NTFP: VALUE ADDITION AND IT’S IMPACT ON RURAL LIVELIHOOD

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NTFP: VALUE ADDITION AND IT’S IMPACT ON RURAL LIVELIHOOD

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  • Bottled in liquid form Sold in other ways
  • 1 . Used in painting + Varnish 2. Printing industry = Dye Alkaline NaOH, KOH
  • Issues on tariffs and fees collected by the local authority from the village. Lack of dissemination of the Forestry Sub-decree.
  • Inaccessibility/roads in poor conditions in many forest areas. Lack of research to support NTFP development. Limited skills of many poor CF communities or organizations. Monopoly of traders and middlemen of the NTFP marketing. Low market prices of NTFPs. Inadequate or lack of financial support Lack of capacity to market NTFPs.
  • Promote sustainable harvesting of the resources. Improve production. Empower the community to make decisions in NTFP development, encouraging them to manage their own resources and respect traditional values and practices. Ensure that communities are officially and legally recognized by the Government to process and market their products. Ensure that the benefits from NTFP processing are spread throughout the community, not only among the harvesting group. Strengthen the capacity of the community for business, production, and financial management. Implement our work in accordance with the laws and policies of the Government in order to get its support.
  • NTFP: VALUE ADDITION AND IT’S IMPACT ON RURAL LIVELIHOOD

    1. 1. NTFP: VALUE ADDITION AND IT’S IMPACT ON RURAL LIVELIHOOD
    2. 2. Advisory committee Dr. K. KUMARAN Professor (Forestry) Dept. of Floriculture & Medicinal Plants, HC & RI Periyakulam MEMBERS Dr. I. SEKAR Professor (Forestry) Dept. of Forest Products and Utilization, FC & RI Mettupalayam Dr. D. AMIRTHAM Assistant Professor (Biochemistry) Dept. of Forest Products and Utilization, FC & RI Mettupalayam CHAIRMAN ADDITIONAL MEMBER Dr. S. MURUGESAN Senior Scientist, Division of Bio-prospecting IFGTB, Coimbatore
    3. 3. CONTENTS
    4. 4. ‘Non-Timber Forest Products’ (NTFPs) encompasses all biological materials other than timber, which are extracted from forests for human use. NTFP ? (Source: De Beer and McDermott , 1989)
    5. 5. NTFP CLASSIFICATION GROUP-I NTFPs of Plant Origin • Edible Plant Products • Spices and Condiments • Medicinal Plants • Aromatic Plants • Fatty Oil Yield Plants • Gum & Resin Exuding Plants • Tan Yield Plants • Dye & Colour Yield Plants • Fibre & Floss Yield Plants • Bamboo-Canes • Fodder & Forage • Fuelwood, Charcoal Making • Bidi Wrapper Leaves • Other Leaves for Plates • Beads for Ornaments • Saponin & Marking Nut Plant-Others (Shiva and Mathur, 1996)
    6. 6. NTFP CLASSIFICATION (Shiva and Mathur, 1996) GROUP-II NTFPs of Animal Origin • Honey • Lac • Tussar and Other Silk • Insects and Animal-Hides, Skins and Feathers • Horns, Bones and Shellac-Ivory and Musk
    7. 7. SOUTH EAST ASIA - NTFPs TRADE COUNTRY NUMBER OF ENTERPRISES NUMBER OF PERSONS INVOLVED NUMBER OF VILLAGES SALES India 27 2,232 370 €1,81,596 Indonesia 29 1,452 58 € 99,838 Philippines 64 1,946 68 € 88,417.8 Cambodia 38 1,649 81 € 38,344.2 Total 163 7,400 600 €4,08,196 (Source: NTFP’s Annual Report, 2011)
    8. 8. SOUTH EAST ASIA - NTFPs TRADE (Source: NTFP’s Annual Report, 2011)
    9. 9. NTFP Collection: An analysis Forest Department (Divisional Forest Officer) Highest Bidder / Tribal Society Agent Sub Agent (Optional) Tribal Collector Permit given from collectors (Source: Key stone biodiversity programme – NTFP Project, 1998)
    10. 10. NTFP General – Supply chain (Source: National status report[MOEF], 2006)
    11. 11. • Increase sales by creating product diversity • Stabilize income by allowing income creation during off-seasons • Provide opportunities for other groups or sectors to create income from the products • Provide an outlet for other creative talents • Make use of excess produce Reasons for developing Value Added products
    12. 12. VALUE ADDITION IN NTFPs Honey Amla Tendu leaves Sal leaf platesLac Cutch and Katha TanninsTamarindus
    13. 13. Honey Processing Removal of cappings Filtering Insert - Extractor Labeling Harvesting Packing
    14. 14. MAJOR HONEY SOURCES IN INDIA
    15. 15. TOP HONEY PRODUCING COUNTRIES (Source: FAO, 2011)
    16. 16. i. Comb Honey & Chunk Honey ii. Organic Honey iii. Crystallized Honey iv. Pasteurized Honey v. Raw Honey vi. Strained Honey vii. Ultrafiltered Honey viii. Ultrasonicated Honey ix. Whipped Honey Types of honey
    17. 17. LAC PROCESSING Lac sticks Scraping lac from twigs Washing with alkaline Filtration Hot melting Final Stretching Lac sheets (Source: Ramesh Singh, 2006)
    18. 18. Lac production at National level (Source: Indian institute of natural resins and gums[Report], Ranchi - 2011)
    19. 19. Share of different states in Lac production at National level (Source: Indian institute of natural resins and gums[Report], Ranchi - 2011)
    20. 20. 1. Murabba i. Amla Murabba ii. Amla honey Murabba iii. Amla Sugar Free Murabba 2. Sweets i. Amla Burfi ii. Amla Laddu 3. Candy i. Amla Candy Plain ii. Amla Candy Super iii. Amla Candy Chapatti AMLA PRODUCTS (Indian Gooseberry) 4. Juice & Squash i. Amla Juice ii. Amla Squash 5. Powder i. Amla Powder ii. Amla Churanam 6. Pickles i. Amla Pickle 7. Chatni i. Amla Chatni 8. Jam i. Amla Jam
    21. 21. AMLA SEED EXPELLER (Source: KSNM- Agri Marketing, 2011)
    22. 22. AMLA PICKLE Filter to separate juice Add- Salt + Chilies +Oil Add muster seeds After 5 mins. -Amla Pickle Boil with water 5 mins.
    23. 23. AMLA MURABBA Boil – 2 mins. Make sugar sol. Soak amla Boil – 4 mins. Repeat – 4 days Soak – Amla with water 2 hr
    24. 24. Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) Step 1: Pre-processing = De-hulling and cleaning Fresh fruits Drying - Pods Cracking - Pods Separating (Mature pods & Dusts) Cleaning to remove seeds Pulp
    25. 25. Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) Step 2: Processing from the pulp Tamarind Pulp Boil in water Filter to separate juice Pour into bottles and seal Heat pasteurize in bottles Cool it rapidly by cold water JUICE PICKLE Grind and mix with salt + spices Pour into bottles while hot Cook for 20 mins while stirring Tamarind Pickle Tamarind Pulp (Source: Nihar Dash, 2008-09)
    26. 26. Tendu Leaves Processing (Diospyros melaoxylon. Lin) Collection Trimming & Sizing Rolling Trimming & Sizing Trimming & Sizing Trimming & Sizing (Source: Nihar Dash, 2008-09)
    27. 27. Sal Leaf plates (Shorea robusta) Harvesting leaves Collection Moulding Moulded plate Sun drying Packing
    28. 28. Cutch & Katha (Acacia catechu) - Processing Removal of bark and sapwood Cutting of wood – 5X6 cm Water wood ratio 3:1 boiled for12 hr Density of syrup(1.1) Poured into mould dug 10-15 days
    29. 29. Tannins (Myrobalans) - Processing 1. Chipping / crushing 2. Extraction (diffuser) 3. Settling 4. Concentrating (triple effect evaporator) 5. Spray drying (spray drier) 6. Final product (Food And Agricultural Industry, 1997)
    30. 30. 1. Local institutions and tenure 2. Ecological sustainability 3. Social equity and fair trade 4. Responsible business practices ECO-CERTIFICATION OF NTFPs
    31. 31. • Improved species/forest management over time • Social benefits/parity/rights of forest communities involved in collection • Low wastage & higher quality of product • Geographical track back & source identity BENEFITS OF CERTIFICATION
    32. 32. Sl. No. Name of the product 1998 price 2008 price 1. Honey INR 10 / Kg INR 72 /Kg INR 110 /Kg for semi processed INR 150 /Kg for double filtered 2. Amla INR 1.5 / Kg INR 3 /Kg for Collectors INR 6 / Kg for VFCs 3. Eecham Grass INR 3 / Kg INR 7 /Kg for Collectors INR 14 for VFCs 4. Soap Nut INR 1.5 /Kg INR 3 /Kg for collectors INR 6 /Kg for VFCs 5. Aralekai INR 2 /Kg INR 4 /Kg for Collectors INR 8 /Kg for VFCs IMPACT OF THE INTERVENTIONS IN TERMS OF NTFP PRICES FOR COLLECTORS (Source: Dhananjaya and Umesh Rao, 2007)
    33. 33. PRICE RANGE OF OIL SEEDS, OIL AND OIL CAKE Sl. No. Name of Seed Seed Rs/ Kg Oil Rs/ Lit. Oil Cake Rs/ Kg Use of Oil Cake 1. Karanj (Pongamia Pinnata) 9-14 50-55 70-90 Bio Pesticide, Fertilizer 2. Neem (Azadirachta indica ) 7-15 75-90 120- 160 Bio Pesticide 3. Mahua Seed (Madhuca indica) 9-18 35-45 80-120 Fish feed, Mosquito Coil Making, Soap Industry, Fertilizer (Source: Jharkhand Govt., 2007)
    34. 34. 1. Cheating by local traders on weight and measurement 2. Lack of market price information 3. Quality of stored NTFP reduced for moisture absorption 4. Sustainability Issues 5. Lack of capacity to market NTFPs ISSUES IN NTFPs VALUE ADDITION
    35. 35. 1. At the Individual level 2. At the Population level IMPACTS DUE TO UNSUSTAINABLE HARVEST 3. At the Ecosystem level 4. At the Genetic level
    36. 36. • The cost from illegal fees collected by some policemen from traders or middlemen at checkpoints are passed to the collectors by lowering the local buying prices of NTFPs. • Lack of support from the Government on NTFP development. LEGAL AND POLITICAL
    37. 37. POLICY AND ACTs • Indian Forest Act, 1927 • Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 • Forest Conservation Act, 1980 • National Forest Policy, 1988
    38. 38. • Inaccessibility • Lack of research • Limited skills • Monopoly - NTFP marketing. • Low market prices of NTFPs. • Lack of financial support SOCIO-ECONOMIC
    39. 39. 1. Depletion of resources resulting in difficulty in NTFP collection. 2. Decline of wildlife. 3. Occupation of the forest by powerful entities that causes degradation to the forest resources. ENVIRONMENTAL
    40. 40. A threat to • Mother Nature • Mankind Biopiracy Remedies • Awareness • National Policy and Act
    41. 41. • Promote sustainable harvesting • Improve production • Empower to community • Ensure that the benefits from NTFP processing are spread throughout the community Suggestions
    42. 42. CONCLUSION Rural people’s doing NTFPs Value Addition, while this process those NTFPs quality will improve simultaneously rural livelihood also improving, but they should know and rectify the negative impact on environment.

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