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A.P.I.E.D.
BHAIKAKA CENTRE FOR HUMAN SETTLEMENTS BHAVIK RAVAL 14MUP01
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LAND ORDINANCE OF 1785
• DATE : May 20th 1785.
• REASON : Congress did not have
the power to raise revenue by
direct taxat...
• Salient features:
 The ordinance told how the Northwest
Territory would be surveyed (measured).
 Land was divided into...
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Land ordinance of 1785

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LAND ORDINANCE OF 1785
salient features

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Land ordinance of 1785

  1. 1. A.P.I.E.D. BHAIKAKA CENTRE FOR HUMAN SETTLEMENTS BHAVIK RAVAL 14MUP01 U S A L E G A L L E G I S L A T I O N
  2. 2. LAND ORDINANCE OF 1785 • DATE : May 20th 1785. • REASON : Congress did not have the power to raise revenue by direct taxation of the inhabitants of the United States. Therefore, the immediate goal of the ordinance was to raise money through the sale of land in the largely unmapped territory west of the original states acquired after the end of the Revolutionary War in the 1783 Treaty of Paris. • Area: Known as the Northwest Territories, it comprised the present-day states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin, as well as part of Minnesota. BHAIKAKA CENTRE FOR HUMAN SETTLEMENTS A.P.I.E.D. BHAVIK RAVAL 14MUP01
  3. 3. • Salient features:  The ordinance told how the Northwest Territory would be surveyed (measured).  Land was divided into squares called townships.  Each township was then divided into 36 smaller squares (sections).  Each section was one square mile.  There shall be reserved the lot No. 16, of every township, for the maintenance of public schools within the said township.  Sections number 8, 11, 26, and 29 in every township were reserved for future sale by the federal government when, it was hoped, they would bring higher prices because of developed land around them. • Benefits:  laid the foundations of land policy until passage of the Homestead Act in 1862.  Retaining central land in each township ensured that these lands would create value for the federal government.  instead of disbursing funds to the new states to create public education systems dedicating a central lot in each township provided the new townships with the means to develop educational institutions without any transfer of funds.  framework for spreading democratic ideals.

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