THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787
I.

THE NORTHWEST
ORDINANCE

CONFEDERATION: a group of
loosely joined, but sovereign states.
THE NORTHWEST
ORDINANCE

A. Problem: Many states made claims to the
western lands (Northwest Territory).
 Boundaries of t...
THE NORTHWEST
ORDINANCE

B. Solution to the Problem: All states agreed to
cede (give) their claims to Congress, so
Congres...
THE NORTHWEST
ORDINANCE
II. LAND ORDINANCE
of 1785: Congress’s
plan to sell the land
of the Northwest
Territory.
A. Rectan...
THE NORTHWEST
ORDINANCE
1. Township – the largest division of land.
It is thirty-six square miles.
THE NORTHWEST
ORDINANCE
2. Section – 36 sections in a township. It is
one square mile or 640 acres.
THE NORTHWEST
ORDINANCE
3. Acre – the smallest division of land.
It sold for $1 per acre.
The average size farm was 40 acr...
THE NORTHWEST
ORDINANCE

B. Education – the sale from one section of each
township goes to start a school for that
townshi...
III.THE NORTHWEST
ORDINANCE of 1787 this
document establishes…
 the principles and procedures for the
orderly expansion o...
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of
1787
A. Statehood:
1. When the population reaches 5,000 adult
males the area can:
a. elect it’s...
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of
1787
2. When the population reaches 60,000
adult males the area can:
a. can write a state const...
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of
1787
Five states:
Ohio (1803)
Indiana (1816)
Illinois (1818)
Michigan (1837)
Wisconsin (1848)
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of
1787
Rights Guaranteed:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Trial by jury
Public education
Freedom of religion
Prohibi...
The Northwest Ordinance of 1787
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The Northwest Ordinance of 1787

  1. 1. THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787
  2. 2. I. THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE CONFEDERATION: a group of loosely joined, but sovereign states.
  3. 3. THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE A. Problem: Many states made claims to the western lands (Northwest Territory).  Boundaries of the Northwest Territory: Great Lakes (north), Pennsylvania (east), Ohio River (south), Mississippi River (west)
  4. 4. THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE B. Solution to the Problem: All states agreed to cede (give) their claims to Congress, so Congress can sell the land for the good of the country (confederation). NATIONAL DOMAIN – Public land
  5. 5. THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE II. LAND ORDINANCE of 1785: Congress’s plan to sell the land of the Northwest Territory. A. Rectangular Survey System – carefully surveyed the land into squares to be sold.
  6. 6. THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE 1. Township – the largest division of land. It is thirty-six square miles.
  7. 7. THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE 2. Section – 36 sections in a township. It is one square mile or 640 acres.
  8. 8. THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE 3. Acre – the smallest division of land. It sold for $1 per acre. The average size farm was 40 acre. So, it sold for $40.
  9. 9. THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE B. Education – the sale from one section of each township goes to start a school for that township. How much went for education? Answer: $640
  10. 10. III.THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787 this document establishes…  the principles and procedures for the orderly expansion of the United States.
  11. 11. THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787 A. Statehood: 1. When the population reaches 5,000 adult males the area can: a. elect it’s own legislature. b. send non-voting members to Congress.
  12. 12. THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787 2. When the population reaches 60,000 adult males the area can: a. can write a state constitution and apply for statehood. b. If Congress approves the state Constitution that area will become a state.
  13. 13. THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787 Five states: Ohio (1803) Indiana (1816) Illinois (1818) Michigan (1837) Wisconsin (1848)
  14. 14. THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787 Rights Guaranteed: 1. 2. 3. 4. Trial by jury Public education Freedom of religion Prohibition of slavery

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