Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Louisiana Purchase Presentation


Published on

Published in: Business
  • Be the first to comment

Louisiana Purchase Presentation

  1. 1. The Louisiana Purchase By Margaret
  2. 2. Background Information <ul><li>At the end of the French and Indian wars in 1763, France lost all of its possessions in North America removing hopes of a colonial empire </li></ul><ul><li>By the terms of the treaty of Fontainebleau Louisiana west of the Mississippi was ceded to Spain and Britain acquired the large land to its east. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Background Cont. <ul><li>After the U.S won its independence from Britain in 1783 a major concern became unrestricted access to the Mississippi River. </li></ul><ul><li>Settlers were moving west </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish control of both sides of the Mississippi below Natchez. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Background Cont. <ul><li>Secret pact signed between Napoleon and the king of Spain to cede to France the Louisiana territory including New Orleans in exchange for a Spanish kingdom in Italy. </li></ul><ul><li>Rumors confirmed when Pinckney's Treaty of 1795 was withdrawn by the Spanish </li></ul>
  5. 5. Anger <ul><li>Frontier settlers were angry with the new situation and talked of starting a revolt </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of their warehouse privileges and use of the vital port </li></ul>
  6. 6. Jefferson’s Situation <ul><li>Jefferson was a pacifist and against war </li></ul><ul><li>Louisiana in Spain's possession was not a real threat, but that changed with Napoleon acquiring the territory. </li></ul><ul><li>The United States was not strong enough to defeat Napoleon’s armies alone so it would have to seek allies, against its anti-alliance policy. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Jefferson’s Solution <ul><li>In 1803 Jefferson sent James Monroe to Paris to join Robert Livingston the permanent Paris minister. </li></ul><ul><li>They were instructed to purchase New Orleans and as much land to the east of it at the maximum of $10 million </li></ul>
  8. 8. Napoleon’s Decision <ul><li>Napoleon suddenly decided to sell all of Louisiana and abandon his dream of a New World empire. </li></ul><ul><li>By selling the Louisiana Territory to the United States Napoleon hoped they would one day become a military and naval power that could prevent British expansion in the New World. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Negotiations <ul><li>When the American ministers were asked for a price for the whole Louisiana Territory by the Parisian minister Talleyrand, they were surprised with the change of events and timidly began to negotiate a treaty </li></ul><ul><li>Treaties were signed on April 30, 1083 ceding Louisiana to the U.S. for $15 million. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Jefferson's Reaction <ul><li>Jefferson was shocked when the news of the bargain reached American soil. </li></ul><ul><li>The ministers had bought a wilderness to get a city. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Jefferson’s Wrestling <ul><li>Strict constructionist </li></ul><ul><li>He saw no reference to incorporating a large expanse of land into the Union with thousands of inhabitants in the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic visionary </li></ul><ul><li>He thought the large area would form the “empire of liberty” which would ensure the American democratic experiment’s survival. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Approval <ul><li>The senators approved the transition promptly. </li></ul><ul><li>Americans were not going to debate constitutionality of an issue when 828,000 mi 2 were about to be added at approximately 3 cents per acre. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Federalist Opposition <ul><li>Federalists argued that the Louisiana purchase was a worthless desert and unconstitutional. </li></ul><ul><li>They were most worried for the new states that were to come. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Exploration <ul><li>Jefferson wanted to explore the new territory. Sent Meriwether Lewis and William Clark to explore in 1804-1806 </li></ul><ul><li>Zebulon M. Pike explored this territory as well. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Short term Effects <ul><li>By approving the Louisiana Purchase Jefferson had avoided possible war with France and an entangling alliance with Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>Purchase ended European expansion in North America for the most part. </li></ul><ul><li>Boosted national unity. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Future Effects <ul><li>The purchase set new precedents for future westward expansion, eventually all the way to the Pacific and incorporation of new lands and peoples into the Union. </li></ul><ul><li>Accelerated the rise of U.S. economic and political power. </li></ul>