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FINANCIAL SERVICES
BY
Dr. S.G. Rama Rao
• Financial services refer to services provided by
the finance industry.
• Services that are financial in nature.
• The finance industry encompasses a broad range
of organizations that deal with the management
of money.
• Among these organizations are banks, credit card
companies, insurance companies, consumer
finance companies, stock brokerages, investment
funds and some government sponsored
enterprises.
Introduction
TYPES OF FINANCIAL SERVICES
Banking
services
Issuance of
checkbooks
Provide
personal
loans, com
mercial
loans
ATMs
Foreign
exchange
services
Currency
Exchange
Foreign
Currency
Banking
Wire
transfer
Investment
services
Asset
manageme
nt
Hedge fund
manageme
nt
Insurance
Insurance
brokerage
Reinsurance
TYPES OF FINANCIAL SERVICES
• Fund or asset based financial services
• Fee based financial services
Fund Based Services
• The firm raises funds through debt, equity, deposits
and the bank invests the funds in securities or lends to
those who are in need of capital.
• The following are some of these fund-based services
such as:
– Leasing and Hire Purchase
– Housing Finance
– Credit Cards
– Venture Capital
– Factoring
– Forfeiting
– Bill Discounting
– Insurance
Leasing
• A lease transaction is a commercial arrangement
whereby an equipment owner or Manufacturer
conveys to the equipment user the right to use
the equipment in return for a rental.
• In other words, lease is a contract between the
owner of an asset (the lessor) and its user (the
lessee) for the right to use the asset during a
specified period in return for a mutually agreed
periodic payment (the lease rentals).
Consumer Credit
• Consumer credit is basically the amount of credit used
by consumers to purchase non-investment goods or
services that are consumed and whose
value depreciates quickly.
• This includes automobiles, recreational vehicles (RVs),
education, boat and trailer loans but excludes debts
taken out to purchase real estate or margin on
investment accounts.
• For example, a mortgage for purchasing a house is not
consumer credit. However, the 52 inch television you
put on your credit card is consumer credit.
Hire Purchase
• A system by which a buyer pays for a thing in
regular installments while enjoying the use of it.
During the repayment period, ownership (title) of
the item does not pass to the buyer. Upon the
full payment of the loan, the title passes to the
buyer.
• A method of buying an article by making regular
payments for it over several months or years. The
article only belongs to the person who is buying it
when all the payments have been made
Factoring
• Factoring is a financial transaction
whereby a business sells its accounts
receivable (i.e., invoices) to a third
party (called a factor) at a discount.
Advantages of Factoring
• Time Savings. Factoring can save you time and effort that would
otherwise be spent on collecting from customers.
• Good Use for Growth. The instant cash to generate growth, maybe
hiring another salesperson who will bring in more business. Or
buying an advertisement that will reach new customers. Or buying a
piece of equipment that will accelerate production.
• Doesn’t Require security. Unlike traditional bank loans, factoring
doesn’t require to risk your home or other property as collateral.
• Qualify for More Funding. Factoring firms will typically give a cash
advance on up to 80% of receivables. That may be more than be able
to get from a bank.
Forfaiting
• It is a form of financing of receivables relating to
international trade.
• It is a form of supplier credit in which an exporter
surrenders possession of export
receivables, which are usually guaranteed by a
bank on the importer’s country.
• Forfaiting is a mechanism of financing exports:
– by discounting export receivables
– evidenced by bills of exchanges or promissory notes
– without recourse to the seller (viz; exporter)
– carrying medium to long-term maturities
– on a fixed rate basis upto 100% of the contract value.
Bills Discounting
• While discounting , banks buy the bill before it
is due and credit the value of the bill after a
discount charge to the customer's account.
• There are two types of bill discounting
– Import Bill Discount is a kind of short-term finance
offered by the bank to the importer according to
his demand upon receiving the bills under the
letter of credit and the import collection items.
– Export Bill Discounting is financing of money in
transit supplied by the bank.
• According to the Indian Negotiable
Instruments Act, 1881
– The bill of exchange is an instrument in writing
containing an unconditional order, signed by the
maker, directing a certain person to pay a certain
sum of money only to, or to the order of, a certain
person, or to the bearer of that instrument.
Bills Discounting
• Housing finance is what allows for the
production and consumption of housing.
• It refers to the money we use to build and
maintain the nation’s housing stock.
• But it also refers to the money we need to pay
for it, in the form of rents, mortgage loans and
repayments.”
Housing Finance
Venture Capital Financing
• It is a fund that is available for investment in
an enterprise which offers the probability of
profit along with the possibility of loss.
• Venture is a course of proceeding associated
with risk whose outcome is uncertain.
• Capital means the financial resources to start
an enterprise.
Fee Based Services
• The services wherein financial institutions
operate in specialized fields to earn a substantial
income in the form of fees or dividends or
brokerage on operations.
• The major fee based financial services are as
follows:
– Issue Management
– Corporate Advisory Services
– Credit Rating
– Mutual Funds
– Asset Securitization
– Stock Broking Services
Stock Broking
• The process of investing in the share market,
either individually or through a broker is
known as stock broking.
• This is primarily done by opening a Demat
account.
• If done through a broker, he opens an
account, helping to operate through online
stock broking facility.
Stock broker
• Licensed agent who has to pass certain qualifying
tests to be certified to offer securities investment
advice to investors.
• He or she may
– counsel what and when to buy
– counsel whether to hold or sell securities,
– execute buy-sell orders on behalf of the investors, and
– charge a percentage of the transaction amountants
brokerage fee for the services rendered.
Credit Rating
• It is an opinion on the future ability and legal
obligation of an issuer to make timely
payments of principal and interest on a
specific fixed income security.
• As per credit rating agencies regulations 1999
rating means
– An opinion regarding securities
– Expressed in the form of standard symbols
– Assigned by a credit rating agency
– Used by an issuer of such securities
CRISIL rates a wide range of entities, including
• Industrial companies
• Banks
• Non-banking financial companies (NBFCs)
• Infrastructure entities
• Microfinance institutions
• Insurance companies
• Mutual funds
• State governments
• Urban local bodies
CRISIL: Credit Rating and Information Services of India Limited.

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Financial services

  • 2. • Financial services refer to services provided by the finance industry. • Services that are financial in nature. • The finance industry encompasses a broad range of organizations that deal with the management of money. • Among these organizations are banks, credit card companies, insurance companies, consumer finance companies, stock brokerages, investment funds and some government sponsored enterprises. Introduction
  • 3. TYPES OF FINANCIAL SERVICES Banking services Issuance of checkbooks Provide personal loans, com mercial loans ATMs Foreign exchange services Currency Exchange Foreign Currency Banking Wire transfer Investment services Asset manageme nt Hedge fund manageme nt Insurance Insurance brokerage Reinsurance
  • 4. TYPES OF FINANCIAL SERVICES • Fund or asset based financial services • Fee based financial services
  • 5. Fund Based Services • The firm raises funds through debt, equity, deposits and the bank invests the funds in securities or lends to those who are in need of capital. • The following are some of these fund-based services such as: – Leasing and Hire Purchase – Housing Finance – Credit Cards – Venture Capital – Factoring – Forfeiting – Bill Discounting – Insurance
  • 6. Leasing • A lease transaction is a commercial arrangement whereby an equipment owner or Manufacturer conveys to the equipment user the right to use the equipment in return for a rental. • In other words, lease is a contract between the owner of an asset (the lessor) and its user (the lessee) for the right to use the asset during a specified period in return for a mutually agreed periodic payment (the lease rentals).
  • 7. Consumer Credit • Consumer credit is basically the amount of credit used by consumers to purchase non-investment goods or services that are consumed and whose value depreciates quickly. • This includes automobiles, recreational vehicles (RVs), education, boat and trailer loans but excludes debts taken out to purchase real estate or margin on investment accounts. • For example, a mortgage for purchasing a house is not consumer credit. However, the 52 inch television you put on your credit card is consumer credit.
  • 8. Hire Purchase • A system by which a buyer pays for a thing in regular installments while enjoying the use of it. During the repayment period, ownership (title) of the item does not pass to the buyer. Upon the full payment of the loan, the title passes to the buyer. • A method of buying an article by making regular payments for it over several months or years. The article only belongs to the person who is buying it when all the payments have been made
  • 9. Factoring • Factoring is a financial transaction whereby a business sells its accounts receivable (i.e., invoices) to a third party (called a factor) at a discount.
  • 10. Advantages of Factoring • Time Savings. Factoring can save you time and effort that would otherwise be spent on collecting from customers. • Good Use for Growth. The instant cash to generate growth, maybe hiring another salesperson who will bring in more business. Or buying an advertisement that will reach new customers. Or buying a piece of equipment that will accelerate production. • Doesn’t Require security. Unlike traditional bank loans, factoring doesn’t require to risk your home or other property as collateral. • Qualify for More Funding. Factoring firms will typically give a cash advance on up to 80% of receivables. That may be more than be able to get from a bank.
  • 11. Forfaiting • It is a form of financing of receivables relating to international trade. • It is a form of supplier credit in which an exporter surrenders possession of export receivables, which are usually guaranteed by a bank on the importer’s country. • Forfaiting is a mechanism of financing exports: – by discounting export receivables – evidenced by bills of exchanges or promissory notes – without recourse to the seller (viz; exporter) – carrying medium to long-term maturities – on a fixed rate basis upto 100% of the contract value.
  • 12. Bills Discounting • While discounting , banks buy the bill before it is due and credit the value of the bill after a discount charge to the customer's account. • There are two types of bill discounting – Import Bill Discount is a kind of short-term finance offered by the bank to the importer according to his demand upon receiving the bills under the letter of credit and the import collection items. – Export Bill Discounting is financing of money in transit supplied by the bank.
  • 13. • According to the Indian Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881 – The bill of exchange is an instrument in writing containing an unconditional order, signed by the maker, directing a certain person to pay a certain sum of money only to, or to the order of, a certain person, or to the bearer of that instrument. Bills Discounting
  • 14. • Housing finance is what allows for the production and consumption of housing. • It refers to the money we use to build and maintain the nation’s housing stock. • But it also refers to the money we need to pay for it, in the form of rents, mortgage loans and repayments.” Housing Finance
  • 15. Venture Capital Financing • It is a fund that is available for investment in an enterprise which offers the probability of profit along with the possibility of loss. • Venture is a course of proceeding associated with risk whose outcome is uncertain. • Capital means the financial resources to start an enterprise.
  • 16. Fee Based Services • The services wherein financial institutions operate in specialized fields to earn a substantial income in the form of fees or dividends or brokerage on operations. • The major fee based financial services are as follows: – Issue Management – Corporate Advisory Services – Credit Rating – Mutual Funds – Asset Securitization – Stock Broking Services
  • 17. Stock Broking • The process of investing in the share market, either individually or through a broker is known as stock broking. • This is primarily done by opening a Demat account. • If done through a broker, he opens an account, helping to operate through online stock broking facility.
  • 18. Stock broker • Licensed agent who has to pass certain qualifying tests to be certified to offer securities investment advice to investors. • He or she may – counsel what and when to buy – counsel whether to hold or sell securities, – execute buy-sell orders on behalf of the investors, and – charge a percentage of the transaction amountants brokerage fee for the services rendered.
  • 19. Credit Rating • It is an opinion on the future ability and legal obligation of an issuer to make timely payments of principal and interest on a specific fixed income security. • As per credit rating agencies regulations 1999 rating means – An opinion regarding securities – Expressed in the form of standard symbols – Assigned by a credit rating agency – Used by an issuer of such securities
  • 20. CRISIL rates a wide range of entities, including • Industrial companies • Banks • Non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) • Infrastructure entities • Microfinance institutions • Insurance companies • Mutual funds • State governments • Urban local bodies CRISIL: Credit Rating and Information Services of India Limited.