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Louisiana Purchase Presentation

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Louisiana Purchase Presentation

  1. 1. The Louisiana Purchase By Margaret
  2. 2. Background Information <ul><li>At the end of the French and Indian wars in 1763, France lost all of its possessions in North America removing hopes of a colonial empire </li></ul><ul><li>By the terms of the treaty of Fontainebleau Louisiana west of the Mississippi was ceded to Spain and Britain acquired the large land to its east. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Background Cont. <ul><li>After the U.S won its independence from Britain in 1783 a major concern became unrestricted access to the Mississippi River. </li></ul><ul><li>Settlers were moving west </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish control of both sides of the Mississippi below Natchez. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Background Cont. <ul><li>Secret pact signed between Napoleon and the king of Spain to cede to France the Louisiana territory including New Orleans in exchange for a Spanish kingdom in Italy. </li></ul><ul><li>Rumors confirmed when Pinckney's Treaty of 1795 was withdrawn by the Spanish </li></ul>
  5. 5. Anger <ul><li>Frontier settlers were angry with the new situation and talked of starting a revolt </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of their warehouse privileges and use of the vital port </li></ul>
  6. 6. Jefferson’s Situation <ul><li>Jefferson was a pacifist and against war </li></ul><ul><li>Louisiana in Spain's possession was not a real threat, but that changed with Napoleon acquiring the territory. </li></ul><ul><li>The United States was not strong enough to defeat Napoleon’s armies alone so it would have to seek allies, against its anti-alliance policy. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Jefferson’s Solution <ul><li>In 1803 Jefferson sent James Monroe to Paris to join Robert Livingston the permanent Paris minister. </li></ul><ul><li>They were instructed to purchase New Orleans and as much land to the east of it at the maximum of $10 million </li></ul>
  8. 8. Napoleon’s Decision <ul><li>Napoleon suddenly decided to sell all of Louisiana and abandon his dream of a New World empire. </li></ul><ul><li>By selling the Louisiana Territory to the United States Napoleon hoped they would one day become a military and naval power that could prevent British expansion in the New World. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Negotiations <ul><li>When the American ministers were asked for a price for the whole Louisiana Territory by the Parisian minister Talleyrand, they were surprised with the change of events and timidly began to negotiate a treaty </li></ul><ul><li>Treaties were signed on April 30, 1083 ceding Louisiana to the U.S. for $15 million. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Jefferson's Reaction <ul><li>Jefferson was shocked when the news of the bargain reached American soil. </li></ul><ul><li>The ministers had bought a wilderness to get a city. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Jefferson’s Wrestling <ul><li>Strict constructionist </li></ul><ul><li>He saw no reference to incorporating a large expanse of land into the Union with thousands of inhabitants in the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic visionary </li></ul><ul><li>He thought the large area would form the “empire of liberty” which would ensure the American democratic experiment’s survival. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Approval <ul><li>The senators approved the transition promptly. </li></ul><ul><li>Americans were not going to debate constitutionality of an issue when 828,000 mi 2 were about to be added at approximately 3 cents per acre. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Federalist Opposition <ul><li>Federalists argued that the Louisiana purchase was a worthless desert and unconstitutional. </li></ul><ul><li>They were most worried for the new states that were to come. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Exploration <ul><li>Jefferson wanted to explore the new territory. Sent Meriwether Lewis and William Clark to explore in 1804-1806 </li></ul><ul><li>Zebulon M. Pike explored this territory as well. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Short term Effects <ul><li>By approving the Louisiana Purchase Jefferson had avoided possible war with France and an entangling alliance with Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>Purchase ended European expansion in North America for the most part. </li></ul><ul><li>Boosted national unity. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Future Effects <ul><li>The purchase set new precedents for future westward expansion, eventually all the way to the Pacific and incorporation of new lands and peoples into the Union. </li></ul><ul><li>Accelerated the rise of U.S. economic and political power. </li></ul>

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