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Impressionism&beyond copy


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Overview of late 19th Century art

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Impressionism&beyond copy

  1. 1. Impressionism and Beyond “That looks like an impression of a painting…” - critic Louis Leroy Late 19th Century Art and Architecture
  2. 2. Bar at the Folies-Bergere, Manet, 1882 Barmaid stares out at us What is the mirror reflecting? More impressionistic than Manet’s early works
  3. 3. French ImpressionismMonets early work, Impression: Sunrise,harshly criticized at exhibition.impression of light in a scene. Single most successful and identifiable "movement" ever, still practiced today.
  4. 4. Subjects• Turned away from tradition – uninterested in religion, mythology & history – Japanese influence• Contemporary life • Leisure middle class • transportation • Capturing light and nature
  5. 5. Monet’s Rouen Cathedral in Sun,1894, (and sunset…en plein aire)
  6. 6. The Luncheon of the Boating Party (1881) Pierre Auguste Renoir
  7. 7. Renoir’s Moulin de la Galette Dappling effect of fleeting light People not posed, enjoying meals and dancing Photographic randomness of clipped figures
  8. 8. Rehearsal on Stage, Degas, 1874, pastel Asymmetrical compositions Feathery brushstrokes showing the dancers’ costumes Japanese print influence
  9. 9. American Impressionist – Mary CassattTheme of motherand child.Influential inbringingImpressionistpaintings to US-huge hit
  10. 10. Maternal Caress,Mary Cassatt, 1891Influence of Japanese ukiyo-e.
  11. 11. Post-Impressionism: setting stage for 20 Century Art th Unhappy with limitations of Impressionist style, exploredemotion & structure - though still influenced by Japanese.
  12. 12. Japanese Influence continues…Plum Orchard, Hiroshige, Ukiyo-e print, 1857 Japonisme Flowering Plum Tree, Van Gogh, oil, 1887
  13. 13. Surely you know this painting…emotion Thick short brushstrokes, impasto paint View from hospital room in St-Remy At one with forces of nature
  14. 14. Post Impressionism emphasizing structure … Mont Sainte-Victoire, Cezanne, 1887
  15. 15. Still Life with Basket of Apples, Cezanne, 1894 Tilted perspective Contrast of solid forms with flat surfaces Painterly brushstrokes
  16. 16. A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of la Grande Jatte (1884-86). Georges Seurat Statuesque figures not interacting… anonymity of modern society? Scientific analysis of color relationships (pointillism)
  17. 17. Primitivism: Manaha No Atua, (Day of the God), Paul Gauguin, 1894. Symbolism Tahitian gods shown Painted native peoples in geomatric bright colors Exotic primitivism Symbolic, mysterios Color to express emotion
  18. 18. Other Connections Art NouveauArchitecture, Sculpture
  19. 19. The Kiss,Gustav Klimt,1907Art Nouveau (artdeco) styleGolden paintingDecorative patterns,gold more importantthan realisticmodeling of forms
  20. 20. The Arts and Craftsmovement began in the late19th century, LED BYWILLIAM MORRIS.The idea was for everydayitems to be made by trainedcraftspeople, not high pricedartists, but to have beauty ineveryday objects.
  21. 21. Burghers of Calais, Auguste Rodin, bronze, 1889 Six burghers offer their lives to English king in return for saving their besieged city during Hundred Years war Parallels between Paris in 1870 war and war in 1347 Central figure is ready for his execution
  22. 22. Wainwright Building, 1890, Louis Sullivan,Chicago School of Architecture •Otis invented elevator, which allowed high buildings •Prototype of modern office building or Skyscraper •“Form follows function” was his motto, now very famous in architecture