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How animals adapt to a
particular environment
for protection and
survival
Science V
Review
Give examples of animals that eat grass,
meat and animals that eat both plants
and meat.
What do you call these group of
animals?
Checking of Assignment
Drawings of animals that belong to the
herbivores, carnivores and omnivores
group.
Motivation
Do you know how animals protect
themselves in the environment where
they live?
How do animals adapt themselves in
very cold places? In the tropics? In very
hot place?
Presentation
Watch the video clip
Habitat and Adaptation
Group Presentation / Discussion
How do animals protect/adapt
themselves in their environment?
Concept Formation
Animals and plants are adapted to the
conditions of the habitats in which they
live.
Concept Formation
Animals depend on their physical
features to help them obtain food, keep
safe, build homes, withstand weather,
and attract mates. These physical
features are called physical adaptations.
They make it possible for the animal to
live in a particular place and in a
particular way.
Concept Formation
Examples of the basic adaptations
that help creatures survive:
• shape of a bird's beak,
• the number of fingers,
• colour of the fur,
• the thickness or thinness of the fur,
• the shape of the nose or ears
Concept Formation
Mimicry is adapting to look like
something else. An
example would be the
hawk moth as it looks
just like a dead leaf,
tattered and veined.
Concept Formation
Desert Conditions
The two main adaptations that desert
animals must make are how to deal with
lack of water and how to deal with extremes
in temperature. Many desert animals avoid
the heat of the desert by simply staying out
of it as much as possible.
Where do animals in the desert get
their water from?
Concept Formation
Since water is so scarce, most desert
animals get their water from the food they
eat: succulent plants, seeds, or the blood
and body tissues of their prey.
How do desert animals prevent water from
leaving their bodies?
Desert animals prevent water leaving
their bodies in a number of different ways.
Some, like kangaroo rats and lizards, live in
burrows which do not get too hot or too cold
and have more humid (damp) air inside.
Concept Formation
These animals stay in their burrows
during the hot days and emerge at night to
feed.
Other animals have bodies designed to
save water. Scorpions and wolf spiders
have a thick outer covering which reduces
moisture loss. The kidneys of desert
animals concentrate urine, so that they
excrete less water.
Concept Formation
Camels
Camels are herbivores; they eat desert
vegetation, such as grasses, herbs, and
leaves.
How do camels adapt to their
environment? Camels have many
adaptations that allow them to live
successfully in desert conditions. Deserts
are hot and dry. Winds blow sand all
around, so a camel has long eyelashes. It
has nostrils that can open and close.
Concept Formation
Why do camels have long eyelashes?
The long eyelashes keep sand out of
the camel's eyes.
Thick eyebrows shield the eyes from
the desert sun.
Concept Formation
Why does a camel have nostrils which
can close?
A camel’s nostrils can close so it
doesn't get sand up its nose.
Concept Formation
Other Adaptations:
1.A camel can go a week or more without
water, and they can last for several
months without food. They can drink up to
32 gallons (46 litres) of water at one
drinking session!
2. Camels store fat in the hump, not water.
The fat can be metabolised for energy.
Concept Formation
3. Unlike most mammals, a healthy camel's
body temperature fluctuates (changes)
throughout the day from 34°C to 41.7°C
(93°F-107°F.) This allows the camel to
conserve water by not sweating as the
environmental temperature rises.
4. Camels feet are wide so they can walk on
sand more easily. Their huge feet help
them to walk on sand without sinking into
it.
Concept Formation
5. Camels have thick lips so they can eat the
prickly desert plants with out feeling pain.
6. The colour of their bodies helps them to
blend into their environment.
7. Camel's ears are covered with hair, even
on the inside. The hair helps keep out
sand or dust that might blow into the
animal's ears.
Concept Formation
Desert Tortoise
1.The desert tortoise may be
active during the day or the
morning and evening depending on the
temperature.
2. The desert tortoise burrows under the
sand to protect itself from extreme desert
temperatures.
3. Adults can survive for about a year without
water. They are able to obtain water from
their diet.
Concept Formation
4. Tortoises can withdraw their head, legs,
and tail into the shell providing themselves
protection against predators.
5. To utilize the infrequent rainfalls, tortoises
dig shallow pits to catch the water. The
tortoises may be found waiting by these
areas when rain is in the forecast.
Concept Formation
Fennec Fox
1.Their large ears, which are
usually 6 inches long
(15 centimeters), help dissipate excess
body heat on hot days in the desert.
2. The fennec fox seems to be the only
carnivore living in the Sahara Desert able
to survive without free water.
Concept Formation
Their kidneys are adapted to restrict
water loss, their extensive burrowing may
cause the formation of dew, which can
then be consumed, and they will receive
moisture from the food that they eat.
3. Their burrowing and nocturnal lifestyle
helps restrict water loss.
4. Their thick fur helps insulate them from
the cold desert nights.
Concept Formation
5. Their sandy fur helps to reflect heat, and
also provides excellent camouflage.
6. Fennec foxes also have thick fur on the
soles of their feet, which insulate against
the hot sand of the desert. This extra fur
on the soles of their feet also affords them
excellent traction in the loose sand.
Concept Formation
Tropical Grassland (Savannas) Conditions
Predators need to be quick, powerful,
smart, and sneaky to bring down fast and alert
animals, like gazelles.
• Cheetahs are built to move fast. These
animals can reach speeds of up to 80 miles
an hour (129 kilometre per hour).
• Lions, sneak up on their prey. Sometimes
they will hunt with their pride and ambush
unsuspecting prey.
• Hyenas hunt in groups. They also scavenge
kills from other animals.
Concept Formation
Giraffe
Why are giraffes able to go
for long periods of time without
water?
A giraffe can consume up to 12 gallons
of water at one time when drinking from a
water hole. They also obtain water from the
dew on the leaves they eat and the water
contained in their food.
Concept Formation
How are their long necks adapted to their
lifestyle?
Their long necks allow them to feed
among treetops and spot predators.
What is special about a giraffe's heart?
Giraffes have an extra-large heart to
pump blood up their long necks to the brain.
A giraffe's heart is 2-3 times stronger than a
human heart.
Concept Formation
Why do giraffes have tough tongues?
Long, tough tongues enable the giraffe
to pull leaves from branches without being
hurt by the thorns during feeding. They have
prehensile tongues which allow them to hold
branches by wrapping their tongues around
the branches)
Their tongues are up to 18 inches long.
Concept Formation
Why do giraffes have a spots on their
fur?
Spotted coat camouflages giraffes
among the trees.
-To be continued…-

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2nd qtr 5 adaptation part 1

  • 1. How animals adapt to a particular environment for protection and survival Science V
  • 2. Review Give examples of animals that eat grass, meat and animals that eat both plants and meat. What do you call these group of animals?
  • 3. Checking of Assignment Drawings of animals that belong to the herbivores, carnivores and omnivores group.
  • 4. Motivation Do you know how animals protect themselves in the environment where they live? How do animals adapt themselves in very cold places? In the tropics? In very hot place?
  • 5. Presentation Watch the video clip Habitat and Adaptation
  • 6. Group Presentation / Discussion How do animals protect/adapt themselves in their environment?
  • 7. Concept Formation Animals and plants are adapted to the conditions of the habitats in which they live.
  • 8. Concept Formation Animals depend on their physical features to help them obtain food, keep safe, build homes, withstand weather, and attract mates. These physical features are called physical adaptations. They make it possible for the animal to live in a particular place and in a particular way.
  • 9. Concept Formation Examples of the basic adaptations that help creatures survive: • shape of a bird's beak, • the number of fingers, • colour of the fur, • the thickness or thinness of the fur, • the shape of the nose or ears
  • 10. Concept Formation Mimicry is adapting to look like something else. An example would be the hawk moth as it looks just like a dead leaf, tattered and veined.
  • 11. Concept Formation Desert Conditions The two main adaptations that desert animals must make are how to deal with lack of water and how to deal with extremes in temperature. Many desert animals avoid the heat of the desert by simply staying out of it as much as possible. Where do animals in the desert get their water from?
  • 12. Concept Formation Since water is so scarce, most desert animals get their water from the food they eat: succulent plants, seeds, or the blood and body tissues of their prey. How do desert animals prevent water from leaving their bodies? Desert animals prevent water leaving their bodies in a number of different ways. Some, like kangaroo rats and lizards, live in burrows which do not get too hot or too cold and have more humid (damp) air inside.
  • 13. Concept Formation These animals stay in their burrows during the hot days and emerge at night to feed. Other animals have bodies designed to save water. Scorpions and wolf spiders have a thick outer covering which reduces moisture loss. The kidneys of desert animals concentrate urine, so that they excrete less water.
  • 14. Concept Formation Camels Camels are herbivores; they eat desert vegetation, such as grasses, herbs, and leaves. How do camels adapt to their environment? Camels have many adaptations that allow them to live successfully in desert conditions. Deserts are hot and dry. Winds blow sand all around, so a camel has long eyelashes. It has nostrils that can open and close.
  • 15. Concept Formation Why do camels have long eyelashes? The long eyelashes keep sand out of the camel's eyes. Thick eyebrows shield the eyes from the desert sun.
  • 16. Concept Formation Why does a camel have nostrils which can close? A camel’s nostrils can close so it doesn't get sand up its nose.
  • 17. Concept Formation Other Adaptations: 1.A camel can go a week or more without water, and they can last for several months without food. They can drink up to 32 gallons (46 litres) of water at one drinking session! 2. Camels store fat in the hump, not water. The fat can be metabolised for energy.
  • 18. Concept Formation 3. Unlike most mammals, a healthy camel's body temperature fluctuates (changes) throughout the day from 34°C to 41.7°C (93°F-107°F.) This allows the camel to conserve water by not sweating as the environmental temperature rises. 4. Camels feet are wide so they can walk on sand more easily. Their huge feet help them to walk on sand without sinking into it.
  • 19. Concept Formation 5. Camels have thick lips so they can eat the prickly desert plants with out feeling pain. 6. The colour of their bodies helps them to blend into their environment. 7. Camel's ears are covered with hair, even on the inside. The hair helps keep out sand or dust that might blow into the animal's ears.
  • 20. Concept Formation Desert Tortoise 1.The desert tortoise may be active during the day or the morning and evening depending on the temperature. 2. The desert tortoise burrows under the sand to protect itself from extreme desert temperatures. 3. Adults can survive for about a year without water. They are able to obtain water from their diet.
  • 21. Concept Formation 4. Tortoises can withdraw their head, legs, and tail into the shell providing themselves protection against predators. 5. To utilize the infrequent rainfalls, tortoises dig shallow pits to catch the water. The tortoises may be found waiting by these areas when rain is in the forecast.
  • 22. Concept Formation Fennec Fox 1.Their large ears, which are usually 6 inches long (15 centimeters), help dissipate excess body heat on hot days in the desert. 2. The fennec fox seems to be the only carnivore living in the Sahara Desert able to survive without free water.
  • 23. Concept Formation Their kidneys are adapted to restrict water loss, their extensive burrowing may cause the formation of dew, which can then be consumed, and they will receive moisture from the food that they eat. 3. Their burrowing and nocturnal lifestyle helps restrict water loss. 4. Their thick fur helps insulate them from the cold desert nights.
  • 24. Concept Formation 5. Their sandy fur helps to reflect heat, and also provides excellent camouflage. 6. Fennec foxes also have thick fur on the soles of their feet, which insulate against the hot sand of the desert. This extra fur on the soles of their feet also affords them excellent traction in the loose sand.
  • 25. Concept Formation Tropical Grassland (Savannas) Conditions Predators need to be quick, powerful, smart, and sneaky to bring down fast and alert animals, like gazelles. • Cheetahs are built to move fast. These animals can reach speeds of up to 80 miles an hour (129 kilometre per hour). • Lions, sneak up on their prey. Sometimes they will hunt with their pride and ambush unsuspecting prey. • Hyenas hunt in groups. They also scavenge kills from other animals.
  • 26. Concept Formation Giraffe Why are giraffes able to go for long periods of time without water? A giraffe can consume up to 12 gallons of water at one time when drinking from a water hole. They also obtain water from the dew on the leaves they eat and the water contained in their food.
  • 27. Concept Formation How are their long necks adapted to their lifestyle? Their long necks allow them to feed among treetops and spot predators. What is special about a giraffe's heart? Giraffes have an extra-large heart to pump blood up their long necks to the brain. A giraffe's heart is 2-3 times stronger than a human heart.
  • 28. Concept Formation Why do giraffes have tough tongues? Long, tough tongues enable the giraffe to pull leaves from branches without being hurt by the thorns during feeding. They have prehensile tongues which allow them to hold branches by wrapping their tongues around the branches) Their tongues are up to 18 inches long.
  • 29. Concept Formation Why do giraffes have a spots on their fur? Spotted coat camouflages giraffes among the trees. -To be continued…-