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Camp Open (2017 Academic Technology Institute) #UNSHshare

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Keynote address at Plymouth State University on May 31, 2017

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Camp Open (2017 Academic Technology Institute) #UNSHshare

  1. 1. OPEN  EDUCATIONAL  PRACTICES @thatpsychprof Serving SOCIAL  JUSTICE  & PEDAGOGICAL  INNOVATION through University   Teaching  Fellow,  Kwantlen  Polytechnic  University Senior  Open  Education  Advocacy  &  Research  Fellow,  BCcampus Associate  Editor,  Psychology  Learning  and  Teaching Rajiv  Jhangiani,  Ph.D.
  2. 2. “higher education shall be equally accessible to all”
  3. 3. 2.4 million low & moderate-income college-qualified high school graduates could not complete college (2001-10) The Advisory Committee on StudentFinancial Assistance http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED529499.pdf
  4. 4. http://www.sheeo.org $1,000 $2,000 $3,000 $4,000 $5,000 $6,000 $7,000 $8,000 $9,000 $10,000 $11,000 $12,000 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 US  Higher  Education  Funding  -­‐ $/FTE State Funding Tuition Revenue
  5. 5. $1,000 $2,000 $3,000 $4,000 $5,000 $6,000 $7,000 $8,000 $9,000 $10,000 $11,000 $12,000 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 New  Hampshire  Education  Funding  -­‐ $/FTE State Funding Tuition Revenue http://www.sheeo.org
  6. 6. 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Hours  @  Minimum  Wage Hours  of  Work  Required  to  Afford  Tuition (University  of  Minnesota)
  7. 7. In-­‐State  Tuition   &  Fees Required  Hours of Work  at   Minimum  Wage Plymouth  State $13,128 1,811 Keene  State $13,868 1,913 Granite  State $8,265 1,140 University  of   New  Hampshire $18,067 2,492
  8. 8. http://ticas.org/posd/map-­‐state-­‐data
  9. 9. What  can  YOU  do? • Survey  your  student  body • #textbookbroke campaign • Presentations   • Utilize  visuals,  create  displays • Speak  directly  to  faculty  &  admin • Suggest  that  faculty  review  a  textbook • Showcase  examples • Form  a  student-­led  OER  group • Connect.  Collaborate.
  10. 10. Buy used (if possible) Resell (if possible) Buy online Rent Shared purchase (Inter)library loans Photocopy International edition Old edition
  11. 11. – University of Minnesota student “I figured French hadn't changed that much”
  12. 12. 66.5% Do not  purchase  a  req'd  textbook 47.6% Take  fewer  courses 45.5% Do  not  register  for  a  specific  course 37.6% Earn  a  poor  grade 26.1% Drop  a  course 19.8% Fail  a  course €€€ €€€ €€ €€ € € Florida  Virtual  Campus.  (2016).  2016  student  textbook  and  course  materials  survey.  Tallahassee,  FL:  Author.
  13. 13. 1
  14. 14. An  approach  that  preys   on  our  most  vulnerable constituents  is  not   innovative. It  is  exploitative.
  15. 15. Revise Remix Retain Redistribute Reuse
  16. 16. Source:  Creative  Commons,  2015  State  of  the  Commons  report
  17. 17. flickr.com/creativecommons
  18. 18. unsplash.com
  19. 19. unsplash.com
  20. 20. rijksmuseum.nl
  21. 21. ted.com ed.ted.com
  22. 22. rpsychologist.com
  23. 23. gutenberg.org
  24. 24. Not just free or low-cost textbooks Not just digital textbooks
  25. 25. open.bccampus.ca
  26. 26. openstax.org
  27. 27. nobaproject.com
  28. 28. Source:  Creative  Commons,  2015  State  of  the  Commons  report
  29. 29. Jennifer  Purrenhage NR  435:  Contemporary  Conservation  Issues Cost  of  commercial  textbook:  $155.20 Enrolment:  272  students Total  student  savings:  $42,214 Performance  gain:  72.64%  to  81.72% Jesse  Stabile  Morrell NUTR  400:  Nutrition  Health  &  Well  Being Cost  of  commercial  textbook:  $105.75 Enrolment:  441  students Total  student  savings:  $46,635 Performance  gain:  77%  to  82.49%
  30. 30. open.umn.edu
  31. 31. "Opening  the  Curriculum:  Open  Education  Resources  in  U.S.  Higher  Education,  2014"by I.  Elaine  Allen  &  Jeff  Seaman,   Babson  Survey  Research  Group is  licensed  under CC  BY  4.0 80% 75%
  32. 32. Below  average 3% Average 20% Above  average 34% Excellent 43% HOW  WOULD  YOU  RATE  THE  QUALITY  OF  YOUR   OPEN  TEXTBOOK? Strongly  agree 6% Slightly  agree 12% Neither 17% Slightly  disagree 15% Strongly   disagree 50% WOULD  YOU  HAVE  PREFERRED  A  TRADITIONAL   TEXTBOOK? Jhangiani  &  Jhangiani  (2017)
  33. 33. I  would  not  have  bought  the  text  book  for   this  course  because  it's  an  elective.  I   would  have  possibly  walked  away  with  a   C,  now  I  might  actually  get  an  A-­‐ It  is  easily  accessible   and  convenient.   Material  is  easy  to  understand   and  follow I  personally  really  like  the  convenience   of  having  the   complete  set  of  chapters  on  my  computer  and  even   accessible   from  my  phone  if  I  need  it.  I  like  that  I  don't   have  to  lug  around  another   text  book It's  free  and  it's  a  great  money  saver
  34. 34. 13 Peer  Reviewed  Studies  of  Efficacy http://openedgroup.org/  
  35. 35. 119,720 Students http://openedgroup.org/  
  36. 36. 95%  Same  or  Better Outcomes http://openedgroup.org/   openedgroup.org/review
  37. 37. “Mad” “Glad” “Sad” “Rad” Cost Completing  with  C  or  Better Student  Success  per  Dollar 0 100% $400
  38. 38. “Mad” “Glad” “Sad” “Rad” Cost Completing  with  C  or  Better Commercial Student  Success  per  Dollar 0 100% $400
  39. 39. “Mad” “Glad” “Sad” “Rad” Cost Completing  with  C  or  Better Commercial OER Student  Success  per  Dollar 0 100% $400
  40. 40. Fischer  et  al.  (2015) • Quasi-­‐experimental  design • Propensity-­‐score  matched  groups • 16,727  students  taking  15  courses  at  10  institutions • OER  students: • Lower  withdrawal  rates • More  likely  to  pass  with  a  C-­‐ or  better • Higher  course  grades • Enrolled  in  more  courses  (current  &  subsequent  semesters) Fischer,  L.,  Hilton,  J.,  Robinson  T.  J.,  &  Wiley,  D.  (2015).  A  multi-­‐institutional   study  of  the   impact  of  open  textbook  adoption  on  the  learning  outcomes  of  post-­‐secondary  students.   Journal  of  Computing  in  Higher  Education,  27(3),  159-­‐172. doi:10.1007/s12528-­‐015-­‐9101-­‐x
  41. 41. Commercial  vs.  OER Hilton  et  al.  (2016)
  42. 42. Cost  savings Access Outcomes Adapt,  update,  &  remix Enrolment Persistence Completion
  43. 43. "Recycling  Water  Bottles" by Mr.TinDC is  licensed  under CC  BY-­‐ND  2.0
  44. 44. Open  Pedagogy:   HOW Deeper  learning(Farzan &  Kraut,  2013) Evaluate  and  defend  credibility  of   sources  (Marentette,  2014) Write  more  concisely  and  think   more  critically  (Farzan &  Kraut,  2013) Collaborate  with  students  from   around  the  world(Karney,  2012) Provide  and  receive  constructive   feedback(Ibrahim,  2012) Enhance  digital  literacy  (Silton,  2012) Communicate  ideas  to  a  general   audience  (APS,  2013)
  45. 45. 22,000 37,000+ 97% Students  who  have  taken  on   Wikipedia  assignments  since  2010 New  articles  that  students  have   created Instructors  who  say  they  will,  or   plan  to,  teach  with  Wikipedia  again
  46. 46. PM4ID
  47. 47. Why  have  students   answer  questions  when   they  can  write them?
  48. 48. Students Topics Questions 35 10 1400
  49. 49. "GB  Airways  A320"by Tony  Evans is  licensed  under CC  BY-­‐ND  2.0
  50. 50. "IMG_1007"by Erica is  licensed  under CC  BY  2.0
  51. 51. bit.ly/openbookproject
  52. 52. @thatpsychprof Rajiv@kpu.ca slideshare.net/thatpsychprofWWW

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