We could easily spend an entire year studying the art of Asia and we would not completely cover the full range of art produced in the thousands of years in this huge continent. Today, I want to give you just a taste of Asian Art and we’ll take a closer look at some Japanese screen paintings. Then, you can begin to explore this art form for yourself. As artists, we are influenced by other cultures. Many artists, such as Impressionist painters Cassatt and Monet, were heavily influenced by Asian Art. Vincent Van Gogh once said… (Click on audio file). What do you think Van Gogh meant by this? Before we even study Asian art, how do you think painters like Van Gogh used the ideas from Asian Art in their artworks?
How did religion affect Japanese Art? *Religion played an important role in Japanese Art. What feeling do you think the artist wanted you to feel through this sculpture? Zen Buddhism brought a meditative style to landscape painting in Japan. *Subject Matter- landscapes were used as setting for narratives (stories) for shrines and temples. Art, in many other cultures as well as Japan, has been used as a way to educate the people about the belief system. There was a great respect for nature in many of the Japanese landscape paintings which also reflect the belief systems in Japan. Seasonal themes, such as cherry blossoms, were very popular.
Religion: Religions have always played an important role in Japanese Art. These religions spread through Asia- Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Taoism, Confucianism, Shinto . Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Sikhism originated in India. Taoism and Confucianism originated in China. Shinto (The Way of the Gods) originated in Japan and is the belief in the spirits of nature. This religion came several centuries before Buddhism and is still practiced today.
*This sculpture depicts a sitting Buddha which was the “Enlightened One.” *As we study art history, we’ll learn that many cultures were inspired by other cultures. *Japan was widely influenced by Chinese culture. * Zen Buddhism, the art of meditation, was brought from South Korea, during the late Six Dynasties period of great China. Buddhism: as contact with China returned, Japanese Buddhist masters went to china to bring back Zen Buddhism. *Buddhism was originally brought from India. Buddhism was founded in India by Sidhartha Gautuma Shakyami. “The Buddha” was the Enlightened One was believed to have lived from 563-483 BC. He was born a prince into a self indulgent life. He became disgusted with wealth and went to the forest to meditate. Years later, he became a Buddha. Buddha means perfected human. All negative qualities are gone and all positive qualities are infinitely expanded. Because we are the good, the bad just clouds the good. Buddhism teaches that all people can become “enlightened” and therefore everyone is a potential Buddha. *Painted and sculptural Buddhist images such as this one were often gifts to Japanese rulers.
The tradition of japanese art 2nd year
T Ta ion ofJ pa At he r dit a nese r J pa Screens a Scrols a nese nd lSeated Buddha, Tang dynasty Credits Bamboo and Rocks, Yuan dynasty Credits “If we study Japanese Art, we see a man who is undoubtedly wise, philosophic and intelligent, who spends his time doing what? In studying the distance between the earth and moon? No. In studying Bismarck’s policy? No. He studies a single blade of grass." Self-portrait Van Gogh Credits
geogr phy a Japan- a nation of islands that were able to avoid invasion and develop a homogeneous culture. The terrain of Japan affected the kinds of landscapes that were produced. Nearby countries, such as China, affected Japan.Map of Japan Credits
R e lig io n How did religion affect Japanese Art? *Mood or feeling *Subject Matter- illustrating the teachings of their beliefsWould you like to hear of example of a tale that wouldhave been told to to help pass on Buddha’s teachings?Click here.
R e lig io nWhat religions can you think of that mighthave been prevalent in Asia?Hinduism Buddhism Jainism Taoism S ikh is m Shinto Confucianism
B u d d h is m This sculpture depicts Buddha- “Enlightened One” which means perfect human. Buddhism- founded in India by Sidhartha Gautuma. Zen Buddhism- from China- the art of meditation.Seated Buddha, Tang Dynasty Credits Would you like to hear a story about a young man trying to attain Enlightenment? Click
First Art objects: Tomb sculpture of animals surrounding the ancient graves. Examples: Sculptures of pet dogs around the grave of the master. Influences: Korean and Chinese culture and arts.
Art Styles: Ikebana Origami Landscape art Print - making Food preparation Tea ceremony Kimono
Ikebana Art of flower arrangement Introduced in 16th century by Chinese Buddhist missionaries “Grand master” Lot of religious aspects rules
Example of rules A flower must never be placed higher than a tree branch nor a mountain plant lower than a field plant. It is of utmost importance that no one should do flower arrangement when he/she is tense or depressed.
Riko style flowerarrangement Most common and popular of all Ikebanas. 3 principles: heaven, man and earth. Never over crowded Odd numbers are lucky with 3,5,7,9,or 11 flower stems or spray.
Origami Art of paper folding Hundreds of traditional folds Kinds: 1.Origami used in ceremonial etiquette 2. Represented by things like birds , animals, insects, flowers and objects.
Landscaping Artificial arrangement of outdoor landscape objects to achieve a purely aesthetic effect. Intimate relationship between the structure and its natural setting. Basic medium is terrain, along with sand, rocks, water, and plants found in it.
Printmaking Ukiyo-e or woodblock paintings emerged in Osaka Japan in early 1600s. Art of common people 1800s ,2 and 3 color prints emerged and full blown multi colored prints became popular. Depicts characters from Kabuki
Woodbloc k Prints Woodblock print- very popular in Asia during this time. This famous landscape print by Katsushika Hokusai (1760-1849) was one of 36 views of Mount Fuji.The Great Wave at Kanagawa Hokusai CreditsDescribe what you see in this picture- look closely.Who do you think Hokusai believed was in control-man or nature?
Aesthetic in Food Developed sophisticated and refined cuisine. Japanese food served in art form: - sushi - congee - sashimi Served in Bento Boxes – chopped, carved, sliced and arranged artistically.
Tea Ceremony Cha-no-yu is a ritual and serious artistic activity. 4 Principles: harmony reverence purity tranquility
The Way of Tea*The tea ceremony was tobe enjoyed in a small roomwith selected “tea” scrollpaintings.*Tea began as a medicineand grew into a beverage.*Teaism- purity andharmony, the mystery ofmutual charity, theromanticism of the social Ewer for use in tea ceremony,order. Momoyama period Credits*Worship of the imperfect
Cleanse the 5 sensesfrom contamination By seeing the Kimono, one’s sense of sight is cleansed. By smelling the flowers, one’s sense of smell is cleansed. By listening to dripping of water, one’s sense of hearing is cleansed. By tasting teas, one’s sense of taste is cleansed By handling the tea utensils, one’s sense of touched is cleansed.
Kimono Traditional full length garments worn by men, women and children. Darker colors are mainly for men Brighter colors with floral patterns are worn by women. Style and colors change depending on the seasons.
Assignment:Miniature Garden -Making Bring the following on November 8 (Kowalski and Czartoryski) November 9 (Villanova) November 11 (Beltrami) Group Project in Arts (5 members per group) 1.Container 2.Clay 3. dish, ceramic dish or basin about 10 centimeters deep 4. medium-sized rocks, stones,pebbles, plants and variety of foilage. Reference: Our world of MAPEH II page 120