SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Exercise & range of motion exercise

this topic deals with the exercise, various types of exercise, advantages of exercise and how to perform range of motion exercises.

1 of 31
Download to read offline
By
Mr. M. Shivanandha Reddy
EXERCISE - Definition
Exercise is physical activity for
conditioning the body, improving health,
and maintaining fitness.
Benefits of Physical Exercise
1. Improved cardiopulmonary function
2. Reduced blood pressure
3. Increased muscle tone and strength
4. Greater physical endurance
5. Increased weight loss
6. Reduced blood glucose level
Benefits of Physical Exercise
7. Decreased low-density blood lipids
8. Improved physical appearance
9. Increased bone density
10.Regularity of bowel elimination
11. Promotion of sleep
12.Reduced tension and depression
CLASSIFICATION OF EXERCISE
EXERCISE
BASED ON
MUSCLE
CONTRACTION
ISOTONIC
ISOMETRIC
ISOKINETIC
BASED ON
SOURCE OF
ENERGY
ACTIVE
PASSIVE
BASED ON MUSCLE CONTRACTION
Isotonic exercise :
cause muscle contraction and active movement.
Example: walking, aerobics, moving arms &
Legs.
Isometric exercise:
tightening or tensing of muscles without
shortening (there is no movement). This
increases muscle tension but do not change
the length of muscle fibers.
Example: contraction of gluteal muscles.

Recommended

Range of motion exercises
Range of motion exercisesRange of motion exercises
Range of motion exercisesNiju Joy
 
Principles of body mechanics
Principles of body mechanicsPrinciples of body mechanics
Principles of body mechanicsSiva Nanda Reddy
 
Back care in nursing
Back care in nursing Back care in nursing
Back care in nursing anjalatchi
 
Range of motion exercises &
Range of motion exercises &Range of motion exercises &
Range of motion exercises &Nikita Sharma
 
Care of an unconcious patient
Care of an unconcious patientCare of an unconcious patient
Care of an unconcious patientJyoti Gaver
 

More Related Content

What's hot (20)

Back care procedure
Back care procedureBack care procedure
Back care procedure
 
Deep breathing and coughing exercises
Deep breathing and coughing exercisesDeep breathing and coughing exercises
Deep breathing and coughing exercises
 
Surgical hand washing
Surgical hand washingSurgical hand washing
Surgical hand washing
 
Hot & Cold Application
Hot & Cold ApplicationHot & Cold Application
Hot & Cold Application
 
Body mechanics
Body mechanicsBody mechanics
Body mechanics
 
Cold applications
Cold applicationsCold applications
Cold applications
 
Nasogastric tube feeding
Nasogastric tube feedingNasogastric tube feeding
Nasogastric tube feeding
 
Nursing management of pain
Nursing management of painNursing management of pain
Nursing management of pain
 
oxygen administration procedure
oxygen administration procedureoxygen administration procedure
oxygen administration procedure
 
Physical assessment
Physical assessmentPhysical assessment
Physical assessment
 
Mobility and immobility
Mobility  and  immobilityMobility  and  immobility
Mobility and immobility
 
Bed making procedure
Bed making procedure Bed making procedure
Bed making procedure
 
steam inhalation ppt
steam inhalation pptsteam inhalation ppt
steam inhalation ppt
 
Ambulation
AmbulationAmbulation
Ambulation
 
Bed making
Bed makingBed making
Bed making
 
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation(cpr)
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation(cpr)Cardiopulmonary resuscitation(cpr)
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation(cpr)
 
Comfort Devices
Comfort DevicesComfort Devices
Comfort Devices
 
Sleep & rest
Sleep & restSleep & rest
Sleep & rest
 
Hot and cold application
Hot and cold applicationHot and cold application
Hot and cold application
 
Care of dying patient
Care of dying patientCare of dying patient
Care of dying patient
 

Similar to Exercise & range of motion exercise

exerciserom12-9-14-150627115548-lva1-app6892.pptx
exerciserom12-9-14-150627115548-lva1-app6892.pptxexerciserom12-9-14-150627115548-lva1-app6892.pptx
exerciserom12-9-14-150627115548-lva1-app6892.pptxpoornima884404
 
Exercise & rom exercise
Exercise & rom exerciseExercise & rom exercise
Exercise & rom exerciseKHyati CHaudhari
 
Exercise.pptx
Exercise.pptxExercise.pptx
Exercise.pptxshiwani88
 
Unit 16. Exercise.pptx
Unit 16. Exercise.pptxUnit 16. Exercise.pptx
Unit 16. Exercise.pptxshiwani88
 
Exercise, Transfers & Ambulation
Exercise, Transfers & AmbulationExercise, Transfers & Ambulation
Exercise, Transfers & AmbulationFrank Smith
 
NurseReview.Org - Exercise Transfers & Ambulation
NurseReview.Org - Exercise Transfers & AmbulationNurseReview.Org - Exercise Transfers & Ambulation
NurseReview.Org - Exercise Transfers & AmbulationNurse ReviewDotOrg
 
Exercise_Transfers_&_Ambulation.ppt
Exercise_Transfers_&_Ambulation.pptExercise_Transfers_&_Ambulation.ppt
Exercise_Transfers_&_Ambulation.pptMohammedAbdela7
 
Exercise and range of motion exercises
Exercise and range of motion exercisesExercise and range of motion exercises
Exercise and range of motion exercisesArifa T N
 
RANGE OF MOTION PT.pptx
RANGE OF MOTION PT.pptxRANGE OF MOTION PT.pptx
RANGE OF MOTION PT.pptxoreo2888
 
ACTIVITY AND EXERCISE NURSING FOUNDATION OF NURSING
ACTIVITY AND EXERCISE NURSING FOUNDATION OF NURSINGACTIVITY AND EXERCISE NURSING FOUNDATION OF NURSING
ACTIVITY AND EXERCISE NURSING FOUNDATION OF NURSINGKrishna Gandhi
 
Terminology of movement in anatomy, flexion extension hyperextension, adducti...
Terminology of movement in anatomy, flexion extension hyperextension, adducti...Terminology of movement in anatomy, flexion extension hyperextension, adducti...
Terminology of movement in anatomy, flexion extension hyperextension, adducti...Dr Shahid Alam
 
Functional training for running
Functional training for runningFunctional training for running
Functional training for runningMax Icardi
 

Similar to Exercise & range of motion exercise (20)

exerciserom12-9-14-150627115548-lva1-app6892.pptx
exerciserom12-9-14-150627115548-lva1-app6892.pptxexerciserom12-9-14-150627115548-lva1-app6892.pptx
exerciserom12-9-14-150627115548-lva1-app6892.pptx
 
Exercise & rom exercise
Exercise & rom exerciseExercise & rom exercise
Exercise & rom exercise
 
ROM.pdf
ROM.pdfROM.pdf
ROM.pdf
 
Exercise.pptx
Exercise.pptxExercise.pptx
Exercise.pptx
 
Unit 16. Exercise.pptx
Unit 16. Exercise.pptxUnit 16. Exercise.pptx
Unit 16. Exercise.pptx
 
Exercise, Transfers & Ambulation
Exercise, Transfers & AmbulationExercise, Transfers & Ambulation
Exercise, Transfers & Ambulation
 
NurseReview.Org - Exercise Transfers & Ambulation
NurseReview.Org - Exercise Transfers & AmbulationNurseReview.Org - Exercise Transfers & Ambulation
NurseReview.Org - Exercise Transfers & Ambulation
 
Range of Motions
Range of MotionsRange of Motions
Range of Motions
 
Range of motion exercises
Range of motion exercises Range of motion exercises
Range of motion exercises
 
Exercise
ExerciseExercise
Exercise
 
Exercise_Transfers_&_Ambulation.ppt
Exercise_Transfers_&_Ambulation.pptExercise_Transfers_&_Ambulation.ppt
Exercise_Transfers_&_Ambulation.ppt
 
ROM exercises.pptx
ROM exercises.pptxROM exercises.pptx
ROM exercises.pptx
 
exercise.pptx
exercise.pptxexercise.pptx
exercise.pptx
 
Exercise and range of motion exercises
Exercise and range of motion exercisesExercise and range of motion exercises
Exercise and range of motion exercises
 
Tahrima.pdf
Tahrima.pdfTahrima.pdf
Tahrima.pdf
 
RANGE OF MOTION PT.pptx
RANGE OF MOTION PT.pptxRANGE OF MOTION PT.pptx
RANGE OF MOTION PT.pptx
 
ACTIVITY AND EXERCISE NURSING FOUNDATION OF NURSING
ACTIVITY AND EXERCISE NURSING FOUNDATION OF NURSINGACTIVITY AND EXERCISE NURSING FOUNDATION OF NURSING
ACTIVITY AND EXERCISE NURSING FOUNDATION OF NURSING
 
Terminology of movement in anatomy, flexion extension hyperextension, adducti...
Terminology of movement in anatomy, flexion extension hyperextension, adducti...Terminology of movement in anatomy, flexion extension hyperextension, adducti...
Terminology of movement in anatomy, flexion extension hyperextension, adducti...
 
Activity And Exercise
Activity And ExerciseActivity And Exercise
Activity And Exercise
 
Functional training for running
Functional training for runningFunctional training for running
Functional training for running
 

More from Siva Nanda Reddy

More from Siva Nanda Reddy (20)

NABH-Nursing resource management
NABH-Nursing resource managementNABH-Nursing resource management
NABH-Nursing resource management
 
Medical Terminology
Medical TerminologyMedical Terminology
Medical Terminology
 
Systemic lupus
Systemic lupusSystemic lupus
Systemic lupus
 
Skin cancers
Skin cancersSkin cancers
Skin cancers
 
Psoriasis
PsoriasisPsoriasis
Psoriasis
 
Pruritis or itching
Pruritis or itchingPruritis or itching
Pruritis or itching
 
Phemphigus
PhemphigusPhemphigus
Phemphigus
 
History and physical assessment of integumentary system
History and physical assessment of integumentary systemHistory and physical assessment of integumentary system
History and physical assessment of integumentary system
 
Eczema
EczemaEczema
Eczema
 
Cellulitis
CellulitisCellulitis
Cellulitis
 
Anatomy & physiology of integumentary system
Anatomy & physiology of integumentary systemAnatomy & physiology of integumentary system
Anatomy & physiology of integumentary system
 
Alopecia
AlopeciaAlopecia
Alopecia
 
Acne vulgaris
Acne vulgarisAcne vulgaris
Acne vulgaris
 
national health policy 2002
national health policy 2002national health policy 2002
national health policy 2002
 
Models of health and illness
Models of health and illnessModels of health and illness
Models of health and illness
 
Definition & concept of health
Definition & concept of healthDefinition & concept of health
Definition & concept of health
 
Concepts of wellness and well being
Concepts of wellness and well beingConcepts of wellness and well being
Concepts of wellness and well being
 
Scope of nursing
Scope of nursingScope of nursing
Scope of nursing
 
Types of records and common record keeping forms & computerized documenta...
Types of records and common record keeping forms & computerized documenta...Types of records and common record keeping forms & computerized documenta...
Types of records and common record keeping forms & computerized documenta...
 
Reports shift, transfer, incident, telephone
Reports shift, transfer, incident, telephoneReports shift, transfer, incident, telephone
Reports shift, transfer, incident, telephone
 

Recently uploaded

seminar4cephintro-230320190937-35f6e0cb.pdf
seminar4cephintro-230320190937-35f6e0cb.pdfseminar4cephintro-230320190937-35f6e0cb.pdf
seminar4cephintro-230320190937-35f6e0cb.pdfmobinali19901
 
RASASHALA IN ACCORDANCE WITH GMP....pptx
RASASHALA IN ACCORDANCE WITH GMP....pptxRASASHALA IN ACCORDANCE WITH GMP....pptx
RASASHALA IN ACCORDANCE WITH GMP....pptxDr. Anusha Baseganni
 
Measles.pptx Department of Physiotherapy, SHUATS, Prayagraj
Measles.pptx Department of Physiotherapy, SHUATS, PrayagrajMeasles.pptx Department of Physiotherapy, SHUATS, Prayagraj
Measles.pptx Department of Physiotherapy, SHUATS, PrayagrajSurabhi Srivastava
 
Dasha vidha Pareeksha.pptx Dr Akshay Shetty
Dasha vidha Pareeksha.pptx Dr Akshay ShettyDasha vidha Pareeksha.pptx Dr Akshay Shetty
Dasha vidha Pareeksha.pptx Dr Akshay ShettyAkshay Shetty
 
Yantropakaranani 2: Heating Devices used in Ayurveda
Yantropakaranani 2: Heating Devices used in AyurvedaYantropakaranani 2: Heating Devices used in Ayurveda
Yantropakaranani 2: Heating Devices used in AyurvedaAparnaNandakumar12
 
Typhoid.pptx Department of Physiotherapy, SHUATS, Prayagraj
Typhoid.pptx Department of Physiotherapy, SHUATS, PrayagrajTyphoid.pptx Department of Physiotherapy, SHUATS, Prayagraj
Typhoid.pptx Department of Physiotherapy, SHUATS, PrayagrajSurabhi Srivastava
 
Vertigo and Nystagmus - Clinical approach part-2.pptx
Vertigo and Nystagmus - Clinical approach part-2.pptxVertigo and Nystagmus - Clinical approach part-2.pptx
Vertigo and Nystagmus - Clinical approach part-2.pptxYasser Alzainy
 
RADIATION THERAPY IN BILIARY TRACT CANCER
RADIATION THERAPY IN BILIARY TRACT CANCERRADIATION THERAPY IN BILIARY TRACT CANCER
RADIATION THERAPY IN BILIARY TRACT CANCERKanhu Charan
 
Poliomyelitis.pptx Department of Physiotherapy, SHUATS, Prayagraj
Poliomyelitis.pptx Department of Physiotherapy, SHUATS, PrayagrajPoliomyelitis.pptx Department of Physiotherapy, SHUATS, Prayagraj
Poliomyelitis.pptx Department of Physiotherapy, SHUATS, PrayagrajSurabhi Srivastava
 
Hydrocele and tumors of testis Introduction.pptx
Hydrocele and tumors of testis Introduction.pptxHydrocele and tumors of testis Introduction.pptx
Hydrocele and tumors of testis Introduction.pptxSizan Thapa
 
Physiology of Growth hormone and applied aspects 4.pptx
Physiology of Growth hormone and applied aspects 4.pptxPhysiology of Growth hormone and applied aspects 4.pptx
Physiology of Growth hormone and applied aspects 4.pptxSai Sailesh Kumar Goothy
 
Yantra used in Rasashastra: Equipments and Machineries
Yantra used in Rasashastra: Equipments and MachineriesYantra used in Rasashastra: Equipments and Machineries
Yantra used in Rasashastra: Equipments and MachineriesAparnaNandakumar12
 
Cell :Structure & Functions for Medical and Health allied Students
Cell :Structure & Functions for Medical and Health allied StudentsCell :Structure & Functions for Medical and Health allied Students
Cell :Structure & Functions for Medical and Health allied StudentsRajendra Dev Bhatt
 
JULIETH KABIRIGI,PAED.CARDIOLOGIST-CUHAS
JULIETH KABIRIGI,PAED.CARDIOLOGIST-CUHASJULIETH KABIRIGI,PAED.CARDIOLOGIST-CUHAS
JULIETH KABIRIGI,PAED.CARDIOLOGIST-CUHASJuliethKabirigi1
 
Best neurologist in jalandhar Punjab India
Best neurologist in jalandhar Punjab IndiaBest neurologist in jalandhar Punjab India
Best neurologist in jalandhar Punjab IndiaNHS Hospital
 
Anatomy and Histology of Skin(Dermis & Epidermis).pptx
Anatomy and Histology  of Skin(Dermis & Epidermis).pptxAnatomy and Histology  of Skin(Dermis & Epidermis).pptx
Anatomy and Histology of Skin(Dermis & Epidermis).pptxMathew Joseph
 

Recently uploaded (20)

seminar4cephintro-230320190937-35f6e0cb.pdf
seminar4cephintro-230320190937-35f6e0cb.pdfseminar4cephintro-230320190937-35f6e0cb.pdf
seminar4cephintro-230320190937-35f6e0cb.pdf
 
A Comprehensive Fatty Liver Program .pptx
A Comprehensive Fatty Liver Program .pptxA Comprehensive Fatty Liver Program .pptx
A Comprehensive Fatty Liver Program .pptx
 
A case of Trichobezoar in a teenage female
A case of Trichobezoar in a teenage femaleA case of Trichobezoar in a teenage female
A case of Trichobezoar in a teenage female
 
RASASHALA IN ACCORDANCE WITH GMP....pptx
RASASHALA IN ACCORDANCE WITH GMP....pptxRASASHALA IN ACCORDANCE WITH GMP....pptx
RASASHALA IN ACCORDANCE WITH GMP....pptx
 
Measles.pptx Department of Physiotherapy, SHUATS, Prayagraj
Measles.pptx Department of Physiotherapy, SHUATS, PrayagrajMeasles.pptx Department of Physiotherapy, SHUATS, Prayagraj
Measles.pptx Department of Physiotherapy, SHUATS, Prayagraj
 
Dasha vidha Pareeksha.pptx Dr Akshay Shetty
Dasha vidha Pareeksha.pptx Dr Akshay ShettyDasha vidha Pareeksha.pptx Dr Akshay Shetty
Dasha vidha Pareeksha.pptx Dr Akshay Shetty
 
Yantropakaranani 2: Heating Devices used in Ayurveda
Yantropakaranani 2: Heating Devices used in AyurvedaYantropakaranani 2: Heating Devices used in Ayurveda
Yantropakaranani 2: Heating Devices used in Ayurveda
 
Typhoid.pptx Department of Physiotherapy, SHUATS, Prayagraj
Typhoid.pptx Department of Physiotherapy, SHUATS, PrayagrajTyphoid.pptx Department of Physiotherapy, SHUATS, Prayagraj
Typhoid.pptx Department of Physiotherapy, SHUATS, Prayagraj
 
Vertigo and Nystagmus - Clinical approach part-2.pptx
Vertigo and Nystagmus - Clinical approach part-2.pptxVertigo and Nystagmus - Clinical approach part-2.pptx
Vertigo and Nystagmus - Clinical approach part-2.pptx
 
eye disorders .pptx
eye disorders .pptxeye disorders .pptx
eye disorders .pptx
 
RADIATION THERAPY IN BILIARY TRACT CANCER
RADIATION THERAPY IN BILIARY TRACT CANCERRADIATION THERAPY IN BILIARY TRACT CANCER
RADIATION THERAPY IN BILIARY TRACT CANCER
 
Poliomyelitis.pptx Department of Physiotherapy, SHUATS, Prayagraj
Poliomyelitis.pptx Department of Physiotherapy, SHUATS, PrayagrajPoliomyelitis.pptx Department of Physiotherapy, SHUATS, Prayagraj
Poliomyelitis.pptx Department of Physiotherapy, SHUATS, Prayagraj
 
A rare case of Omental & Fibroid Torsion
A rare case of Omental & Fibroid TorsionA rare case of Omental & Fibroid Torsion
A rare case of Omental & Fibroid Torsion
 
Hydrocele and tumors of testis Introduction.pptx
Hydrocele and tumors of testis Introduction.pptxHydrocele and tumors of testis Introduction.pptx
Hydrocele and tumors of testis Introduction.pptx
 
Physiology of Growth hormone and applied aspects 4.pptx
Physiology of Growth hormone and applied aspects 4.pptxPhysiology of Growth hormone and applied aspects 4.pptx
Physiology of Growth hormone and applied aspects 4.pptx
 
Yantra used in Rasashastra: Equipments and Machineries
Yantra used in Rasashastra: Equipments and MachineriesYantra used in Rasashastra: Equipments and Machineries
Yantra used in Rasashastra: Equipments and Machineries
 
Cell :Structure & Functions for Medical and Health allied Students
Cell :Structure & Functions for Medical and Health allied StudentsCell :Structure & Functions for Medical and Health allied Students
Cell :Structure & Functions for Medical and Health allied Students
 
JULIETH KABIRIGI,PAED.CARDIOLOGIST-CUHAS
JULIETH KABIRIGI,PAED.CARDIOLOGIST-CUHASJULIETH KABIRIGI,PAED.CARDIOLOGIST-CUHAS
JULIETH KABIRIGI,PAED.CARDIOLOGIST-CUHAS
 
Best neurologist in jalandhar Punjab India
Best neurologist in jalandhar Punjab IndiaBest neurologist in jalandhar Punjab India
Best neurologist in jalandhar Punjab India
 
Anatomy and Histology of Skin(Dermis & Epidermis).pptx
Anatomy and Histology  of Skin(Dermis & Epidermis).pptxAnatomy and Histology  of Skin(Dermis & Epidermis).pptx
Anatomy and Histology of Skin(Dermis & Epidermis).pptx
 

Exercise & range of motion exercise

  • 2. EXERCISE - Definition Exercise is physical activity for conditioning the body, improving health, and maintaining fitness.
  • 3. Benefits of Physical Exercise 1. Improved cardiopulmonary function 2. Reduced blood pressure 3. Increased muscle tone and strength 4. Greater physical endurance 5. Increased weight loss 6. Reduced blood glucose level
  • 4. Benefits of Physical Exercise 7. Decreased low-density blood lipids 8. Improved physical appearance 9. Increased bone density 10.Regularity of bowel elimination 11. Promotion of sleep 12.Reduced tension and depression
  • 5. CLASSIFICATION OF EXERCISE EXERCISE BASED ON MUSCLE CONTRACTION ISOTONIC ISOMETRIC ISOKINETIC BASED ON SOURCE OF ENERGY ACTIVE PASSIVE
  • 6. BASED ON MUSCLE CONTRACTION Isotonic exercise : cause muscle contraction and active movement. Example: walking, aerobics, moving arms & Legs. Isometric exercise: tightening or tensing of muscles without shortening (there is no movement). This increases muscle tension but do not change the length of muscle fibers. Example: contraction of gluteal muscles.
  • 7. BASED ON MUSCLE CONTRACTION Isokinetic Exercise: Involves muscle contractions with resistance. Resistance is provided by an external source Example: movement of leg against resistance.
  • 8. BASED ON SOURCE OF ENERGY • Active exercise is therapeutic activity that the client performs independently. • Passive exercise is therapeutic activity that the client performs with assistance and is provided when a client cannot move one or more parts of the body.
  • 9. Range Of Motion Exercises Definition: The movement of a joint to the extent possible without causing pain Purposes: • Promote and maintain joint mobility • Prevent contractures and shortening of muscles and tendons • Increase circulation to extremities. • Facilitate comfort for the patient
  • 10. Contraindications To ROM • Any illness/disorder where increased use of energy or increased circulation is hazardous. • Example: Myocardial infarction. swollen, inflamed joints
  • 11. Types Of ROM Exercises • Active ROM exercises – Exercises the client is able to perform independently. • Passive ROM exercises – Exercises performed for the client by someone else. • Active assisted ROM exercises – Performed by a client with some assistance. Client can move a limb partially through its ROM, but needs help completing the ROM.
  • 12. Guidelines For Performing ROM Exercises Start with the head and move down, always do bilaterally Do not grasp the joint directly Do not grasp fingernail or toenail. Be sure to support the distal and proximal end of the limbs Important joints – thumb, hip, knee, ankle Move joint through movement 5 times/session
  • 13. Guidelines For Performing ROM Exercises Return body part to normal anatomical position Move each joint through full range of motion Move to point of resistance not pain Allow for rest periods whenever required Avoid friction LIFT body part don’t drag Note drastic change in vital signs, extreme fatigue.
  • 14. Guidelines For Performing ROM Exercises  Should not disrupt the healing process  Warm water relaxes the muscles and joints, bathing is an ideal time to perform ROM
  • 15. Patient Preparation Explain and steps and advantages of ROM exercises. Remove all restrictive clothing, linen, splint, and dressings. Drape appropriately Raise the bed to comfortable height. Position the patient comfortably- preferably supine position.
  • 16. • ABDUCTION - MOVING A BODY PART AWAY FROM THE MIDLINE OF THE BODY • ADDUCTION - MOVING A BODY PART TOWARD THE MIDLINE OF THE BODY • EXTENSION - STRAIGHTENING A BODY PART • FLEXION - BENDING A BODY PART • ROTATION - TURNING THE JOINT • INTERNAL ROTATION - TURNING THE JOINT INWARD
  • 17. • EXTERNAL ROTATION - TURNING THE JOINT OUTWARD • PLANTAR FLEXION - BENDING THE FOOT DOWN AT THE ANKLE • PRONATION - TURNING THE JOINT DOWNWARD • SUPINATION - TURNING THE JOINT UPWARD • INVERSION- TURNING THE SOLE OF THE FOOT TOWARDS THE MIDLINE • EVERSION- TURNING THE SOLE OF THE FOOT AWAY FROM THE MID LINE
  • 19. Range Of Motion Of Various Joints JOINT MOVEMENTS POSSIBLE EXAMPLE Temporo mandibular Open Close Protrusion Retraction Lateral deviation Opening mouth Closing mouth Bringing lower jaw forward Taking lower jaw inside Moving jaw to a side
  • 20. Range Of Motion Of Various Joints JOINT MOVEMENTS POSSIBLE EXAMPLE Neck Flexion Extension Hyperextension Lateral flexion Look @ the toes Look straight ahead Look up @ ceiling look straight ahead, tilt head to shoulder
  • 21. Joint Movements possible Example Shoulder Flexion Extension Abduction Adduction Internal rotation External rotation Circumduction Raise arm forward & overhead Return arm to side of body Raise arm to side to position above head with palm away from head Return arm & bring across chest Elbow flexed, rotate the shoulder by moving arm til thumb is turned inward & toward the back (fingers to the floor) Elbow flexed, move arm until thumb is lateral to head. (Fingers point up) Move arm in full circle
  • 22. Range Of Motion Of Various Joints Joint Movements possible Example Elbow Flexion Extension Hyperextension Bend elbow Straighten elbow Bend lower arm back as far as possible
  • 23. Range Of Motion Of Various Joints Joint Movements possible Example Forearm Supination Pronation Turn lower hand so palm is up Turn lower hand so palm is down
  • 24. Joint Movements possible Example Wrist Flexion Extension Hyperextension Abduction Adduction Bend wrist forward Straighten wrist (fingers, wrist & arm in same plane) Bring dorsal surface of hand as far back as possible Bring wrist medially towards the thumb Bend wrist laterally towards 5th finger
  • 25. Joint Movements possible Example Fingers & Thumb Flexion Extension Hyperextension Abduction Adduction Circumduction Opposition Bend fingers & thumb into palm make a fist Straighten fingers & thumb Bend fingers as far back as possible Spread fingers apart / extend thumb laterally Bring fingers together/ thumb back to hand Move finger/thumb in circular motion Touch thumb to each finger of same hand
  • 26. Range Of Motion Of Various Joints Joint Movements possible Example Hip Flexion Extension Hyperextension Abduction Adduction Move leg forward Move leg back beside other leg Move leg backwards Move leg laterally away from body Move leg back to medial position & beyond if possible
  • 27. Range Of Motion Of Various Joints Joint Movements possible Example Knee Flexion Extension Bring heel toward back of thigh Return leg to floor
  • 28. Range Of Motion Of Various Joints Joint Movements possible Example Ankle Dorsiflexion Plantar flexion Move foot so toes are pointed upward Move foot so toes are pointed downward
  • 29. Range Of Motion Of Various Joints Joint Movements possible Example Foot Inversion – Eversion – Flexion – Extension – Abduction – Adduction – Turn sole of foot medially Turn sole of foot laterally Curl toes downward Straighten toes Spread toes apart Bring toes together
  • 30. Range Of Motion Of Various Joints Joint Movements possible Example Spine Flexion Extension – Hyperextension – Lateral flexion – Rotation – When standing – bend forward from the waist Straighten up Bend backward Bend to the side Twist from the waist