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Germany's renewable energy sector in the
context of energy transition
Marc Uhlig
Deutsche Energie-Agentur GmbH (dena)
Germ...
15-07-06 2
Agenda
 About the German Energy Agency (dena)
 Basics Energiewende
 Renewable Energies in Germany
 Power Pl...
About the German Energy Agency
(dena)
15-07-06 Speaker 3
Ownership structure of dena
15-07-06 4
dena’s focus topics and key areas
15-07-06 5
Basics Energiewende
15-07-06 Referent 6
Transformation of the German energy system
Milestones of the Energiewende
15-07-06 Marc Uhlig 7
Germany is part of an integrated European energy and climate strategy...
Three target areas of the Energiewende
Affordability, security of supply and environmental protection are interlinked.
15-...
1. Phase-out nuclear power generation
2. Reduce dependency on energy
imports
3. Reduce carbon emissions and reach
climate ...
Stakeholder
Dialogue
Central steering of the Energiewende
15-07-06 Marc Uhlig 10
In charge of the Energiewende
Federal Min...
Two pillars of the Energiewende
The energy transition’s foundation are renewables and reduced energy consumption.
6-Jul-15...
2050 Energiewende targets
Renewables are on track. Additional measures will bring climate and
energy efficiency on track.
...
German nuclear phase-out timeline
Nuclear phase-out will reduce total power capacity by 22.1 GW by 2022.
15-07-06 13
2000 ...
Renewable Energies in Germany
15-07-06 Speaker 14
0
10,000
20,000
30,000
40,000
50,000
60,000
70,000
80,000
90,000
100,000
Hydropower Wind power (Onshore) Wind power (Offsh...
German gross electricity production
Renewables have become the biggest electricity source in just ten years.
15-07-06 16
1...
 The German federal government announced ambitious goals
for the reduction of GHG and growth of RES, especially after
the...
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Mill.t/a
Domestic production
Hard coal suppl...
Power plants, security of supply
15-07-06 Referent 19
Making the transformation happen
Gross power generation capacities in Germany
Renewable capacity expansion has led to a growth in capacity while
nuclear wi...
Conventional power plants are needed to back up volatile renewables.
15-07-06 Marc Uhlig 21
Source:FraunhoferISE2015
Germa...
Future: German electricity system volatility in 2022
Renewables can cover the total demand by 2022 but conventional
back-u...
Average duration of supply failures in 2012
Germany has top energy security levels.
15-07-06 Marc Uhlig 23
0
50
100
150
20...
Four areas to increase flexibility
Different flexibility measures are suitable for varying shares of volatile
renewables.
...
The power grid
15-07-06 Referent 25
Enhancing infrastructure for future needs
The challenge: connecting supply and demand
New power lines need to transport excess supply in northern Germany to
souther...
Priority projects in the First Federal Requirement Plan
36 expansion projects were identified as vital for security of sup...
The principles of the smart grid
Producers and consumers interact and communicate via the smart grid.
15-07-06 Marc Uhlig ...
Electricity/Energy costs and prices
15-07-06 Referent 29
The benefits of market development and liberalisation
Price of rooftop PV systems in Germany
15-07-06 Marc Uhlig 30
Source:FraunhoferISE2014
Year
0
5,000
10,000
15,000
20,000
25,000
30,000
35,000
40,000
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
Jun06
Dec06
Jun07
Dec07
Jun08
Dec...
Levelised cost of electricity in Europe 2014, 2020, 2030
Many technologies can already compete with conventional powerplan...
Price: 75
€/MWh
Price in
€/MWh
The price is
determined by the
cost of the marginal
technology.
33
Power plant
dispatch in ...
Muchas Gracias.
Absender | Die Exportinitiative Erneuerbare Energien | 06.07.2015 |
Seite 34
Contact
German Energy Agency (dena)
Division: Renewable Energy and Energy-
Efficient Mobility
Name: Marc Uhlig
Tel.: +49 (...
Absender | Die Exportinitiative Erneuerbare Energien | 06.07.2015 |
Seite 36
Research institutions forcast 400 energy
autarc comunities
Absender | Die Exportinitiative Erneuerbare Energien | 06.07.20...
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Germany's renewable energy sector in the context of energy transition

Smart Hidro Power de Alemania presento el panorama de Alemania en el ámbito de las energías renovables no convencionales, mostrando la participación del estado y de las entidades sin ánimo de lucro como DENA

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Germany's renewable energy sector in the context of energy transition

  1. 1. Germany's renewable energy sector in the context of energy transition Marc Uhlig Deutsche Energie-Agentur GmbH (dena) German Energy Agency Bogotá, 02.07.2015
  2. 2. 15-07-06 2 Agenda  About the German Energy Agency (dena)  Basics Energiewende  Renewable Energies in Germany  Power Plants and Security of Supply  The Power Grid  Electricity/Energy Costs and Prices  Q&A
  3. 3. About the German Energy Agency (dena) 15-07-06 Speaker 3
  4. 4. Ownership structure of dena 15-07-06 4
  5. 5. dena’s focus topics and key areas 15-07-06 5
  6. 6. Basics Energiewende 15-07-06 Referent 6 Transformation of the German energy system
  7. 7. Milestones of the Energiewende 15-07-06 Marc Uhlig 7 Germany is part of an integrated European energy and climate strategy. ’14 Amendment of the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG) Source:ERGO,Ecofys2015
  8. 8. Three target areas of the Energiewende Affordability, security of supply and environmental protection are interlinked. 15-07-06 Marc Uhlig 8
  9. 9. 1. Phase-out nuclear power generation 2. Reduce dependency on energy imports 3. Reduce carbon emissions and reach climate protection targets 4. Development of new technologies as new sources of growth and employment 5. Show that energy policy can be both sustainable and economically successful Five reasons for the Energiewende 15-07-06 Marc Uhlig 9
  10. 10. Stakeholder Dialogue Central steering of the Energiewende 15-07-06 Marc Uhlig 10 In charge of the Energiewende Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy Federal and state coordination • Chancellor • Prime ministers of the Länder Monitoring report “Energy of the Future” Energy Grids Platform Energy Efficiency Platform Research and Innovation Platform Electricity Market Platform Buildings Platform Source:BMWi2014
  11. 11. Two pillars of the Energiewende The energy transition’s foundation are renewables and reduced energy consumption. 6-Jul-15 Marc Uhlig 11 Renewable Energy Key legislation: Renewable Energy Sources Act Renewable Energy Heat Act • Steady growth • Environmentally friendly Market and system integration Energy research and development Supporting fields of action European energy and climate policy Key legislation: Energy Saving Ordinance Heating Cost Ordinance • Reduce energy consumption • Cost-efficient Energy Efficiency
  12. 12. 2050 Energiewende targets Renewables are on track. Additional measures will bring climate and energy efficiency on track. 15-07-06 12 *2013 Source:FederalGovernment2010,BMU/BMWi2014,AGEE-Stat2014,AGEB2015 Marc Uhlig Climate Renewable Energies Energy Efficiency % final energy consumption % gross electricity consumption % primary energy consumption (vs. 2008) energy productivity building renovation % greenhouse gas reduction (vs. 1990) 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2050 +2.1% p.a. doubling of renovation rate: 1%  2% -40 -55 -70 -80 to -95 35 40 to 45 50 65 80 55 to 60 18 30 45 60 -20 -50 12%* 27.3% - 8.9% 1.2%* p.a. ~1%* p.a. -22.6%* Achieved 2014
  13. 13. German nuclear phase-out timeline Nuclear phase-out will reduce total power capacity by 22.1 GW by 2022. 15-07-06 13 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 Dec 2017 Dec 2019 Dec 2021 Dec 2022 FukushimaGW 43% 57% Nov2003 May2005 Aug2011 May2015
  14. 14. Renewable Energies in Germany 15-07-06 Speaker 14
  15. 15. 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 70,000 80,000 90,000 100,000 Hydropower Wind power (Onshore) Wind power (Offshore - installed but not complete grid-connected) Photovoltaics Biomass MWel 15-07-06 15 Source:BMWi(2014) Previous successes: Historical development of renewable energies in Germany Since 1990, the installed power capacity from renewable energies has increased many times over. 5,595 MW 38,236 MW 38,116 MW 8,791 MW 2,340 MW
  16. 16. German gross electricity production Renewables have become the biggest electricity source in just ten years. 15-07-06 16 10.3% gaslignite 26% nuclear 27.1% 24.1% hard coal 5% others 3.1% wind 1.1% biomass 2.9% hydro 0% solar 0.4% waste 7.5% 2003 total: 608.8 TWh renewables share: 45.6 TWh Source:StatistischesBundesamt,BDEW/AGEB2014 gas 9.4% lignite 25.4% nuclear 15.8% hard coal 17.8% others 5.4% wind 9.1% biomass 7.0% solar 5.7% waste 1.0% hydro 3.4% 26.2% 2014 total: 614 TWh renewables share: 160.6 TWh
  17. 17.  The German federal government announced ambitious goals for the reduction of GHG and growth of RES, especially after the decision to shut down nuclear power plants by 2022.  The EEG has stimulated a significant growth of RES in Germany for more than ten years – significant share of RES at gross electricity production. Conclusion 15-07-06 17
  18. 18. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Mill.t/a Domestic production Hard coal suppliers for the German market Coal imports remain stable while domestic production has declined. 15-07-06 Marc Uhlig 18 Source:StatistischesBundesamt2014 Colombia others Australia Canada Russia EU South Africa USA
  19. 19. Power plants, security of supply 15-07-06 Referent 19 Making the transformation happen
  20. 20. Gross power generation capacities in Germany Renewable capacity expansion has led to a growth in capacity while nuclear will be phased out until 2022. Source:BMWi2014,Prognosetal2011 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2020 2025 2030 hydro geothermal photovoltaic biomass wind pumped hydro others lignite hard coal gas oil nuclear GW renewable energies
  21. 21. Conventional power plants are needed to back up volatile renewables. 15-07-06 Marc Uhlig 21 Source:FraunhoferISE2015 German electricity system volatility today Winter 2014 - week no. 4 (January) Summer 2014 - week no. 34 (August) Solar Wind Powergeneration(GW) Seasonal storage Pumped storage Oil Gas Hard coal Lignite Nuclear Biomass Hydro
  22. 22. Future: German electricity system volatility in 2022 Renewables can cover the total demand by 2022 but conventional back-up capacity for the winter will still be needed. 15-07-06 Marc Uhlig 22 Source:AgoraEnergiewende2015 GW 80 60 40 20 Winter 2023 (November) Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat SunMon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun GW 80 60 40 20 Summer 2023 (August) electricity demand photovoltaic hydro conventional plants onshore / offshore wind biomass Powergeneration(GW)
  23. 23. Average duration of supply failures in 2012 Germany has top energy security levels. 15-07-06 Marc Uhlig 23 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 average duration in min/a excluding exceptional events including exceptional events Source:CEER2014
  24. 24. Four areas to increase flexibility Different flexibility measures are suitable for varying shares of volatile renewables. 15-07-06 Marc Uhlig 24 Source:BMU2012 Grid expansion Flexibility RE curtailment Demand response Power-to-heat Pumped storage Power-to-gas Grids Generation Consumption Storage Share of RE80%65%50%20% 35% 2025 2035 2050 Target year
  25. 25. The power grid 15-07-06 Referent 25 Enhancing infrastructure for future needs
  26. 26. The challenge: connecting supply and demand New power lines need to transport excess supply in northern Germany to southern Germany in order to prevent shortages. 6-Jul-15 Marc Uhlig 26 Source:DUH2011 solar wind (installed) wind (planned) bottleneck transmission grid distribution grid high-demand areas
  27. 27. Priority projects in the First Federal Requirement Plan 36 expansion projects were identified as vital for security of supply. 15-07-06 Marc Uhlig 27 Source:FederalNetworkAgency2013 36 projects 5,700 km of priority lines by 2022 • 2,800 km new construction • 2,900 km optimisation
  28. 28. The principles of the smart grid Producers and consumers interact and communicate via the smart grid. 15-07-06 Marc Uhlig 28
  29. 29. Electricity/Energy costs and prices 15-07-06 Referent 29 The benefits of market development and liberalisation
  30. 30. Price of rooftop PV systems in Germany 15-07-06 Marc Uhlig 30 Source:FraunhoferISE2014 Year
  31. 31. 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 35,000 40,000 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 Jun06 Dec06 Jun07 Dec07 Jun08 Dec08 Jun09 Dec09 Jun10 Dec10 Jun11 Dec11 Jun12 Dec12 Jun13 Dec13 megawattpeak[MWp] systemprice[EUR/kWp] net system price for 10 kW roof-top system installed capacity PV Cost decline of photovoltaic systems and capacity growth in Germany Broad market development and constant tariff reduction have more than halved photovoltaic system costs in Germany. 15-07-06 Marc Uhlig 31 Source:BSW-Solar2013,2014
  32. 32. Levelised cost of electricity in Europe 2014, 2020, 2030 Many technologies can already compete with conventional powerplants, onshore wind in particular. 15-07-06 Marc Uhlig 32 Source:FraunhoferISI2014
  33. 33. Price: 75 €/MWh Price in €/MWh The price is determined by the cost of the marginal technology. 33 Power plant dispatch in GW Merit order (stylised) Price: 35 €/MWh RES nuclear lignite hard coal gas oil Wholesale market pricing with merit order Renewables shift the merit order and lower price levels. Source:TUWien,DIWBerlin,2013 15-07-06 Marc Uhlig Demand: 60 GW 50 100
  34. 34. Muchas Gracias. Absender | Die Exportinitiative Erneuerbare Energien | 06.07.2015 | Seite 34
  35. 35. Contact German Energy Agency (dena) Division: Renewable Energy and Energy- Efficient Mobility Name: Marc Uhlig Tel.: +49 (0)30 72 61 65 – 602 E-Mail: M.Uhlig@dena.de Web:www.dena.de Geschäftsstelle Exportinitiative Erneuerbare Energien im Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi) Tel.: 030 18 615- 6401/7386 E-Mail: office@export-erneuerbare.de Web: www.export-erneuerbare.de Absender | Die Exportinitiative Erneuerbare Energien | 06.07.2015 | Seite 35
  36. 36. Absender | Die Exportinitiative Erneuerbare Energien | 06.07.2015 | Seite 36
  37. 37. Research institutions forcast 400 energy autarc comunities Absender | Die Exportinitiative Erneuerbare Energien | 06.07.2015 | Seite 37

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