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5 minute overview of the Age of Enlightenment in European art and architecture.

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  1. 1. 18th Century : Rococo to Roman Revival Rococo and The EnlightenmentThe Reader, Fragonard Am I Not a Man and a Brother?, Wedgwood
  2. 2. Early 18th Century Rococo Architecture• Shift of power after Louis XIV died• Emerging middle class• Paris townhouses (Rococo style hôtels)• Style spread to European painting and sculpture Salon de la Princesse, Hôtel de Soubise , 1732
  3. 3. Rococo Architecture: More is MORE Dynamic and moving spatial environment No empty spaces Unified art & architecture Imperial Hall, Wurzburg, Balthasar Neumann with Fresco by Tiepolo
  4. 4. Rococo Painting: Elegant parties?• Watteau - fête galante paintings.• Refined, fanciful, and often playful style• Pastel colors, dainty figures, light hearted
  5. 5. Playful Rococo PaintingsConcept Art for Tangled, The Swing, Fragonard, 1766 Rapunzel, 2006
  6. 6. Royal Academies were the main source of training and obtaining wealthy patrons.
  7. 7. Women Artists: A Foot in the Academy DoorsCharles Sackville, 2nd Duke of Dorset, 1730, Rosalba Marie Antoinette with Her Children, Elisabeth Vigée-Lebrun,Carriera, pastel on paper 1787
  8. 8. Self-Portrait with TwoPupils, 1785Adélaïde Labille-Guiard
  9. 9. Mid-18th Century: The Age of Reason And of Roman style…George Washington, 1788, Jean-Antoine Houdon
  10. 10. NeoClassicsculptors revivederotic Romanmyths and style.Cupid and Psyche, Antonio Canova,1787.
  11. 11. Architects returned to Palladio and ancient Rome to create NeoClassical buildings like Monticello by Jefferson.
  12. 12. Enlightenment Paintings Glorify Science and Reason
  13. 13. Morality Paintings Reject Rococo Excess The Drunken Cobbler, Greuze. 1785 Inspired by Diderot, “art’s proper function is to improve virtue and purify manners”
  14. 14. The Marriage Contract, William Hogarth, 1743, from Marriage a la Mode series
  15. 15. NeoClassical History Paintings: Academy ApprovedConsidered the highest form of art, they use classical allusionseven when showing current events or contemporary portraits,.
  16. 16. History Painting PortraitsLady Sarah Banbury Sacrificing to theGraces, Joshua Reynolds, 1765
  17. 17. Rococo did not die…Rival Artists, Rival StylesDisagreed with Sir Reynoldsabout having to do classicalhistory style in portraitsBlue Boy, late 18th century