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July 11, 2012
  Blessed Children Integrated School
Resource Speaker: Mr. Antonio Delgado
 Material for a newspaper or
  magazine article
 The text as written by the author
 It is the art of arranging, correcting,
  and selecting the quality and type of
  news
 It is also called copyediting.
 One who edits copies is called a
  copyreader or copyeditor
1)   edits errors on grammar (spelling,
     tenses, agreement, etc.)
2)   edits errors of fact (accuracy
     check)
3)   edits verbose copy
4)   deletes opinion or slant and
     libelous statements
5)   writes the headline
Symbol   Instruction   Example
Symbol   Instruction   Example
Symbol   Instruction   Example
Symbol   Instruction   Example
Symbol   Instruction   Example
 Thenumbers 1 – 9 are written in
 words while the numbers 10 and
 above are written in figures.
Example:
    nine students
    13 children
EXCEPTIONS:
  dates, address: always in figures.
  proper nouns: may be written in
   figures/words
  beginning of sentence: always in
   words
  events: 1st – 9th is allowed
 Look  for misspelled words.
 Here in the Philippines, American
  English is used, not British English.
Ex: color, not colour
 If a word has more than one
  accepted spelling, the shortest one
  is preferred.
Ex: judgment, instead of judgement
 The first letter of the sentence is
  always capitalized.
 Proper nouns are capitalized,
  common nouns are not.
Ex: singer
     Regine Velasquez
 Small  letters are usually used for
  title or position.
Ex: Mrs. Cecilia Burayag, the
  principal of BCIS, delivered the
  opening remarks.
 Capitalized titles: Governor Umali
 Spell out Dept., gov’t, and other
  abbreviations.
 The abbreviations Jr. and Sr. are
  allowed in names.
 Remember:
Engr. Emmanuel Delgado;
      Engineer Delgado
12 Dimagiba St.; Dimagiba Street
A title or position of a person may
 be abbreviated if it appears before
 the name but not if simply used in
 the sentence:
Ex: Sen. Recto filed another
 taxation bill yesterday.
     The senator filed another
 taxation bill yesterday.
 Acronyms   are usually written in
  capital letters.
Example:
     BCIS
 Check if the letters of the acronym
  are in the correct order.
 When   an acronym appears for the
 first time in a news story, it is
 written after its meaning and it is
 enclosed in parentheses.
Ex: University of the Philippines (UP)
 The  first sentence of a paragraph is
  indented.
 In news stories, the rule is one
  paragraph, one sentence only.
 There should be no names of
  unknown persons in the lead.
 Check for buried leads.
 The standard lead answers the 5 Ws
  and 1 H.
Check for errors in:
 Tenses of Verbs
 Subject-Verb Agreement
 Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement
  (agreement in gender and number)
 Articles (a, an, the)
Remember:    he said and not said he;
     Aquino said and not said Aquino
Remember: three-day training and
not three-days training.
     Trained for three days and not
trained for three-day.
 It is used at the end of declarative
  and imperative sentences.
 It is used in abbreviations such as
  p.m., a.m., Jr., Sr., Pres., Sen.,
  Rep., Gov., Gen., Capt., Dr., Fr.,
  Atty., Corp., and Inc.
 Acronyms of schools, organizations
  and offices do not need periods.
Use commas:
 to separate the month and day from
  the year.
 to separate the street, barangay,
  town and province in an address
 to separate facts concerning victims
  and suspects.
Ex: Jolas Burayag, 17, of Barangay
  San Fernando Norte
Do not use commas:
 to separate the abbreviation Jr., Sr.,
  or III from the name.
Ex: Emmanuel Delgado Jr.
Use hyphen:
 in most compound nouns
Ex: editor-in-chief, officer-in-charge
 in fractions
Ex: two-thirds, three-fourths
 in numerals
Ex: twenty-two, fifty-nine
 Quotation  marks are used in direct
  quotations. Indirect quotations do
  not need them.
Ex. “I forgot it,” he said.
     He said he forgot it.
 Periods and commas are written first
  before closing quotation marks.
Ex. “Let‟s go to SM,” the boy said.
 Quotation   marks are used to set off
  titles of events, shows, movies,
  books, etc.
Ex. We watched “The Titanic.”
 Quotation marks are used to set off
  an alias or nickname.
Ex. Ramon “Bong” Revilla Jr.
      Juan Chua a.k.a. “Boy Singkit”
 Apostrophes  are used in the
  possessive form of the noun.
Ex. the teacher’s table
      the teachers’ meeting
 In contractions
Ex. I’m (I am)
      you’re (you are)
 Watch  out for jumbled letters,
  words and paragraphs.
 Check for joined/disjoined words.
Ex. class room, newteacher
 Delete editorializing words/phrases.
Ex. The very beautiful and intelligent
  principal…
    The cops were right in arresting…
 Check  for redundancies (recurring
  words/phrases/paragraphs,
  synonymous or redundant terms).
Ex. the concert the concert ended
 REMEMBER: After editing the news
  story, write 30 at the end of the
  article. If the article is not yet
  finished, write more at the
  bottom of the page.
 an  assemblage of words written in
  bigger, bolder letters than the usual
  page text at the beginning of the
  news
 it is not a title
1)   to attract readers
2)   to tell the story (in a summary)
3)   to add variety of type (to break
     monotony in a sea of type)
4)   to identify personality of
     newspaper (use of font/style of
     letters)
5)   to index/grade the news (big type
     for important news; small type for
     less important)
1.   First, read the story for general
     meaning.
2.   Clues to the headline are usually in
     the lead.
      What happened?
      Who did what?
      How did if happen?
3.Use the shortest words possible.
Examples include:
   cop – policeman
   nab – arrest
   mishap – accident
   up – increase
   down – decrease
   thief - robber
4.Have a subject and a verb. Avoid
  starting with a verb; the headline
  might sound as if it were giving
  orders.
Wrong: Revise money mart guidelines
Correct: Central Bank revises money
 mart guidelines
5.Use the historical present tense if
  the verb is in the active voice.
Wrong: Delgado topped editorial tilt
Correct: Delgado tops editorial tilt
6.Omit the helping verb if the verb is
  in the passive voice. Only the past
  participle is retained.
Wrong: Drug pushers are nabbed
Correct: Drug pushers nabbed
7.Use the infinitive for future events.
Wrong: City Hall will punish anti-
 squatting drive
Correct: City Hall to punish anti-
 squatting drive
8.Do not use a period at the end of
  the headline.
9. Omit articles (a, an, the).
 Wrong: A fire hits Tondo slum area
 Correct: Fire hits Tondo slum area
10.Use a comma instead of “and” in
   writing headlines.
Delays, confusion bug Asiad
Lacson, Trillanes no show at SONA
11. Use semicolon to separate
    sentences.
Gina Lopez heads Pasig body;
Noy swears in 35 other execs
12. Use the punctuation marks
    (especially the exclamation point)
    sparingly.
13. Use single quotes („) in headlines
    instead of double quotes (“).
14. Always give the source of a quote.
    Quotation marks are not needed, a
    dash or a colon will serve the
    purpose.
Crackdown on errant bus firms – Enrile
Enrile: Crackdown on errant bus firms
15.Use the down-style – only the first
   word and proper nouns are
   capitalized, unless otherwise
   indicated. This is more readable
   because people are used to reading
   sentences this way.
Ex. Faculty honors Nuñez
Use only widely known
16.
 abbreviations.
Wrong: JEE to play Santa this
Christmas
Don‟t use names unless the person
17.
  is well known, use common nouns
  instead.
Wrong: Santos electrocuted
Correct: Carpenter electrocuted
Use specific terms instead of
18.
  generalities
Example: Trader killed
Better: Trader stabbed to death
19. Just report the facts; do not
    editorialize.
Wrong: Noy gives inspiring talks
(The word “inspiring” is just your
  opinion.)
20. Be positive. Don't use negatives in
    headlines. They weaken not only
    the headlines but also the stories.
1. Crossline (one line) and two-part
   crossline (two lines).
              XXXXXXXXXX
              XXXXXXXXXX
2. Dropline (or Stepline)
XXXXXXXXXX
     XXXXXXXXXX
           XXXXXXXXXX
3. Flush left
XXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXX
4. Flush right
                 XXXXXXXXXX
                 XXXXXXXXXX
5. Hanging indention
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
        XXXXXXXXXX
        XXXXXXXXXX
6. Inverted Pyramid
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
    XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
       XXXXXXXX
7.   Block (flush left and right, from
     margin to margin)
 XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
 Thisis the number of lines your
  headline will have
Example:
BCIS bags medals in NEPEESA quiz bee
     (1 deck)
10 more cops wanted
for Maguindanao massacre
     (2 decks)
A count system considers differences
 in the widths of letters.
Capital letters:      Small letters:
 M, W – 2 units         m, w – 1 ½ units
 JLIFT – 1 unit         jlift – ½ unit
 Others – 1 ½ units     others – 1unit
Punctuation marks
 dash (–) – 1 ½ units
 question mark (?) – 1 unit
 others - ½ unit
Number digits
 0 to 9 – 1 unit
Space – 1 unit
BCIS bags medals in NEPPESA quiz bee
 B    C I    S       b a g s
1½+1½+1+1½+1+1+1+1+1+1
 (11 ½ units)
m   e d a l     s     i   n
1½+1+1+1+1+1+1+½+1+1
 (10 units)
BCIS bags medals in NEPPESA quiz bee
 N    E    P    P    E   S    A
1½+1½+1½+1½+1½+1½+1½+1
 (11 ½ units)
q u i      z      b e e
1+1+½+1+1+1+1+1
 (7 ½ units)
TOTAL = 11 ½ + 10 + 11 ½ + 7 ½ = 40 ½ units
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Campus journalism - copyreading and headline writing

  • 1. July 11, 2012 Blessed Children Integrated School Resource Speaker: Mr. Antonio Delgado
  • 2.  Material for a newspaper or magazine article  The text as written by the author
  • 3.  It is the art of arranging, correcting, and selecting the quality and type of news  It is also called copyediting.  One who edits copies is called a copyreader or copyeditor
  • 4. 1) edits errors on grammar (spelling, tenses, agreement, etc.) 2) edits errors of fact (accuracy check) 3) edits verbose copy 4) deletes opinion or slant and libelous statements 5) writes the headline
  • 5.
  • 6. Symbol Instruction Example
  • 7. Symbol Instruction Example
  • 8. Symbol Instruction Example
  • 9. Symbol Instruction Example
  • 10. Symbol Instruction Example
  • 11.
  • 12.  Thenumbers 1 – 9 are written in words while the numbers 10 and above are written in figures. Example: nine students 13 children
  • 13. EXCEPTIONS:  dates, address: always in figures.  proper nouns: may be written in figures/words  beginning of sentence: always in words  events: 1st – 9th is allowed
  • 14.  Look for misspelled words.  Here in the Philippines, American English is used, not British English. Ex: color, not colour  If a word has more than one accepted spelling, the shortest one is preferred. Ex: judgment, instead of judgement
  • 15.  The first letter of the sentence is always capitalized.  Proper nouns are capitalized, common nouns are not. Ex: singer Regine Velasquez
  • 16.  Small letters are usually used for title or position. Ex: Mrs. Cecilia Burayag, the principal of BCIS, delivered the opening remarks.  Capitalized titles: Governor Umali
  • 17.  Spell out Dept., gov’t, and other abbreviations.  The abbreviations Jr. and Sr. are allowed in names.  Remember: Engr. Emmanuel Delgado; Engineer Delgado 12 Dimagiba St.; Dimagiba Street
  • 18. A title or position of a person may be abbreviated if it appears before the name but not if simply used in the sentence: Ex: Sen. Recto filed another taxation bill yesterday. The senator filed another taxation bill yesterday.
  • 19.  Acronyms are usually written in capital letters. Example: BCIS  Check if the letters of the acronym are in the correct order.
  • 20.  When an acronym appears for the first time in a news story, it is written after its meaning and it is enclosed in parentheses. Ex: University of the Philippines (UP)
  • 21.  The first sentence of a paragraph is indented.  In news stories, the rule is one paragraph, one sentence only.
  • 22.  There should be no names of unknown persons in the lead.  Check for buried leads.  The standard lead answers the 5 Ws and 1 H.
  • 23. Check for errors in:  Tenses of Verbs  Subject-Verb Agreement  Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement (agreement in gender and number)  Articles (a, an, the)
  • 24. Remember: he said and not said he; Aquino said and not said Aquino Remember: three-day training and not three-days training. Trained for three days and not trained for three-day.
  • 25.  It is used at the end of declarative and imperative sentences.  It is used in abbreviations such as p.m., a.m., Jr., Sr., Pres., Sen., Rep., Gov., Gen., Capt., Dr., Fr., Atty., Corp., and Inc.  Acronyms of schools, organizations and offices do not need periods.
  • 26. Use commas:  to separate the month and day from the year.  to separate the street, barangay, town and province in an address  to separate facts concerning victims and suspects. Ex: Jolas Burayag, 17, of Barangay San Fernando Norte
  • 27. Do not use commas:  to separate the abbreviation Jr., Sr., or III from the name. Ex: Emmanuel Delgado Jr.
  • 28. Use hyphen:  in most compound nouns Ex: editor-in-chief, officer-in-charge  in fractions Ex: two-thirds, three-fourths  in numerals Ex: twenty-two, fifty-nine
  • 29.  Quotation marks are used in direct quotations. Indirect quotations do not need them. Ex. “I forgot it,” he said. He said he forgot it.  Periods and commas are written first before closing quotation marks. Ex. “Let‟s go to SM,” the boy said.
  • 30.  Quotation marks are used to set off titles of events, shows, movies, books, etc. Ex. We watched “The Titanic.”  Quotation marks are used to set off an alias or nickname. Ex. Ramon “Bong” Revilla Jr. Juan Chua a.k.a. “Boy Singkit”
  • 31.  Apostrophes are used in the possessive form of the noun. Ex. the teacher’s table the teachers’ meeting  In contractions Ex. I’m (I am) you’re (you are)
  • 32.  Watch out for jumbled letters, words and paragraphs.  Check for joined/disjoined words. Ex. class room, newteacher  Delete editorializing words/phrases. Ex. The very beautiful and intelligent principal… The cops were right in arresting…
  • 33.  Check for redundancies (recurring words/phrases/paragraphs, synonymous or redundant terms). Ex. the concert the concert ended  REMEMBER: After editing the news story, write 30 at the end of the article. If the article is not yet finished, write more at the bottom of the page.
  • 34.
  • 35.  an assemblage of words written in bigger, bolder letters than the usual page text at the beginning of the news  it is not a title
  • 36.
  • 37. 1) to attract readers 2) to tell the story (in a summary) 3) to add variety of type (to break monotony in a sea of type) 4) to identify personality of newspaper (use of font/style of letters) 5) to index/grade the news (big type for important news; small type for less important)
  • 38. 1. First, read the story for general meaning. 2. Clues to the headline are usually in the lead. What happened? Who did what? How did if happen?
  • 39. 3.Use the shortest words possible. Examples include: cop – policeman nab – arrest mishap – accident up – increase down – decrease thief - robber
  • 40. 4.Have a subject and a verb. Avoid starting with a verb; the headline might sound as if it were giving orders. Wrong: Revise money mart guidelines Correct: Central Bank revises money mart guidelines
  • 41. 5.Use the historical present tense if the verb is in the active voice. Wrong: Delgado topped editorial tilt Correct: Delgado tops editorial tilt
  • 42. 6.Omit the helping verb if the verb is in the passive voice. Only the past participle is retained. Wrong: Drug pushers are nabbed Correct: Drug pushers nabbed
  • 43. 7.Use the infinitive for future events. Wrong: City Hall will punish anti- squatting drive Correct: City Hall to punish anti- squatting drive
  • 44. 8.Do not use a period at the end of the headline. 9. Omit articles (a, an, the). Wrong: A fire hits Tondo slum area Correct: Fire hits Tondo slum area
  • 45. 10.Use a comma instead of “and” in writing headlines. Delays, confusion bug Asiad Lacson, Trillanes no show at SONA
  • 46. 11. Use semicolon to separate sentences. Gina Lopez heads Pasig body; Noy swears in 35 other execs 12. Use the punctuation marks (especially the exclamation point) sparingly.
  • 47. 13. Use single quotes („) in headlines instead of double quotes (“). 14. Always give the source of a quote. Quotation marks are not needed, a dash or a colon will serve the purpose. Crackdown on errant bus firms – Enrile Enrile: Crackdown on errant bus firms
  • 48. 15.Use the down-style – only the first word and proper nouns are capitalized, unless otherwise indicated. This is more readable because people are used to reading sentences this way. Ex. Faculty honors Nuñez
  • 49. Use only widely known 16. abbreviations. Wrong: JEE to play Santa this Christmas
  • 50. Don‟t use names unless the person 17. is well known, use common nouns instead. Wrong: Santos electrocuted Correct: Carpenter electrocuted
  • 51. Use specific terms instead of 18. generalities Example: Trader killed Better: Trader stabbed to death
  • 52. 19. Just report the facts; do not editorialize. Wrong: Noy gives inspiring talks (The word “inspiring” is just your opinion.) 20. Be positive. Don't use negatives in headlines. They weaken not only the headlines but also the stories.
  • 53. 1. Crossline (one line) and two-part crossline (two lines). XXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXX 2. Dropline (or Stepline) XXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXX
  • 54. 3. Flush left XXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXX 4. Flush right XXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXX
  • 55. 5. Hanging indention XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXX 6. Inverted Pyramid XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX
  • 56. 7. Block (flush left and right, from margin to margin) XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
  • 57.  Thisis the number of lines your headline will have Example: BCIS bags medals in NEPEESA quiz bee (1 deck) 10 more cops wanted for Maguindanao massacre (2 decks)
  • 58. A count system considers differences in the widths of letters. Capital letters: Small letters: M, W – 2 units m, w – 1 ½ units JLIFT – 1 unit jlift – ½ unit Others – 1 ½ units others – 1unit
  • 59. Punctuation marks dash (–) – 1 ½ units question mark (?) – 1 unit others - ½ unit Number digits 0 to 9 – 1 unit Space – 1 unit
  • 60. BCIS bags medals in NEPPESA quiz bee B C I S b a g s 1½+1½+1+1½+1+1+1+1+1+1 (11 ½ units) m e d a l s i n 1½+1+1+1+1+1+1+½+1+1 (10 units)
  • 61. BCIS bags medals in NEPPESA quiz bee N E P P E S A 1½+1½+1½+1½+1½+1½+1½+1 (11 ½ units) q u i z b e e 1+1+½+1+1+1+1+1 (7 ½ units) TOTAL = 11 ½ + 10 + 11 ½ + 7 ½ = 40 ½ units