The Road To Revolution


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Outlines the basic causes of the American Revolution and ends with a chain of events, cause/effect, activity.

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The Road To Revolution

  1. 1. The Road to Revolution
  2. 2. • Colonies could trade only with England • Upset colonies who counted on trade and shipping for their economy
  3. 3. French and Indian War 1754-1763 England taxed the colonists to help pay for the war Fought between England and France over the Ohio Valley, England won
  4. 4. Land ceded to Britain after the French and Indian War
  5. 5. 1. It increased her colonial empire in the Americas. 2. It greatly enlarged England’s debt. 3. Britain’s contempt for the colonials created bitter feelings. Therefore, England felt that a major reorganization of her American Empire was necessary! Effects of the War on Britain?
  6. 6. 1. It united them against a common enemy for the first time. 2. It created a socializing experience for all the colonials who participated. 3. It created bitter feelings towards the British that would only intensify. Effects of the War on the American Colonials
  7. 7. This political cartoon by Benjamin Franklin encouraged the colonies to work together during the French and Indian War. During this era, there was a superstition that a snake which had been cut into pieces would come back to life if the pieces were put together before sunset.
  8. 8. Proclamation of 1763 Created the Proclamation Line to keep colonists from moving into the Ohio Valley Further upset colonists
  9. 9. Stamp Act - 1765 • A special tax put on all paper goods to pay for the F & I War • Colonists refused to pay the tax and would not buy (boycott) the items that were being taxed
  10. 10. Tar and Feathering
  11. 11. Tea Act - 1773 • Colonists were forced to buy tea from a British Company, so they boycotted the tea.
  12. 12. The Boston Tea Party- 1773 • Sons of liberty (a protest group) boarded British ships filled with tea and dumped the tea into the harbor.
  13. 13. Intolerable (or Coercive) Acts - 1774 •England punished colonies for the Tea Party by closing Boston’s harbor until tea was paid for.
  14. 14. The Coercive or Intolerable Acts (1774) Lord North 1. Port Bill 2. Government Act 4. Administration of Justice Act 3. New Quartering Act
  15. 15. First Continental Congress (1774) 55 delegates from 12 colonies Agenda  How to respond to the Coercive Acts & the Quebec Act? 1 vote per colony represented. They also listed the problems they had with King George III
  16. 16. Second Continental Congress -1776 • The Declaration of Independence was written. • Explained WHY the colonies were breaking away from England.
  17. 17. The Declaration
  18. 18. The Enlightenment and The American Revolution
  19. 19. Chain of Events
  20. 20. Parliament levies taxes on stamps to pay for the French and Indian War.
  21. 21. The Virginia House of Burgesses votes on a resolution claiming Parliament is practicing "taxation without representation" because Americans are not represented there.
  22. 22. Stamp tax collectors arrive, but resistance is strong. Some Americans burn tax collectors’ houses.
  23. 23. The British repeal the Stamp Act and Parliament passes customs duties on lead, paper, paint, glass, and tea.
  24. 24. Colonists boycott British goods and smuggle foreign goods.
  25. 25. As imports decline ten thousand British troops arrive in America to help enforce tax laws and catch offenders.
  26. 26. A crowd of men and boys throw sticks and snowballs at British soldiers outside the customs house in Boston.
  27. 27. British troops kill five men, and colonists spread news of the "Boston Massacre."
  28. 28. Angry colonists join the Sons of Liberty, the Daughters of Liberty, and Committees of Correspondence to create more active revolt.
  29. 29. To break Americans’ resistance to taxes, Parliament gives the British East India Company a monopoly on tea that helps lower the price.
  30. 30. Americans refuse to buy tea and colonists disguised as Indians throw 342 chests of tea into Boston harbor.
  31. 31. Parliament removes Boston’s self- government by passing the Intolerable Acts.
  32. 32. The colonies unite to aid the people of Massachusetts who are arming themselves, and the First Continental Congress meets.
  33. 33. General Thomas Gage in sends British troops from Boston to Lexington and Concord to destroy colonial military supplies.
  34. 34. Americans kill 250 British soldiers on their march back to Boston and begin to gather on hills around the city.
  35. 35. General Gage sends his men to capture Bunker (Breed’s) Hill. Forty percent of his men die. The war is on.