack of confidence *Fear of being criticised *Disorder softhesense organs *Student does not like teacher 1.Barriers arising from the environment– *Geographical distance *Mechanical or electricity failure *Noise *Physical obstructions 2.Barriers arising from the physical factors– *Fatigue *Illness *Speech defects *Deafness *Pain 3.Barriers arising from the intellectual factors– *LowI.Q. *lack of knowledge *Misinterpretation of words. 4.Barriers arising from the social factors– *Difference in culture
  • 5. 6. 2min. To discussstrat egies tomakeco mmuni- Cationeffec tive. *Difference in language *Difference in race *Difference in professional status *Difference in socioeconomic status. STRATEGIES TO MAKE COMMUNICATION EFFECTIVE– -Use of same language by the sender and the re ceiver. -Expressid easin simple words ,briefly and completely. -Avoid technical word s and abbreviation sthat are notinuse. -The reshould be clearity in expressionofide as- the sende r should states what, why, how, when, who, where etc. of any specific vent smake sure that the receiver received the same. -Pay attention on the non verbal massage accompanying the verbal massages because the non verbal massages are much closure to the truth than verba l massage. -Have adequacy of massage that is to be communicated. -Have credibility in communication. - Besensitivetothereceiversneeds,feelingsandperc eption. -Beagoodlistener. -FollowLADDERpattern L–lookattheother person,maintaineyecontact.A– Askappropriatequestions. D–Don’tinterrupt. D–Don’t change subject. E–Expresse motion s with control .R-Responsive ly listen. -There should be adjustability and adaptability. -the sender should have a thorough knowledge of the subject be ing discussed. -Getting and giving feedback in essential for effective communication. Student teacher dicusses strategies to make communi- cationeffecti ve. Blackbo ard &chalk. Explain strategies to make communi- cationeffecti ve.
  • 6. SUMMARY- So communication is exchange of ideas, opinions or feelings, involving sender, massage, channel, receiver, feedback, which may be verbal, non verbal, upward ,downward, horizontal, formal and informal type. Many barriers may arise in communication process that may originate from language ,physical, environmental and organizational structure, overcome by following LADDER pattern. ASSIGNMENT– Define communication, explain steps of communication process, and barriers o f communication and strategies too ver come these barriers. COCLUSION– Effectivecommunicationisveryimportantateachandeverystepinnursingeducation,nursing,practiceandinnursingadmini stration. EVALUATION–IwilltakeaMCQtestof20marksafter3days. 9