Wind Power Technician What’s so special about that?Helge Larsen November 2011Head of Operation & Maintenance
European Wind Resources Color Sheltered Open Terain At Coastal Open Sea Hills & ridges
Wind Turbine Development 1980 - 2010 • Turbines >3MW will be common in the near future Increase in MW per turbines period 1985-2005 • Turbines have doubled in size every 5 years • Limiting reasons are logictics and local consequences around wind farms • * The effect of learning is estimated to result in a 9-17 % reduction in O&M costs each time installed capacity in Europe is doubledNote* Source: EWEA – European Wind Energy Association
EU Climate Goals of 2009• A reduction in EU greenhouse gas emissions of at least 20% below 1990 levels 20% reduction in CO2 emissions• 20% of EU energy consumption to come from renewable 20% resources• A 20% reduction in primary innen energy use compared with 2020 projected levels, to be achieved 20% 20% by improving energy efficiency 20% Improving 20% Consumption to energy efficiency come from renewable resources
High expectations of employment within rewnewable energy industry Total jobs in EU renewable- and wind industry, if EU reaches the 20-20-20 goals • Approaching 2020 EU *1 estimates a Jobs, in thousands doubling in workplaces within the renewable power section to a total of 2,8 millions 3 000 2,8 millioner • EU in 2007, employed 108 600 *2 in the Fornybart wind power industry alone - Vind 2 000 150 000 if counting indirect jobs 1,4 millioner ( 2005) • Denmark, Germany and Spain accounts for 77% 1 000 330 000 • The Wind Industry in EU will employ near 155 000 Germany 330 000 workers in 2020, according to 0 EWEA *2 2007 2020 Germany as an example 38 000 directly employed in the wind industry in 2007 and 84300 • 37 nye arbeidsplasser daglig directly and indirectly (suppliers, sub suppliers and service companies) and total of 250 000 in the renewable sector. According to a BMU study the total renewable sector will increaseNote: to 400 000 in Germany by 2020.1) Source: European Commission, Directorate General for Energy and Transport2) Source: EWEA – European Wind Energy Association – ”Wind at work” – based on a scbeanrio with 180 GW wind installed in EU in 2020
Personal Experiences• Sea West Wind Power was the leading US company, both in project development and operation of wind farms• With more sophisticated technology in wind turbines came the need for specialized competency in the technical staff• From 2001 implemented an in-house training system based on 2 years of specialized cources• Resulted in significant improvement in the wind farm operation efficiency• Dramatically reduced the number of accidents
What’s special about wind power? • We work in teams of 2 o Complement one another o Safety - Communication • Work environment o Climate challenges o High stress level o Dangerous operationsA 150 MW Wind Farm consists of 50-70 Power Plants!
Educational Challenges Too specialized Electrical lesson plans We need cross competency! Wind Power Technician What about how-to-dos and Safety?
The Wind Turbine TechnicianExperience makes perect….• The first 2 years of the “Wind Power Technician” program could, with some specific adjustments, be one of the existing trades leading to a 3rd year specifically oriented towards wind turbines• The third year needs to focus on the wind technician competency needs; electrical/mechanical – mechanical/SCADA – SCADA/electricalHow-to-dos• In a wind farm there is a clear O&M divide between turbines and infrastructure where specialized high voltage competency is required• The work environment is subject to weather conditions requiring specific HSE needs• Hydraulic systems and tools are both complex and can be dangerous and the student needs to have a good understanding of this• Working in heights and under great stress is a common work situation for a wind power technician