SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Andragogy
Session 2
1Dr. Markovic 2015
All great teachers of ancient times were teaching adults
2
Thewilltowin,thedesiretosucceed,theurgeto
reachyourfullpotential…thesearethekeysthat
willunlockthedoortopersonalexcellence.
~Confucius
Strongmindsdiscussideas,averageminds
discussevents,weakmindsdiscusspeople.
~Socrates
Allmenbynature
desiretoknow.
~Aristotle
Dr. Markovic 2015
Teaching in Ancient Times
• Learning was perceived as a process of mental inquiry, not passive
reception of transmitted content.
• Ancient techniques for engaging learners
• Chinese and Hebrews - case study method
• Greece - Socratic dialogue
• Rome - Confrontational methods
3Dr. Markovic 2015
• The root of andragogy
• Growing body of notions about adult learning started to emerge
4Dr. Markovic 2015
1926 American Association of Adult Education
• Scientific stream of inquiry
• Discovering new knowledge through rigorous research
• Artistic stream of inquiry
• Discovering new knowledge through analysis of experience
• Concerned with how adults learn
• Lindeman laid the foundation for a systemic approach to
adult learning
• 6 key assumptions
5Dr. Markovic 2015
Lindeman’s Key Assumptions
1. Adults are motivated to learn as they experience needs and
interest that learning will satisfy
2. Adults’ orientation to learning is life-centered
3. Experience is the richest source for adult’s learning
4. Adults have a deep need to be self-directed
5. Individual differences among people increase with age
6Dr. Markovic 2015
ContributionstoLearningTheory
Identified the effects of subconscious mind on behavior
Human motivation stems from relentless search for pleasure
7Dr. Markovic 2015
ContributionstoLearningTheory
• Human motivation stems from the need to adapt to the
environment
• Introduced holistic approach to human consciousness
• 4 ways to extract information and achieve understanding
8
SENSATION
THOUGHT
EMOTION
INTUITION
Dr. Markovic 2015
ContributionstoLearningTheory
9Dr. Markovic 2015
Abraham Maslow
10
ContributionstoLearningTheory
Dr. Markovic 2015
ContributionstoLearningTheory
11
SELF-
ACTUALIZATION
ESTEEM
LOVE & BELONGING
SAFETY
PHYSIOLOGICAL NEEDS
Dr. Markovic 2015
Conceptualized student-centered teaching
5 Basic hypothesis
12
ContributionstoLearningTheory
Dr. Markovic 2015
1. We cannot teach another person directly, we can only
facilitate their learning
• People respond to notions shaped by their experience and
perception
13
ContributionstoLearningTheory
Dr. Markovic 2015
2. A person learns significantly only those things which he
perceives as being involved in the maintenance of, or
enhancement of, the structure of self.
• Learning has to be relevant
14
ContributionstoLearningTheory
Dr. Markovic 2015
3. Experience which, if assimilated would involve a change in the
organization of self, tends to be resisted through denial or distortion of
symbolization.
4. The structure and organization of self appear to become more rigid
under threat and to relax its boundaries when completely free from
threat. Experience which is perceived as inconsistent with the self can
only be assimilated if the current organization of self is relaxed and
expanded to include it.
5. The educational situation that most effectively promotes significant
learning is one in which (a) threat to the self of the learner is reduced
to a minimum, and (b) differentiated perception of the field is
facilitated.
15
ContributionstoLearningTheory
Dr. Markovic 2015
Why adults engage in continuing education?
Why are you perusing a master/doctoral degree?
Houl’s study aimed to answer that question
Identified 3 categories
16
GOAL-ORIENTED
LEARNERS
LEARNING-
ORIENTED
LEARNERS
ACTIVITY-ORIENTED
LEARNERS
ContributionstoLearningTheory
Dr. Markovic 2015
Pedagogy vs. Andragogy
CONTRAST AND COMPARE
1. Learner’s need to know
2. Self-concept of the learner
3. Prior experience of the learner
4. Readiness to learn
5. Orientation to learning
6. Motivation to learn
17Dr. Markovic 2015

More Related Content

What's hot

Msj constructivism copy
Msj constructivism copyMsj constructivism copy
Msj constructivism copy
lauralsaylor
 
philosophy of education
philosophy of educationphilosophy of education
philosophy of education
Muhammad Zeeshan
 
Lecture 3: Theories of Learning Part 1
Lecture 3: Theories of Learning Part 1Lecture 3: Theories of Learning Part 1
Lecture 3: Theories of Learning Part 1
James Stanfield
 
Vygotsky
Vygotsky Vygotsky
Vygotsky
lilianamonserrat
 
Positivism & Constructivism
Positivism & ConstructivismPositivism & Constructivism
Positivism & Constructivism
technclassLA
 
Pragmatism
PragmatismPragmatism
Pragmatism
jenrap2015
 
Constructivism
ConstructivismConstructivism
Constructivism
stepheniecannon
 
Constructivism
ConstructivismConstructivism
Constructivism
Krubha Karan
 
Pragmatism by jenrap14
Pragmatism by jenrap14Pragmatism by jenrap14
Pragmatism by jenrap14
Jen Rapista
 
Pragmatismo
PragmatismoPragmatismo
Pragmatismo
joems_angel2000
 
Existentialism
ExistentialismExistentialism
Existentialism
MARYRAYMOND123
 
Principles and theories of Learning( Social Constructivism, Multiple Intellig...
Principles and theories of Learning( Social Constructivism, Multiple Intellig...Principles and theories of Learning( Social Constructivism, Multiple Intellig...
Principles and theories of Learning( Social Constructivism, Multiple Intellig...
Christian Sario
 
Constructivism
ConstructivismConstructivism
Constructivism
guest08b17f
 
Constuctivism Presentation
Constuctivism PresentationConstuctivism Presentation
Constuctivism Presentation
Cynthia Pon
 
Social constructivist approach.ppt
Social constructivist approach.pptSocial constructivist approach.ppt
Social constructivist approach.ppt
Momina Mussarat Ali
 
Philosophical Foundation of Education: Pragmatism
Philosophical Foundation of Education: PragmatismPhilosophical Foundation of Education: Pragmatism
Philosophical Foundation of Education: Pragmatism
Jane Martinito
 
Constructivism
ConstructivismConstructivism
Constructivism
David Geelan
 
Chapter 6
Chapter 6Chapter 6
Chapter 6
guest2b32b2e
 
Eme 2040 module 13 team 3 constructivism
Eme 2040 module 13 team 3 constructivismEme 2040 module 13 team 3 constructivism
Eme 2040 module 13 team 3 constructivism
jluk10
 
Pragmatism Philosophy
Pragmatism PhilosophyPragmatism Philosophy
Pragmatism Philosophy
Eric Barroga
 

What's hot (20)

Msj constructivism copy
Msj constructivism copyMsj constructivism copy
Msj constructivism copy
 
philosophy of education
philosophy of educationphilosophy of education
philosophy of education
 
Lecture 3: Theories of Learning Part 1
Lecture 3: Theories of Learning Part 1Lecture 3: Theories of Learning Part 1
Lecture 3: Theories of Learning Part 1
 
Vygotsky
Vygotsky Vygotsky
Vygotsky
 
Positivism & Constructivism
Positivism & ConstructivismPositivism & Constructivism
Positivism & Constructivism
 
Pragmatism
PragmatismPragmatism
Pragmatism
 
Constructivism
ConstructivismConstructivism
Constructivism
 
Constructivism
ConstructivismConstructivism
Constructivism
 
Pragmatism by jenrap14
Pragmatism by jenrap14Pragmatism by jenrap14
Pragmatism by jenrap14
 
Pragmatismo
PragmatismoPragmatismo
Pragmatismo
 
Existentialism
ExistentialismExistentialism
Existentialism
 
Principles and theories of Learning( Social Constructivism, Multiple Intellig...
Principles and theories of Learning( Social Constructivism, Multiple Intellig...Principles and theories of Learning( Social Constructivism, Multiple Intellig...
Principles and theories of Learning( Social Constructivism, Multiple Intellig...
 
Constructivism
ConstructivismConstructivism
Constructivism
 
Constuctivism Presentation
Constuctivism PresentationConstuctivism Presentation
Constuctivism Presentation
 
Social constructivist approach.ppt
Social constructivist approach.pptSocial constructivist approach.ppt
Social constructivist approach.ppt
 
Philosophical Foundation of Education: Pragmatism
Philosophical Foundation of Education: PragmatismPhilosophical Foundation of Education: Pragmatism
Philosophical Foundation of Education: Pragmatism
 
Constructivism
ConstructivismConstructivism
Constructivism
 
Chapter 6
Chapter 6Chapter 6
Chapter 6
 
Eme 2040 module 13 team 3 constructivism
Eme 2040 module 13 team 3 constructivismEme 2040 module 13 team 3 constructivism
Eme 2040 module 13 team 3 constructivism
 
Pragmatism Philosophy
Pragmatism PhilosophyPragmatism Philosophy
Pragmatism Philosophy
 

Viewers also liked

Barry orientation 1
Barry orientation 1Barry orientation 1
Barry orientation 1
Lyndon Godsall
 
Hrd647 unit 1 NEW DESIGN
Hrd647 unit 1 NEW DESIGNHrd647 unit 1 NEW DESIGN
Hrd647 unit 1 NEW DESIGN
Lyndon Godsall
 
1 nur642exploring and assessing pp1
1 nur642exploring and assessing  pp11 nur642exploring and assessing  pp1
1 nur642exploring and assessing pp1
Lyndon Godsall
 
Kaplan examples october2
Kaplan examples october2Kaplan examples october2
Kaplan examples october2
Lyndon Godsall
 
Intro1
Intro1Intro1
Nur631 unit 9
Nur631 unit 9Nur631 unit 9
Nur631 unit 9
Lyndon Godsall
 
Module one clinical powerpoint
Module one clinical powerpointModule one clinical powerpoint
Module one clinical powerpoint
Lyndon Godsall
 
5 cj kaplan projects2
5 cj kaplan projects25 cj kaplan projects2
5 cj kaplan projects2
Lyndon Godsall
 
Ix564 wiki3
Ix564 wiki3Ix564 wiki3
Ix564 wiki3
Lyndon Godsall
 
Hrd 659 session 3 hrd & adult learning
Hrd 659 session 3 hrd & adult learningHrd 659 session 3 hrd & adult learning
Hrd 659 session 3 hrd & adult learning
Lyndon Godsall
 
Hrd 659 session 4 andragogical model
Hrd 659 session 4 andragogical modelHrd 659 session 4 andragogical model
Hrd 659 session 4 andragogical model
Lyndon Godsall
 
Orientation new student orientation bridge to barry
Orientation new student orientation bridge to barryOrientation new student orientation bridge to barry
Orientation new student orientation bridge to barry
Lyndon Godsall
 
Rn bsn ppt spring 2016
Rn bsn ppt spring 2016Rn bsn ppt spring 2016
Rn bsn ppt spring 2016
Lyndon Godsall
 
Hrd 659 session 6 facilitating learning
Hrd 659 session 6 facilitating learningHrd 659 session 6 facilitating learning
Hrd 659 session 6 facilitating learning
Lyndon Godsall
 
10 nur642preparing for tomorrow’s challenges pp10
10 nur642preparing for tomorrow’s challenges pp1010 nur642preparing for tomorrow’s challenges pp10
10 nur642preparing for tomorrow’s challenges pp10
Lyndon Godsall
 
Highlights november2
Highlights november2Highlights november2
Highlights november2
Lyndon Godsall
 
Q mat barry
Q mat barryQ mat barry
Q mat barry
Lyndon Godsall
 
Rn bsn ppt spring 2016
Rn bsn ppt spring 2016Rn bsn ppt spring 2016
Rn bsn ppt spring 2016
Lyndon Godsall
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Barry orientation 1
Barry orientation 1Barry orientation 1
Barry orientation 1
 
Hrd647 unit 1 NEW DESIGN
Hrd647 unit 1 NEW DESIGNHrd647 unit 1 NEW DESIGN
Hrd647 unit 1 NEW DESIGN
 
1 nur642exploring and assessing pp1
1 nur642exploring and assessing  pp11 nur642exploring and assessing  pp1
1 nur642exploring and assessing pp1
 
5 cj kaplan projects3
5 cj kaplan projects35 cj kaplan projects3
5 cj kaplan projects3
 
Kaplan examples october2
Kaplan examples october2Kaplan examples october2
Kaplan examples october2
 
Intro1
Intro1Intro1
Intro1
 
Nur551 ex2
Nur551 ex2Nur551 ex2
Nur551 ex2
 
Nur631 unit 9
Nur631 unit 9Nur631 unit 9
Nur631 unit 9
 
Module one clinical powerpoint
Module one clinical powerpointModule one clinical powerpoint
Module one clinical powerpoint
 
5 cj kaplan projects2
5 cj kaplan projects25 cj kaplan projects2
5 cj kaplan projects2
 
Ix564 wiki3
Ix564 wiki3Ix564 wiki3
Ix564 wiki3
 
Hrd 659 session 3 hrd & adult learning
Hrd 659 session 3 hrd & adult learningHrd 659 session 3 hrd & adult learning
Hrd 659 session 3 hrd & adult learning
 
Hrd 659 session 4 andragogical model
Hrd 659 session 4 andragogical modelHrd 659 session 4 andragogical model
Hrd 659 session 4 andragogical model
 
Orientation new student orientation bridge to barry
Orientation new student orientation bridge to barryOrientation new student orientation bridge to barry
Orientation new student orientation bridge to barry
 
Rn bsn ppt spring 2016
Rn bsn ppt spring 2016Rn bsn ppt spring 2016
Rn bsn ppt spring 2016
 
Hrd 659 session 6 facilitating learning
Hrd 659 session 6 facilitating learningHrd 659 session 6 facilitating learning
Hrd 659 session 6 facilitating learning
 
10 nur642preparing for tomorrow’s challenges pp10
10 nur642preparing for tomorrow’s challenges pp1010 nur642preparing for tomorrow’s challenges pp10
10 nur642preparing for tomorrow’s challenges pp10
 
Highlights november2
Highlights november2Highlights november2
Highlights november2
 
Q mat barry
Q mat barryQ mat barry
Q mat barry
 
Rn bsn ppt spring 2016
Rn bsn ppt spring 2016Rn bsn ppt spring 2016
Rn bsn ppt spring 2016
 

Similar to Hrd 659 session 2 contributions to learning theory[1]

andragogy+dll.pptx
andragogy+dll.pptxandragogy+dll.pptx
andragogy+dll.pptx
wafaakademi
 
Educational philosophies
Educational philosophiesEducational philosophies
Educational philosophies
aneez103
 
PSY-REPORT.pptx
PSY-REPORT.pptxPSY-REPORT.pptx
PSY-REPORT.pptx
KarenPearlBayubay
 
The learning process
The learning processThe learning process
The learning process
Gnikszor Roszking
 
Educational Philosophies.pptx
Educational Philosophies.pptxEducational Philosophies.pptx
Educational Philosophies.pptx
VeereshTopalakatti1
 
PHILOSOPHICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION.pptx
PHILOSOPHICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION.pptxPHILOSOPHICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION.pptx
PHILOSOPHICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION.pptx
JarvenSaguin
 
Experiential Learning Theory
Experiential Learning TheoryExperiential Learning Theory
Experiential Learning Theory
Becky Taylor
 
Maslow and rogers (humanistic and cognivitism learning
Maslow and rogers (humanistic and cognivitism learningMaslow and rogers (humanistic and cognivitism learning
Maslow and rogers (humanistic and cognivitism learning
Murtala Lawal
 
Humanism and Humanism in teaching
Humanism and Humanism in teachingHumanism and Humanism in teaching
Humanism and Humanism in teaching
Buket Demirbüken
 
Psychology for language teachers
Psychology for language teachersPsychology for language teachers
Psychology for language teachers
Islamic Azad University, Najafabad Branch
 
Lecture : Theories of Learning Part II
Lecture : Theories of Learning Part IILecture : Theories of Learning Part II
Lecture : Theories of Learning Part II
James Stanfield
 
Adult Learning Theories.pptx
Adult Learning Theories.pptxAdult Learning Theories.pptx
Adult Learning Theories.pptx
MGRasul2
 
Motivation, Methods and Materials for Young Learners of English
Motivation, Methods and Materials for Young Learners of EnglishMotivation, Methods and Materials for Young Learners of English
Motivation, Methods and Materials for Young Learners of English
Hala Nur
 
Module 2
Module 2Module 2
Module 2
dheza2014
 
Constructivism and Learner-centered Teaching.pdf
Constructivism and Learner-centered Teaching.pdfConstructivism and Learner-centered Teaching.pdf
Constructivism and Learner-centered Teaching.pdf
CarloManguil2
 
Teaching Methodology
Teaching Methodology Teaching Methodology
Teaching Methodology
Rozinah Jamaludin
 
learningprocess-161209191320.pdf
learningprocess-161209191320.pdflearningprocess-161209191320.pdf
learningprocess-161209191320.pdf
MrzN1
 
Learning process
Learning processLearning process
Learning process
Dr. Hina Kaynat
 
Teaching Adults
Teaching AdultsTeaching Adults
Teaching Adults
David Deubelbeiss
 
5. constructivist learning theories 6. constructivist teaching principles m...
5. constructivist learning theories 6. constructivist teaching principles   m...5. constructivist learning theories 6. constructivist teaching principles   m...
5. constructivist learning theories 6. constructivist teaching principles m...
AhL'Dn Daliva
 

Similar to Hrd 659 session 2 contributions to learning theory[1] (20)

andragogy+dll.pptx
andragogy+dll.pptxandragogy+dll.pptx
andragogy+dll.pptx
 
Educational philosophies
Educational philosophiesEducational philosophies
Educational philosophies
 
PSY-REPORT.pptx
PSY-REPORT.pptxPSY-REPORT.pptx
PSY-REPORT.pptx
 
The learning process
The learning processThe learning process
The learning process
 
Educational Philosophies.pptx
Educational Philosophies.pptxEducational Philosophies.pptx
Educational Philosophies.pptx
 
PHILOSOPHICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION.pptx
PHILOSOPHICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION.pptxPHILOSOPHICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION.pptx
PHILOSOPHICAL FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION.pptx
 
Experiential Learning Theory
Experiential Learning TheoryExperiential Learning Theory
Experiential Learning Theory
 
Maslow and rogers (humanistic and cognivitism learning
Maslow and rogers (humanistic and cognivitism learningMaslow and rogers (humanistic and cognivitism learning
Maslow and rogers (humanistic and cognivitism learning
 
Humanism and Humanism in teaching
Humanism and Humanism in teachingHumanism and Humanism in teaching
Humanism and Humanism in teaching
 
Psychology for language teachers
Psychology for language teachersPsychology for language teachers
Psychology for language teachers
 
Lecture : Theories of Learning Part II
Lecture : Theories of Learning Part IILecture : Theories of Learning Part II
Lecture : Theories of Learning Part II
 
Adult Learning Theories.pptx
Adult Learning Theories.pptxAdult Learning Theories.pptx
Adult Learning Theories.pptx
 
Motivation, Methods and Materials for Young Learners of English
Motivation, Methods and Materials for Young Learners of EnglishMotivation, Methods and Materials for Young Learners of English
Motivation, Methods and Materials for Young Learners of English
 
Module 2
Module 2Module 2
Module 2
 
Constructivism and Learner-centered Teaching.pdf
Constructivism and Learner-centered Teaching.pdfConstructivism and Learner-centered Teaching.pdf
Constructivism and Learner-centered Teaching.pdf
 
Teaching Methodology
Teaching Methodology Teaching Methodology
Teaching Methodology
 
learningprocess-161209191320.pdf
learningprocess-161209191320.pdflearningprocess-161209191320.pdf
learningprocess-161209191320.pdf
 
Learning process
Learning processLearning process
Learning process
 
Teaching Adults
Teaching AdultsTeaching Adults
Teaching Adults
 
5. constructivist learning theories 6. constructivist teaching principles m...
5. constructivist learning theories 6. constructivist teaching principles   m...5. constructivist learning theories 6. constructivist teaching principles   m...
5. constructivist learning theories 6. constructivist teaching principles m...
 

More from Lyndon Godsall

Rn bsn ppt online orientation 2017
Rn bsn ppt online orientation 2017Rn bsn ppt online orientation 2017
Rn bsn ppt online orientation 2017
Lyndon Godsall
 
Technology 2017
Technology 2017Technology 2017
Technology 2017
Lyndon Godsall
 
Hipaa ppt june 6 2014
Hipaa ppt june 6 2014Hipaa ppt june 6 2014
Hipaa ppt june 6 2014
Lyndon Godsall
 
Hrd 659 session 5 motivation to learn
Hrd 659 session 5 motivation to learnHrd 659 session 5 motivation to learn
Hrd 659 session 5 motivation to learn
Lyndon Godsall
 
Hrd 659 session 7 cbi
Hrd 659 session 7 cbiHrd 659 session 7 cbi
Hrd 659 session 7 cbi
Lyndon Godsall
 
Hrd 659 session 1 intro
Hrd 659 session 1 introHrd 659 session 1 intro
Hrd 659 session 1 intro
Lyndon Godsall
 
The role of nurse educator
The role of nurse educatorThe role of nurse educator
The role of nurse educator
Lyndon Godsall
 
9 nur642enhancing learning with text and visuals pp9
9 nur642enhancing learning with text and visuals pp99 nur642enhancing learning with text and visuals pp9
9 nur642enhancing learning with text and visuals pp9
Lyndon Godsall
 
8 nur642enhancing learning with audio and video pp8
8 nur642enhancing learning with audio and video pp88 nur642enhancing learning with audio and video pp8
8 nur642enhancing learning with audio and video pp8
Lyndon Godsall
 
7 nur642achieving learning at a distance pp7
7 nur642achieving learning at a distance pp77 nur642achieving learning at a distance pp7
7 nur642achieving learning at a distance pp7
Lyndon Godsall
 
6 nur642learning with web 2.0 and social media pp6
6 nur642learning with web 2.0 and social media pp66 nur642learning with web 2.0 and social media pp6
6 nur642learning with web 2.0 and social media pp6
Lyndon Godsall
 
5 nur642engaging learners with digital devices  pp5
5 nur642engaging learners with digital devices  pp55 nur642engaging learners with digital devices  pp5
5 nur642engaging learners with digital devices  pp5
Lyndon Godsall
 
4 nur642designingcentury learningenvironments pp4
4 nur642designingcentury learningenvironments pp44 nur642designingcentury learningenvironments pp4
4 nur642designingcentury learningenvironments pp4
Lyndon Godsall
 
3 nur642the assure model pp3
3 nur642the assure model pp33 nur642the assure model pp3
3 nur642the assure model pp3
Lyndon Godsall
 
2 nur642designing and assessing pp2
2 nur642designing and assessing  pp22 nur642designing and assessing  pp2
2 nur642designing and assessing pp2
Lyndon Godsall
 
Module one clinical powerpoint
Module one clinical powerpointModule one clinical powerpoint
Module one clinical powerpoint
Lyndon Godsall
 
Highlights2013
Highlights2013Highlights2013
Highlights2013
Lyndon Godsall
 

More from Lyndon Godsall (17)

Rn bsn ppt online orientation 2017
Rn bsn ppt online orientation 2017Rn bsn ppt online orientation 2017
Rn bsn ppt online orientation 2017
 
Technology 2017
Technology 2017Technology 2017
Technology 2017
 
Hipaa ppt june 6 2014
Hipaa ppt june 6 2014Hipaa ppt june 6 2014
Hipaa ppt june 6 2014
 
Hrd 659 session 5 motivation to learn
Hrd 659 session 5 motivation to learnHrd 659 session 5 motivation to learn
Hrd 659 session 5 motivation to learn
 
Hrd 659 session 7 cbi
Hrd 659 session 7 cbiHrd 659 session 7 cbi
Hrd 659 session 7 cbi
 
Hrd 659 session 1 intro
Hrd 659 session 1 introHrd 659 session 1 intro
Hrd 659 session 1 intro
 
The role of nurse educator
The role of nurse educatorThe role of nurse educator
The role of nurse educator
 
9 nur642enhancing learning with text and visuals pp9
9 nur642enhancing learning with text and visuals pp99 nur642enhancing learning with text and visuals pp9
9 nur642enhancing learning with text and visuals pp9
 
8 nur642enhancing learning with audio and video pp8
8 nur642enhancing learning with audio and video pp88 nur642enhancing learning with audio and video pp8
8 nur642enhancing learning with audio and video pp8
 
7 nur642achieving learning at a distance pp7
7 nur642achieving learning at a distance pp77 nur642achieving learning at a distance pp7
7 nur642achieving learning at a distance pp7
 
6 nur642learning with web 2.0 and social media pp6
6 nur642learning with web 2.0 and social media pp66 nur642learning with web 2.0 and social media pp6
6 nur642learning with web 2.0 and social media pp6
 
5 nur642engaging learners with digital devices  pp5
5 nur642engaging learners with digital devices  pp55 nur642engaging learners with digital devices  pp5
5 nur642engaging learners with digital devices  pp5
 
4 nur642designingcentury learningenvironments pp4
4 nur642designingcentury learningenvironments pp44 nur642designingcentury learningenvironments pp4
4 nur642designingcentury learningenvironments pp4
 
3 nur642the assure model pp3
3 nur642the assure model pp33 nur642the assure model pp3
3 nur642the assure model pp3
 
2 nur642designing and assessing pp2
2 nur642designing and assessing  pp22 nur642designing and assessing  pp2
2 nur642designing and assessing pp2
 
Module one clinical powerpoint
Module one clinical powerpointModule one clinical powerpoint
Module one clinical powerpoint
 
Highlights2013
Highlights2013Highlights2013
Highlights2013
 

Hrd 659 session 2 contributions to learning theory[1]

  • 2. All great teachers of ancient times were teaching adults 2 Thewilltowin,thedesiretosucceed,theurgeto reachyourfullpotential…thesearethekeysthat willunlockthedoortopersonalexcellence. ~Confucius Strongmindsdiscussideas,averageminds discussevents,weakmindsdiscusspeople. ~Socrates Allmenbynature desiretoknow. ~Aristotle Dr. Markovic 2015
  • 3. Teaching in Ancient Times • Learning was perceived as a process of mental inquiry, not passive reception of transmitted content. • Ancient techniques for engaging learners • Chinese and Hebrews - case study method • Greece - Socratic dialogue • Rome - Confrontational methods 3Dr. Markovic 2015
  • 4. • The root of andragogy • Growing body of notions about adult learning started to emerge 4Dr. Markovic 2015
  • 5. 1926 American Association of Adult Education • Scientific stream of inquiry • Discovering new knowledge through rigorous research • Artistic stream of inquiry • Discovering new knowledge through analysis of experience • Concerned with how adults learn • Lindeman laid the foundation for a systemic approach to adult learning • 6 key assumptions 5Dr. Markovic 2015
  • 6. Lindeman’s Key Assumptions 1. Adults are motivated to learn as they experience needs and interest that learning will satisfy 2. Adults’ orientation to learning is life-centered 3. Experience is the richest source for adult’s learning 4. Adults have a deep need to be self-directed 5. Individual differences among people increase with age 6Dr. Markovic 2015
  • 7. ContributionstoLearningTheory Identified the effects of subconscious mind on behavior Human motivation stems from relentless search for pleasure 7Dr. Markovic 2015
  • 8. ContributionstoLearningTheory • Human motivation stems from the need to adapt to the environment • Introduced holistic approach to human consciousness • 4 ways to extract information and achieve understanding 8 SENSATION THOUGHT EMOTION INTUITION Dr. Markovic 2015
  • 12. Conceptualized student-centered teaching 5 Basic hypothesis 12 ContributionstoLearningTheory Dr. Markovic 2015
  • 13. 1. We cannot teach another person directly, we can only facilitate their learning • People respond to notions shaped by their experience and perception 13 ContributionstoLearningTheory Dr. Markovic 2015
  • 14. 2. A person learns significantly only those things which he perceives as being involved in the maintenance of, or enhancement of, the structure of self. • Learning has to be relevant 14 ContributionstoLearningTheory Dr. Markovic 2015
  • 15. 3. Experience which, if assimilated would involve a change in the organization of self, tends to be resisted through denial or distortion of symbolization. 4. The structure and organization of self appear to become more rigid under threat and to relax its boundaries when completely free from threat. Experience which is perceived as inconsistent with the self can only be assimilated if the current organization of self is relaxed and expanded to include it. 5. The educational situation that most effectively promotes significant learning is one in which (a) threat to the self of the learner is reduced to a minimum, and (b) differentiated perception of the field is facilitated. 15 ContributionstoLearningTheory Dr. Markovic 2015
  • 16. Why adults engage in continuing education? Why are you perusing a master/doctoral degree? Houl’s study aimed to answer that question Identified 3 categories 16 GOAL-ORIENTED LEARNERS LEARNING- ORIENTED LEARNERS ACTIVITY-ORIENTED LEARNERS ContributionstoLearningTheory Dr. Markovic 2015
  • 17. Pedagogy vs. Andragogy CONTRAST AND COMPARE 1. Learner’s need to know 2. Self-concept of the learner 3. Prior experience of the learner 4. Readiness to learn 5. Orientation to learning 6. Motivation to learn 17Dr. Markovic 2015