• Origins in Ancient Egypt (that got pictographs from Ancient Sumer)• Hieroglyphics (picture writing) carved into clay tablets, sculptures, and walls.• Calligraphy means ‘beautiful writing.”• This is the Book of the Dead, which was a religious book meant to help guide people in passing into the Afterlife. Origins of Calligraphy
CHINESE CALLIGRAPHY•Calligraphy has traditionally beenconsidered the highest art form.•Origins back to 3000 BCE or earlier•Calligraphers have different styles andspend years perfecting the techniques.•Japanese calligraphy developed fromChinese calligraphy, and continues today.•Calligraphers have different styles,ranging from very simply to highly artistic.
Knight Shining White, Tang Dynasty, (750 CE)Scroll paintings were unrolled and “read”. Poems weresometimes included, and viewers wrote comments too. The Quingbian Mountains, Dong QiChang, painter, calligrapher, art scholar of Ming Dynasty (1612 CE)
Arabic Calligraphy In many Islamic cultures, calligraphy is the highest art form. It is used as surface decoration for both religious buildings and everyday art. Below is the logo of today’s Al Jazeera TV.15th Century qu’Ranic Manuscript
Medieval European Manuscripts • Few people could read and write in Medieval Europe. • The church trained monks in Latin reading and writing. • Artistic monks carefully created copies of the Bible with lavishly illuminated capitals. • This page is from the Lindsfarne Gospels, from late 7th century CE. It was written and illustrated by the monk Eadfrithe, who later became Bishop of Lindisfarne in 698.
Guess the invention….• Johanes Gutenberg invented this during the early Renaissance.• It made it easier to make Bibles and other books in Europe. ?
Contemporary artist Malikanas design from Islamic Art Magazine. He uses digital art and ancient calligraphic styles to create lush images.http://malikanas.deviantart.com/
Calligraphy Today are• Lots of fonts available for Computers Today that mimic Traditional Calligraphy• Where else do you commonly see hand or computer calligraphy?• How is calligraphy used as art today? Magnum Mysterium #3, Inga Dubay• Inga Dubay, Calligrapher & Artist