SlideShare a Scribd company logo
The Critical Reception of
                                              Abstract Expressionism

Art	
  109A:	
  	
  Contemporary	
  Art	
  
Westchester	
  Community	
  College	
  
Fall	
  2012	
  
Critical Reception
 To most viewers, Abstract
 Expressionism did not look like “art”




“Jackson Pollock's abstractions stump
experts as well as laymen. Laymen
wonder what to look for in the
labyrinths which Pollock achieves by
dripping paint onto canvases laid flat
on the floor; experts wonder what on
earth to say about the artist.”
“Art: Chaos, Damn It! Time Magazine, Nov 20 1950




                                                   Norman Rockwell, The Connoisseur, The Saturday Evening Post, January 13, 1962
Critical Success
But Ab Ex enjoyed support from
influential critics, collectors, and
dealers




   Peggy Guggenheim and Jackson
   Pollock in front of Mural, 1946


                                       Eliot Elisofon, Betty Parsons standing in a NYC gallery, 1961
                                       Image source: http://www.matthewlangley.com/blog/?p=71
Critical Success
And backing from influential
institutions like the Museum of
Modern Art




Bruce Maud Design
http://www.brucemaudesign.com/
work_museum_of_modern_art.html




                                  Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY. Philip L. Goodwin and Edward Durell
                                  Stone, Architects, 1939. Robert Damora, Photographer, 1939
                                  Image source: http://www.robertdamora.com/
Critical Success
In 1949 Life Magazine published an
article titled “Jackson Pollock: Is he
the greatest living painter in the
United States”?




                                         Life Magazine, “Jackson Pollock: Is He the Greatest Living Painter in the United States?”
                                         1949
Critical Success
Coverage in art magazines




Robert Goodnough, “Pollock Paints a Picture,” Art
News, 1951




                                                    Hans Namuth, Pollock working, 1951
The New Academy
1951 Cecil Beaton photographs
fashion models in front of Pollock’s
pictures at Betty Parsons




                                       Cecil Beaton, The Soft Look, photograph of a model posing in front of a
                                       Jackson Pollock painting at Betty Parsons Gallery, Vogue March 1, 1951
Critical Success
 1958 Time magazine reported a
 booming market for Abstract
 Expressionist pictures


“While there is a recession in the U.S.
economy, one group of Americans
more accustomed to bust than boom
is in the midst of a new wave of
prosperity. They are Manhattan's
abstract expressionist painters, who
until three years ago could rarely
afford to move out of their coldwater,
walk-up studios. Now their shows are
selling out, and at record high prices.”
“Art: Boom on Canvas,” Time Magazine, April 7,
1958




                                                 Walter Sanders, Metropolitan Museum director James J. Rorimer examining a painting
                                                 by Jackson Pollock, 1959
                                                 LIFE
Cold War
Abstract Expressionism reached
maturity during a period of
heightened national anxiety




                                 Cover to the propaganda comic book "Is This Tomorrow"' published
                                 in 1947 by the Catechetical Guild
                                 Wikipedia
Cold War
 House Committee on Un-American
 Activities investigated thousands of
 ordinary citizens suspected of
 Communist sympathies




House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)
Hearings, 1947




                                                Senator Joseph McCarthy, Time, March 8, 1954
Cold War
Writers and actors were
“blacklisted”




                          Red Channels, a pamphlet-style book issued by the journal Counterattack in 1950
                          Wikipedia
Cold War
FBI files were kept on artists such
as Picasso and Ben Shan




                                      FBI File on Pablo Picasso
Cold War
 In 1949 Congressman George A.
 Dondero delivered a speech to
 congress denouncing modern art
 as a “weapon of communism”


“As I have previously stated, art is
considered a weapon of communism,
and the Communist doctrinaire names
the artist as a soldier of the
revolution.”
Congressman George A. Dondero, “Modern Art
Schackled to Communism,” speech delivered to the
United States House of Representatives, 1947




                                                   Al Fenn, Congressman George A. Dondero, 1947
                                                   LIFE
Critical Success
But such strident views dissipated
by the mid 1950s: Senator
McCarthy was censured in 1954,
and attitudes toward modern art
became more tolerant, as the avant
garde stance of defiant
“individuality” became linked
directly to American values of
personal freedom




                                     Life Magazine, “Jackson Pollock: Is He the Greatest Living Painter in the United States?”
                                     1949
“[T]he public grew more tolerant of modern art and came to believe
that the flourishing of avant-garde art and culture was the mark of a
liberal democratic society. Indeed, at decade’s end, the same art
once lambasted by conservative forces as anti-American were being
held up as a symbol of capitalist liberty, freedom, and the American
way of life. By the late 1950s and early 1960s, Abstract
Expressionism was celebrated as a quintessentially American form,
the embodiment of the kind of personal freedom of expression denied
artists behind the Iron curtain. For the first time, modernism and
America were linked, the one nurtured by the free society of the
other.”
Lisa Phillips, The American Century: Art & Culture 1950-2000, p. 37
International Success
Meanwhile, the Museum of Modern
Art – operating on behalf of the
United States Information
Association – was promoting
Abstract Expressionism abroad




                                   A wall map illustrating the scope of the Museum of Modern Art’s International Program,
                                   displayed concurrently with The New American Painting: As Shown in 8 European Countries
                                   1958-1959 at The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1959
                                   http://www.moma.org/international/index.html
International Success

“Modern American art stormed
through Paris last week, the advance
patrol of a U.S. culture parade . . . that
U.S. art packed a wallop, no one any
longer disputed.”
“Art: Americans in Paris,” Time Magazine, April 18
1955




                                                     Frank Scherchel, People looking at a painting by artist Jackson Pollock
                                                     at an American art show, France, 1955
                                                     LIFE
International Success
MoMA’s international exhibitions
promoted American Abstract
Expressionism as a symbol of
American individualism and
freedom




                                   Carl Mydans, American National exhibition in Russia, 1959
                                   LIFE
Abstract
Expressionism and the
Cold War
Eva Cockroft, Serge Guilbaut and
others have argued that Abstract
Expressionism was used as a
“weapon of the Cold War”
Abstract
   Expressionism and the
   Cold War

“[A]bstract expressionism was for many
people an expression of freedom: freedom
to create controversial works, freedom
symbolized by action and gesture, by the
expression of the artist apparently freed
from all restraints . . . [and] proof of the
inherent liberty of the American system, as
opposed to the restrictions imposed on
artists in the Soviet system.”
Serge Guilbaut, “The New Adventures of the Avant Garde in
America,” October 15 (Winter 1980); rpt in Ellen Landau,
ed., Reading Abstract Expressionism: Context and Critique,
Yale University Press, 2005, p. 383-395
“To its admirers in Both America and Europe, Abstract Expressionism,
with its improvisational gestures, epic scale, and intensely subjective
emotions, symbolized the power of individual liberty in a democratic
society. The artists themselves, however, were uninterested in
politics, preferring to embrace private or universal values. Clyfford
Still wrote, ‘It has always been my hope to create a freer place or
area of life where an idea can transcend politics, ambition, and
commerce.’ This proved a utopian sentiment. The claim that they
were free from ideology only made their art function more effectively
as propaganda for various political agendas.”
Lisa Phillips, The American Century: Art & Culture 1950-2000, p. 40-41
Tansey’s painting is an ironic commentary
                                                                   on how America’s postwar military and
                                                                   economic supremacy correlated with the
Mark Tansey, Triumph of the New York School, 1984 Whitney Museum   so-called “Triumph of the New York
                                                                   School.”
“Each of the more than a dozen officers on each side is a recognizable
                                        portrait of a famous artist, critic, or writer, including on the French side, the
                                        Surrealist Andre Breton and Pablo Picasso (dressed in fur), and on the
                                        American side such painters as Jackson Pollock and the highly influential
                                        New York art critic, Clement Greenberg. In the background is a war-torn
                                        landscape dotted by the smouldering fires of recent artistic conflicts over
                                        which the New York School has unconditionally triumphed. Two or three
                                        French officers are mounted on anachronistic horses while the American
                                        "cavalry" is a modern armored half-track.”
                                        Jim Lane, Humanitiesweb.org
                                        http://www.humanitiesweb.org/spa/gai/ID/1216
Mark Tansey, Triumph of the New York School, 1984 Whitney Museum

More Related Content

What's hot

6.1 minimalism
6.1 minimalism6.1 minimalism
6.1 minimalism
Melissa Hall
 
2.5 figurative art 1950s
2.5 figurative art 1950s2.5 figurative art 1950s
2.5 figurative art 1950s
Melissa Hall
 
5.2 west coast_pop
5.2 west coast_pop5.2 west coast_pop
5.2 west coast_pop
Melissa Hall
 
4.3 neo concrete
4.3 neo concrete4.3 neo concrete
4.3 neo concrete
Melissa Hall
 
2.2 abex new1
2.2 abex new12.2 abex new1
2.2 abex new1
Melissa Hall
 
2.2 abex new4
2.2 abex new42.2 abex new4
2.2 abex new4
Melissa Hall
 
2.2 abex new2
2.2 abex new22.2 abex new2
2.2 abex new2
Melissa Hall
 
19. pop art lo res
19. pop art   lo res19. pop art   lo res
19. pop art lo res
wenhao0906
 
4.5 british ig
4.5 british ig4.5 british ig
4.5 british ig
Melissa Hall
 
4.5 nouveau realism
4.5 nouveau realism4.5 nouveau realism
4.5 nouveau realism
Melissa Hall
 
Art1100 LVA 22 Online
Art1100 LVA 22 OnlineArt1100 LVA 22 Online
Art1100 LVA 22 Online
Dan Gunn
 
9.4 contemp trends
9.4 contemp trends9.4 contemp trends
9.4 contemp trends
Melissa Hall
 
Chapter 20 playing by the rules1960s abstraction
Chapter 20  playing by the rules1960s abstractionChapter 20  playing by the rules1960s abstraction
Chapter 20 playing by the rules1960s abstraction
PetrutaLipan
 
Post Minimalism and Gender
Post Minimalism and GenderPost Minimalism and Gender
Post Minimalism and Gender
Melissa Hall
 
Art1100 LVA 9 Online
Art1100 LVA 9 OnlineArt1100 LVA 9 Online
Art1100 LVA 9 Online
Dan Gunn
 
4.5 piero manzoni
4.5 piero manzoni4.5 piero manzoni
4.5 piero manzoni
Melissa Hall
 
Week 13 Lecture, 20th Century
Week 13 Lecture, 20th CenturyWeek 13 Lecture, 20th Century
Week 13 Lecture, 20th Century
Laura Smith
 
2.2 abex new3
2.2 abex new32.2 abex new3
2.2 abex new3
Melissa Hall
 

What's hot (18)

6.1 minimalism
6.1 minimalism6.1 minimalism
6.1 minimalism
 
2.5 figurative art 1950s
2.5 figurative art 1950s2.5 figurative art 1950s
2.5 figurative art 1950s
 
5.2 west coast_pop
5.2 west coast_pop5.2 west coast_pop
5.2 west coast_pop
 
4.3 neo concrete
4.3 neo concrete4.3 neo concrete
4.3 neo concrete
 
2.2 abex new1
2.2 abex new12.2 abex new1
2.2 abex new1
 
2.2 abex new4
2.2 abex new42.2 abex new4
2.2 abex new4
 
2.2 abex new2
2.2 abex new22.2 abex new2
2.2 abex new2
 
19. pop art lo res
19. pop art   lo res19. pop art   lo res
19. pop art lo res
 
4.5 british ig
4.5 british ig4.5 british ig
4.5 british ig
 
4.5 nouveau realism
4.5 nouveau realism4.5 nouveau realism
4.5 nouveau realism
 
Art1100 LVA 22 Online
Art1100 LVA 22 OnlineArt1100 LVA 22 Online
Art1100 LVA 22 Online
 
9.4 contemp trends
9.4 contemp trends9.4 contemp trends
9.4 contemp trends
 
Chapter 20 playing by the rules1960s abstraction
Chapter 20  playing by the rules1960s abstractionChapter 20  playing by the rules1960s abstraction
Chapter 20 playing by the rules1960s abstraction
 
Post Minimalism and Gender
Post Minimalism and GenderPost Minimalism and Gender
Post Minimalism and Gender
 
Art1100 LVA 9 Online
Art1100 LVA 9 OnlineArt1100 LVA 9 Online
Art1100 LVA 9 Online
 
4.5 piero manzoni
4.5 piero manzoni4.5 piero manzoni
4.5 piero manzoni
 
Week 13 Lecture, 20th Century
Week 13 Lecture, 20th CenturyWeek 13 Lecture, 20th Century
Week 13 Lecture, 20th Century
 
2.2 abex new3
2.2 abex new32.2 abex new3
2.2 abex new3
 

Viewers also liked

1.2 postwar european
1.2 postwar european1.2 postwar european
1.2 postwar european
Melissa Hall
 
Research Tutorial
Research TutorialResearch Tutorial
1.3 wwii
1.3 wwii1.3 wwii
1.3 wwii
Melissa Hall
 
4.1 america 1950s2
4.1 america 1950s24.1 america 1950s2
4.1 america 1950s2
Westchester Community College
 
2.1 postwar america
2.1 postwar america2.1 postwar america
2.1 postwar america
Melissa Hall
 
6.2 minimalism california
6.2 minimalism california6.2 minimalism california
6.2 minimalism california
Melissa Hall
 
4.3 fluxus
4.3 fluxus4.3 fluxus
4.3 fluxus
Melissa Hall
 
4.3 gutai
4.3 gutai4.3 gutai
4.3 gutai
Melissa Hall
 
Feminist Art Movement
Feminist Art Movement Feminist Art Movement
Feminist Art Movement
Melissa Hall
 
Cut&Paste: Appropriation Art
Cut&Paste: Appropriation ArtCut&Paste: Appropriation Art
Cut&Paste: Appropriation Art
DeborahJ
 
Death of the Author
Death of the AuthorDeath of the Author
Death of the Author
Melissa Hall
 

Viewers also liked (11)

1.2 postwar european
1.2 postwar european1.2 postwar european
1.2 postwar european
 
Research Tutorial
Research TutorialResearch Tutorial
Research Tutorial
 
1.3 wwii
1.3 wwii1.3 wwii
1.3 wwii
 
4.1 america 1950s2
4.1 america 1950s24.1 america 1950s2
4.1 america 1950s2
 
2.1 postwar america
2.1 postwar america2.1 postwar america
2.1 postwar america
 
6.2 minimalism california
6.2 minimalism california6.2 minimalism california
6.2 minimalism california
 
4.3 fluxus
4.3 fluxus4.3 fluxus
4.3 fluxus
 
4.3 gutai
4.3 gutai4.3 gutai
4.3 gutai
 
Feminist Art Movement
Feminist Art Movement Feminist Art Movement
Feminist Art Movement
 
Cut&Paste: Appropriation Art
Cut&Paste: Appropriation ArtCut&Paste: Appropriation Art
Cut&Paste: Appropriation Art
 
Death of the Author
Death of the AuthorDeath of the Author
Death of the Author
 

Similar to 3.1 abex cold war

Week 6 Lecture, 20th Century
Week 6 Lecture, 20th CenturyWeek 6 Lecture, 20th Century
Week 6 Lecture, 20th Century
Laura Smith
 
Chapter 14 Lecture - Humanities
Chapter 14 Lecture - HumanitiesChapter 14 Lecture - Humanities
Chapter 14 Lecture - Humanities
KatieRumpleEvans
 
Globalism 20 21 st century
Globalism 20 21 st centuryGlobalism 20 21 st century
Globalism 20 21 st century
Karen Owens
 
Chapter 16 abstract expressionism and the new american sculpture
Chapter 16   abstract expressionism and the new american sculptureChapter 16   abstract expressionism and the new american sculpture
Chapter 16 abstract expressionism and the new american sculpture
PetrutaLipan
 
Pop Art Intro
Pop Art IntroPop Art Intro
Pop Art Intro
mjarry
 
NCC ART104 3
NCC ART104 3 NCC ART104 3
NCC ART104 3
65swiss
 
NCC ART104 3
NCC ART104 3 NCC ART104 3
NCC ART104 3
65swiss
 
American art presentation
American art presentationAmerican art presentation
American art presentation
artikw
 
American art presentation
American art presentationAmerican art presentation
American art presentation
guest75d819b
 
Art1100 LVA 21_4 American Modernism online
Art1100 LVA 21_4 American Modernism onlineArt1100 LVA 21_4 American Modernism online
Art1100 LVA 21_4 American Modernism online
Dan Gunn
 
The Chicago Renaissance turn of 20th c.-1960s(ish)a ga.docx
The Chicago Renaissance turn of 20th c.-1960s(ish)a ga.docxThe Chicago Renaissance turn of 20th c.-1960s(ish)a ga.docx
The Chicago Renaissance turn of 20th c.-1960s(ish)a ga.docx
mamanda2
 
Chapter 15 globalism 20 21st century
Chapter 15 globalism 20 21st centuryChapter 15 globalism 20 21st century
Chapter 15 globalism 20 21st century
Karen Owens
 
First part, the bipolar world and the artistic expressions of a consumer soci...
First part, the bipolar world and the artistic expressions of a consumer soci...First part, the bipolar world and the artistic expressions of a consumer soci...
First part, the bipolar world and the artistic expressions of a consumer soci...
rosabrito
 
Mid 20th cent 2018
Mid 20th cent 2018Mid 20th cent 2018
Mid 20th cent 2018
mdurquet
 
The Missing Future: MOMA and Modern Women
The Missing Future: MOMA and Modern WomenThe Missing Future: MOMA and Modern Women
The Missing Future: MOMA and Modern Women
Alejandro Collados-Nunez
 
Abstract expressionism
Abstract expressionismAbstract expressionism
Abstract expressionism
Xiao Yun
 
Modernism in USA
Modernism in USAModernism in USA
Modernism in USA
Jen Ferrer
 
Abstract expressionism and the rise of formalism .fys pptx
Abstract expressionism and the rise of formalism .fys pptxAbstract expressionism and the rise of formalism .fys pptx
Abstract expressionism and the rise of formalism .fys pptx
DeborahJ
 
moma_catalogue_2347_300062558.pdf
moma_catalogue_2347_300062558.pdfmoma_catalogue_2347_300062558.pdf
moma_catalogue_2347_300062558.pdf
RossMatthews19
 
Art Appreciation Topic X: Art after 1945
Art Appreciation Topic X: Art after 1945Art Appreciation Topic X: Art after 1945
Art Appreciation Topic X: Art after 1945
Thomas C.
 

Similar to 3.1 abex cold war (20)

Week 6 Lecture, 20th Century
Week 6 Lecture, 20th CenturyWeek 6 Lecture, 20th Century
Week 6 Lecture, 20th Century
 
Chapter 14 Lecture - Humanities
Chapter 14 Lecture - HumanitiesChapter 14 Lecture - Humanities
Chapter 14 Lecture - Humanities
 
Globalism 20 21 st century
Globalism 20 21 st centuryGlobalism 20 21 st century
Globalism 20 21 st century
 
Chapter 16 abstract expressionism and the new american sculpture
Chapter 16   abstract expressionism and the new american sculptureChapter 16   abstract expressionism and the new american sculpture
Chapter 16 abstract expressionism and the new american sculpture
 
Pop Art Intro
Pop Art IntroPop Art Intro
Pop Art Intro
 
NCC ART104 3
NCC ART104 3 NCC ART104 3
NCC ART104 3
 
NCC ART104 3
NCC ART104 3 NCC ART104 3
NCC ART104 3
 
American art presentation
American art presentationAmerican art presentation
American art presentation
 
American art presentation
American art presentationAmerican art presentation
American art presentation
 
Art1100 LVA 21_4 American Modernism online
Art1100 LVA 21_4 American Modernism onlineArt1100 LVA 21_4 American Modernism online
Art1100 LVA 21_4 American Modernism online
 
The Chicago Renaissance turn of 20th c.-1960s(ish)a ga.docx
The Chicago Renaissance turn of 20th c.-1960s(ish)a ga.docxThe Chicago Renaissance turn of 20th c.-1960s(ish)a ga.docx
The Chicago Renaissance turn of 20th c.-1960s(ish)a ga.docx
 
Chapter 15 globalism 20 21st century
Chapter 15 globalism 20 21st centuryChapter 15 globalism 20 21st century
Chapter 15 globalism 20 21st century
 
First part, the bipolar world and the artistic expressions of a consumer soci...
First part, the bipolar world and the artistic expressions of a consumer soci...First part, the bipolar world and the artistic expressions of a consumer soci...
First part, the bipolar world and the artistic expressions of a consumer soci...
 
Mid 20th cent 2018
Mid 20th cent 2018Mid 20th cent 2018
Mid 20th cent 2018
 
The Missing Future: MOMA and Modern Women
The Missing Future: MOMA and Modern WomenThe Missing Future: MOMA and Modern Women
The Missing Future: MOMA and Modern Women
 
Abstract expressionism
Abstract expressionismAbstract expressionism
Abstract expressionism
 
Modernism in USA
Modernism in USAModernism in USA
Modernism in USA
 
Abstract expressionism and the rise of formalism .fys pptx
Abstract expressionism and the rise of formalism .fys pptxAbstract expressionism and the rise of formalism .fys pptx
Abstract expressionism and the rise of formalism .fys pptx
 
moma_catalogue_2347_300062558.pdf
moma_catalogue_2347_300062558.pdfmoma_catalogue_2347_300062558.pdf
moma_catalogue_2347_300062558.pdf
 
Art Appreciation Topic X: Art after 1945
Art Appreciation Topic X: Art after 1945Art Appreciation Topic X: Art after 1945
Art Appreciation Topic X: Art after 1945
 

More from Melissa Hall

Art 109 Syllabus Overview (Night Class) Spring 2017
Art 109 Syllabus Overview (Night Class) Spring 2017Art 109 Syllabus Overview (Night Class) Spring 2017
Art 109 Syllabus Overview (Night Class) Spring 2017
Melissa Hall
 
Art 109 Syllabus Overview (Day Class) Spring 2017
Art 109 Syllabus Overview (Day Class) Spring 2017Art 109 Syllabus Overview (Day Class) Spring 2017
Art 109 Syllabus Overview (Day Class) Spring 2017
Melissa Hall
 
1.1 World War II
1.1 World War II1.1 World War II
1.1 World War II
Melissa Hall
 
1.3 Alberto Giacometti
1.3 Alberto Giacometti1.3 Alberto Giacometti
1.3 Alberto Giacometti
Melissa Hall
 
1.2 Existentialism
1.2 Existentialism1.2 Existentialism
1.2 Existentialism
Melissa Hall
 
Review
Review Review
Review
Melissa Hall
 
Advisory meeting presentation 2015
Advisory meeting presentation 2015Advisory meeting presentation 2015
Advisory meeting presentation 2015
Melissa Hall
 
Visual Arts Program Review
Visual Arts Program ReviewVisual Arts Program Review
Visual Arts Program Review
Melissa Hall
 
Visual Arts Program Review
Visual Arts Program ReviewVisual Arts Program Review
Visual Arts Program Review
Melissa Hall
 
Visual Arts Program Review
Visual Arts Program ReviewVisual Arts Program Review
Visual Arts Program Review
Melissa Hall
 
Sample visual analysis
Sample visual analysisSample visual analysis
Sample visual analysis
Melissa Hall
 
DL Syllabus Overview 2013
DL Syllabus Overview 2013DL Syllabus Overview 2013
DL Syllabus Overview 2013
Melissa Hall
 
Skill of Describing
Skill of DescribingSkill of Describing
Skill of Describing
Melissa Hall
 
Quiz Tutorial
Quiz TutorialQuiz Tutorial
Quiz Tutorial
Melissa Hall
 
Introduction: What is Art History?
Introduction:  What is Art History?Introduction:  What is Art History?
Introduction: What is Art History?
Melissa Hall
 
Carolingian and Ottonian Art
Carolingian and Ottonian ArtCarolingian and Ottonian Art
Carolingian and Ottonian Art
Melissa Hall
 
Early Medieval Art 2012
Early Medieval Art 2012Early Medieval Art 2012
Early Medieval Art 2012
Melissa Hall
 
Internet research tutorial
Internet research tutorialInternet research tutorial
Internet research tutorial
Melissa Hall
 
1.0 syllabus
1.0 syllabus1.0 syllabus
1.0 syllabus
Melissa Hall
 
1960s counter culture
1960s counter culture1960s counter culture
1960s counter culture
Melissa Hall
 

More from Melissa Hall (20)

Art 109 Syllabus Overview (Night Class) Spring 2017
Art 109 Syllabus Overview (Night Class) Spring 2017Art 109 Syllabus Overview (Night Class) Spring 2017
Art 109 Syllabus Overview (Night Class) Spring 2017
 
Art 109 Syllabus Overview (Day Class) Spring 2017
Art 109 Syllabus Overview (Day Class) Spring 2017Art 109 Syllabus Overview (Day Class) Spring 2017
Art 109 Syllabus Overview (Day Class) Spring 2017
 
1.1 World War II
1.1 World War II1.1 World War II
1.1 World War II
 
1.3 Alberto Giacometti
1.3 Alberto Giacometti1.3 Alberto Giacometti
1.3 Alberto Giacometti
 
1.2 Existentialism
1.2 Existentialism1.2 Existentialism
1.2 Existentialism
 
Review
Review Review
Review
 
Advisory meeting presentation 2015
Advisory meeting presentation 2015Advisory meeting presentation 2015
Advisory meeting presentation 2015
 
Visual Arts Program Review
Visual Arts Program ReviewVisual Arts Program Review
Visual Arts Program Review
 
Visual Arts Program Review
Visual Arts Program ReviewVisual Arts Program Review
Visual Arts Program Review
 
Visual Arts Program Review
Visual Arts Program ReviewVisual Arts Program Review
Visual Arts Program Review
 
Sample visual analysis
Sample visual analysisSample visual analysis
Sample visual analysis
 
DL Syllabus Overview 2013
DL Syllabus Overview 2013DL Syllabus Overview 2013
DL Syllabus Overview 2013
 
Skill of Describing
Skill of DescribingSkill of Describing
Skill of Describing
 
Quiz Tutorial
Quiz TutorialQuiz Tutorial
Quiz Tutorial
 
Introduction: What is Art History?
Introduction:  What is Art History?Introduction:  What is Art History?
Introduction: What is Art History?
 
Carolingian and Ottonian Art
Carolingian and Ottonian ArtCarolingian and Ottonian Art
Carolingian and Ottonian Art
 
Early Medieval Art 2012
Early Medieval Art 2012Early Medieval Art 2012
Early Medieval Art 2012
 
Internet research tutorial
Internet research tutorialInternet research tutorial
Internet research tutorial
 
1.0 syllabus
1.0 syllabus1.0 syllabus
1.0 syllabus
 
1960s counter culture
1960s counter culture1960s counter culture
1960s counter culture
 

Recently uploaded

Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 DashboardYear-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
Celine George
 
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional SkillsWebinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
EduSkills OECD
 
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptxKesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
artenzmartenkai
 
How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17
How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17
How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...
DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...
DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...
thanhluan21
 
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 WebsiteHow to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
Celine George
 
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
H. A. Roberts: VITAL FORCE - Dr. Niranjan Bapat
H. A. Roberts: VITAL FORCE - Dr. Niranjan BapatH. A. Roberts: VITAL FORCE - Dr. Niranjan Bapat
H. A. Roberts: VITAL FORCE - Dr. Niranjan Bapat
Niranjan Bapat
 
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
MysoreMuleSoftMeetup
 
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
MJDuyan
 
How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17
How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17
How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
Individual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docx
Individual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docxIndividual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docx
Individual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docx
monicaaringo1
 
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
DrRavindrakshirsagar1
 
Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
Edukasyong Pantahanan at  Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal HygieneEdukasyong Pantahanan at  Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
MJDuyan
 
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 SlidesHow to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
Celine George
 
Bedok NEWater Photostory - COM322 Assessment (Story 2)
Bedok NEWater Photostory - COM322 Assessment (Story 2)Bedok NEWater Photostory - COM322 Assessment (Story 2)
Bedok NEWater Photostory - COM322 Assessment (Story 2)
Liyana Rozaini
 
Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)
Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)
Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)
Cátedra Banco Santander
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 DashboardYear-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
 
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional SkillsWebinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
 
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptxKesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
 
How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17
How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17
How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17
 
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
 
DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...
DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...
DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...
 
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 WebsiteHow to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
 
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
 
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
 
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
 
H. A. Roberts: VITAL FORCE - Dr. Niranjan Bapat
H. A. Roberts: VITAL FORCE - Dr. Niranjan BapatH. A. Roberts: VITAL FORCE - Dr. Niranjan Bapat
H. A. Roberts: VITAL FORCE - Dr. Niranjan Bapat
 
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
 
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
 
How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17
How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17
How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17
 
Individual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docx
Individual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docxIndividual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docx
Individual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docx
 
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
 
Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
Edukasyong Pantahanan at  Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal HygieneEdukasyong Pantahanan at  Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
 
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 SlidesHow to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
 
Bedok NEWater Photostory - COM322 Assessment (Story 2)
Bedok NEWater Photostory - COM322 Assessment (Story 2)Bedok NEWater Photostory - COM322 Assessment (Story 2)
Bedok NEWater Photostory - COM322 Assessment (Story 2)
 
Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)
Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)
Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)
 

3.1 abex cold war

  • 1. The Critical Reception of Abstract Expressionism Art  109A:    Contemporary  Art   Westchester  Community  College   Fall  2012  
  • 2. Critical Reception To most viewers, Abstract Expressionism did not look like “art” “Jackson Pollock's abstractions stump experts as well as laymen. Laymen wonder what to look for in the labyrinths which Pollock achieves by dripping paint onto canvases laid flat on the floor; experts wonder what on earth to say about the artist.” “Art: Chaos, Damn It! Time Magazine, Nov 20 1950 Norman Rockwell, The Connoisseur, The Saturday Evening Post, January 13, 1962
  • 3. Critical Success But Ab Ex enjoyed support from influential critics, collectors, and dealers Peggy Guggenheim and Jackson Pollock in front of Mural, 1946 Eliot Elisofon, Betty Parsons standing in a NYC gallery, 1961 Image source: http://www.matthewlangley.com/blog/?p=71
  • 4. Critical Success And backing from influential institutions like the Museum of Modern Art Bruce Maud Design http://www.brucemaudesign.com/ work_museum_of_modern_art.html Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY. Philip L. Goodwin and Edward Durell Stone, Architects, 1939. Robert Damora, Photographer, 1939 Image source: http://www.robertdamora.com/
  • 5. Critical Success In 1949 Life Magazine published an article titled “Jackson Pollock: Is he the greatest living painter in the United States”? Life Magazine, “Jackson Pollock: Is He the Greatest Living Painter in the United States?” 1949
  • 6. Critical Success Coverage in art magazines Robert Goodnough, “Pollock Paints a Picture,” Art News, 1951 Hans Namuth, Pollock working, 1951
  • 7. The New Academy 1951 Cecil Beaton photographs fashion models in front of Pollock’s pictures at Betty Parsons Cecil Beaton, The Soft Look, photograph of a model posing in front of a Jackson Pollock painting at Betty Parsons Gallery, Vogue March 1, 1951
  • 8. Critical Success 1958 Time magazine reported a booming market for Abstract Expressionist pictures “While there is a recession in the U.S. economy, one group of Americans more accustomed to bust than boom is in the midst of a new wave of prosperity. They are Manhattan's abstract expressionist painters, who until three years ago could rarely afford to move out of their coldwater, walk-up studios. Now their shows are selling out, and at record high prices.” “Art: Boom on Canvas,” Time Magazine, April 7, 1958 Walter Sanders, Metropolitan Museum director James J. Rorimer examining a painting by Jackson Pollock, 1959 LIFE
  • 9. Cold War Abstract Expressionism reached maturity during a period of heightened national anxiety Cover to the propaganda comic book "Is This Tomorrow"' published in 1947 by the Catechetical Guild Wikipedia
  • 10. Cold War House Committee on Un-American Activities investigated thousands of ordinary citizens suspected of Communist sympathies House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) Hearings, 1947 Senator Joseph McCarthy, Time, March 8, 1954
  • 11. Cold War Writers and actors were “blacklisted” Red Channels, a pamphlet-style book issued by the journal Counterattack in 1950 Wikipedia
  • 12. Cold War FBI files were kept on artists such as Picasso and Ben Shan FBI File on Pablo Picasso
  • 13. Cold War In 1949 Congressman George A. Dondero delivered a speech to congress denouncing modern art as a “weapon of communism” “As I have previously stated, art is considered a weapon of communism, and the Communist doctrinaire names the artist as a soldier of the revolution.” Congressman George A. Dondero, “Modern Art Schackled to Communism,” speech delivered to the United States House of Representatives, 1947 Al Fenn, Congressman George A. Dondero, 1947 LIFE
  • 14. Critical Success But such strident views dissipated by the mid 1950s: Senator McCarthy was censured in 1954, and attitudes toward modern art became more tolerant, as the avant garde stance of defiant “individuality” became linked directly to American values of personal freedom Life Magazine, “Jackson Pollock: Is He the Greatest Living Painter in the United States?” 1949
  • 15. “[T]he public grew more tolerant of modern art and came to believe that the flourishing of avant-garde art and culture was the mark of a liberal democratic society. Indeed, at decade’s end, the same art once lambasted by conservative forces as anti-American were being held up as a symbol of capitalist liberty, freedom, and the American way of life. By the late 1950s and early 1960s, Abstract Expressionism was celebrated as a quintessentially American form, the embodiment of the kind of personal freedom of expression denied artists behind the Iron curtain. For the first time, modernism and America were linked, the one nurtured by the free society of the other.” Lisa Phillips, The American Century: Art & Culture 1950-2000, p. 37
  • 16. International Success Meanwhile, the Museum of Modern Art – operating on behalf of the United States Information Association – was promoting Abstract Expressionism abroad A wall map illustrating the scope of the Museum of Modern Art’s International Program, displayed concurrently with The New American Painting: As Shown in 8 European Countries 1958-1959 at The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1959 http://www.moma.org/international/index.html
  • 17. International Success “Modern American art stormed through Paris last week, the advance patrol of a U.S. culture parade . . . that U.S. art packed a wallop, no one any longer disputed.” “Art: Americans in Paris,” Time Magazine, April 18 1955 Frank Scherchel, People looking at a painting by artist Jackson Pollock at an American art show, France, 1955 LIFE
  • 18. International Success MoMA’s international exhibitions promoted American Abstract Expressionism as a symbol of American individualism and freedom Carl Mydans, American National exhibition in Russia, 1959 LIFE
  • 19. Abstract Expressionism and the Cold War Eva Cockroft, Serge Guilbaut and others have argued that Abstract Expressionism was used as a “weapon of the Cold War”
  • 20. Abstract Expressionism and the Cold War “[A]bstract expressionism was for many people an expression of freedom: freedom to create controversial works, freedom symbolized by action and gesture, by the expression of the artist apparently freed from all restraints . . . [and] proof of the inherent liberty of the American system, as opposed to the restrictions imposed on artists in the Soviet system.” Serge Guilbaut, “The New Adventures of the Avant Garde in America,” October 15 (Winter 1980); rpt in Ellen Landau, ed., Reading Abstract Expressionism: Context and Critique, Yale University Press, 2005, p. 383-395
  • 21. “To its admirers in Both America and Europe, Abstract Expressionism, with its improvisational gestures, epic scale, and intensely subjective emotions, symbolized the power of individual liberty in a democratic society. The artists themselves, however, were uninterested in politics, preferring to embrace private or universal values. Clyfford Still wrote, ‘It has always been my hope to create a freer place or area of life where an idea can transcend politics, ambition, and commerce.’ This proved a utopian sentiment. The claim that they were free from ideology only made their art function more effectively as propaganda for various political agendas.” Lisa Phillips, The American Century: Art & Culture 1950-2000, p. 40-41
  • 22. Tansey’s painting is an ironic commentary on how America’s postwar military and economic supremacy correlated with the Mark Tansey, Triumph of the New York School, 1984 Whitney Museum so-called “Triumph of the New York School.”
  • 23. “Each of the more than a dozen officers on each side is a recognizable portrait of a famous artist, critic, or writer, including on the French side, the Surrealist Andre Breton and Pablo Picasso (dressed in fur), and on the American side such painters as Jackson Pollock and the highly influential New York art critic, Clement Greenberg. In the background is a war-torn landscape dotted by the smouldering fires of recent artistic conflicts over which the New York School has unconditionally triumphed. Two or three French officers are mounted on anachronistic horses while the American "cavalry" is a modern armored half-track.” Jim Lane, Humanitiesweb.org http://www.humanitiesweb.org/spa/gai/ID/1216 Mark Tansey, Triumph of the New York School, 1984 Whitney Museum