Qualitative and descriptive research

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Qualitative and descriptive research

  1. 1. Qualitative and descriptive research Qualitative DescriptiveS  Both qualitative and descriptive research  Both qualitative and descriptive researchI are concerned with providing descriptions are concerned with providing descriptionsM T of phenomena that occur naturally, of phenomena that occur naturally, withoutI I without the intervention of an experiment the intervention of an experiment or anL E or an artificially contrived treatment. artificially contrived treatment.A SR  Qualitative research is primary research.  Descriptive research is primary research.I  Occur in a natural environment.  Occur in a natural environment.  Consider nature environment a difficult  This approach concerns with describingD context in which to conduct an SLA behaviour in a natural context, with noI investigation because too many variables manipulation or little intrusion from the must be controlled. researcher.F  Qualitative research is heuristic and no  Descriptive research can be heuristic orF deductive. deductive.E  Qualitative research narrows the focus of  Descriptive research as a type or category the research progresses. or research refers to investigation whichR utilizes already existing data or non-  Descriptive research as a type orE category or research refers to experimental research with a preconceived hypothesis.N investigation which utilizes already existing data or non-experimental  Descriptive research establishes researchC research with a preconceived hypothesis. questions or hypothesis. DescriptiveE research begins with a general question or a specific issue.S
  2. 2. Qualitative and descriptive research Qualitative DescriptiveF  It is called hypothesis-generating  It is used to describe problems in S.L.A, itE research because most of the information gives us pictures of factores involve in theA comes from the context. S.L.A development.T  We collect data as much as we can, this  We collect specific data using techniques,U kind of data is called “raw data” from other researchs or from otherR observations  We want to understand a behaviourE  We give answer to a problem or question based on our observations.S based on information collected in our observations.  Descriptive research is analytic constituent.P  Qualitative research is synthetic or Deductive holistic. HeuristicA  Begins with preconceived hypothesis and a  Little or no manipulation of the research narrower scope of investigation.R environment, and uses data collection  High control. procedures with low explicitness.A  Low controlMETERS
  3. 3. Qualitative and descriptive research Qualitative DescriptiveAP  this approach may consider nature a  this approach may be concerned withPR difficult context in which to conduct an describing second language acquisitionO investigation because too many variables behaviour in natural context, with noA must be controlled. manipulation or little intrusion from theC researcher.HP  Observation: the observation is done in a  Case studies: when the investigator isA field using different tools like interested in describing some aspects of  Tape recording: This is a useful tool to do the SL performance. Consider studyingR a successful observation. individual performance will be moreA relevant.  Manual transcription: the observation must be transcript in order to have some  Group studies: A researcher may beM interested in describing the various types of observation results and find patterns inE the information. motivation found in SL learner group.TERS

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