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Strep Throat


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Strep throat is the most common throat
infection caused by bacteria.

It is found most often in
children between the ages of 5 and 15, although it can occur in younger
children and adults. Children younger than 3 years old can get strep
infections, but these usually don’t affect the throat.

Strep throat infections usually occur in
the late fall, winter, and early spring.

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Strep Throat

  1. 1. Fitango Education Health Topics Strep Throat
  2. 2. OverviewStrep throat is the most common throatinfection caused by bacteria.It is found most often inchildren between the ages of 5 and 15, although itcan occur in younger 1
  3. 3. Overviewchildren and adults. Children younger than 3 yearsold can get strepinfections, but these usually don’t affect thethroat.Strep throat infections usually occur inthe late fall, winter, and early spring. 2
  4. 4. CausesStrep throat is usually caused by groupA streptococcus bacteria.Your healthcare provider may call the infection"acute streptococcalpharyngitis." 3
  5. 5. SymptomsIf you have strep throat infection, youwill have a red and painful sore throat and mayhave white patches on yourtonsils. You also may have swollen lymph nodes inyour neck, run a fever, and 4
  6. 6. Symptomshave a headache. Nausea, vomiting, andabdominal pain can occur but are morecommon in children than in adults.You can get sick within 3 days after beingexposed to the germ. Once infected, you can passthe infection to others for up 5
  7. 7. Symptomsto 2 to 3 weeks even if you don’t have symptoms.After 24 hours of takingantibiotics, you will no longer spread the bacteriato others. 6
  8. 8. DiagnosisYour healthcare provider will take a throatswab to find out if you have strep throat infection.This will be used for aculture (a type of laboratory test) or a rapid streptest, which only takes 10 7
  9. 9. Diagnosisto 20 minutes. If the result of the rapid test isnegative, you may get afollowup culture, which takes 24 to 48 hours, toconfirm the results. If theculture test is also negative, your healthcareprovider may suspect you do not 8
  10. 10. Diagnosishave strep, but rather another type of infection.The results of these throat cultures willhelp your healthcare provider decide on the besttreatment. Most sore throatsare caused by viruses, and antibiotics are uselessagainst viruses. 9
  11. 11. TreatmentIf you have strep throat, your healthcareprovider will prescribe an antibiotic. This will helplessen symptoms. After 24hours of taking the medicine, you will no longer beable to spread the 10
  12. 12. Treatmentinfection to others. Treatment will also reduce thechance of complications.Current guidelines by expert groupsrecommend penicillin as the medicine of choice fortreating strep throatbecause penicillin has been proven to be effective,safe, and inexpensive. Your 11
  13. 13. Treatmenthealthcare provider may instruct you to the takepills for 10 days or give youa shot. If you are allergic to penicillin there areother antibiotics yourhealthcare provider can give you to clear up theillness.During treatment, you may start to feel 12
  14. 14. Treatmentbetter within 4 days. This can happen even withouttreatment. Still, it is veryimportant to finish all your medicine to preventcomplications. 13