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Optimizing Education <ul><li>David Wiley, PhD </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Instructional Psychology & Technology </li><...
Optimization,  noun . <ul><li>“ Improve efficiency, enhance effectiveness, and optimize performance” </li></ul>
How Good Can It Be? <ul><li>A famous answer from educational research </li></ul>
Bloom’s 2 Sigma Challenge <ul><li>Bloom, 1984 </li></ul>
One-to-One Tutoring <ul><li>And other methods compared to  30 students in the classroom </li></ul>
Average  Tutored Student by 2 SD <ul><li>In other words, the average student is capable of much more </li></ul>
Tutoring is Expensive <ul><li>So we teach class instead! </li></ul>
Bloom, 1984 <ul><li>If the research on the 2 sigma problem yields practiced methods (methods that the  average teacher   o...
To Tutor Or Not to Tutor? <ul><li>That is the (false) question </li></ul>
“ Strategic Tutoring” <ul><li>What if we could do one-on-one tutoring just-in-time and just-on-topic? </li></ul>
Obs. 1 - Requires Great Insight <ul><li>We’d have to know who needs help, when, and what they need help with </li></ul>
Obs. 2 - Data Are the Key <ul><li>You’d need live, fine-grained data about students, assessment, and curriculum </li></ul>
Obs. 3 – Good Data Are Expensive! <ul><li>Who gathers and analyzes data like this? </li></ul>
 
 
 
 
Each  and  Every  Interaction <ul><li>Recorded and stored for analysis to improve quality of service / experience </li></ul>
 
Even the Grocer! <ul><li>Almost every industry uses data  more effectively than we do </li></ul>
Connecting the Dots <ul><li>2 sigma  =>  strategic tutoring  =>  data </li></ul>
How Can We Get the Data? <ul><li>Follow Google, Amazon, Netflix, WoW, etc. </li></ul>
Do School  Online   <ul><li>Where each and every interaction can be captured and stored for analysis </li></ul>
 
What Kind of Data? <ul><li>When  they logged in, read, and worked </li></ul><ul><li>How long  they logged in, read, and wo...
OHSU Teaching Model <ul><li>Online curriculum teaches as much as possible, teachers do proactive “strategic tutoring” </li...
Another Benefit of Data <ul><li>Engage in continuous improvement of curriculum materials </li></ul>
Can  You Improve Curriculum? <ul><li>Data aren’t sufficient – you need permission </li></ul>
Open Educational Resources <ul><li>Give OHSU the permissions it needs to engage in continuous improvement </li></ul>
“ 4R” Permissions Reuse – copy verbatim Redistribute – share with others Revise – adapt and improve Remix – combine with o...
OHSU Charter Requires OER <ul><li>Founders’ way of “burning the ships” </li></ul>
Continuous Quality Improvement <ul><li>Student learning and curriculum effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>grow simultaneously...
Feedback Loop Curriculum Use Curriculum Redesign Student Performance Data Data Describing Curriculum Performance Data Supp...
Capturing Out-of-Band Tutoring <ul><li>Using customer relationship management </li></ul><ul><li>(CRM) tools </li></ul>
Thank You <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>801-422-7071 </li></ul><ul><li>http://davidwiley.org/ </li></ul>
http://www.flickr.com/photos/tudor/255272612/ How could he   fail  the test? He was online studying all day every day last...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/combust/3593608524/ He must have been playing World of Warcraft, because he only spent 32 min...
Thank You <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>801-422-7071 </li></ul><ul><li>http://davidwiley.org/ </li></ul>
Visualizing Educational Data <ul><li>Creating new visualization techniques to support teaching and learning </li></ul>
 
Only Our Second Semester <ul><li>But we’re aggressively pursuing 2 sigma </li></ul>
Thank You <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>http://davidwiley.org/  </li></ul>
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Optimizing Education

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Presentation for the Utah Governor's Optimization Commission about data, openness, and how to improve education.

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Optimizing Education

  1. 1. Optimizing Education <ul><li>David Wiley, PhD </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Instructional Psychology & Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Brigham Young University </li></ul>
  2. 2. Optimization, noun . <ul><li>“ Improve efficiency, enhance effectiveness, and optimize performance” </li></ul>
  3. 3. How Good Can It Be? <ul><li>A famous answer from educational research </li></ul>
  4. 4. Bloom’s 2 Sigma Challenge <ul><li>Bloom, 1984 </li></ul>
  5. 5. One-to-One Tutoring <ul><li>And other methods compared to 30 students in the classroom </li></ul>
  6. 6. Average Tutored Student by 2 SD <ul><li>In other words, the average student is capable of much more </li></ul>
  7. 7. Tutoring is Expensive <ul><li>So we teach class instead! </li></ul>
  8. 8. Bloom, 1984 <ul><li>If the research on the 2 sigma problem yields practiced methods (methods that the average teacher or school faculty can learn in a brief period of time and use with little more cost or time than conventional instruction), it would be an educational contribution of the greatest magnitude . (p. 5) </li></ul>
  9. 9. To Tutor Or Not to Tutor? <ul><li>That is the (false) question </li></ul>
  10. 10. “ Strategic Tutoring” <ul><li>What if we could do one-on-one tutoring just-in-time and just-on-topic? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Obs. 1 - Requires Great Insight <ul><li>We’d have to know who needs help, when, and what they need help with </li></ul>
  12. 12. Obs. 2 - Data Are the Key <ul><li>You’d need live, fine-grained data about students, assessment, and curriculum </li></ul>
  13. 13. Obs. 3 – Good Data Are Expensive! <ul><li>Who gathers and analyzes data like this? </li></ul>
  14. 18. Each and Every Interaction <ul><li>Recorded and stored for analysis to improve quality of service / experience </li></ul>
  15. 20. Even the Grocer! <ul><li>Almost every industry uses data more effectively than we do </li></ul>
  16. 21. Connecting the Dots <ul><li>2 sigma => strategic tutoring => data </li></ul>
  17. 22. How Can We Get the Data? <ul><li>Follow Google, Amazon, Netflix, WoW, etc. </li></ul>
  18. 23. Do School Online <ul><li>Where each and every interaction can be captured and stored for analysis </li></ul>
  19. 25. What Kind of Data? <ul><li>When they logged in, read, and worked </li></ul><ul><li>How long they logged in, read, and worked </li></ul><ul><li>Pathway information </li></ul><ul><li>Item-by-item analytics </li></ul><ul><li>&c. </li></ul>
  20. 26. OHSU Teaching Model <ul><li>Online curriculum teaches as much as possible, teachers do proactive “strategic tutoring” </li></ul>
  21. 27. Another Benefit of Data <ul><li>Engage in continuous improvement of curriculum materials </li></ul>
  22. 28. Can You Improve Curriculum? <ul><li>Data aren’t sufficient – you need permission </li></ul>
  23. 29. Open Educational Resources <ul><li>Give OHSU the permissions it needs to engage in continuous improvement </li></ul>
  24. 30. “ 4R” Permissions Reuse – copy verbatim Redistribute – share with others Revise – adapt and improve Remix – combine with others
  25. 31. OHSU Charter Requires OER <ul><li>Founders’ way of “burning the ships” </li></ul>
  26. 32. Continuous Quality Improvement <ul><li>Student learning and curriculum effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>grow simultaneously </li></ul>
  27. 33. Feedback Loop Curriculum Use Curriculum Redesign Student Performance Data Data Describing Curriculum Performance Data Supporting Strategic Tutoring
  28. 34. Capturing Out-of-Band Tutoring <ul><li>Using customer relationship management </li></ul><ul><li>(CRM) tools </li></ul>
  29. 35. Thank You <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>801-422-7071 </li></ul><ul><li>http://davidwiley.org/ </li></ul>
  30. 36. http://www.flickr.com/photos/tudor/255272612/ How could he fail the test? He was online studying all day every day last week!!!
  31. 37. http://www.flickr.com/photos/combust/3593608524/ He must have been playing World of Warcraft, because he only spent 32 minutes on Algebra.
  32. 38. Thank You <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>801-422-7071 </li></ul><ul><li>http://davidwiley.org/ </li></ul>
  33. 39. Visualizing Educational Data <ul><li>Creating new visualization techniques to support teaching and learning </li></ul>
  34. 41. Only Our Second Semester <ul><li>But we’re aggressively pursuing 2 sigma </li></ul>
  35. 42. Thank You <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>http://davidwiley.org/ </li></ul>

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