The northwest ordinance of 1787

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The northwest ordinance of 1787

  1. 1. THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787
  2. 2. THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE <ul><li>CONFEDERATION: a group of loosely joined, but sovereign states. </li></ul>
  3. 3. THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE <ul><li>Problem: Many states made claims to the western lands (Northwest Territory). </li></ul><ul><li>Boundaries of the Northwest Territory: Great Lakes (north), Pennsylvania (east), Ohio River (south), Mississippi River (west) </li></ul>
  4. 4. THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE <ul><li>Solution to the Problem: All states agreed to cede (give) their claims to Congress, so Congress can sell the land for the good of the country (confederation). </li></ul><ul><li>NATIONAL DOMAIN – Public land </li></ul>
  5. 5. THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE <ul><li>LAND ORDINANCE of 1785: Congress’s plan to sell the land of the Northwest Territory. </li></ul><ul><li>Rectangular Survey System – carefully surveyed the land into squares to be sold. </li></ul>
  6. 6. THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE <ul><li>Township – the largest division of land. It is thirty-six square miles. </li></ul>6 MILES Township
  7. 7. Townships
  8. 8. THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE <ul><li>Section – 36 sections in a township. It is one square mile or 640 acres. </li></ul>Section
  9. 9. THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE <ul><li>Acre – the smallest division of land. It sold for $1 per acre. </li></ul><ul><li>The average size farm was 40 acre. So, it sold for $40. </li></ul>BUCKEYES OHIO STATE 50 40 40 30 20 10 30 20 10 ACRE
  10. 10. THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE <ul><li>Education – the sale from one section of each township goes to start a school for that township. </li></ul><ul><li>How much went for education? </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: $640 </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787 this document establishes… </li></ul><ul><li>the principles and procedures for the orderly expansion of the United States. </li></ul>
  12. 12. THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787 <ul><li>Statehood: </li></ul><ul><li>When the population reaches 5,000 adult males the area can: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>elect it’s own legislature. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>send non-voting members to Congress. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787 <ul><li>When the population reaches 60,000 adult males the area can: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>can write a state constitution and apply for statehood. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If Congress approves the state Constitution that area will become a state. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787 <ul><li>Five states: </li></ul>Wisconsin Illinois Indiana Michigan Ohio Minnesota Indiana (1816) Ohio (1803 ) Illinois (1818) Michigan (1837) Wisconsin (1848)
  15. 15. THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787 <ul><li>Rights Guaranteed: </li></ul><ul><li>Trial by jury </li></ul><ul><li>Public education </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of religion </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibition of slavery </li></ul>

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