OER and Solving the Textbook Cost Crisis (LCC OER Summit 9/18/15)

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OER and Solving the Textbook Cost Crisis (LCC OER Summit 9/18/15)

  1. 1. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org textbook cost crisis Nicole Allen (nicole@sparc.arl.org) Director of Open Education, SPARC Lansing Community College OER Summit | 9/18/15 Except where otherwise noted... theOER and solving
  2. 2. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org @txtbks www.slideshare.com/txtbks
  3. 3. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org higher ed is important
  4. 4. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org higher ed is expensive
  5. 5. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source: CNN Money
  6. 6. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org $1,000 $3,000 $5,000 $7,000 $9,000 1988199019921994199619982000200220042006200820102012 State Funding Tuition Revenue US Public Higher Education Funding - $/Undergrad FTE Data source: State Higher Education Officers Association Slide source: @dernst, adapted under CCBY
  7. 7. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  8. 8. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Cost Factors: Tuition and Fees Room and Board Transportation Books and Supplies
  9. 9. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Cost Factors: Tuition and Fees Room and Board Transportation Books and Supplies
  10. 10. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Figure 1: Estimated Increases in New College Textbook Prices, College Tuition and Fees, and Overall Consumer Price Inflation, 2002 to 2012 prices grew by 28 percent.
  11. 11. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Average Estimated Undergraduate Budgets, 2014-15 Source: College Board Books & Supplies = $1,328
  12. 12. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Average Estimated Undergraduate Budgets, 2014-15 Source: College Board Books & Supplies = $1,225
  13. 13. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org “the straw that broke the camel’s back”
  14. 14. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source: Student PIRGs
  15. 15. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Physics: Principles With Applications, 7th Edition by Douglas C. Giancoli
  16. 16. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  17. 17. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  18. 18. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  19. 19. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  20. 20. @txtbks | sparc.arl.orgImage © from http://www.cnn.com/2013/06/28/showbiz/heat-director-buddy-cop/
  21. 21. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  22. 22. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Market Failure
  23. 23. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Market Failure 5 major publishers hold nearly 90% of the market Source: Turning the Page by James Koch
  24. 24. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org “less than one third of students believed that using e-textbooks significantly improved their learning or engagement in a course” Market Failure Source: EDUCAUSE
  25. 25. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Market Failure Source: NACS.org
  26. 26. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org students are captives, not consumers
  27. 27. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org 2 in 3 Students say they decided against buying a textbook because the cost is too high Source: Student PIRGs
  28. 28. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org 1 in 2 Students say they have at some point taken fewer courses due to the cost of textbooks Source: Florida Virtual Campus
  29. 29. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org <1 in 2 Students purchase a current edition of their textbook Source: Book Industry Study Group
  30. 30. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Students don’t learn from materials they can’t afford
  31. 31. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Average Estimated Undergraduate Budgets, 2014-15 Source: College Board
  32. 32. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org We can do better.
  33. 33. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES
  34. 34. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Hewlett Foundation Definition: “OER are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or are released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and repurposing by others”
  35. 35. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Hewlett Foundation Definition: “OER are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or are released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and repurposing by others”
  36. 36. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Free + 5R Permissions
  37. 37. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Free + 5R Permissions • Retain • Reuse • Revise • Remix • Redistribute
  38. 38. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org open licensing system www.creativecommons.org
  39. 39. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org use © to enable free & open use
  40. 40. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org most open least open OER
  41. 41. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org how is OER created?
  42. 42. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org ocw.mit.edu
  43. 43. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org oercommons.org
  44. 44. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org openstaxcollege.org
  45. 45. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org oli.cmu.edu
  46. 46. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org skillscommons.org
  47. 47. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org how is OER being used?
  48. 48. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Open Textbook (Example) • Free online • Free PDF • Free ePub • Print $49.73 • Instructor can adapt and distribute
  49. 49. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  50. 50. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org open.umn.edu
  51. 51. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org The cost of college textbooks has risen 812% since 1978, more than the rates of inflation, health care, new home prices, and college tuition. More and more, college students are unable to afford their textbooks, and as many as 70% of students have reported avoiding buying at least one textbook for their courses. Not surprisingly, these students do not do as well academically. As of May 2013, if a TCC student purchased all of the textbooks required for a business administration degree, that student would spend $3,678.95 on new books. While used textbooks may lower this price, their availability is, at best, uneven. But the problem with printed textbooks goes beyond financial cost; textbooks “ cost” students and teachers in other ways as well. Because textbooks are frequently written for broad audiences in the hopes that they will fill the learning support needs and be adopted by large numbers of faculty and departments, they are filled with content and exercises that are superfluous to a specific course’ s learning outcomes. The cost here is in teaching efficiency and effectiveness. Fortunately a solution to both problems exists. Beginning in Fall 2013, TCC became the first college in the U.S. to create an Associate of Science degree based solely on open educational resources (OER), academically vetted and publicly licensed content. After Tidewater CommunityCollege ismakingcollegemoreaffordable.
  52. 52. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org phet.colorado.edu
  53. 53. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org pm4id.org
  54. 54. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org what are the impacts?
  55. 55. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org “a student saves $128 per course, when their traditionally published textbook is replaced with an open textbook” “open textbooks have the potential to save more than a billion dollars each year”
  56. 56. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org $1M student savings, and counting
  57. 57. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Supporting Adoption Developmental Math Results" Percentage passing with C or better 48.40% 60.18% 0.00% 10.00% 20.00% 30.00% 40.00% 50.00% 60.00% 70.00% Spring 2011 No OER Spring 2013 All OER n=2,842 About Lumen Lear Open Educational Resources represent a and learners, while at the same time imp unsure what to do to help their institution This is where Lumen enters the picture. Co-founded by open education visionary Lumen is dedicated to facilitating broad, After years of pioneering work in open ed Generation Learning Challenges grant-fu textbooks with OER in community colleg 50% and improving student success rate resulted in moving the cost of required te 10% compared to student performance in You can read more about the Kaleidosco Adding this concrete proof to the body of help more educational institutions and st Lumen helps institutional leaders and fac ! Finding quality content and mapp around the country to review and agg into Open Courses that match gener course frameworks online. This proc individual or institution to download a ! Incorporating OER into academic consulting services to help institution sense to introduce OER into courses Source: Lumen Learning
  58. 58. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org impact.lumenlearning.com
  59. 59. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org how can you get involved?
  60. 60. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org (1) Make sure faculty who want to share can share
  61. 61. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org (2) Make sure faculty who want to use OER have the support they need
  62. 62. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org (3) Involve students in everything you do
  63. 63. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Average Estimated Undergraduate Budgets, 2014-15 Source: College Board
  64. 64. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org use the internet to do what it was meant for to benefit society
  65. 65. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org textbook cost crisis Nicole Allen (nicole@sparc.arl.org) Director of Open Education, SPARC Except where otherwise noted... theOER and solving
  66. 66. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org www.opentextbooknetwork.org
  67. 67. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Libraries & OER Forum www.sparc.arl.org/liboer #LibOER
  68. 68. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org www.opencon2015.org | @open_con

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