BC Open Textbook Project - Selkirk Discovery Days

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Presentation to Selkirk faculty on the BC Open Textbook Project

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BC Open Textbook Project - Selkirk Discovery Days

  1. 1. BC Open Textbook Project Clint Lalonde Manager, Open Education Selkirk Discovery Days February 13, 2015 Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution
  2. 2. What problems are we trying to address? What are Open Textbooks The BC Open Textbook Project Activities: • Explore open.bccampus.ca • Test an open textbook on iPad
  3. 3. Connect the expertise, programs, and resources of all BC post-secondary institutions under a collaborative service delivery framework 1 2 3 Open Education & Professional Learning Student Services & Data Exchange Collaborative Programs & Shared Services
  4. 4. 1 Connect the expertise, programs, and resources of all BC post-secondary institutions under a collaborative service delivery framework OER Global Logo by Jonathas Mello is licensed under a CC-BY 30 License Support & promote the development & use of Open Educational Resources Support the development of effective teaching & learning practices Open Education & Professional Learning
  5. 5. Online Program Development Fund (OPDF) 2003-2012 $9 million invested 153 grants awarded 100% participation across system 83% partnerships 47 credentials developed in whole or part 355 courses, 12 workshops, 19 web sites/tools and 396 course components (learning objects, labs, textbooks, manuals, videos)
  6. 6. Okay, textbook cost & why it is important
  7. 7. Average student debt difficult to pay off, CBC, March 11, 2014 Student Debt in Canada, Canadian Federation of Students, Fall 2013
  8. 8. Image credit: Beyond Textbooks by Thomas used under CC-BY license
  9. 9. Course Textbook Bookstore CHEM 1105 Chemistry: The Central Science (lab manual) $215.00 MATH 1501 Basic Technical Mathematics with Calculus $186.50 MINE 1101 Laboratory Manual in Physical Geology $118.95 COMM 1135 Writing for Success $45.95 COMP 1620 New Perspectives on Computer Concepts $183.95 New Perspectives on Microsoft Excel $137.95 MINE 1100 Mineral Exploration and Mining Essentials $73.95 MINE 1107 None - PHYS 1147 Custom book & Lab Manual $37 SURV 1145 None - Total $999.25 2 Year Mining Exploration Program Term 1 (of 4)
  10. 10. Course Textbook Bookstore Amazon CHEM 1105 Chemistry: The Central Science (lab manual) $215.00 $214.20 MATH 1501 Basic Technical Mathematics with Calculus $186.50 $140 MINE 1101 Laboratory Manual in Physical Geology $118.95 $155 COMM 1135 Writing for Success $45.95 $36.20 COMP 1620 New Perspectives on Computer Concepts $183.95 $165.25 New Perspectives on Microsoft Excel $137.95 $151.40 MINE 1100 Mineral Exploration and Mining Essentials $73.95 $89.95 MINE 1107 None - - PHYS 1147 Custom book & Lab Manual $37 n/a SURV 1145 None - - Total $999.25 $952 2 Year Mining Exploration Program Term 1 (of 4)
  11. 11. Students spend $1200/yr on textbooks 3x rate of inflation in 10 years 812% increase since 1978 (250% CPI) 2nd biggest educational expense after tuition Sources: Fixing the Broken Textbook Market U.S. PIRG, US Census Bureau Cover image: Center for Public Interest Research used under CC-BY 4.0 license
  12. 12. “The cardinal lesson is that prices rise unchecked if the people who order the goods aren’t paying the prices. “ http://www.wsj.com/articles/craig-richardson-the-250-econ-101-textbook-1421192341?mod=WSJ_Opinion_LatestHeadlines
  13. 13. Start talking about cost
  14. 14. But it is about more than just money & debt
  15. 15. There are pedagogical implications to high textbook costs
  16. 16. How students battled textbook publishers to a draw, Planet Money, NPR, Oct 9, 2014
  17. 17. How students battled textbook publishers to a draw, Planet Money, NPR, Oct 9, 2014 What is going on here?
  18. 18. 65% students have not purchased a textbook for a course during their academic career because of price Source: Fixing the Broken Textbook Market U.S. PIRG Cover image: Center for Public Interest Research used under CC-BY 4.0 license
  19. 19. Textbook Costs vs Student Success Source: 2012 student survey by Florida Virtual Campus Slide: CC-BY Cable Green, Creative Commons via http://www.project-kaleidoscope.org/       60%+ do not purchase books at some point due to book cost 35% take fewer courses due to book cost 31% choose not to register for a course due to book cost 23% regularly go without textbooks due to book cost 14% have dropped a course due to book cost 10% have withdrawn from a course due to book cost
  20. 20. Students Get Savvier about Textbook Buying, The Chronicle of Higher Education, January 2013 Emma Anderson, 21 Political science, U. of California at Berkeley “Usually when I don’t buy it, it’s because I’ve found that you actually don’t need it for the class.” Jennifer Bi, 20 Economics, U. of California at Berkeley “My most expensive class was clinical psych, because she writes the textbook herself, and it has a new edition every semester or something ridiculous. So it was like almost $200. And the thing is that you can’t use the previous edition, because she changes it herself because she knows the textbooks sell well. It’s like so manipulative.” Marie Efira, 63 Anthropology, Foothill College “I had to take very few classes, because each time the price of the book more than doubles the tuition fee. It took me much longer to get my degree.”
  21. 21. Source: http://www.wmnf.org/news_stories/usf-student-shows-his-peers-how-to-download-textbooks-online-for-free
  22. 22. But I want to keep my textbook!
  23. 23. iPod DRM by *n3wjack's world in pixels used under CC-BY-SA license
  24. 24. Day 1 access to resources
  25. 25. “My textbook is… …back-ordered …in the mail …out of stock …the wrong edition …on hold until my student loan arrives …not needed until I decide I want this course” How often do students start the term without the resources they need?
  26. 26. Problems 1. Textbooks are expensive 2. Students are not using them 3. Students can’t keep them 4. Students can fall weeks behind 5. Learning is negatively affected
  27. 27. Open textbooks can help
  28. 28. What are Open Textbooks? A textbook licensed under an open copyright license, and made available online to be freely used by students, teachers and members of the public. They are available for free as online and electronic versions, or as low-cost printed versions, should students opt for these.
  29. 29. What are Open Textbooks? A textbook licensed under an open copyright license, and made available online to be freely used by students, teachers and members of the public. They are available for free as online versions, and as low-cost printed versions, should students opt for these.
  30. 30. Choices for students (and for adapters) Old Leather books, by Wyoming_Jackrabbit used under a CC-BY-NC-SA
  31. 31. Where do open textbooks come from?
  32. 32. What are Open Textbooks? A textbook licensed under an open copyright license, and made available online to be freely used by students, teachers and members of the public. They are available for free as online versions, and as low-cost printed versions, should students opt for these.
  33. 33. The 5 R’s of Open • Make and own copiesRetain • Use in a wide range of waysReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute Adapted (color change) from Open Education: A “Simple” Introduction by David Wiley released under CC-BY license
  34. 34. Creative Commons logo by Creative Commons used under a CC-BY 3.0 License CC license image from Copyright in Education & Internet in South African Law used under CC-BY 2.5 South Africa license
  35. 35. Faculty have full legal right to customize & contextualize open textbooks to fit their pedagogical needs
  36. 36. “Many students attending HCC have difficulty with the cost of college. Some students do not purchase books at all; other students use outdated editions or non-assigned books. In addition, the cost of textbooks may prevent students from taking an optimal course load. A reduced course load means more years in college and reduces the likelihood of completion. For these reasons, faculty were concerned that the cost of textbooks was interfering with student success. A faculty committee, with the support of administration, decided to make cost a primary consideration in the textbook adoption process.” Source: One college’s use of an open psychology textbook, John Hilton III, Carol Laman, Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and e-Learning Volume 27, Issue 3, 2012
  37. 37. Source: One college’s use of an open psychology textbook, John Hilton III, Carol Laman, Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and e-Learning Volume 27, Issue 3, 2012 “A group of six full-time and six adjunct HCC psychology faculty members participated in the adaptation of FWK’s Introduction to Psychology textbook. The adaptation was necessary in order to lower the reading level to one that the faculty felt was appropriate for HCC students (12th grade) and to incorporate additional learning objectives and key terms that they had identified as being essential to the course. Additional video links, relevant examples, and cross-cultural information were also added to the text.”
  38. 38. Source: One college’s use of an open psychology textbook, John Hilton III, Carol Laman, Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and e-Learning Volume 27, Issue 3, 2012 Spring 2011, Traditional Textbook (n = ~370 students) Fall 2012, open Textbook (n = ~370 students) GPA 1.6 2.0 Withdrawl Rate 14% 7.1% Department Final Exam 67.6% 71.1% Table 1. Aggregated data, spring 2011 (traditional text) versus fall 2011 free text: multiple campuses and instructors.
  39. 39. Credit: Adopting Open Textbooks Workshop by Paul Stacey licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY
  40. 40. Creative Commons License Features
  41. 41. The Project
  42. 42. BC Open Textbook Project 40 free & open textbooks for highest enrolled 1st & 2nd year post-secondary subjects in BC 2014 – 20 for skills & training First province in Canada 2014 – AB & SASK MOU $1 million 2014 - $1 million Visual notes of John Yap announcement, Giulia Forsythe Used under CC-SA license
  43. 43. Our goals To increase access to higher education by reducing student costs To give faculty more control over their instructional resources To improve learning outcomes for students Annie Lennox campaigns with Oxfam at the AIDS Conference by Oxfam used under CC-BY-NC-ND license
  44. 44. The Project Don’t reinvent it by Andrea Hernandez released under CC-BY-NC-SA and based on Wheel by Pauline Mak released under CC-BY license
  45. 45. open.bccampus.ca
  46. 46. 79
  47. 47. Faculty Reviews ($250) 291/365 by thebarrowboy used under a CC-BY
  48. 48. Faculty Reviews Faculty Reviewers
  49. 49. Reviews > Adaptations ($5k-$10k) My Adventures Adapting a Chemistry Textbook291/365 by thebarrowboy used under a CC-BY
  50. 50. Creations ($10k and up)
  51. 51. Sprints 2 Days 17 Psych Faculty 6 Institutions 850 Questions
  52. 52. Sprints
  53. 53. 14
  54. 54. Results Year Faculty Sections Students Savings 2013 12 18 553 $84,560 2014 39 75 2570 $360,196.50 2015 (Jan-April) 31 68 2142 $252,285.65 Total 82 161 5265 $697,042.15
  55. 55. Activity Testing open textbooks on the iPad Activity outline: bit.ly/selkirkipad
  56. 56. Thank You open.bccampus.ca @clintlalonde @bccampus http://www.slideshare.net/bccampus

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