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OEOSummit Keynote by Rajiv Jhangiani & Robin DeRosa

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Our collaborative keynote from the OEOSummit in Ontario. Open Education: Serving Social Justice & Transforming Pedagogy

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OEOSummit Keynote by Rajiv Jhangiani & Robin DeRosa

  1. 1. Open Education: Serving Social Justice & Transforming Pedagogy
  2. 2. Open Education: Serving Social Justice & Transforming Pedagogy Dr. Robin DeRosa Plymouth State University @actualham Dr. Rajiv Jhangiani Kwantlen Polytechnic University @thatpsychprof
  3. 3. “higher education shall be equally accessible to all”
  4. 4. • ON Students now work 173% more hours than they did in 1975 to pay for PSE
  5. 5. • ON Students now work 173% more hours than they did in 1975 to pay for PSE • Half of Bachelor’s degree graduates rely on student loans
  6. 6. "Kids Giving you problems? Hire an Elephant" by peasap is licensed under CC BY 2.0 • ON Students now work 173% more hours than they did in 1975 to pay for PSE • Half of Bachelor’s degree graduates rely on student loans • In 2012, Canadian student loan debt surpassed $28 billion
  7. 7. • ON Students now work 173% more hours than they did in 1975 to pay for PSE • Half of Bachelor’s degree graduates rely on student loans • In 2012, Canadian student loan debt surpassed $28 billion • Average student debt in Canada is $28,495The cost of textbooks has risen by 1041% since 1977 Source: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives
  8. 8. • ON Students now work 173% more hours than they did in 1975 to pay for PSE • Half of Bachelor’s degree graduates rely on student loans • In 2012, Canadian student loan debt surpassed $28 billion • Average student debt in Canada is $28,495 • 3 years after graduating, only 21% are debt free
  9. 9. • ON Students now work 173% more hours than they did in 1975 to pay for PSE • Half of Bachelor’s degree graduates rely on student loans • In 2012, Canadian student loan debt surpassed $28 billion • Average student debt in Canada is $28,495 • 3 years after graduating, only 21% are debt free • When debt reaches $10,000, program completion rates drop from 59% to 8% • The cost of textbooks has risen by 1041% since 1977
  10. 10. Source: http://www.cusc-ccreu.ca/CUSC_2015_Graduating_Master%20Report_English.pdf
  11. 11. 1 Access codes • Eliminate no-cost alternatives • Eliminate low-cost alternatives • Create a direct link between the ability to pay and ability to get good grades
  12. 12. What can YOU do? • Survey your student body • #textbookbroke campaign • Presentations • Utilize visuals, create displays • Speak directly to faculty & admin • Suggest that faculty review a textbook • Showcase examples • Form a student-led OER group • Connect. Collaborate.
  13. 13. #TextbookBroke
  14. 14. 66.5% Not purchase the required textbook 47.6% Take fewer courses 45.5% Not register for a specific course 37.6% Earn a poor grade 26.1% Drop a course 19.8% Fail a course       Florida Virtual Campus. (2016). 2016 student textbook and course materials survey. Tallahassee, FL: Author. Florida Student Textbook Survey (2016)
  15. 15. 46 15.5 22.7 7.8 8.1 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Not purchased the required textbook Percentage of Respondents Never Rarely Sometimes Often Very Often ACTUAL SPENDING ON TEXTBOOKS (PAST 12 MONTHS) RANGE: $0-$3000; MEAN: $698; MEDIAN: $500 Jhangiani & Jhangiani (in press)
  16. 16. 54% Not purchase the required textbook 30% Earn a poor grade 27% Take fewer courses 26% Not register for a specific course 17% Drop or withdraw from a course      Jhangiani & Jhangiani (in press) Survey of post-secondary students in BC
  17. 17. Buy used (if possible) Buy online Resell (if possible) Rent Shared purchase (Inter)library loans Photocopy International edition Old edition
  18. 18. – University of Minnesota student “I figured French hadn't changed that much”
  19. 19. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Used interlibrary loan copies Leased e-chapters Rented e-textbooks Rented print textbooks Used library reserve copies Leased e-textbook Shared textbooks with classmates Downloaded textbooks from the internet Purchased used copies from the campus store Sold used textbooks Purchased textbooks from a source other than the campus store Unaffected by the cost of textbooks Jhangiani & Jhangiani (in press)
  20. 20. Access, broadly writ. It’s not a movement about textbooks; it’s a movement about access.
  21. 21. Access, broadly writ. What are the REAL costs of college?
  22. 22. Access, broadly writ. The Digital Divide: noun Digital Redlining: verb How do open practices augment inequalities? How do they raise barriers? How can we make these problems more visible?
  23. 23. Access, broadly writ. Is something OPEN if entire groups of students are excluded from using it? Front-End Universal Design 51 staff hours $1306.25 Iterate Without Deferral
  24. 24. Access, broadly writ. Open is not the opposite of private. Safety Literacy Agency CC0 Alan Levine
  25. 25. Free + Freedom
  26. 26. I would not have bought the text book for this course because it's an elective. I would have possibly walked away with a C, now I might actually get an A- It is easily accessible and convenient. Material is easy to understand and follow I personally really like the convenience of having the complete set of chapters on my computer and even accessible from my phone if I need it. I like that I don't have to lug around another text book It's free and it's a great money saver
  27. 27. 13 Peer Reviewed Studies of Efficacy http://openedgroup.org/
  28. 28. 119,720 Students http://openedgroup.org/
  29. 29. 95% Same or Better Outcomes http://openedgroup.org/ openedgroup.com/review
  30. 30. “Mad” “Glad” “Sad” “Rad” Cost Completing with C or Better Student Success per Dollar 0 100% $200
  31. 31. “Mad” “Glad” “Sad” “Rad” Cost Completing with C or Better Commercial Student Success per Dollar 0 100% $200
  32. 32. “Mad” “Glad” “Sad” “Rad” Cost Completing with C or Better Commercial OER Student Success per Dollar 0 100% $200
  33. 33. The same applies in Canada… Jhangiani, R. S., Dastur, F., LeGrand, R., & Penner, K. (under review). As good or better than commercial textbooks: Students’ perceptions and outcomes from using open digital and open print textbooks. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Exam 1 Exam 2 Exam 3 PercentCorrect Traditional Open Print Open Digital p < 0.05 ns ns
  34. 34. Cost savings Access Outcomes Adapt, update, & remix Enrolment Persistence Completion
  35. 35. What is Open Pedagogy? ACCESSIBLE LEARNER-DRIVEN CONNECTED CC0 Alan Levine
  36. 36. Student-Centered  Learner-Driven Learning Outcomes; Policies (Attendance, Late Work); Procedures (Assessments, Grading); Schedule of Work (Curated Reading); Assignments COURSE LEVEL, PROGRAM LEVEL CC0 Alan Levine
  37. 37. Content ↓ Community Connected CC0 Alan Levine
  38. 38. Open Architectures • Drag ’n Drop → Design • Digital consumer → Digital creator • Data mining → Data control • Audience of 1 → Public impact • Web as broadcast station → Web as open lab • Work attached to course → Work attached to student • Locked down → Networked • ePortfolio → ePort http://kayleighbennett.com/
  39. 39. "GB Airways A320" by Tony Evans is licensed under CC BY-ND 2.0
  40. 40. Examples
  41. 41. Open Pedagogy: HOW Deeper learning (Farzan & Kraut, 2013) Evaluate and defend credibility of sources (Marentette, 2014) Write more concisely and think more critically (Farzan & Kraut, 2013) Collaborate with students from around the world (Karney, 2012) Provide and receive constructive feedback (Ibrahim, 2012) Enhance digital literacy (Silton, 2012) Communicate ideas to a general audience (APS, 2013)
  42. 42. 22,000 37,000+ 97% Students who have taken on Wikipedia assignments since 2010 New articles that students have created Instructors who say they will, or plan to, teach with Wikipedia again
  43. 43. PM4ID
  44. 44. Why have students answer questions when they can write them?
  45. 45. Students Topics Questions 35 10 1400
  46. 46. Robin’s Story
  47. 47. Collaboratively Built: Alums, Incoming Students, Professor
  48. 48. Constantly Evolving: Students & Teachers Add, Improve, Share
  49. 49. MultimediaContributions
  50. 50. Interactive and Public Annotation
  51. 51. An Open “Textbook” Can Be: • Interactive • Collaborative • Dialogic • Dynamic • Empowering • Contributory • Current • Accessible • Multimedia • Public • (Free) CC0 Alan
  52. 52. Open Ed: Growing Institutional Initiatives • Grow Faculty Champions • Compensate for Academic Labor • Contextualize as an Access Movement • Team Approach: • Academic Technology (Connected Learning) • Teaching & Learning Centers (Learner-Driven Pedagogies) • Librarians (OER Search)
  53. 53. Workshop Session: Taking Next Steps Individually (Robin) • Opening Your Syllabus • Assignment Development • Tools for Working Open Institutionally (Rajiv) • Models for Building Capacity • Examples from Successful Initiatives Join us! CC0 Alan Levine
  54. 54. #OEOSummit @thatpsychprof @actualham

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