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COPY READING/
COPY EDITING
More Than Just Marks and Words
“Youcannotcorrectunlessyouknowthatthereissomethingwrong.”
COPY
FIXERS
Good copy fixers keep the spirit
and substance of the story. She/he
basically brightens and polishes the
article. He makes the story better by
organizing it better than when it was
submitted.
Common Errors to
Correct/Delete/Change/Rewrit
e
1) Errors in fact
2) Errors in grammar
3) Opinion in News
(editorializing)
4) Wrong use of adjectives
5) Libelous matter
6) Seditious/rebellious materials
Common Errors to
Correct/Delete/Change/Rewrit
e
7) Vulgar and indecent words
8) Contrary to good taste and to
law
9) Derogatory statements
10) Redundancy
11) Verbal deadwood
Common Errors to
Correct/Delete/Change/Rewrit
e
12) Errors in correct usage
13) Errors in structures
14) Errors in style
(Use of the style sheet,
stylebook, or style guide in
journalistic writing)
What The Copy
Reading
Symbols Cover
/ or lc # ¶ no ¶
SYMBOLS MEANING OUTCOME
“The Bionic
Woman”
Emphasize
quotes
“The Bionic
Woman”
Dr. Arthur Cruz
Jr.
.
Emphasize
period
Dr. Arthur Cruz
Jr.
said, “I must
go”.
,
Emphasize
comma
said, “I must
go”.
1. Punctuation
Marks
SYMBOLS MEANING EXAMPLE
in Nov. Spell out in November
Doctor
Arthur Cruz
Abbreviate Dr. Arthur
Cruz
twenty boys Use numeral 20 boys
2 girls were Spell out Two girls
were
2. Numbers and
Abbreviations
SYMBOLS MEANING EXAMPLE
Manila,
philippines
Capitalize MANILA,
Philippines
Reader’s Digest Change to
italics
Reader’s Digest
Test III Change to
boldface
Test III
3. Special Form of Type
SYMBOLS MEANING EXAMPLE
was not
untrue
Delete was true
meet on
Sunday
Bridge over meet Sunday
Fe Cruz
Principal
Transpose Principal Fe
Cruz
those boys Close up
space
Those boys
4. Letter and Word
Changes
SYMBOLS MEANING EXAMPLE
pamp let
Insert letter pamphlet
avail of
Insert word avail himself
of
Manila pAper
Lower case manila paper
judgement
Delete letter
within
judgment
4. Letter and Word
Changes
h
himself
SYMBOLS MEANING EXAMPLE
deveelop sskill
Delete letter
before/after
word
develop skill
Allright
wehave time
Insert space All right we
have time
considered
happy.
This is so
because
Run in copy considered happy.
This is so because
5. Letter and Word
Changes
SYMBOLS MEANING EXAMPLE
Paco, Manila
Today, he will
Indent for
paragraph
Paco, Manila
Today, he will
Spell as written Welfrido Cruz
more
Unfinished story need…………mo
re
30 or #
End of story Thank you so
much!
30
6. Others
Welfrido
Kruz
SYMBOLS MEANING EXAMPLE
]Elected prexy[ Centered
subhead
Elected prexy
No
But he said
No paragraph But he
said……
One boy came
Stay as is,
disregard
correction
One boy came
“ I did it ”, he
said.
Insert quotation
marks
“I did it,” he
said.
6. Others
stet
SYMBOLS FROM OTHER
SOURCES
SYMBOLS FROM OTHER
SOURCES
SYMBOLS FROM OTHER
SOURCES
SYMBOLS FROM OTHER
SOURCES
Instruction
to
Copyreader
s
Instruction to Copyreaders
1) Use a soft, black pencil.
2) Write your corrections,
changes, subheads, and
headlines so that they can be
read quickly and correctly.
3) Ring or encircle the slug line,
“More”, “30” and all other
instructions to the printer
called printer’s direction or
Instruction to Copyreaders
4) It is better to erase penciled
marks that you wish to cancel
than to cross them out.
5) If many changes are made, it is
better to retype. Then go over the
copy again for errors.
6) Turn out legible copy always.
Make it as neat as possible.
READING PROFS
More Than Just Marks and Words
Note:
After the copy has
been prepared and
copyread, it goes to
the linotypists or to
the computer
What to Proofread?
These are errors in grammar
and word omission that had
escaped the blue pencil of the
copy reader and which the
linotypist copied verbatim.
1) COPY
ERROR
What to Proofread?
These are errors made due to
faulty typesetting machines like
excessive transposition of letters,
blurred letters, poor letter
alignment, wrong font and high
or low slug.
2) MACHINE
ERRORS
What to Proofread?
These include the general
run of typographical errors.
Thus, need for speedy and
accurate proofreading.
3) OPERATOR’S
ERRORS
Romans 12:2
Do no conform any longer to the
pattern of his world, but be
transformed by the renewing of
your mind. Then you will be
able to test and approved what
God’s will is—his good,
The writer whose work cannot be
improved

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Copy Reading (Campus Journalism)

  • 1.
  • 2. COPY READING/ COPY EDITING More Than Just Marks and Words “Youcannotcorrectunlessyouknowthatthereissomethingwrong.”
  • 3. COPY FIXERS Good copy fixers keep the spirit and substance of the story. She/he basically brightens and polishes the article. He makes the story better by organizing it better than when it was submitted.
  • 4. Common Errors to Correct/Delete/Change/Rewrit e 1) Errors in fact 2) Errors in grammar 3) Opinion in News (editorializing) 4) Wrong use of adjectives 5) Libelous matter 6) Seditious/rebellious materials
  • 5. Common Errors to Correct/Delete/Change/Rewrit e 7) Vulgar and indecent words 8) Contrary to good taste and to law 9) Derogatory statements 10) Redundancy 11) Verbal deadwood
  • 6. Common Errors to Correct/Delete/Change/Rewrit e 12) Errors in correct usage 13) Errors in structures 14) Errors in style (Use of the style sheet, stylebook, or style guide in journalistic writing)
  • 7. What The Copy Reading Symbols Cover / or lc # ¶ no ¶
  • 8. SYMBOLS MEANING OUTCOME “The Bionic Woman” Emphasize quotes “The Bionic Woman” Dr. Arthur Cruz Jr. . Emphasize period Dr. Arthur Cruz Jr. said, “I must go”. , Emphasize comma said, “I must go”. 1. Punctuation Marks
  • 9. SYMBOLS MEANING EXAMPLE in Nov. Spell out in November Doctor Arthur Cruz Abbreviate Dr. Arthur Cruz twenty boys Use numeral 20 boys 2 girls were Spell out Two girls were 2. Numbers and Abbreviations
  • 10. SYMBOLS MEANING EXAMPLE Manila, philippines Capitalize MANILA, Philippines Reader’s Digest Change to italics Reader’s Digest Test III Change to boldface Test III 3. Special Form of Type
  • 11. SYMBOLS MEANING EXAMPLE was not untrue Delete was true meet on Sunday Bridge over meet Sunday Fe Cruz Principal Transpose Principal Fe Cruz those boys Close up space Those boys 4. Letter and Word Changes
  • 12. SYMBOLS MEANING EXAMPLE pamp let Insert letter pamphlet avail of Insert word avail himself of Manila pAper Lower case manila paper judgement Delete letter within judgment 4. Letter and Word Changes h himself
  • 13. SYMBOLS MEANING EXAMPLE deveelop sskill Delete letter before/after word develop skill Allright wehave time Insert space All right we have time considered happy. This is so because Run in copy considered happy. This is so because 5. Letter and Word Changes
  • 14. SYMBOLS MEANING EXAMPLE Paco, Manila Today, he will Indent for paragraph Paco, Manila Today, he will Spell as written Welfrido Cruz more Unfinished story need…………mo re 30 or # End of story Thank you so much! 30 6. Others Welfrido Kruz
  • 15. SYMBOLS MEANING EXAMPLE ]Elected prexy[ Centered subhead Elected prexy No But he said No paragraph But he said…… One boy came Stay as is, disregard correction One boy came “ I did it ”, he said. Insert quotation marks “I did it,” he said. 6. Others stet
  • 20.
  • 22. Instruction to Copyreaders 1) Use a soft, black pencil. 2) Write your corrections, changes, subheads, and headlines so that they can be read quickly and correctly. 3) Ring or encircle the slug line, “More”, “30” and all other instructions to the printer called printer’s direction or
  • 23. Instruction to Copyreaders 4) It is better to erase penciled marks that you wish to cancel than to cross them out. 5) If many changes are made, it is better to retype. Then go over the copy again for errors. 6) Turn out legible copy always. Make it as neat as possible.
  • 24. READING PROFS More Than Just Marks and Words
  • 25. Note: After the copy has been prepared and copyread, it goes to the linotypists or to the computer
  • 26. What to Proofread? These are errors in grammar and word omission that had escaped the blue pencil of the copy reader and which the linotypist copied verbatim. 1) COPY ERROR
  • 27. What to Proofread? These are errors made due to faulty typesetting machines like excessive transposition of letters, blurred letters, poor letter alignment, wrong font and high or low slug. 2) MACHINE ERRORS
  • 28. What to Proofread? These include the general run of typographical errors. Thus, need for speedy and accurate proofreading. 3) OPERATOR’S ERRORS
  • 29. Romans 12:2 Do no conform any longer to the pattern of his world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind. Then you will be able to test and approved what God’s will is—his good,
  • 30. The writer whose work cannot be improved