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ANIMAL ADAPTATIONS
Animals adapt themselves to
their physical environment for
food getting, protection and
survival.
Adaptation is the ability of an
animal to adjust to its
environment.
HOW DO SOME ANIMALS GET THEIR FOOD
ANIMALS
FOOD THEY
EAT
BODY PARTS
USED IN
GETTING FOOD
Carabaos and
cow
grass
Flat wide teeth
for chewing
and grinding
grass
horses grass
Sharp-edged
upper teeth for
tearing grass
ANIMALS FOOD THEY
EAT
BODY PARTS
USED IN
GETTING FOOD
Giraffe grass
Long neck to
reach the
leaves on trees
Lions, tigers
and wolves
meat-eating
animals
Sharp –pointed
teeth to tear
meat and sharp
claws to catch
their prey.
ANIMALS FOOD THEY
EAT
BODY PARTS
USED IN
GETTING FOOD
man Plants and
meat
Sharp and flat
teeth
Hawks, eagles
and owls meat
Strong hooked
bills to catch
their prey
Pigeons and
hens seeds
Short beaks
adapted to
ANIMALS FOOD THEY
EAT
BODY PARTS
USED IN
GETTING FOOD
Pelicans and
seagulls fish
Large bills to
dive into water
to catch fish
Kingfishers and
herons fish
Long slender
beaks to catch
fish
Butterflies,
bees and
dragonflies
nectar
Proboscis to sip
nectar from
flowers
ANIMALS FOOD THEY
EAT
BODY PARTS
USED IN
GETTING FOOD
grasshopper grass
Mandible which
look like tiny
saw in their
mouth
Frogs and toads insects
Long sticky
tongue to catch
flying insects
Mosquitoes and
flies
blood
Sucking
mouthparts
used to suck
ADAPTATION FOR PROTECTION
Animals use different disguises or
camouflage for defence protection.
They also employ other methods to
evade their enemies.
Some animals blend their
colours and shape with their
environment. This disguise is called
protective coloration.
The stripes of zebra make it
difficult to see when the animals does
not move among the stems of plants.
Grasshoppers and caterpillar s
are hard to see when they are
underneath leaves. Their colours
blend with their surroundings.
Some animals look and move like
other animals. They copy the shape
and movement of other animals. This
disguise is called mimicry. Spiders
imitate the movements of ants to
show their enemies that they can bite
like ants.
Some animals uses special body
structure for self defence or
protection. A hard shell covering
called carapace protect the turtle,
snail and crab.
Clams and oysters have strong and
hard to open valves.
Dogs and wolves have canine which
are very sharp teeth for their
protection.
Elephants and rhinoceros have
tusks to protect themselves.
The skunk sprays a very bad-
smelled chemical when an enemy gets
close to it.
The eel and catfish possess slippery
skin which makes it difficult for the
enemies to catch them.
Crabs and scorpions use pincers to
attack their enemies.
Cheetahs have long legs which
make them the fastest running
animals.
ADAPTATION FOR SEASONAL
CHANGES
1. Migration – Birds fly across the sky in
flock and move from one place to
another in search of food and shelter.
This birds from north fly to south
during winter to keep themselves
warm. They also look for food and
find home for their young. During
spring they return back to the north to
rest and breed.
2. Hibernation
Some animals like squirrels dig
themselves a hole under the soil and
trees. Bears stay in a cave and sleep
there for a long time. Then, their
heartbeat and other bodily functions
slow down. This adaptation is called
hibernation. Frogs, toads and other
amphibians hibernate too. They rest
at the bottom of the ponds during
winter.
3. Estivation
The mudfish buries itself in the mud
during summer. It uses its stored fat
and gets air through the crack in the
soil. It lives there until the next rainy
season. The camel stores water in its
body. Thus, it can live in the desert for
so many days even without water.
This adaptation is called estivation.

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Animal adaptation

  • 1. ANIMAL ADAPTATIONS Animals adapt themselves to their physical environment for food getting, protection and survival. Adaptation is the ability of an animal to adjust to its environment.
  • 2. HOW DO SOME ANIMALS GET THEIR FOOD ANIMALS FOOD THEY EAT BODY PARTS USED IN GETTING FOOD Carabaos and cow grass Flat wide teeth for chewing and grinding grass horses grass Sharp-edged upper teeth for tearing grass
  • 3. ANIMALS FOOD THEY EAT BODY PARTS USED IN GETTING FOOD Giraffe grass Long neck to reach the leaves on trees Lions, tigers and wolves meat-eating animals Sharp –pointed teeth to tear meat and sharp claws to catch their prey.
  • 4. ANIMALS FOOD THEY EAT BODY PARTS USED IN GETTING FOOD man Plants and meat Sharp and flat teeth Hawks, eagles and owls meat Strong hooked bills to catch their prey Pigeons and hens seeds Short beaks adapted to
  • 5. ANIMALS FOOD THEY EAT BODY PARTS USED IN GETTING FOOD Pelicans and seagulls fish Large bills to dive into water to catch fish Kingfishers and herons fish Long slender beaks to catch fish Butterflies, bees and dragonflies nectar Proboscis to sip nectar from flowers
  • 6. ANIMALS FOOD THEY EAT BODY PARTS USED IN GETTING FOOD grasshopper grass Mandible which look like tiny saw in their mouth Frogs and toads insects Long sticky tongue to catch flying insects Mosquitoes and flies blood Sucking mouthparts used to suck
  • 7. ADAPTATION FOR PROTECTION Animals use different disguises or camouflage for defence protection. They also employ other methods to evade their enemies.
  • 8. Some animals blend their colours and shape with their environment. This disguise is called protective coloration. The stripes of zebra make it difficult to see when the animals does not move among the stems of plants.
  • 9. Grasshoppers and caterpillar s are hard to see when they are underneath leaves. Their colours blend with their surroundings.
  • 10. Some animals look and move like other animals. They copy the shape and movement of other animals. This disguise is called mimicry. Spiders imitate the movements of ants to show their enemies that they can bite like ants.
  • 11. Some animals uses special body structure for self defence or protection. A hard shell covering called carapace protect the turtle, snail and crab. Clams and oysters have strong and hard to open valves.
  • 12. Dogs and wolves have canine which are very sharp teeth for their protection. Elephants and rhinoceros have tusks to protect themselves.
  • 13. The skunk sprays a very bad- smelled chemical when an enemy gets close to it. The eel and catfish possess slippery skin which makes it difficult for the enemies to catch them.
  • 14. Crabs and scorpions use pincers to attack their enemies. Cheetahs have long legs which make them the fastest running animals.
  • 15. ADAPTATION FOR SEASONAL CHANGES 1. Migration – Birds fly across the sky in flock and move from one place to another in search of food and shelter. This birds from north fly to south during winter to keep themselves warm. They also look for food and find home for their young. During spring they return back to the north to rest and breed.
  • 16. 2. Hibernation Some animals like squirrels dig themselves a hole under the soil and trees. Bears stay in a cave and sleep there for a long time. Then, their heartbeat and other bodily functions slow down. This adaptation is called hibernation. Frogs, toads and other amphibians hibernate too. They rest at the bottom of the ponds during winter.
  • 17. 3. Estivation The mudfish buries itself in the mud during summer. It uses its stored fat and gets air through the crack in the soil. It lives there until the next rainy season. The camel stores water in its body. Thus, it can live in the desert for so many days even without water. This adaptation is called estivation.