CONFLICT AND CONQUEST:  THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE WEST 1860-1900 Chapter 15 Visions
CHAPTER FIFTEEN: CONFLICT AND CONQUEST: THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE WEST, 1860-1900 <ul><li>Native and Newcomers </li></ul><...
Native and Newcomers <ul><ul><li>Congress Promotes Westward Settlement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Diversity of the Nat...
Congress Promotes Westward Settlement <ul><li>Trans-Mississippi West - The region of the United States west of the Mississ...
Congress Promotes Westward Settlement <ul><li>Transcontinental Railroad - A line spanning the continental United States. C...
Native American Tribes of the Great Plains <ul><li>Great Plains - Vast open territory stretching east to west from present...
The Great Westward Migration <ul><li>Exodusters - More than twenty thousand ex-slaves who in 1879 left violence and povert...
Hard Times for Farmers <ul><li>The Grange - Originally founded in the fall of 1867 by Oliver H. Kelley as a social and edu...
The Cattle Kingdom <ul><li>The Long Drive - The annual cattle drives of more than 1,000 miles from Texas to the Great Plai...
Mounting Problems for Native Americans <ul><li>Sand Creek Massacre - A massacre of some two hundred Cheyenne Indians on No...
Wars on the Plains <ul><li>Battle of Little Bighorn - Lt. Col. George A. Custer and the Seventh Cavalry are wiped out by a...
In Pursuit of a Solution <ul><li>Dawes Severalty Act - 1887 law that started the breakup of reservations by offering Nativ...
In Pursuit of a Solution <ul><li>Massacre at Wounded Knee 1890 (Wavoka’s Message of the Ghost Dance) </li></ul>
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Visions chapter 15

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Visions chapter 15

  1. 1. CONFLICT AND CONQUEST: THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE WEST 1860-1900 Chapter 15 Visions
  2. 2. CHAPTER FIFTEEN: CONFLICT AND CONQUEST: THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE WEST, 1860-1900 <ul><li>Native and Newcomers </li></ul><ul><li>The Economic Transformation of the West </li></ul><ul><li>Native Americans Under Siege </li></ul><ul><li>Resistance and Romanticism </li></ul>
  3. 3. Native and Newcomers <ul><ul><li>Congress Promotes Westward Settlement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Diversity of the Native American West </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Native American Tribes of the Great Plains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Great Westward Migration </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Congress Promotes Westward Settlement <ul><li>Trans-Mississippi West - The region of the United States west of the Mississippi River. </li></ul><ul><li>Homestead Act - Passed in 1862, it provided 160 acres of free land to any settler willing to live on it and improve it for five years; promoted massive westward migration. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Congress Promotes Westward Settlement <ul><li>Transcontinental Railroad - A line spanning the continental United States. Congress helped the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads build it by providing land grants, cash incentives, and loans. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Native American Tribes of the Great Plains <ul><li>Great Plains - Vast open territory stretching east to west from present-day Missouri to the Rocky Mountains, and north to south from North Dakota to Texas. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Great Westward Migration <ul><li>Exodusters - More than twenty thousand ex-slaves who in 1879 left violence and poverty in the South to take up farming in Kansas. </li></ul><ul><li>Mormons - A religious sect founded in upstate New York in 1830. Driven by persecution they headed west in 1846 and settled in a valley in Utah near the Great Salt Lake. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Hard Times for Farmers <ul><li>The Grange - Originally founded in the fall of 1867 by Oliver H. Kelley as a social and educational society for farmers, it became a major political force in the Midwest in the mid-1870s. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Cattle Kingdom <ul><li>The Long Drive - The annual cattle drives of more than 1,000 miles from Texas to the Great Plains that started in 1866 and established the ranching industry in the West. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Mounting Problems for Native Americans <ul><li>Sand Creek Massacre - A massacre of some two hundred Cheyenne Indians on November 29, 1864, in Colorado by a military outfit known as the Colorado Volunteers under Colonel John M. Chivington. </li></ul>Cheyenne Chief
  11. 11. Wars on the Plains <ul><li>Battle of Little Bighorn - Lt. Col. George A. Custer and the Seventh Cavalry are wiped out by a force of Cheyenne, Sioux, and Arapaho warriors on June 25, 1876; hardens white attitudes toward Native Americans. </li></ul>Sitting Bull and nephew One Bull
  12. 12. In Pursuit of a Solution <ul><li>Dawes Severalty Act - 1887 law that started the breakup of reservations by offering Native Americans allotments of 160 acres of reservation land to encourage them to become independent farmers. </li></ul>
  13. 13. In Pursuit of a Solution <ul><li>Massacre at Wounded Knee 1890 (Wavoka’s Message of the Ghost Dance) </li></ul>

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