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ULearn Spotlight 1

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ULearn Spotlight 1

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ULearn Spotlight 1

  1. 1. Dr. Cable Green Director of Global Learning cable@creativecommons.org twitter: @cgreen Open Education: The Moral, Business & Policy Case for OER
  2. 2. Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  3. 3. 1 US Dollar = 1.55 New Zealand Dollar
  4. 4. $2731 $1,133 Tuition and Fees Books & Supplies Cost of U.S. Community College Source: College Board, Trends in Higher Education Report, 2011 https://trends.collegeboard.org/sites/default/files/trends-2011-community-colleges-ed-enrollment-debt-brief.pdf
  5. 5. Incredible Financial Pressure Incredible Financial Pressure
  6. 6. Source: Student PIRGs: http://www.studentpirgs.org/sites/student/files/reports/A-Cover-To-Cover-Solution_4.pdf
  7. 7. Physics: Principles With Applications, 7th Edition by Douglas C. Giancoli
  8. 8. Nicole Allen, SPARC: CC BY
  9. 9. 65% of students decided against buying a required textbook because of cost US PIRG Report, 2014 http://www.uspirg.org/reports/usp/fixing-broken-textbook-market
  10. 10. 50% of students said that cost of textbooks impacted how many and which classes they took US PIRG Report, 2014 http://www.uspirg.org/reports/usp/fixing-broken-textbook-market
  11. 11. 82% of students felt they would do significantly better in a course if textbook was available for free US PIRG Report, 2014 http://www.uspirg.org/reports/usp/fixing-broken-textbook-market
  12. 12. How are 2/3 of students supposed to learn with materials they can’t afford and are not buying?
  13. 13. High textbook costs Decrease student access Increase student drop rates Decrease student success and learning
  14. 14. Does it make any sense WA State and K-12 Districts together spend $130M/year on textbooks and the results are: • Books are (on average) 7-10 years out of date • Paper only / no digital versions. • Students can’t write / highlight in books • Students can’t keep books at end of year • All rights reserved… teachers can’t update • Parents often pay for lost paper books…
  15. 15. http://k12oercollaborative.org
  16. 16. Cost of “Copy” For one 250 page textbook: • Copy by hand - $1,000 • Copy by print on demand - $4.90 • Copy by computer - $0.00084
  17. 17. Cost of “Distribute” For one 250 page textbook: • Distribute by mail - $5.20 • $0 with print-on-demand (2000+ copies) • Distribute by internet - $0.00072
  18. 18. Handwriting Printing Press Internet Copying a book $1000s per copy $1s per copy $0.0001s per copy Distributing a book $1000s per copy $1s per copy $0.0001s per copy
  19. 19. Copy and Distribute (and storage) are “Free” This changes everything…
  20. 20. Internet Enables Copyright Forbids
  21. 21. Open Educational Resources Any kind of teaching materials – textbooks, syllabi, lesson plans, videos, readings, exams
  22. 22. Open Educational Resources (1) Free and unfettered access, and (2) Free copyright permissions to engage in the 5R activities
  23. 23. open ≈ free
  24. 24. free is assumed online
  25. 25. open > free
  26. 26. open = free + permissions
  27. 27. • Make and own copiesRetain • Use in a wide range of waysReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute The 5Rs
  28. 28. retain is fundamental
  29. 29. retain is prerequisite to revise and remix
  30. 30. Open 1. Free and unfettered access 2. Perpetual, irrevocable 5R permissions
  31. 31. “Faux-pen” 1. Free (possibly gated) access 2. All rights reserved (or stronger)
  32. 32. Cost to Students Permissions to Faculty and Students Commercial Textbooks Expensive Restrictive Library Resources Free Restrictive Open Educational Resources Free 5Rs
  33. 33. Nonprofit organization Open copyright licenses Founded in 2001 Operates worldwide
  34. 34. Step 1: Choose Conditions Attribution ShareAlike NonCommercial NoDerivatives
  35. 35. Step 2: Receive a License
  36. 36. most freedom least freedom Not OER OER
  37. 37. Washington Community Colleges English Composition I • 62,000+ enrollments / year • x $128 textbook • ≈ $8 Million every year
  38. 38. opencourselibrary.org
  39. 39. $32M saved in 2 years + $25M in 2015-2016
  40. 40. Received funding to provide faculty development on your campus: - The impacts of high textbook costs - Open textbooks as a solution - Stipends for faculty reviews of open textbooks The Open Textbook Initiative University of Minnesota For more information: http://z.umn.edu/opentextbooks
  41. 41. OER-based Degree When elective and required courses adopt OER so a student can graduate without ever buying a textbook
  42. 42. The Z-Degree REMOVING TEXTBOOK COSTS AS A BARRIER TO STUDENT SUCCESS THROUGH AN OER-BASED CURRICULUM Decreased cost to graduate by 25% Increased pedagogical flexibility Improved course completion rates
  43. 43. Lumen Learning $ Cut total spend on textbooks by 90% Measurable increase (5-10%) in student success Open licensing of all new content Data-driven course updates Smooth faculty transition to open content Student access to materials from day 1
  44. 44. OER Potential in U.S. Higher Education: Save Students: Billions / year If every: Open textbook saves $128 per course / student
  45. 45. 11 Peer Reviewed Studies: OER Outcomes vs. Traditional Textbooks http://openedgroup.org/
  46. 46. 48,623 Students http://openedgroup.org/
  47. 47. 93% Same or Better Outcomes http://openedgroup.org/
  48. 48. 9 Peer Reviewed Studies of Perceptions of OER Quality http://openedgroup.org/
  49. 49. 4,510 Professors and Students http://openedgroup.org/
  50. 50. 50% Same35% Better 15% Worse http://openedgroup.org/
  51. 51. “what does open allow me to do?”
  52. 52. Disposable Assignments Students hate doing them You hate grading them Huge waste of time and energy
  53. 53. Renewable Assignments Students see value in doing them You see value in grading them The world is a better place at the end
  54. 54. Publicly funded resources should be openly licensed resources.
  55. 55. White House issues directive supporting public access to publicly funded research
  56. 56. $2 billion: new academic programs @ 700+ Community Colleges Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) required SkillsCommons.org
  57. 57. California Community Colleges require Creative Commons Attribution for all Chancellor’s Office Grants & Contracts
  58. 58. letter:oerusa.org
  59. 59. openpolicynetwork.org
  60. 60. the opposite of open isn’t “closed”
  61. 61. the opposite of open is “broken”
  62. 62. Dr. Cable Green Director of Global Learning cable@creativecommons.org twitter: @cgreen
  63. 63. Credits ● Open Policy Network slides – from Tim Vollmer @ Creative Commons ● Big idea Icon - from the Noun Project, Public Domain ● Blueprint Icon - by Dimitry Sokolov, from The Noun Project - CC BY ● Check List Icon - by fabrice dubuy, from The Noun Project - CC BY ● Hackathon - by Iconathon 2012 - CC0 ● Question Icon - by Rémy Médard, from The Noun Project - CC BY

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