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Framework for making strategic choices about IFAD
operations in a country, for identifying
opportunities for IFAD financing, and for facilitating
management for results.
Central objective: Ensure IFAD country operations
produce a positive impact on poverty
To ensure strong country ownership: wide
stakeholders consultation and alignment with
country’s poverty reduction strategy and planning
framework
COSOP 2011-2015
COSOP 2011-2015
IFAD comparative advantage at country level:
• Supporting improved food security
• Improving livelihood of beneficiaries through
participatory approach
• Enhancing leverage by building responsive institutional
partnerships
• Utilizing its capacity to target poor and vulnerable
groups in rural areas
• Maintaining close partnerships with national and local
Government
COSOP Goal
To ensure that the rural poor have more choices
for sustainable food security and economic
livelihoods
COSOP 2011-2015
COSOP 2011-2015
SO1 - Community-based improved access to, and management
of, land and natural resources
Outcomes:
 Producer interest groups empowered to protect land and
natural resources;
 Producer interest groups plan and oversee non-timber forest
products domestication/harvesting
 Village-based forest management plans elaborated through
community-based approaches
 Improved sub-catchment planning improve sustainable access
to and use of water (HHs and production)
 Effective forest restoration and catchment protection realized
COSOP 2011-2015
Outcomes achieved through:
Support to improve tenure security
Support to producer interest groups
NTFP resource assessment
Village water planning, promotion of simple
options for water harvesting
COSOP 2011-2015
Development of partnerships to enhance
impact
Provision of technical assistance to partners
Develop synergies with on-going initiatives
COSOP 2011-2015
SO2 - Sustainable, adaptive and integrated
farming systems developed
Outcomes:
Increased sustainable production through
effective use of integrated agricultural systems
Improved nutritional balance among poor HHs
Improved resilience and adaptability to
climatic variability, pest and disease outbreaks
COSOP 2011-2015
Outcomes achieved through:
 Promotion of integrated production systems inclusive
of HH gardens, livestock, aquaculture, cropping,
reliance on NTFPs
 Diversified crop portfolios
 Simple sloping land conservation practices
 Availability of improved genetic material (seeds and
breeds)
 Promotion of small-scale irrigation and water
harvesting techniques at community level
 Improved post-harvest management of products
COSOP 2011-2015
Build capacity and technical know-how and
promote approaches to help transform
traditional farming practices into integrated
farming systems (NAFRI, NAFES, PAFO, DAFO
as well as individual farmers, service delivery
agencies, and private sector)
COSOP 2011-2015
SO3 - Linkages to Markets
Outcomes:
Improved incomes and benefit flows from
enhanced access to functioning value chains
Village-based production groups in charge of
production, marketing, conservation, and
advocacy efforts
Develop local value added opportunities
Improved technical, marketing, financial support
for production groups
COSOP 2011-2015
Outcomes achieved through:
 Farmers’ organizations (focal points for technical
services delivery; advocacy bodies; vehicles to link
production with markets)
 Promotion of forward contracts (access to finance,
linkages producers/traders)
 Improve distribution of village-based production/value-
added products for local/regional markets
 Commercial financing of trade and investment through
farmers’ organizations
 Road infrastructure from villages to key trading points
COSOP 2011-2015
Cross-cutting issues:
Capacity building of beneficiaries and service
providers
Sensitive and appropriate engagement with
ethnic groups
Fostering engagements with women
Strategic infrastructure related to farming
systems and markets
Formation of farmers and producers common
interest groups
Resilience and adaptation to climate change
COSOP 2011-2015
Opportunities for Innovation and Scaling-Up
Land tenure
Agreements on improved access to NFTPs
Integrated farming systems
Improved access to markets through
integrated and enhanced value chains
COSOP 2011-2015
Targeting Strategy
Ethnically diverse groups of poor HHs in rural
areas with a focus on:
Highly vulnerable food-insecure HHs (>4
months)
Poor HHs moderately food-insecure but with
great potential to access markets
COSOP 2011-2015
Policy Dialogue
Development of farmers’ organizations
Formal recognition of communal tenure
Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on rural
poverty
Enhancing farming communities to further
engage in agricultural extension
COSOP 2011-2015
COSOP aligned with 7th National Social and
Economic Development Plan and IFAD goal
COSOP indicators not always supported by any
underlying measurement system to measure
progress against SOs
Significant differences in Logframe structures
(indicators organized in 2, 3, 4 levels of results)
COSOP 2011-2015
Corporate indicators
COSOP
indicators
Indicators and targets at project level
FNML SSSJ SNRMP
People moved out of poverty -----
12,000 HH lifted out
of poverty (each HH
with a per capita
income of USD190 per
annum)
Progress in achieving the
MDG No. 1 by 2015 in the
two provinces (reducing
poverty rates by at least
5%)
Household asset ownership index -----
6,000 HH with an
assets index of at least
0.3
20% increase in income
and in the ownership of
household assets
Rural incomes have
increased by 25%
from 2008
Level of child malnutrition,
disaggregated for girls and boys
-----
Child malnutrition at
least 10% better than
the national average
and 35% or lower
20% reduction in child
malnutrition
Incidence of rural
malnutrition has
dropped by 50%
over 2008
Length of hungry season -----
6,000 HH with
improved food
security (measured as
a HFIAS score of 7.0 or
lower)
At least 35% households
with improved food
security
COSOP 2011-2015
IFAD's Strategic Objectives and areas of thematic focus COSOP
Investment projects
FNML SSSJ SNRMP
SO1: Increase rural people's productive capacities
1. Access to natural resources X (x) (x) X
2. Access to agricultural technologies and production services X X X X
3. Inclusive financial services (x) X --- ---
4. Nutrition (x) X --- ---
SO2: Increase rural people’s benefits from market participation
1. Diversified rural enterprise and employment opportunities X X X X
2. Rural investment environment (x) (x) --- X
3. Rural producer organizations X X X X
4. Rural infrastructure X X X (x)
SO3: Strengthen the environmental sustainability and climate
resilience of rural people’s economic activities
1. Environmental sustainability X --- --- X
2. Climate change adaptation and mitigation (x) X --- ---
COSOP 2011-2015
Implementation Arrangements
 Decentralization of Project Management ;
 Sustainability post-project completion;
 Ownership by locals increased;
 Need to implement strong capacity building
programs to enhance skills (local authorities,
local service providers, local management
teams)
Key Issues
Flow of Funds
Increase responsibility and accountancy at
local level;
Need for shortening the decision process
(planning, approval, disbursement);
Need for simple procedures, checks and
balances, capacity building at local level
Key Issues
Activities
 Improve synergy between activities (Livelihood
Initiative for Nutrition under SSSJ);
 Abandon “one size fits all” approach but respond to
village/beneficiary needs through differentiated
approaches;
 Improve cost per beneficiary ratio/cost efficiency of
activities complemented by a proper MIS;
 Improve access to finance;
 Improve local capacity to implement and monitor pro-
poor development projects
Key Issues
M&E - MIS
Improve reliability, consistency and
functionality of meaningful MIS and M&E
systems;
Ensure use of performance data for project
steering;
Monitor few relevant key indicators for results
and impact of program’s activities
Key Issues
Knowledge Management
Further disseminate successful experiences
and lessons learned throughout the portfolio;
Develop learning events/routes at national
and regional levels;
Ensure further participation in sectoral
working groups (agriculture, rural
development, rural finance)
Key Issues
Alignment on 8th NSEDP
COSOP 2016-2020
 Enhanceeffectivenessof public governanceandadministration
Outcome1- Sustainedinclusive
economic growthwitheconomic
vulnerability(EVI)reducedand
consolidatedfinancial,legaland
humanresourcesto supportgrowth
Outcome2- Humandevelopmentenhancedandachievementof SDGsenabled
throughtheprovisionanduseof serviceswhicharebalancedgeographicallyand
distributedbetweensocialgroupswithprotectionanddevelopmentof Lao
culture,politicalstability,peace,order,justiceandtransparency
Outcome3- Reducedeffectsof
naturalshocksandclimatechangeand
sustainablemanagementof natural
resources
Cross-cutting Themes
 Localinnovationandutilizationof science,technologyandtelecommunications
 Promotegenderequality,andservicesto JuvenilesandYouth
OverallObjective: Reducedpoverty,graduationfromLeast
DevelopedCountryStatuswithsustainedandinclusivegrowth
throughpromotionof nationalpotentialandcomparative
advantages,effectivemanagementandutilizationof natural
resourcesandstronginternationalintegration
Alignment on MAF Agricultural Development Strategy 2020
Objective: Ensuring food security, producing comparative and
competitive potential agricultural commodities, developing
clean, safe and sustainable agriculture and shift gradually to the
modernization of a resilient and productive agriculture economy,
linking with rural development contributing to the national
economic basis.
Goal 1: Ensure nutrition and food security
Goal 2: Moving towards commercial agriculture with improved
access to markets and with improvement of farmers- groups,
producers and agriculture processing association
COSOP 2016-2020
Current projects:
SSSJ. (i) Integrated farming systems - (ii) Linkages to
markets. Ending 2017
FNML. (i) Food security and pro-poor market access
- (ii) Inclusive rural finance - (iii) Smallholder
adaptation to climate change. Ending 2019.
GASFP. (i) Food security and nutrition for rural
households - (ii) Climate change resilience. Ending
2021.
Livestock project. (i) Inclusive rural finance. Ending
2021.
COSOP 2016-2020
Upscaling: Nutrition; PPPPs benefiting poor
farmers; value chains; village development fund;
livestock health management….
Further improve synergies between programmes
New opportunities: Farmer Field Schools;
involvement of private sector; farmers’ groups;
ASEAN
Crop & Livestock products: NTFS/agro-diversity
products; organic products; value adding activities
at village level; storage; new cash crops
COSOP 2016-2020

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12 presentation cosop

  • 1. Framework for making strategic choices about IFAD operations in a country, for identifying opportunities for IFAD financing, and for facilitating management for results. Central objective: Ensure IFAD country operations produce a positive impact on poverty To ensure strong country ownership: wide stakeholders consultation and alignment with country’s poverty reduction strategy and planning framework COSOP 2011-2015
  • 2. COSOP 2011-2015 IFAD comparative advantage at country level: • Supporting improved food security • Improving livelihood of beneficiaries through participatory approach • Enhancing leverage by building responsive institutional partnerships • Utilizing its capacity to target poor and vulnerable groups in rural areas • Maintaining close partnerships with national and local Government
  • 3. COSOP Goal To ensure that the rural poor have more choices for sustainable food security and economic livelihoods COSOP 2011-2015
  • 5. SO1 - Community-based improved access to, and management of, land and natural resources Outcomes:  Producer interest groups empowered to protect land and natural resources;  Producer interest groups plan and oversee non-timber forest products domestication/harvesting  Village-based forest management plans elaborated through community-based approaches  Improved sub-catchment planning improve sustainable access to and use of water (HHs and production)  Effective forest restoration and catchment protection realized COSOP 2011-2015
  • 6. Outcomes achieved through: Support to improve tenure security Support to producer interest groups NTFP resource assessment Village water planning, promotion of simple options for water harvesting COSOP 2011-2015
  • 7. Development of partnerships to enhance impact Provision of technical assistance to partners Develop synergies with on-going initiatives COSOP 2011-2015
  • 8. SO2 - Sustainable, adaptive and integrated farming systems developed Outcomes: Increased sustainable production through effective use of integrated agricultural systems Improved nutritional balance among poor HHs Improved resilience and adaptability to climatic variability, pest and disease outbreaks COSOP 2011-2015
  • 9. Outcomes achieved through:  Promotion of integrated production systems inclusive of HH gardens, livestock, aquaculture, cropping, reliance on NTFPs  Diversified crop portfolios  Simple sloping land conservation practices  Availability of improved genetic material (seeds and breeds)  Promotion of small-scale irrigation and water harvesting techniques at community level  Improved post-harvest management of products COSOP 2011-2015
  • 10. Build capacity and technical know-how and promote approaches to help transform traditional farming practices into integrated farming systems (NAFRI, NAFES, PAFO, DAFO as well as individual farmers, service delivery agencies, and private sector) COSOP 2011-2015
  • 11. SO3 - Linkages to Markets Outcomes: Improved incomes and benefit flows from enhanced access to functioning value chains Village-based production groups in charge of production, marketing, conservation, and advocacy efforts Develop local value added opportunities Improved technical, marketing, financial support for production groups COSOP 2011-2015
  • 12. Outcomes achieved through:  Farmers’ organizations (focal points for technical services delivery; advocacy bodies; vehicles to link production with markets)  Promotion of forward contracts (access to finance, linkages producers/traders)  Improve distribution of village-based production/value- added products for local/regional markets  Commercial financing of trade and investment through farmers’ organizations  Road infrastructure from villages to key trading points COSOP 2011-2015
  • 13. Cross-cutting issues: Capacity building of beneficiaries and service providers Sensitive and appropriate engagement with ethnic groups Fostering engagements with women Strategic infrastructure related to farming systems and markets Formation of farmers and producers common interest groups Resilience and adaptation to climate change COSOP 2011-2015
  • 14. Opportunities for Innovation and Scaling-Up Land tenure Agreements on improved access to NFTPs Integrated farming systems Improved access to markets through integrated and enhanced value chains COSOP 2011-2015
  • 15. Targeting Strategy Ethnically diverse groups of poor HHs in rural areas with a focus on: Highly vulnerable food-insecure HHs (>4 months) Poor HHs moderately food-insecure but with great potential to access markets COSOP 2011-2015
  • 16. Policy Dialogue Development of farmers’ organizations Formal recognition of communal tenure Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on rural poverty Enhancing farming communities to further engage in agricultural extension COSOP 2011-2015
  • 17. COSOP aligned with 7th National Social and Economic Development Plan and IFAD goal COSOP indicators not always supported by any underlying measurement system to measure progress against SOs Significant differences in Logframe structures (indicators organized in 2, 3, 4 levels of results) COSOP 2011-2015
  • 18. Corporate indicators COSOP indicators Indicators and targets at project level FNML SSSJ SNRMP People moved out of poverty ----- 12,000 HH lifted out of poverty (each HH with a per capita income of USD190 per annum) Progress in achieving the MDG No. 1 by 2015 in the two provinces (reducing poverty rates by at least 5%) Household asset ownership index ----- 6,000 HH with an assets index of at least 0.3 20% increase in income and in the ownership of household assets Rural incomes have increased by 25% from 2008 Level of child malnutrition, disaggregated for girls and boys ----- Child malnutrition at least 10% better than the national average and 35% or lower 20% reduction in child malnutrition Incidence of rural malnutrition has dropped by 50% over 2008 Length of hungry season ----- 6,000 HH with improved food security (measured as a HFIAS score of 7.0 or lower) At least 35% households with improved food security COSOP 2011-2015
  • 19. IFAD's Strategic Objectives and areas of thematic focus COSOP Investment projects FNML SSSJ SNRMP SO1: Increase rural people's productive capacities 1. Access to natural resources X (x) (x) X 2. Access to agricultural technologies and production services X X X X 3. Inclusive financial services (x) X --- --- 4. Nutrition (x) X --- --- SO2: Increase rural people’s benefits from market participation 1. Diversified rural enterprise and employment opportunities X X X X 2. Rural investment environment (x) (x) --- X 3. Rural producer organizations X X X X 4. Rural infrastructure X X X (x) SO3: Strengthen the environmental sustainability and climate resilience of rural people’s economic activities 1. Environmental sustainability X --- --- X 2. Climate change adaptation and mitigation (x) X --- --- COSOP 2011-2015
  • 20. Implementation Arrangements  Decentralization of Project Management ;  Sustainability post-project completion;  Ownership by locals increased;  Need to implement strong capacity building programs to enhance skills (local authorities, local service providers, local management teams) Key Issues
  • 21. Flow of Funds Increase responsibility and accountancy at local level; Need for shortening the decision process (planning, approval, disbursement); Need for simple procedures, checks and balances, capacity building at local level Key Issues
  • 22. Activities  Improve synergy between activities (Livelihood Initiative for Nutrition under SSSJ);  Abandon “one size fits all” approach but respond to village/beneficiary needs through differentiated approaches;  Improve cost per beneficiary ratio/cost efficiency of activities complemented by a proper MIS;  Improve access to finance;  Improve local capacity to implement and monitor pro- poor development projects Key Issues
  • 23. M&E - MIS Improve reliability, consistency and functionality of meaningful MIS and M&E systems; Ensure use of performance data for project steering; Monitor few relevant key indicators for results and impact of program’s activities Key Issues
  • 24. Knowledge Management Further disseminate successful experiences and lessons learned throughout the portfolio; Develop learning events/routes at national and regional levels; Ensure further participation in sectoral working groups (agriculture, rural development, rural finance) Key Issues
  • 25. Alignment on 8th NSEDP COSOP 2016-2020  Enhanceeffectivenessof public governanceandadministration Outcome1- Sustainedinclusive economic growthwitheconomic vulnerability(EVI)reducedand consolidatedfinancial,legaland humanresourcesto supportgrowth Outcome2- Humandevelopmentenhancedandachievementof SDGsenabled throughtheprovisionanduseof serviceswhicharebalancedgeographicallyand distributedbetweensocialgroupswithprotectionanddevelopmentof Lao culture,politicalstability,peace,order,justiceandtransparency Outcome3- Reducedeffectsof naturalshocksandclimatechangeand sustainablemanagementof natural resources Cross-cutting Themes  Localinnovationandutilizationof science,technologyandtelecommunications  Promotegenderequality,andservicesto JuvenilesandYouth OverallObjective: Reducedpoverty,graduationfromLeast DevelopedCountryStatuswithsustainedandinclusivegrowth throughpromotionof nationalpotentialandcomparative advantages,effectivemanagementandutilizationof natural resourcesandstronginternationalintegration
  • 26. Alignment on MAF Agricultural Development Strategy 2020 Objective: Ensuring food security, producing comparative and competitive potential agricultural commodities, developing clean, safe and sustainable agriculture and shift gradually to the modernization of a resilient and productive agriculture economy, linking with rural development contributing to the national economic basis. Goal 1: Ensure nutrition and food security Goal 2: Moving towards commercial agriculture with improved access to markets and with improvement of farmers- groups, producers and agriculture processing association COSOP 2016-2020
  • 27. Current projects: SSSJ. (i) Integrated farming systems - (ii) Linkages to markets. Ending 2017 FNML. (i) Food security and pro-poor market access - (ii) Inclusive rural finance - (iii) Smallholder adaptation to climate change. Ending 2019. GASFP. (i) Food security and nutrition for rural households - (ii) Climate change resilience. Ending 2021. Livestock project. (i) Inclusive rural finance. Ending 2021. COSOP 2016-2020
  • 28. Upscaling: Nutrition; PPPPs benefiting poor farmers; value chains; village development fund; livestock health management…. Further improve synergies between programmes New opportunities: Farmer Field Schools; involvement of private sector; farmers’ groups; ASEAN Crop & Livestock products: NTFS/agro-diversity products; organic products; value adding activities at village level; storage; new cash crops COSOP 2016-2020