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Religions and 
Belief Systems
Today’s Question: What 
do you already know 
about religion? 
 How many religions can you 
name? 
 What is the most widely 
practiced religion?
RELIGION 
 Religions and belief systems 
are important parts of 
cultures around the world. 
 A religion is a set of beliefs 
and practices that is often 
focused on one or more 
deities, or gods. 
 Major world religions 
include Christianity, 
Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, 
Judaism, and Sikhism.
Monotheistic 
 Beliefs in one deity. 
 Examples: Christianity, Islam, 
and Judaism.
Polytheistic 
 Have many deities. 
 Example: Hinduism
All Religions 
 Have a set of basic beliefs. 
 Scriptures (sacred texts) that 
communicate the beliefs of a 
religion. 
 Bible-Christianity; Koran-Islam; 
Torah-Judaism 
 Code of conduct, or beliefs 
about right and wrong.
Spread of Religions 
 Have spread by trade and 
migration. 
 Also by missionaries.
Spread of Religion 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bd5hvXgI_bQ
6 Major Religions
World Religions
Buddhism 
 Founder: Siddhartha Gautama, the 
Buddha. 
 Followers: 4 million 
 Basic Beliefs: People reach 
enlightenment, or wisdom, by 
following the Eightfold Path and 
understanding the Four Noble 
Truths.
2.3.2 Religions and Belief Systems
Hinduism 
 Founder: Unknown 
 Followers: 860 million 
 Basic Beliefs: Souls continue to be 
reborn. The cycle of rebirth ends 
only when the soul achieves 
enlightenment, or freedom from 
earthly desires.
2.3.2 Religions and Belief Systems
Christianity 
 Founder: Jesus of Nazareth 
 Followers: 2.3 billion 
 Basic Beliefs: There is one God, 
and Jesus is the only Son of God. 
Jesus was crucified but was 
resurrected. Followers reach 
salvation by following the 
teachings of Jesus.
2.3.2 Religions and Belief Systems
Islam 
 Founder: The Prophet Muhammad 
 Followers: 1.6 billion 
 Basic Beliefs: There is one God. 
Followers must follow the Five Pillars 
of Islam in order to achieve 
salvation.
2.3.2 Religions and Belief Systems
Judaism 
 Founder: Abraham 
 Followers: 15 million 
 Basic Beliefs: There is one God. 
People serve God by living 
according to his teachings. God 
handed down the Ten 
Commandments to guide human 
behavior.
2.3.2 Religions and Belief Systems
Sikhism 
 Founder: Guru Nanak 
 Followers: 25 million 
 Basic Beliefs: There is one God. 
Souls are reborn. The goal is to 
achieve union with God, which a 
person does by acting selflessly, 
meditating, and helping others.
2.3.2 Religions and Belief Systems
Explanation of the 6 Religions 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PHlykGFCSJw 8:10

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2.3.2 Religions and Belief Systems

  • 2. Today’s Question: What do you already know about religion?  How many religions can you name?  What is the most widely practiced religion?
  • 3. RELIGION  Religions and belief systems are important parts of cultures around the world.  A religion is a set of beliefs and practices that is often focused on one or more deities, or gods.  Major world religions include Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Judaism, and Sikhism.
  • 4. Monotheistic  Beliefs in one deity.  Examples: Christianity, Islam, and Judaism.
  • 5. Polytheistic  Have many deities.  Example: Hinduism
  • 6. All Religions  Have a set of basic beliefs.  Scriptures (sacred texts) that communicate the beliefs of a religion.  Bible-Christianity; Koran-Islam; Torah-Judaism  Code of conduct, or beliefs about right and wrong.
  • 7. Spread of Religions  Have spread by trade and migration.  Also by missionaries.
  • 8. Spread of Religion https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bd5hvXgI_bQ
  • 11. Buddhism  Founder: Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha.  Followers: 4 million  Basic Beliefs: People reach enlightenment, or wisdom, by following the Eightfold Path and understanding the Four Noble Truths.
  • 13. Hinduism  Founder: Unknown  Followers: 860 million  Basic Beliefs: Souls continue to be reborn. The cycle of rebirth ends only when the soul achieves enlightenment, or freedom from earthly desires.
  • 15. Christianity  Founder: Jesus of Nazareth  Followers: 2.3 billion  Basic Beliefs: There is one God, and Jesus is the only Son of God. Jesus was crucified but was resurrected. Followers reach salvation by following the teachings of Jesus.
  • 17. Islam  Founder: The Prophet Muhammad  Followers: 1.6 billion  Basic Beliefs: There is one God. Followers must follow the Five Pillars of Islam in order to achieve salvation.
  • 19. Judaism  Founder: Abraham  Followers: 15 million  Basic Beliefs: There is one God. People serve God by living according to his teachings. God handed down the Ten Commandments to guide human behavior.
  • 21. Sikhism  Founder: Guru Nanak  Followers: 25 million  Basic Beliefs: There is one God. Souls are reborn. The goal is to achieve union with God, which a person does by acting selflessly, meditating, and helping others.
  • 23. Explanation of the 6 Religions https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PHlykGFCSJw 8:10