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Social work practice:
Advocacy model
and
Empowerment model
Deepti k k
MSW
Social Work Practice
Contents
Introduction to Social Work
Practice
Models of Social Work
Practice
Advocacy Model in Social
Work Practice
Introduction to Social Work
Practice
 The application of social work values,and
techniques to one or more of the following
ends: helping people obtain tangible
services; providing counseling with
individuals,families,and groups.,
 The practice of social work require
knowledge of human behavior and
behaviour;of social, economical and cultural
institutions; and of the interaction of all
these factor.
Introduction to Social Work
Practice
 Social work theories are general
explanations that are supported by
evidence obtained through the
scientific method. A theory may
explain human behavior.
 Social work practice models describe
how social workers can implement
theories. Practice models provide
social workers with a blueprint of how
to help others based on the
underlying social work theory.
Advocacy
 Advocacy simply means actively
supporting a cause, and trying to get
others to support it as well.
 Advocacy is speaking up, drawing
attention to an important issue and
directing decision makers towards a
solution.
Purpose of Advocacy
 The purpose of advocacy as defined by
UNFPA is to promote or reinforce a change
in policy, programme or legislation.
 Rather than providing support directly to
clients or users of services, advocacy aims
at winning support from others, i.e.
creating a supportive environment.
Advocacy in Social work
 The term comes from the Latin word
advocatus, which means the function
of an advocate. It is to give evidence by
supporting verbally or making
arguments for a cause.
 For social workers the advocacy role
takes on some of the qualities that
might be used by a lawyer, described
as preparing the way for a service user,
arranging a deal with another agency or
Advocacy Definition
 Social work advocacy works to ‘effect
changes in policies, practices and laws that
affect all people in a specific class or
group’. (Litzelfelner and Petro, 1997)
 Advocacy is ‘a political act with
consequences for both individuals and the
community as a whole, challenging
inequality, opposing racism, preventing
abuse, or even introducing someone to a
new opportunity or social setting – all
Issues in Advocacy
 Enhancing Gender Equity, Equality
and Empowerment of All.
 Promoting Reproductive Health
and Rights.
 Population and Development
Linkages.
 Mobilizing and Monitoring
Resources.
Advocacy Model
 The concept of advocacy captures
significant variation in the ways in
which participating social workers
worked for social justice. It is the
closest thing to embodying social
justice at a practice level in clinical
social work.
Advocacy Model
 Three types of advocacy .,
 instrumental advocacy, educational
advocacy, and practical advocacy.
 Instrumental advocacy concerns particular
actions taken by the study participants on
behalf of clients. Educational advocacy
involves heightening awareness of social
justice issues, rights, and opportunities,
Practical advocacy involves working with
clients directly to access resources, such as
in accompanying them to appeals or even
Major areas of Advocacy
 Leadership development
 Networking
 Political Lobbying
 Promoting legislative change
 Briefing media
 Counteracting opposition
Empowerment Model
 "Empowerment is viewed as a process: the
mechanism by which people,
organizations, and communities gain
mastery over their lives." -Rapp port's
(1984)
 “Empowerment is a construct that links
individual strength and competencies .
natural helping system and proactive
behavior to social policy and social
change” -Rapp port's
Empowerment Model
 The individual is not blamed for his or
her problems but is responsible for
generating a solution.
 The process of empowerment is a
process which enables one to gain
power, authority and influence over
themselves, institutions or society.
 In short, empowerment is the process
that allows one to gain the knowledge,
skill-sets and attitude needed to cope
with the changing world and the
Empowerment Model
 Power = capacity of individuals or groups
to act on their own behalf and control their
destiny. implies a definition of self as
having power and capacity to bring about
change
 Process more than product eg,show how
to fish than give them a fish
 Expands the personal to the interpersonal
and then to the political
Empowerment in social work
 Having decision-making power of one's
own
 Having access to information and
resources to make proper decisions
 Having a range of options from which you
can make choices.
 Ability to exercise assertiveness in
collective decision making
 Having positive thinking on the ability to
make change
Theoretical components
empowerment model
 Systems and ecological approaches
 Human relations participatory management
 Contingency theory
 Conflict theory
 Feminist theory
 Transformative model
 Power dependency theory
 Political economy theory
 Total quality management
Empowerment Model
 The empowerment model arose from the
feminist movements of the 1970s, which
framed sexual and domestic violence
within a social, cultural and historical
framework of inequality between the
sexes. This feminist model frames the
violence by men in intimate relationships
as a result of power differentials that
serve to keep the woman subordinate.
This model is based on the belief that
everything possible should be done to
restore power to victims through
Empowerment Model
 The empowerment model seeks to
return a sense of personal self- worth,
to listen to the victim and to allow them
to make their own choices, and to
support the victim’s process as they
move forward and take control their
own life. Other interventions may
consider the victim disordered, as if
s/he were tarnished or sick.
Reference
 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 Effective advocacy in social work,. Jane
Dalrymple and Jane Boylan 2013
 Empowerment theory ,research and
application,.Doughlas D Perkins
Advocacy model seminar.ppt

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Advocacy model seminar.ppt

  • 1. Social work practice: Advocacy model and Empowerment model Deepti k k MSW
  • 3. Contents Introduction to Social Work Practice Models of Social Work Practice Advocacy Model in Social Work Practice
  • 4. Introduction to Social Work Practice  The application of social work values,and techniques to one or more of the following ends: helping people obtain tangible services; providing counseling with individuals,families,and groups.,  The practice of social work require knowledge of human behavior and behaviour;of social, economical and cultural institutions; and of the interaction of all these factor.
  • 5. Introduction to Social Work Practice  Social work theories are general explanations that are supported by evidence obtained through the scientific method. A theory may explain human behavior.  Social work practice models describe how social workers can implement theories. Practice models provide social workers with a blueprint of how to help others based on the underlying social work theory.
  • 6. Advocacy  Advocacy simply means actively supporting a cause, and trying to get others to support it as well.  Advocacy is speaking up, drawing attention to an important issue and directing decision makers towards a solution.
  • 7. Purpose of Advocacy  The purpose of advocacy as defined by UNFPA is to promote or reinforce a change in policy, programme or legislation.  Rather than providing support directly to clients or users of services, advocacy aims at winning support from others, i.e. creating a supportive environment.
  • 8. Advocacy in Social work  The term comes from the Latin word advocatus, which means the function of an advocate. It is to give evidence by supporting verbally or making arguments for a cause.  For social workers the advocacy role takes on some of the qualities that might be used by a lawyer, described as preparing the way for a service user, arranging a deal with another agency or
  • 9. Advocacy Definition  Social work advocacy works to ‘effect changes in policies, practices and laws that affect all people in a specific class or group’. (Litzelfelner and Petro, 1997)  Advocacy is ‘a political act with consequences for both individuals and the community as a whole, challenging inequality, opposing racism, preventing abuse, or even introducing someone to a new opportunity or social setting – all
  • 10. Issues in Advocacy  Enhancing Gender Equity, Equality and Empowerment of All.  Promoting Reproductive Health and Rights.  Population and Development Linkages.  Mobilizing and Monitoring Resources.
  • 11. Advocacy Model  The concept of advocacy captures significant variation in the ways in which participating social workers worked for social justice. It is the closest thing to embodying social justice at a practice level in clinical social work.
  • 12. Advocacy Model  Three types of advocacy .,  instrumental advocacy, educational advocacy, and practical advocacy.  Instrumental advocacy concerns particular actions taken by the study participants on behalf of clients. Educational advocacy involves heightening awareness of social justice issues, rights, and opportunities, Practical advocacy involves working with clients directly to access resources, such as in accompanying them to appeals or even
  • 13. Major areas of Advocacy  Leadership development  Networking  Political Lobbying  Promoting legislative change  Briefing media  Counteracting opposition
  • 14. Empowerment Model  "Empowerment is viewed as a process: the mechanism by which people, organizations, and communities gain mastery over their lives." -Rapp port's (1984)  “Empowerment is a construct that links individual strength and competencies . natural helping system and proactive behavior to social policy and social change” -Rapp port's
  • 15. Empowerment Model  The individual is not blamed for his or her problems but is responsible for generating a solution.  The process of empowerment is a process which enables one to gain power, authority and influence over themselves, institutions or society.  In short, empowerment is the process that allows one to gain the knowledge, skill-sets and attitude needed to cope with the changing world and the
  • 16. Empowerment Model  Power = capacity of individuals or groups to act on their own behalf and control their destiny. implies a definition of self as having power and capacity to bring about change  Process more than product eg,show how to fish than give them a fish  Expands the personal to the interpersonal and then to the political
  • 17. Empowerment in social work  Having decision-making power of one's own  Having access to information and resources to make proper decisions  Having a range of options from which you can make choices.  Ability to exercise assertiveness in collective decision making  Having positive thinking on the ability to make change
  • 18. Theoretical components empowerment model  Systems and ecological approaches  Human relations participatory management  Contingency theory  Conflict theory  Feminist theory  Transformative model  Power dependency theory  Political economy theory  Total quality management
  • 19. Empowerment Model  The empowerment model arose from the feminist movements of the 1970s, which framed sexual and domestic violence within a social, cultural and historical framework of inequality between the sexes. This feminist model frames the violence by men in intimate relationships as a result of power differentials that serve to keep the woman subordinate. This model is based on the belief that everything possible should be done to restore power to victims through
  • 20. Empowerment Model  The empowerment model seeks to return a sense of personal self- worth, to listen to the victim and to allow them to make their own choices, and to support the victim’s process as they move forward and take control their own life. Other interventions may consider the victim disordered, as if s/he were tarnished or sick.
  • 21. Reference  From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia  Effective advocacy in social work,. Jane Dalrymple and Jane Boylan 2013  Empowerment theory ,research and application,.Doughlas D Perkins