Overview of Revolution


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Overview of Revolution

  1. 1. The Quick Version of The Revolutionary War
  2. 2. British vs. Americans
  3. 3. Comparing The Two Sides <ul><li>American Weaknesses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small, inexperienced army </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Left to tend farms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of money and supplies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>American Strengths </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knew landscape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Had something to fight for (patriotism) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overseas help from French </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>George Washington </li></ul></ul><ul><li>British Weaknesses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Far away from supplies and information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>British people didn’t care </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor leadership and experience with America </li></ul></ul><ul><li>British Strengths </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large, professional army </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Money to hire 30,000 Hessians and buy supplies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loyalists and African Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Artillery experience </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Lexington and Concord <ul><li>April 14, 1775 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Shot heard ‘round the world.” </li></ul><ul><li>First battles of Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Americans held off the British. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Battle of Trenton
  6. 6. Battle of Trenton <ul><li>Christmas night 1776 </li></ul><ul><li>British and Hessians had been “celebrating” </li></ul><ul><li>George Washington gave men a pep talk </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thomas Paine’s “The Crisis” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cold and damp </li></ul><ul><li>Crossed Delaware </li></ul><ul><li>Victory!! 868 Prisoners. No American deaths </li></ul><ul><li>Sent message to British </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Crisis <ul><li>THESE are the times that try men's souls. The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of their country; but he that stands by it now, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman. Tyranny, like hell, is not easily conquered; yet we have this consolation with us, that the harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph. What we obtain too cheap, we esteem too lightly: it is dearness only that gives every thing its value </li></ul>
  8. 9. Battle of Saratoga <ul><li>October 17, 1777 </li></ul><ul><li>General Burgoyne commanded large force of British soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Surrounded by Americans </li></ul><ul><li>18 days of fighting </li></ul><ul><li>Americans won and Burgoyne surrendered </li></ul><ul><li>Victory convinced French to help </li></ul><ul><li>TURNING POINT </li></ul>
  9. 10. Winter at Valley Forge
  10. 11. Hard Winter <ul><li>Armies didn’t really fight in the winter </li></ul><ul><li>Camped during winter </li></ul><ul><li>Cold and harsh conditions (Little Ice Age) </li></ul><ul><li>Hungry and sick </li></ul><ul><li>No shoes </li></ul><ul><li>Washington stayed with troops </li></ul><ul><li>Trained with Baron Von Steuben and the Marquis de Lafayette. Turned them into a “real” army. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Marquis de Lafayette… Thank you for helping us France is honored to help Your leg is frostbitten
  12. 14. The War at Sea <ul><li>British and Americans clashed on the sea </li></ul><ul><li>John Paul Jones = American Naval Commander </li></ul><ul><li>Serapis v. Bonhomme Richard </li></ul><ul><li>Crucial American Naval Victory </li></ul>
  13. 15. Fighting in South <ul><li>British and American forces clashed in the Southern colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Change in British strategy. What they were doing in the north wasn’t working. </li></ul><ul><li>Fought in the swamps </li></ul><ul><li>Francis Marion “The Swamp Fox” </li></ul><ul><li>Guerilla Warfare </li></ul>
  14. 17. Yorktown <ul><li>Americans and French “faked out” the British. Made them think they were staying in New York. </li></ul><ul><li>Marched to Virginia instead </li></ul><ul><li>Siege at Yorktown. British tried to get away but a storm stopped them. </li></ul><ul><li>Had to fight. </li></ul>
  15. 21. Yorktown (end-British surrender) <ul><li>Lord Cornwalis forced to surrender </li></ul><ul><li>Pretended to be sick </li></ul><ul><li>British surrendered arms and weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Poor sports </li></ul><ul><li>CONSIDERED TO BE THE END OF THE WAR!!! </li></ul>
  16. 23. Treaty of Paris 1783 <ul><li>Americans get independence </li></ul><ul><li>Americans get British holdings in North America </li></ul><ul><li>We become the United States </li></ul>