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Revolutionary War

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Revolutionary War

  1. 1. American Revolutionary War Fight for Independence
  2. 2.  Began July 3, 1754  Between England and France to control over land in North America  Cost England a lot of money  Last 7 years http://www.slideshare.net/albiejbm/events-leading-to- the-american-revolutionary-war-presentation
  3. 3.  Results of the French and Indian War  1. British territorial claims greatly expanded in America.  2. British debt grew in an attempt to finance an ever-expanding war.  3. Resentment towards American colonists grew in Parliament among those who saw Americans as unwilling to financially support a war on their behalf.  4. American colonists unified for the first time against a common enemy.  5. Colonial militias saw themselves as volunteers or a quot;people's armyquot; in contrast to the authoritarian and coercive British army.  6. France's influence in development of North American dwindled mightily. http://www.americanrevolution.com/FrenchandIndianWar.htm
  4. 4.  King George III of England  No colonists able to settle west of Appalachian Mountains  Indian Territory  If colonists already lived there, they had to move! http://www.slideshare.net/al biejbm/events-leading-to- the-american- revolutionary-war- presentation
  5. 5.  Parliament imposed taxes on colonists  Tea Act  1773 tax on tea  Colonists reaction:  Boycotted English tea  Led to the Boston Tea Party  Sugar Act  King George needed money to pay for war between French and Native Americans  Made colonists pay!  1764 taxed sugar and wine  Colonists angry  Boycott  Colonists made own sugar and wine http://www.slideshare.net/albiejbm/events-leading-to-the-american- revolutionary-war-presentation
  6. 6.  1765 tax on anything written on paper  Special stamp placed to show the purchase  Colonists boycotted British goods  Tax repealed by King George in 1766 http://www.slideshare.net/albie jbm/events-leading-to-the- american-revolutionary-war- presentation
  7. 7.  1767 tax on glass, paint, paper, and tea  Colonists’ reaction  English goods boycotted  Protests  Secret meetings  “No Taxation Without Representation!”  No choices in taxes http://www.slideshare.net/albiejbm/events-leading-to-the- american-revolutionary-war-presentation
  8. 8.  Occurred in 1770  Colonists calling British soldiers names  British soldiers reacted by firing on the crowd  5 people were dead  Crispus Attucks is the 1st African American dead http://www.slideshare.net/albie jbm/events-leading-to-the- american-revolutionary-war- presentation
  9. 9.  Occurred after the Tea Act passed – reaction to the tax on tea  Led by Samuel Adams  Colonists disguised as Native Americans and boarded 3 British ships  Colonists threw crates of tea overboard into the Boston Harbor http://www.slideshare.net/albie jbm/events-leading-to-the- american-revolutionary-war- presentation
  10. 10.  First Continental Congress created  1774: one colonist from each of the 12 colonies would meet in Philadelphia  Asked King George to get rid of the taxes  “No Taxation Without Representation!”  Boycotted all English goods http://www.slideshare.net/albiejbm/events-leading-to- the-american-revolutionary-war-presentation
  11. 11. British marched to Lexington to capture Sam  Adams and John Hancock, leaders of the Sons of Liberty. Sons of Liberty formed to stop collection of  taxes and included Paul Revere and John Adams as well (a.k.a. Patriots) British marched to Concord to capture  minutemen weapons Minutemen were volunteer  farmers, fishers, and tradesmen Massachusetts Colony  Paul Revere road the countryside to warn the  minutemen of the British secret mission “The British are Coming!”  Lexington “Shots Heard Around the World” –  First shot fired http://www.slideshare.net/albiejbm/events- leading-to-the-american-revolutionary-war- presentation
  12. 12.  Second Continental Congress created  Met in Philadelphia to create more organized colonial government  George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, John Hancock, Samuel Adams, and Thomas Jefferson  George Washington commander of Continental Army http://www.slideshare.net/albiejbm/events-leading-to-the- american-revolutionary-war-presentation
  13. 13.  1st major battle of American Revolution  Massachusetts, June 1775  British General William Howe defeated American troops  General Howe declared anyone helping the patriots considered to be traitors  American troops loss battle due to lack of ammunition http://www.slideshare.net/albie jbm/american- revolutiionary-war- presentation
  14. 14.  Declaration of Independence written by Thomas Jefferson  Congress approved the Declaration of Independence on July 4th, 1776  Document sent to King George III http://www.slideshare.net/albiejb m/american-revolutiionary-war- presentation
  15. 15.  October 1777  British General Burgoyne forced to surrender at Saratoga  Turning point in war as result of Burgoyne’s defeat  France provided support to Americans to help them win the war  Money, supplies, and ammunition http://www.slideshare.net/albi ejbm/american- revolutiionary-war- presentation
  16. 16.  1778 Virginia  French and Americans defeated General Cornwallis together  British realized defeat and retreated http://www.slideshare.net/albie jbm/american- revolutiionary-war- presentation
  17. 17.  May 10, 1775  Controlled by 22 British soldiers  Green Mountain Boys: Led by Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold who took over the fort  Ammunition and gun powder taken over  Belief that patriots will win http://www.slideshare.net/albiejb m/american-revolutiionary-war- presentation
  18. 18.  July 1776  General Howe wanted to use New York as a military base  General George Washington wanted to control New York as well  British had more soldiers, Washington retreated from Long Island http://www.slideshare.net/albiejb m/american-revolutiionary-war- presentation
  19. 19.  New York Harbor, September 1776 the first attack on a submarine  “Turtle” invented by David Bushnell  Targeted British Eagle Flagship  Gunpowder suppose to be placed on British ship, but failed http://www.slideshare.net/albie jbm/american- revolutiionary-war- presentation
  20. 20.  June 1777, the first American flag was created  Betsy Ross sewed this flag to boost the confidence of Washington’s soldiers  Belief that if the soldiers saw this flag that represents them, they will know what their freedom will look like and continue fighting for it. http://www.slideshare.net/albiej bm/american-revolutiionary- war-presentation
  21. 21.  September 3, 1783  Ben Franklin and Sam Adams went to sign agreement with King George III to end the American Revolutionary War http://www.slideshare.net/albiejb m/american-revolutiionary-war- presentation
  22. 22.  13 colonies became 13 states  Each state was independent and free  Own money system  Different laws created  Each state more powerful than central government  Articles of Confederation failed http://www.slideshare.net/albiejbm/a-new-nation- presentation
  23. 23.  Constitutional Convention  1787 in Philadelphia  1 Representative from each stated except Rhode Island  Purpose of convention: to create a central government for the 13 independent states  12 Representatives wrote Constitution in 3 months  July 2nd, 1790 Constitution was adopted http://www.slideshare.net/albie jbm/a-new-nation- presentation

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