The Language of Art: The Elements and Principles of Design Color Space TextureShape Proportion Emphasis Rhythm and MovementLine Balance Value Unity 1
Element #1 Line Definition: Line is an element of art which refers to the continuous mark made on a surface by a moving point to define a space where its length dominates its width. There are many different types of lines. Sharp/jagged Soft Curvy Straight Feathery Rough
There are lines all around us, look around! Straight, tall lines in the city This rope has a curvy line quality in it Lines in a curvy road
The most important ones are horizontal, vertical, and diagonal. Each of these implies a certain mood or feeling. Horizontal VerticalHorizontal=Wide, calm, deserted Vertical= Tall, menacing Diagonal=action
Element #2 Shape Definition: Shape is a closed form made out of lines. Shapes can be in the form of squares, circles, triangles, rectangles, and ovals.
Things in nature are made up of shapesRound shape like this fruit Spikey shape moon shape
You may also recognize shape used in artwork: M.C. Escher Paul Klee Helen Ward’s Fox StoryYou can also use shape for your illustration!
Element #3 Value Definition: Value is the lightness or darkness of something, which can create depth and contrast.
Element #4 ColorDefinition: Color is the element of art that is producedwhen light, striking an object, is reflected back to theeye. Three Properties of Color Hue: The name Value: we give to a color Intensity: Lightness or darkness. How bright or (To add white or black ) dull a color is.
Property of Color Hue: The name we give to a color Tip: Color wheels are a “map” for using color
Property of Color Intensity (of color) Fauvist Painters usually use bright colors. Piet Mondrian Had a dull Color Scheme in this painting.
Property of Color Value of ColorTint: color mixed with white Shade: Color mixed with black
Element #5 Space Definition: Space is The designed and structured surface of two-dimensional surface to create the illusion of depth. Outer space is not the same as artistic space, but it still has a lot of dimension.
Here, space is created by the changing size of the objects. David Weisner
More ways to create the illusion of space in art ! Bird Baylor creates spaceHere, Laura Numeroff used by making objects clear inperspective and overlap to create the front and fuzzy in thespace back. This is called atmospheric perspective.
Element #6 Texture Definition: Texture is the surface quality or feel of an object, its smoothness roughness, etc. Actual textures can be felt with the fingers while simulated textures are created by the artists to look like the surface has the specific texture. Actual Texture (tree bark) Simulated Texture (snail illustration)
Check out the different ways artists can use texture!Collage is one way This artist createdto create texture texture with words onlike illustrator Jon top of the face.Sciezscka does. Van Goghs paint strokes create a texture on the canvas
Principle #1 Balance Definition: Balance is the way the elements of artare arranged to create a feeling of stability in awork; a pleasing or harmonious arrangement orproportion of parts or areas in a design orcomposition. Three Types of Balance SYMMETRICAL RADIAL ASSYMETRICAL"I find sometimes I may want to end up with subtlety, but I have to start out boldly. I think you have toexaggerate to get it across. . . . All I can say is that you have to lean over a little to the left, and overdoit a bit, and then come back into balance, that ever-important balance.“- Andrew Wyeth (1917-),American realist painter.
SYMMETRICAL Balance Diego Rivera- Flower Day Van Eyck- The Arnolfini Wedding The mirror image from one side toanother. (Can be split down the middle and have two identical sides.)
Balance Mariam Sharipo- DelaunayNot equal from one side to another.(Different on each side.)
RADIAL BalanceRadial Balance: Occurs when the elements ofdesign come out/radiate from a central point. Like a pinwheel! Buddhists create Mandala (circle) art with sand to show patience.
ProportionDefinition: Proportion refers to the harmoniousrelationship of one part to another or to the wholewith respect to size and ratio.You can measure and compare parts to createcorrect proportion.
RhythmDefinition: When the regular repetition of particularforms or elements occurs in a work of art, that work issaid to have rhythm. It suggests motion. Repeating shapes in this fence Piet Mondrian- Broadway Boggie Woogie photograph create rhythm
Rhythm (Con’d)How does Jackson Pollock create rhythm in his artwork?
Rhythm (Con’d)Repetition of curvy lines (splatters) Repetition of colors