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The document discusses various capital budgeting techniques for evaluating investment projects, including net present value (NPV), internal rate of return (IRR), payback period, discounted payback period, and profitability index. It provides examples of calculating each measure and outlines their basic rules. NPV is presented as the preferred method since it considers the time value of money and risk. Other methods like payback period are seen as less rigorous but still useful for measuring aspects like liquidity.

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Bus501 assign6 erickson

The document summarizes a review of projected sales figures for a new smart phone by Conch Republic Electronics. It analyzes the payback period, profitability index, internal rate of return, and net present value of investing in the new smart phone. All indicators suggest the investment will be profitable, with a payback period of 3.1 years, profitability index of 1.475, IRR of 25.44% exceeding the required return of 12%, and positive NPV of $18.3 million. A sensitivity analysis shows NPV is more sensitive to changes in price than quantity produced. The conclusion is that the smart phone project is a good investment for the company to proceed with.

Net present value

Net Present Value, Money Management, Project/Idea/Firm, Choosing A Good Firm, Decisions Criteria, 1,2,3,

Chapter 9 q&p

The document contains examples and explanations of various capital budgeting techniques including payback period, discounted payback, net present value, internal rate of return, and profitability index. It analyzes two hypothetical investment projects (A and B) using each method and determines that while some criteria favor project A and others favor project B, the net present value method is preferred and indicates that project A should be accepted.

75985278 sample-questions-of-capital-budgeting

This document provides sample questions, answers, and examples related to capital budgeting techniques. It includes calculations of net present value and internal rate of return for projects with cash inflows and outflows occurring over several years. It also discusses incorporating risk into capital budgeting analysis using methods like discount rates and coefficient of variation.

Payback period by harikrishnanan

Payback period (PP) is the number of years it takes for a company to recover its original investment in a project, when net cash flow equals zero. In the calculation of the payback period, the cash flows of the project must first be estimated. The payback period is then a simple calculation.

Npv profile

The NPV profile is a graph that plots a project's NPV on the y-axis against various discount rates on the x-axis. Higher discount rates mean cash flows occurring sooner are more influential to NPV. The NPV profile generally shows an inverse relationship between discount rate and NPV. The discount rate where NPV equals 0 is called the internal rate of return (IRR). NPV and IRR are methods to evaluate projects, with NPV measuring net dollars and IRR measuring return as a percentage. IRR is the discount rate that makes NPV equal 0.

ROI, NPV and PP

This document discusses key concepts for evaluating investments:
1. ROI (Return on Investment) measures the profit or return from an investment compared to the cost of the investment. A higher percentage ROI means a more profitable investment.
2. NPV (Net Present Value) discounts future cash flows from an investment to determine if it has a positive or negative value today. A positive NPV means the investment should be accepted.
3. Payback Period is the number of years for an investment to recover its initial cost from cash flows. Shorter payback periods are preferable.
The document provides formulas and examples to calculate ROI, NPV, and Payback Period to evaluate potential investments. References are also

Irr

,
irr can be calculated by trial & error method:
,
irr
,
project feasibility
,
conventional vs nonconventional project

Bus501 assign6 erickson

The document summarizes a review of projected sales figures for a new smart phone by Conch Republic Electronics. It analyzes the payback period, profitability index, internal rate of return, and net present value of investing in the new smart phone. All indicators suggest the investment will be profitable, with a payback period of 3.1 years, profitability index of 1.475, IRR of 25.44% exceeding the required return of 12%, and positive NPV of $18.3 million. A sensitivity analysis shows NPV is more sensitive to changes in price than quantity produced. The conclusion is that the smart phone project is a good investment for the company to proceed with.

Net present value

Net Present Value, Money Management, Project/Idea/Firm, Choosing A Good Firm, Decisions Criteria, 1,2,3,

Chapter 9 q&p

The document contains examples and explanations of various capital budgeting techniques including payback period, discounted payback, net present value, internal rate of return, and profitability index. It analyzes two hypothetical investment projects (A and B) using each method and determines that while some criteria favor project A and others favor project B, the net present value method is preferred and indicates that project A should be accepted.

75985278 sample-questions-of-capital-budgeting

This document provides sample questions, answers, and examples related to capital budgeting techniques. It includes calculations of net present value and internal rate of return for projects with cash inflows and outflows occurring over several years. It also discusses incorporating risk into capital budgeting analysis using methods like discount rates and coefficient of variation.

Payback period by harikrishnanan

Payback period (PP) is the number of years it takes for a company to recover its original investment in a project, when net cash flow equals zero. In the calculation of the payback period, the cash flows of the project must first be estimated. The payback period is then a simple calculation.

Npv profile

The NPV profile is a graph that plots a project's NPV on the y-axis against various discount rates on the x-axis. Higher discount rates mean cash flows occurring sooner are more influential to NPV. The NPV profile generally shows an inverse relationship between discount rate and NPV. The discount rate where NPV equals 0 is called the internal rate of return (IRR). NPV and IRR are methods to evaluate projects, with NPV measuring net dollars and IRR measuring return as a percentage. IRR is the discount rate that makes NPV equal 0.

ROI, NPV and PP

This document discusses key concepts for evaluating investments:
1. ROI (Return on Investment) measures the profit or return from an investment compared to the cost of the investment. A higher percentage ROI means a more profitable investment.
2. NPV (Net Present Value) discounts future cash flows from an investment to determine if it has a positive or negative value today. A positive NPV means the investment should be accepted.
3. Payback Period is the number of years for an investment to recover its initial cost from cash flows. Shorter payback periods are preferable.
The document provides formulas and examples to calculate ROI, NPV, and Payback Period to evaluate potential investments. References are also

Irr

,
irr can be calculated by trial & error method:
,
irr
,
project feasibility
,
conventional vs nonconventional project

Corporate Finance Case Study : Bullock Gold Mining

Seth Bullock plans to open a new gold mine in South Dakota. The CFO, Alma Garrett, estimates the mine will generate cash flows for 8 years based on an initial investment of $400 million. She calculates the projected cash flows and net present value to help the owners make a rational financial decision about the project.

NET PRESENT VALUE

The document discusses net present value (NPV) as a capital budgeting technique that discounts cash inflows and outflows to account for the time value of money. NPV is calculated as the present value of cash inflows minus the present value of cash outflows. If NPV is positive, the investment proposal is acceptable as it adds value. If NPV is negative, the proposal is rejected. The example calculates NPV of $283.51 for an investment of $9,000 with expected cash flows over four years, indicating it is a positive NPV and acceptable project.

A presentation on net present value

Net present value (NPV) is used to analyze the profitability of investments by discounting future cash flows to their present value and comparing them to the initial investment amount. A positive NPV means the investment increases firm value and is acceptable, while a negative NPV means it decreases firm value and is unacceptable. To calculate NPV, an analyst estimates future cash flows, the required return, the timing of cash flows, and discounts the cash flows to find their present value minus the initial investment. NPV considers the time value of money and all cash inflows to determine if an investment maximizes firm value and owner welfare. However, NPV is limited by the accuracy of estimating future cash flows and discount rates, does not

Rate of return

This document defines accounting rate of return (ARR) as the ratio of estimated accounting profit to average investment of a project. It ignores the time value of money. ARR is calculated by dividing average accounting profit by initial investment. Average accounting profit is the mean of annual profits over the project life. Initial investment may be replaced by average investment due to declining book value over time. Projects are accepted if their ARR is not less than the required rate of return. Examples show calculating ARR for projects with given cash flows. ARR is an easy method but ignores the time value of money and can be calculated inconsistently using accounting versus cash flows.

Payback period time value of money ad internal rate ofreturn

This is my small presentation if any dout then mail me i'm try to solve your dou my mail id is:subhashrohit10693@gmail.com

Capital budgeting

Companies use capital budgeting tools to evaluate long-term investment projects. The document discusses several tools: net present value (NPV) calculates the present value of cash flows to determine if a project is worth more today; internal rate of return (IRR) finds the discount rate that produces an NPV of zero; modified IRR (MIRR) adjusts for more realistic reinvestment assumptions; profitability index (PI) measures risk-adjusted return; and payback period finds how long until the initial investment is recouped. No single tool is perfect, so analysts typically use a combination for capital budgeting decisions.

Net present value (NPV)

The document discusses using net present value (NPV) analysis to evaluate project proposals. It introduces NPV, demonstrates how to calculate NPV, and provides two examples of using NPV analysis. Specifically, it examines reducing decommissioning costs and eliminating a control room operator to save operating costs. For both examples, it instructs how to calculate the changes to capital and operating costs and determine the impact on the project's NPV. The document advocates for project engineers to conduct NPV analyses themselves in order to propose and evaluate improvements.

Payback timevalue of money and iir

This pdf is only to learn payback, timevalue of money and IIr
and there example are also given by me to easy to lean there example if any doute then contact me...

Capital budgeting i

The document discusses various capital budgeting techniques for evaluating investment projects, including net present value (NPV), internal rate of return (IRR), payback period, and profitability index. It notes that NPV is the preferred method as it uses cash flows, discounts all cash flows properly, and considers the time value of money. Other methods like payback period, accounting rate of return, and IRR can produce incorrect results in some cases due to issues like ignoring the timing of cash flows.

Payback Analysis

The Payback Analysis answers the questions: How long before I get my money back? Which of these investments is financially better?

NET PRESENT VALUE (NPV)

This document discusses net present value (NPV) as a method for evaluating investment projects. It defines NPV as the difference between the present value of cash inflows and outflows. Positive NPV means the project is acceptable, zero means it may be acceptable, and negative means it should be rejected. The document provides a formula for calculating NPV and an example of applying the method to evaluate acquiring another company. Advantages include accounting for the time value of money, while disadvantages include difficulty of use and setting the discount rate.

Calculating Net Present Value (NPV)

Ever wondered how to calculate net present value. This presentation provides the formula and example.

Net present value pptx

NPV is used to analyze the profitability of potential investments or projects. It compares the present value of cash inflows to the present value of cash outflows. If NPV is positive, the investment adds value to the firm and should be accepted. If NPV is negative, the investment subtracts value and should be rejected. To calculate NPV, expected future cash flows are discounted back to the present using the required rate of return, and summed. The example shows calculating NPV for a potential project with $100,000 initial cost and $30,000 annual cash inflows for 6 years, less $5,000 annual cash outflows. The NPV is positive $108,881, so the project should

Anıl Sural - Net Present Value Profile

At cost of capital levels below the crossover point of 8.7%, the NPV and IRR methods would rank the projects similarly by choosing Project Y.
At cost of capital levels above 8.7%, the methods would rank the projects differently, with NPV choosing Project X due to its higher NPV, and IRR choosing Project Y due to its higher IRR of 23.6% vs 18.1% for Project X.
So in summary, below the 8.7% crossover point the methods agree on Project Y, and above it they disagree with NPV choosing Project X and IRR choosing Project Y. The crossover point is the dividing line where the methods switch in their ranking of the two projects.

The internal rate of return (IRR) ACCA F9

The internal rate of return (IRR) ACCA F9
https://shawn-s-accounting-bookkeeping-school.teachable.com/admin/courses/index?page=1&per=24

CAPITAL BUDGETING TECHNIQUES

The document discusses various capital budgeting techniques used to evaluate investment projects, including payback period, net present value, internal rate of return, and profitability index. It provides examples of calculating each measure and acceptance criteria. The examples analyze a potential project for Basket Wonders using cash flow data over 5 years. While the project has a payback period under 3.5 years, it is rejected based on its IRR being below the required rate, negative NPV, and PI below 1.

Profitability index

The presentation discusses the profitability index (PI), which is a capital budgeting technique used to evaluate investment projects based on their profitability. The PI is calculated as the discounted cash inflows divided by the initial cash outflow. A PI greater than or equal to 1 indicates the project is profitable. The presentation provides an example calculation of the PI for a project with an initial investment of $200,000 and cash flows of $40,000, $30,000, $50,000 and $20,000 over 4 years with a 10% discount rate, resulting in a PI of 1.1235.

Captial bugting

The document provides an overview of various capital budgeting techniques including payback period, net present value (NPV), internal rate of return (IRR), profitability index, and modified internal rate of return (MIRR). It discusses how to apply these methods to evaluate independent and mutually exclusive projects. It also covers topics like capital rationing, increasing marginal cost of capital, and choosing the optimal economic life of a project.

Presentation 3

The document discusses concepts related to interest and the time value of money, including simple vs compound interest, future value and present value calculations, and calculations related to annuities. It provides examples of calculating future and present values for single cash flows and annuities using formulas, and asks questions requiring the use of these formulas.

Internal rate of return

Describes in detail the steps involved in the calculation of Internal Rate of Return. Useful to students of Under graduate, post graduate and professional course students pursuing course in finance

Case study

An investment of $750,000 is required for an initial investment and marketing study to develop and launch a new PDA. Fixed costs of $4.3 million include $32.5 million in equipment that is depreciated over 7 years. Estimated sales over 5 years total $406,000 with a unit price of $500 for the PDA and networking capital of 20% required with no initial outlay.

Net Profile

This document discusses net present value (NPV) profiles and how they can be used to analyze projects. It explains that an NPV profile is a graphical representation of a project's NPV over a range of discount rates. It can help resolve conflicting rankings of projects that occur when the discount rate changes. The document also discusses how the internal rate of return (IRR) is the discount rate that makes a project's NPV equal to zero, and how IRR and NPV can sometimes produce different accept/reject decisions for projects due to their different assumptions about reinvestment rates.

Corporate Finance Case Study : Bullock Gold Mining

Seth Bullock plans to open a new gold mine in South Dakota. The CFO, Alma Garrett, estimates the mine will generate cash flows for 8 years based on an initial investment of $400 million. She calculates the projected cash flows and net present value to help the owners make a rational financial decision about the project.

NET PRESENT VALUE

The document discusses net present value (NPV) as a capital budgeting technique that discounts cash inflows and outflows to account for the time value of money. NPV is calculated as the present value of cash inflows minus the present value of cash outflows. If NPV is positive, the investment proposal is acceptable as it adds value. If NPV is negative, the proposal is rejected. The example calculates NPV of $283.51 for an investment of $9,000 with expected cash flows over four years, indicating it is a positive NPV and acceptable project.

A presentation on net present value

Net present value (NPV) is used to analyze the profitability of investments by discounting future cash flows to their present value and comparing them to the initial investment amount. A positive NPV means the investment increases firm value and is acceptable, while a negative NPV means it decreases firm value and is unacceptable. To calculate NPV, an analyst estimates future cash flows, the required return, the timing of cash flows, and discounts the cash flows to find their present value minus the initial investment. NPV considers the time value of money and all cash inflows to determine if an investment maximizes firm value and owner welfare. However, NPV is limited by the accuracy of estimating future cash flows and discount rates, does not

Rate of return

This document defines accounting rate of return (ARR) as the ratio of estimated accounting profit to average investment of a project. It ignores the time value of money. ARR is calculated by dividing average accounting profit by initial investment. Average accounting profit is the mean of annual profits over the project life. Initial investment may be replaced by average investment due to declining book value over time. Projects are accepted if their ARR is not less than the required rate of return. Examples show calculating ARR for projects with given cash flows. ARR is an easy method but ignores the time value of money and can be calculated inconsistently using accounting versus cash flows.

Payback period time value of money ad internal rate ofreturn

This is my small presentation if any dout then mail me i'm try to solve your dou my mail id is:subhashrohit10693@gmail.com

Capital budgeting

Companies use capital budgeting tools to evaluate long-term investment projects. The document discusses several tools: net present value (NPV) calculates the present value of cash flows to determine if a project is worth more today; internal rate of return (IRR) finds the discount rate that produces an NPV of zero; modified IRR (MIRR) adjusts for more realistic reinvestment assumptions; profitability index (PI) measures risk-adjusted return; and payback period finds how long until the initial investment is recouped. No single tool is perfect, so analysts typically use a combination for capital budgeting decisions.

Net present value (NPV)

The document discusses using net present value (NPV) analysis to evaluate project proposals. It introduces NPV, demonstrates how to calculate NPV, and provides two examples of using NPV analysis. Specifically, it examines reducing decommissioning costs and eliminating a control room operator to save operating costs. For both examples, it instructs how to calculate the changes to capital and operating costs and determine the impact on the project's NPV. The document advocates for project engineers to conduct NPV analyses themselves in order to propose and evaluate improvements.

Payback timevalue of money and iir

This pdf is only to learn payback, timevalue of money and IIr
and there example are also given by me to easy to lean there example if any doute then contact me...

Capital budgeting i

The document discusses various capital budgeting techniques for evaluating investment projects, including net present value (NPV), internal rate of return (IRR), payback period, and profitability index. It notes that NPV is the preferred method as it uses cash flows, discounts all cash flows properly, and considers the time value of money. Other methods like payback period, accounting rate of return, and IRR can produce incorrect results in some cases due to issues like ignoring the timing of cash flows.

Payback Analysis

The Payback Analysis answers the questions: How long before I get my money back? Which of these investments is financially better?

NET PRESENT VALUE (NPV)

This document discusses net present value (NPV) as a method for evaluating investment projects. It defines NPV as the difference between the present value of cash inflows and outflows. Positive NPV means the project is acceptable, zero means it may be acceptable, and negative means it should be rejected. The document provides a formula for calculating NPV and an example of applying the method to evaluate acquiring another company. Advantages include accounting for the time value of money, while disadvantages include difficulty of use and setting the discount rate.

Calculating Net Present Value (NPV)

Ever wondered how to calculate net present value. This presentation provides the formula and example.

Net present value pptx

NPV is used to analyze the profitability of potential investments or projects. It compares the present value of cash inflows to the present value of cash outflows. If NPV is positive, the investment adds value to the firm and should be accepted. If NPV is negative, the investment subtracts value and should be rejected. To calculate NPV, expected future cash flows are discounted back to the present using the required rate of return, and summed. The example shows calculating NPV for a potential project with $100,000 initial cost and $30,000 annual cash inflows for 6 years, less $5,000 annual cash outflows. The NPV is positive $108,881, so the project should

Anıl Sural - Net Present Value Profile

At cost of capital levels below the crossover point of 8.7%, the NPV and IRR methods would rank the projects similarly by choosing Project Y.
At cost of capital levels above 8.7%, the methods would rank the projects differently, with NPV choosing Project X due to its higher NPV, and IRR choosing Project Y due to its higher IRR of 23.6% vs 18.1% for Project X.
So in summary, below the 8.7% crossover point the methods agree on Project Y, and above it they disagree with NPV choosing Project X and IRR choosing Project Y. The crossover point is the dividing line where the methods switch in their ranking of the two projects.

The internal rate of return (IRR) ACCA F9

The internal rate of return (IRR) ACCA F9
https://shawn-s-accounting-bookkeeping-school.teachable.com/admin/courses/index?page=1&per=24

CAPITAL BUDGETING TECHNIQUES

The document discusses various capital budgeting techniques used to evaluate investment projects, including payback period, net present value, internal rate of return, and profitability index. It provides examples of calculating each measure and acceptance criteria. The examples analyze a potential project for Basket Wonders using cash flow data over 5 years. While the project has a payback period under 3.5 years, it is rejected based on its IRR being below the required rate, negative NPV, and PI below 1.

Profitability index

The presentation discusses the profitability index (PI), which is a capital budgeting technique used to evaluate investment projects based on their profitability. The PI is calculated as the discounted cash inflows divided by the initial cash outflow. A PI greater than or equal to 1 indicates the project is profitable. The presentation provides an example calculation of the PI for a project with an initial investment of $200,000 and cash flows of $40,000, $30,000, $50,000 and $20,000 over 4 years with a 10% discount rate, resulting in a PI of 1.1235.

Captial bugting

The document provides an overview of various capital budgeting techniques including payback period, net present value (NPV), internal rate of return (IRR), profitability index, and modified internal rate of return (MIRR). It discusses how to apply these methods to evaluate independent and mutually exclusive projects. It also covers topics like capital rationing, increasing marginal cost of capital, and choosing the optimal economic life of a project.

Presentation 3

The document discusses concepts related to interest and the time value of money, including simple vs compound interest, future value and present value calculations, and calculations related to annuities. It provides examples of calculating future and present values for single cash flows and annuities using formulas, and asks questions requiring the use of these formulas.

Internal rate of return

Describes in detail the steps involved in the calculation of Internal Rate of Return. Useful to students of Under graduate, post graduate and professional course students pursuing course in finance

Corporate Finance Case Study : Bullock Gold Mining

Corporate Finance Case Study : Bullock Gold Mining

NET PRESENT VALUE

NET PRESENT VALUE

A presentation on net present value

A presentation on net present value

Rate of return

Rate of return

Payback period time value of money ad internal rate ofreturn

Payback period time value of money ad internal rate ofreturn

Capital budgeting

Capital budgeting

Net present value (NPV)

Net present value (NPV)

Payback timevalue of money and iir

Payback timevalue of money and iir

Capital budgeting i

Capital budgeting i

Payback Analysis

Payback Analysis

NET PRESENT VALUE (NPV)

NET PRESENT VALUE (NPV)

Calculating Net Present Value (NPV)

Calculating Net Present Value (NPV)

Net present value pptx

Net present value pptx

Anıl Sural - Net Present Value Profile

Anıl Sural - Net Present Value Profile

The internal rate of return (IRR) ACCA F9

The internal rate of return (IRR) ACCA F9

CAPITAL BUDGETING TECHNIQUES

CAPITAL BUDGETING TECHNIQUES

Profitability index

Profitability index

Captial bugting

Captial bugting

Presentation 3

Presentation 3

Internal rate of return

Internal rate of return

Case study

An investment of $750,000 is required for an initial investment and marketing study to develop and launch a new PDA. Fixed costs of $4.3 million include $32.5 million in equipment that is depreciated over 7 years. Estimated sales over 5 years total $406,000 with a unit price of $500 for the PDA and networking capital of 20% required with no initial outlay.

Net Profile

This document discusses net present value (NPV) profiles and how they can be used to analyze projects. It explains that an NPV profile is a graphical representation of a project's NPV over a range of discount rates. It can help resolve conflicting rankings of projects that occur when the discount rate changes. The document also discusses how the internal rate of return (IRR) is the discount rate that makes a project's NPV equal to zero, and how IRR and NPV can sometimes produce different accept/reject decisions for projects due to their different assumptions about reinvestment rates.

Cbt

This document discusses various capital budgeting techniques for evaluating potential projects, including:
- The payback period method which calculates the time to recover initial costs but does not consider future cash flows or time value of money.
- Discounted cash flow methods like net present value (NPV), internal rate of return (IRR), and profitability index (PI) which discount future cash flows to consider time value.
- The document provides an example of evaluating a potential project for Basket Wonders using the payback period and discounted cash flow methods.

Fin 2 book

1. The payback period of a project is the number of years it takes for the cumulative cash flows of the project to equal the initial investment. The payback rule states that projects with payback periods below a specified cutoff, such as 3 years, should be accepted.
2. While payback period is an easy metric to calculate, it ignores the timing of cash flows and does not consider the project's full cash flow stream or the opportunity cost of capital. As a result, projects with higher NPVs may be rejected in favor of those with shorter payback periods.
3. The example shows three projects, two of which have a 2-year payback but different NPVs when discounted at

Npv

The document discusses capital budgeting methods, focusing on the net present value (NPV) method. It provides details on calculating NPV, including the formulas and acceptance rules. The key points are:
1) Capital budgeting is the process of evaluating long-term investments and NPV is a discounted cash flow method used.
2) With NPV, future cash flows of a project are discounted to give their present value, and the project's NPV is calculated as the present value of cash inflows minus the initial investment.
3) A project should be accepted if it has a positive NPV, as that means it is expected to increase shareholder value.

Topic 1 Npv And Other Investment Creteria

The document discusses various capital budgeting decision criteria for evaluating investment projects, including net present value (NPV), internal rate of return (IRR), payback period, discounted payback period, average accounting return, and profitability index. It provides the definitions, calculations, and advantages/disadvantages of each method. The key points are that NPV is the preferred decision rule as it accounts for time value of money and risk, while IRR can be unreliable for projects with non-conventional cash flows or when comparing mutually exclusive projects.

Capital Budgeting

Capital budgeting refers to the process of evaluating investment projects and determining whether they should be accepted or rejected. There are traditional and discounted cash flow methods for evaluating projects. Traditional methods include payback period and accounting rate of return, which do not consider the time value of money. Discounted cash flow methods like net present value (NPV) and internal rate of return (IRR) discount future cash flows to determine if a project will provide sufficient returns. The capital budgeting process involves project generation, evaluation using techniques like NPV or IRR, and selection of projects that meet acceptance criteria.

Case study

Case study

Net Profile

Net Profile

Cbt

Cbt

Fin 2 book

Fin 2 book

Npv

Npv

Topic 1 Npv And Other Investment Creteria

Topic 1 Npv And Other Investment Creteria

Capital Budgeting

Capital Budgeting

Cap budget

The document outlines capital budgeting decision criteria such as net present value, internal rate of return, payback period, and profitability index. It provides examples of how to calculate and apply these criteria, including setting up cash flows, computing NPV and IRR, and using pro forma financial statements for project evaluation. The document also discusses key concepts in capital budgeting such as incremental cash flows, multiple rates of return, and mutually exclusive projects.

Capital budgeting

The document discusses various capital budgeting techniques used to evaluate investment projects. It defines key terms like capital budgeting, net present value (NPV), internal rate of return (IRR), payback period, accounting rate of return, profitability index, and modified internal rate of return (MIRR). Examples are provided to demonstrate how to use these methods to calculate NPV, IRR, payback period, and profitability index for investment projects. The modified IRR is also introduced as an alternative to regular IRR in situations where IRR may not provide a unique solution.

Chapter8 investmentcriteria

This document discusses various investment criteria used to evaluate capital budgeting projects. It covers net present value, benefit-cost ratio, internal rate of return, payback period, and accounting rate of return. Formulas are provided for calculating each method along with their pros and cons. The key steps in investment evaluation are estimating costs and benefits, assessing risk, calculating the cost of capital, and using these criteria to determine if a project is worthwhile.

Business Finance Chapter 8

The document discusses various investment criteria for capital budgeting decisions, with a focus on net present value (NPV). It defines NPV as the difference between the present value of a project's expected future cash flows and the initial investment cost. The document also discusses other criteria like payback period, accounting rate of return, and internal rate of return. It provides examples to demonstrate how to calculate NPV and compares it to other criteria. It emphasizes that NPV is preferable because it considers the time value of money and risk, and indicates whether a project will increase firm value.

LECTURE 13.pdf

- The document discusses various methods for evaluating the profitability and desirability of potential investment ventures, including net present value (NPV), internal rate of return (IRR), payback period, and discounted cash flow rate of return (DCFROR).
- It provides examples of calculating these metrics for projects with cash flows over multiple time periods, including determining the IRR through trial-and-error calculations.
- Present value profiles, which plot NPV against discount rates, can help compare projects and identify the IRR at which a project's NPV equals zero.

Npv Irr

Capital budgeting techniques are used to evaluate long-term investment projects. The ideal evaluation method considers all cash flows over the life of the project, the time value of money, and the required rate of return. Common techniques include payback period, net present value (NPV), profitability index (PI), and internal rate of return (IRR). NPV calculates the present value of all cash flows less the initial investment, and a project is accepted if NPV is positive. IRR is the discount rate that makes the net present value equal to zero.

NPV is net present value of document.ppt

This document discusses various investment criteria for capital budgeting decisions, with a focus on net present value (NPV). It defines NPV as the difference between the present value of a project's future cash flows and the initial investment cost. The document provides examples of calculating NPV for projects and discusses how NPV accounts for the time value of money and risk. It also discusses other criteria like payback period, accounting rate of return, and internal rate of return. It notes that the internal rate of return is the discount rate that makes the NPV equal to zero. The document compares the advantages and disadvantages of each method and emphasizes that NPV is generally the best criteria to use for capital budgeting decisions.

Lecture cash flow evaluation new

This document discusses various methods for evaluating engineering projects using cash flow analysis and discounted cash flow methods. It defines key terms like present value, net present value, internal rate of return, payback period, and discount rates. Examples are provided to illustrate how to use these methods to calculate metrics like NPV, IRR, payback period for both acceptance/rejection of projects.

Lecture cash flow evaluation new

This document discusses various methods for evaluating engineering projects using cash flow analysis and discounted cash flow methods. It defines key terms like present value, net present value, internal rate of return, payback period, and discount rates. Examples are provided to illustrate how to use these methods to calculate metrics like NPV, IRR, payback period for both acceptance/rejection of projects.

SE 307-CHAPTER_7_RATE_OF_RETURN_ANALYSIS_new.pptx

Rate of Return
Methods for Finding ROR
Internal Rate of Return (IRR) Criterion
Incremental Analysis
Mutually Exclusive Alternatives

Npv n other invest cri lec 4

Basic terms review
Capital budgeting introduction
Capital budgeting technique
Sensitivity analysis
Scenario analysis
present value
potential difficulties and strength of capital budgeting

Chapter 4 CBT&D.pptx

This document discusses various capital budgeting techniques used to evaluate long-term investment projects. It defines key terms like capital budgeting, cash flows, payback period, discounted payback period, net present value (NPV), internal rate of return (IRR), and profitability index (PI). Formulas for calculating each technique are provided along with examples and decisions criteria. The document also presents a sample assignment comparing two mutually exclusive investment projects based on different evaluation criteria.

Capital budgeting

This document provides an overview of capital budgeting techniques. It discusses key capital budgeting concepts like net present value (NPV), internal rate of return (IRR), modified internal rate of return (MIRR), and profitability index. It also covers capital budgeting methods like payback period and discounted payback period. The document uses examples of evaluating franchise investment projects to illustrate how to apply these concepts and methods.

Introducing financial analysis

Any incorporated company at the end of the financial year is required to prepare financial statements showing the assets & liabilities, profit or loss for the period, a cash flow statement &get it audited. the audited statements along with the auditor's report & directors report with all schedules is to be submitted to the ROC, shareholders at the annual general meeting, banks, financial institutions, all stakeholders.etc
These statements form the basis of ANALYSIS, WHICH CAN BE (A) VERTICAL ANALYSIS ( B)HORIZONTAL ANALYSIS (C )COMPARITIVE STATEMENTS (D)COST ANALYSIS (E)CASH FLOW ANALYSIS AND SO ON 'The main feature of these analyses will be explained with illustrative examples

Schneider, Arnold, (2012) Managerial Accounting, United States, .docx

Schneider, Arnold, (2012) Managerial Accounting, United States, Bridgepoint Education Inc
The Evaluation Methods
The evaluation methods discussed here are:
1.
Present value methods (also called discounted cash-flow methods).
(a)
Net present value method (NPV).
(b)
Internal rate of return method (IRR).
2.
Payback period method.
3.
Accounting rate of return method.
Nearly all managerial accountants agree that methods using present value (Methods 1a and 1b) give the best assessment of long-terminvestments. Methods that do not involve the time value of money (Methods 2 and 3) have serious flaws; however, since they are commonlyused for investment evaluation, their strengths and weaknesses are discussed.
Net Present Value Method
The net present value (NPV) method includes the time value of money by using an interest rate that represents the desired rate of return or, atleast, sets a minimum acceptable rate of return. The decision rule is:
If the present value of incremental net cash inflows is greater than the incremental
investment net cash outflow, approve the project.
Using Tables 1 and 2 found at the end of this chapter, the net cash flows for each year are brought back (i.e., discounted) to Year 0 andsummed for all years. An interest rate must be specified. This rate is often viewed as the cost of funds needed to finance the project and is theminimum acceptable rate of return. To discount the cash flows, we use the interest rate and the years that the cash flows occur to obtain theappropriate present value factors from the present value tables. A portion of Table 1 appears below showing the present value factors (theshaded numbers), corresponding to an interest rate of 12 percent, for each year during the Clairmont Timepieces project's life.
Periods
(n)
1%
2%
4%
5%
6%
8%
10%
12%
14%
15%
16%
0
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1
0.990
0.980
0.962
0.952
0.943
0.926
0.909
0.893
0.877
0.870
0.862
2
0.980
0.961
0.925
0.907
0.890
0.857
0.826
0.797
0.769
0.756
0.743
3
0.971
0.942
0.889
0.864
0.840
0.794
0.751
0.712
0.675
0.658
0.641
4
0.961
0.924
0.855
0.823
0.792
0.735
0.683
0.636
0.592
0.572
0.552
5
0.951
0.906
0.822
0.784
0.747
0.681
0.621
0.567
0.519
0.497
0.476
6
0.942
0.888
0.790
0.746
0.705
0.630
0.564
0.507
0.456
0.432
0.410
7
0.933
0.871
0.760
0.711
0.665
0.583
0.513
0.452
0.400
0.376
0.354
8
0.923
0.853
0.731
0.677
0.627
0.540
0.467
0.404
0.351
0.327
0.305
9
0.914
0.837
0.703
0.645
0.592
0.500
0.424
0.361
0.308
0.284
0.263
10
0.905
0.820
0.676
0.614
0.558
0.463
0.386
0.322
0.270
0.247
0.227
These present value factors are used in Figure 10.2 to discount the yearly cash flows to their present values. In Figure 10.2, the net cashinvestment ($95,000) is subtracted from the sum of cash-inflow present values ($137,331). When the residual is positive, the project's rate ofreturn (ROR) is greater than the minimum acceptable ROR. If:
Present value of incremental net cash inflows ≥ Incremental investment cash outf.

Priyankabba

This document discusses various capital budgeting techniques used to evaluate potential major projects or investments. It describes traditional non-discounted methods like payback period and accounting rate of return. It also explains discounted cash flow methods like net present value (NPV), profitability index, and internal rate of return (IRR). For each method, it provides examples to demonstrate how to calculate them and how they are used to evaluate projects. The key information is that capital budgeting evaluates the potential cash flows of projects to determine if returns meet benchmarks and whether projects should be accepted or rejected.

Capital Investment Analysis

This Slideshare presentation is a partial preview of the full business document. To view and download the full document, please go here:
http://flevy.com/browse/business-document/capital-investment-analysis-230
Capital Investment Analysis
Also called Capital Budgeting - a complex topic simplified in an easy to understand presentation which is completely self-explanatory. Explains the framework for financial analysis with examples and provides practical insights. Can be used for reference, training & self paced learning. The presentation includes examples worked in an Excel sheet.
Covers:
* The nature & characteristics of long term investments made by corporations
* The problem associated with measuring the rate of return with long term investments
* The approach to solving this problem
* The key methods used in calculating the rate of return and evaluating alternatives
* The practical aspects of the various inputs required to calculate the return on investment
* The basics of the risks associated with long term investments & how to factor ?in such risks
* The strategic considerations involved in long term investment decisions
* The processes involved in long term investment decisions & its implementation

3.7 making investment decisions (part 2) - moodle

1. This document provides examples and practice questions for students to test their understanding of selecting financial strategies and investment appraisal techniques, including payback period, average rate of return, and net present value.
2. Students are asked to calculate and compare the results of different investment options using the three techniques and to consider both quantitative and qualitative factors that influence investment decisions.
3. Key risks and uncertainties that could impact investment decisions are also discussed, such as market stability, cost and revenue forecasts, and potential competitor reactions.

Capital budgeting

The document discusses various capital budgeting techniques used to evaluate investment projects, including estimating cash flows, net present value (NPV), internal rate of return (IRR), and profitability index (PI). It addresses calculating these metrics, their decision rules, and limitations. Specifically, it explains that NPV is calculated by discounting after-tax cash flows and subtracting the initial cost, while IRR is the discount rate that sets NPV equal to zero. The document also notes situations where multiple IRRs may exist.

3.7 making investment decisions (part 2) - moodle

1) The document provides examples of questions and tasks related to selecting financial strategies and investment appraisal techniques.
2) It includes examples of calculating payback period, average rate of return (ARR), and net present value (NPV) for different investment options.
3) The quantitative results of the three techniques - payback period, ARR, and NPV - are summarized in a table to compare different investment machines and determine which represents the better investment.

Cap budget

Cap budget

Capital budgeting

Capital budgeting

Chapter8 investmentcriteria

Chapter8 investmentcriteria

Business Finance Chapter 8

Business Finance Chapter 8

LECTURE 13.pdf

LECTURE 13.pdf

Npv Irr

Npv Irr

NPV is net present value of document.ppt

NPV is net present value of document.ppt

Lecture cash flow evaluation new

Lecture cash flow evaluation new

Lecture cash flow evaluation new

Lecture cash flow evaluation new

SE 307-CHAPTER_7_RATE_OF_RETURN_ANALYSIS_new.pptx

SE 307-CHAPTER_7_RATE_OF_RETURN_ANALYSIS_new.pptx

Npv n other invest cri lec 4

Npv n other invest cri lec 4

Chapter 4 CBT&D.pptx

Chapter 4 CBT&D.pptx

Capital budgeting

Capital budgeting

Introducing financial analysis

Introducing financial analysis

Schneider, Arnold, (2012) Managerial Accounting, United States, .docx

Schneider, Arnold, (2012) Managerial Accounting, United States, .docx

Priyankabba

Priyankabba

Capital Investment Analysis

Capital Investment Analysis

3.7 making investment decisions (part 2) - moodle

3.7 making investment decisions (part 2) - moodle

Capital budgeting

Capital budgeting

3.7 making investment decisions (part 2) - moodle

3.7 making investment decisions (part 2) - moodle

Ch08

This chapter discusses several factors that influence interest rates: marketability, liquidity, default risk, call privileges, prepayment risk, convertibility, and taxation. It explains how each of these factors affects the promised and expected yields on different types of financial assets. The risk-free interest rate underlies all other interest rates, which are scaled upward depending on their degree of additional risk factors like default risk or prepayment risk.

Ch10

The document provides an overview of the money market and key players. It discusses how governments, through treasury bills, and security dealers, through repurchase agreements, are major borrowers in the money market. It also outlines the roles of central banks, commercial banks, corporations and other financial institutions as important lenders and borrowers in the money market.

Ch07

This document discusses inflation, deflation, yield curves, and duration and how they impact interest rates and asset prices. It defines key terms like inflation, nominal and real interest rates, and explores theories on the relationship between inflation and interest rates. It also examines how yield curves are formed and used, and introduces the concept of duration as a measure of a debt security's price sensitivity to interest rate changes.

Ch06

This chapter discusses various methods used to measure interest rates and prices of financial assets. It covers topics such as basis points, yields, discounts, and how interest rates are calculated for different financial instruments. Various rates are also defined, such as coupon rates, current yields, and annual percentage rates. The relationship between interest rates and asset prices is explored, with higher yields generally corresponding to lower prices.

Ch05

The document summarizes several theories about what determines interest rates:
1) The classical theory argues that interest rates are determined by the supply of household savings and the demand for business investment.
2) The liquidity preference theory views interest rates as the price that induces people to hold cash rather than bonds given transactions, precautionary, and speculative demands for money.
3) The loanable funds theory sees interest rates as set by the overall demand for and supply of credit from various sources like domestic savings, money creation, and foreign lending.

Ch04

This document discusses forces reshaping the financial system, including financial innovation, deregulation, globalization, an aging population, and technological advances. It explores challenges like managing risk, adapting to new technologies, and increased competition. Regulation approaches are also examined, like the single regulator model. The future of payments systems and ongoing need for some regulations are also considered.

Ch02..

The document provides an overview of key financial statements including the balance sheet, income statement, and statement of cash flows. It explains the purpose and components of each statement. The balance sheet presents assets, liabilities, and equity of a company at a point in time. It lists current assets like cash, receivables, and inventory as well as long-term assets. Liabilities include current obligations and long-term debt. Equity encompasses share capital and retained earnings. The income statement displays revenues and expenses over a period of time to arrive at net income. It is used to analyze a company's profitability.

Chapter 1.

The financial system channels savings from those who save to those who borrow to invest and grow the economy. It performs important functions like providing liquidity, credit, and risk protection. There are different types of financial markets, including money markets for short term loans, capital markets for long term financing, primary markets for new securities, and secondary markets for trading existing securities.

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- 3. T9.2 NPV Illustrated (concluded) 0 1 2 Initial outlay ($1,100) Revenues $1,000 Expenses 500 Cash flow $500 Revenues $2,000 Expenses 1,000 Cash flow $1,000 – $1,100.00 +454.55 +826.45 +$ 181.00 1 $500 x 1.10 1 $1,000 x 1.10 2 NPV
- 12. T9.9 Net Present Value Profile Year Cash flow 0 – $275 1 100 2 100 3 100 4 100 Discount rate 2% 6% 10% 14% 18% 120 100 80 60 40 20 Net present value 0 – 20 – 40 22% IRR
- 16. T9.10 Multiple Rates of Return (concluded) $0.06 $0.04 $0.02 $0.00 ($0.02) NPV ($0.04) ($0.06) ($0.08) 0.2 0.28 0.36 0.44 0.52 0.6 0.68 IRR = 1/4 IRR = 1/3 IRR = 3/7 IRR = 2/3 Discount rate
- 17. T9.11 IRR, NPV, and Mutually Exclusive Projects Discount rate 2% 6% 10% 14% 18% 60 40 20 0 – 20 – 40 Net present value – 60 – 80 – 100 22% IRR A IRR B 0 140 120 100 80 160 Year 0 1 2 3 4 Project A: – $350 50 100 150 200 Project B: – $250 125 100 75 50 26% Crossover Point
- 22. T9.14 The Practice of Capital Budgeting