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Practical tips in formulating an e learning strategy and developing an e-learning program


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First presented at Medical Education Conference: Creative teaching and learning with new technology in new era, organised by Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
(conference presentation blog above)
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Practical tips in formulating an e learning strategy and developing an e-learning program

  1. 1. Practical tips in formulating an e-Learning strategy and developing an e-learning program Dr Goh Poh Sun Associate Professor and Senior Consultant Department of Diagnostic Radiology National University Hospital National University of Singapore
  2. 2. The essence of strategy is to focus on “what is important” to do (areas of effort and concentration), and what not to do
  3. 3. The 5 “Ws” and 1 “H” Why do you want to use eLearning? (or Technology enhanced learning/TeL) When and Where (will TeL be used), What (content will shared by TeL), for Who (is your audience), and How (will TeL be used) ? How should one proceed? What barriers can be anticipated? What resources should be devoted to this effort?
  4. 4. Why do you want to use eLearning? (or Technology enhanced learning/TeL) Benefits students - access (time, place and pace which suits them), best content (most useful, most engaging) Benefits staff - scale up, expands reach, wider audience, beyond classroom/scheduled class time, consistent content, facilitates peer review (displays scholarly teaching and educational scholarship) Benefits administrators - peer review, demonstrates quality (see what you actually teach with, and assess on), facilitates evaluation of teaching sessions and programs
  5. 5. When and Where (will TeL be used) In class - to support Before class - to prepare, “Flipping the classroom” After class - to reinforce
  6. 6. What (content will shared by TeL)? Lecture slides Text Multimedia Assessment items/exercises/ simulations
  7. 7. Who (is your audience)? Undergraduate - build foundation, illustrate Postgraduate - train for competency, proficiency, expert performance, mastery CME/CPD/Lifelong learning - review, revise, reinforce, (re)build - new knowledge and skills
  8. 8. How (will TeL be used)? Formal learning (classroom or online), Informal learning (seeking advice from network), Just in time learning/ performance support (looking up something, key information, guidelines and guides) Websites, Mobile applications, Sharing digital documents and references electronically Access real-time, asynchronously
  9. 9. How should one proceed? What barriers can be anticipated? What resources should be devoted to this effort? Start with what you have, and what you currently use for teaching and training Attitudes (traditional teaching and training is the best - but what about students and trainees who cannot attend, teachers with variable or subpar performance on a particular day or who are not available?), Lack of time/protected time, Not knowing how to start/skill set (faculty development) Leadership, support from key stakeholders, buy-in, early adopter/pilot project-prototype development teams, iterative review and improvement cycles (develop, use, evaluate/feedback, repeat)
  10. 10. Everything I have learnt about eLearning 1.its the learning in (e)Learning that is the most important 2.the quality of the content counts promotes access and broadens reach 4.the most successful strategy is to blend digital with face to face content can and should be continuously refined, and customised to an individual learner’s needs 6.create or curate indexed hyperlinked repository promotes use, re-use, and re-purposing teaching facilitates peer review, co-creation and curation of content 9.a digital platform can promote and facilitate active and collaborative learning 10.know the pedagogy and have technical know how, apply educational theory and instructional design principles prepared for lots of work, much much more than the preparation required for a regular face to face class, symposium or workshop (at least 10 times more); the trade-off is that digital content once created or curated can be re- used and re-purposed if accessible via a hyperlinked indexed content repository 12.focus on creating and curating content in the most granular and reusable format
  11. 11. How to start 1.Do you (your department, your division, your institution) have a list of all educational presentations and teaching sessions given to undergraduates, postgraduates, and for CME/ CPD over the last year? 2.Have you (your department, division and institution) kept a copy of all educational presentations? 3.Is the list of presentations AND copy of the educational presentations available and accessible? 4.If no to any of the questions above, consider starting to do this prospectively, and then retrospectively 5.Then start selectively hyperlinking specific elements of the presentations, and making this available, first internally on an intranet, then progressively on the internet 6.Starting with a list of presentations, and key take home or practice points is a useful, and safe way to start 7.You can then share recent and authoritative articles and research papers, as well as practice guidelines; and then progressively, key diagrams and illustrations (at all times maintaining confidentiality, protecting privacy, respecting intellectual property, and following professional and institutional standards and guidelines - i.e. always respect your patients, your students and your colleagues) 8.This process makes teaching (activities) visible, available for peer review, and scholarly (as well as potentially scholarship - for other educators and scholars to critique, and build upon) 9.Teaching and educational activities can be more easily assessed, evaluated and audited - by students, peers, and external educational training and accreditation bodies 10.This provides evidence for educational quality - not only following best practices and guidelines on paper, but by “showing what you actually teach with, and assess on”