Week2 Learning Objectives

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Week2 Learning Objectives

  1. 1. Assessment in Schools Instructional Objectives & Learning Outcomes
  2. 2. Intelligence <ul><li>Are you brainless? Jar Jar Binks : I speck! Qui-Gon Jinn: The ability to speak does not make you intelligent. </li></ul><ul><li>What is Intelligence? [2-8 to 2-15] </li></ul>
  3. 3. Gospel Foundations <ul><li>Abr. 3:19 And the Lord said unto me: These two facts do exist, that there are two spirits, one being more intelligent than the other; there shall be another more intelligent than they; I am the Lord thy God, I am more intelligent than they all. </li></ul><ul><li>D&C 93:36 The glory of God is intelligence, or, in other words, light and truth. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Gospel Foundation <ul><li>D&C 130:18-19 </li></ul><ul><li>Whatever principle of intelligence we attain unto in this life, it will rise with us in the resurrection. </li></ul><ul><li>And if a person gains more knowledge and intelligence in this life through his diligence and obedience than another, he will have so much the advantage in the world to come. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Educational Achievement <ul><li>What is learning? </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively permanent changes in behavior, ability, knowledge/understanding that occur as the result of experience or instruction. </li></ul><ul><li>How will you know Learning has occurred? </li></ul><ul><li>When we see changes in behavior or evidence of understanding. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Educational Achievement <ul><li>What does achievement mean [see 2-7] </li></ul><ul><li>Being able to recall important facts and information on demand. </li></ul><ul><li>Being able to perform discrete skill like reading, writing, speaking, or computing. </li></ul><ul><li>view from behavior psychology </li></ul>
  7. 7. Educational Achievement <ul><li>What does achievement mean [see 2-7] </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding concepts & principles. </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to think independently, formulate questions, inquire, solve problems, create new processes, evaluate ones thinking & that of others </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise discernment and judgment in matters of taste and preference </li></ul><ul><li>view from Philosophy & Cognitive Science </li></ul>
  8. 8. Taxonomy of Educational Objectives <ul><li>Cognitive Domain : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge outcomes, intellectual ability & skills </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Affective Domain: </li></ul><ul><li>Attitudes, Interests, Values, Emotions, Social norms </li></ul><ul><li>Psychomotor Domain : (motor skills) </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Performance, Ability & Behaviors </li></ul><ul><li> [pg. 55; Appendix G ] </li></ul>
  9. 9. Multiple Intelligences (Gardner) Also suggests - Spiritual and Moral Intelligence Intelligence Type Description Visual-Spatial respond to visual cues and they like to invent and design. Can easily visualize concepts and apply them quickly Bodily-Kinesthetic enjoy dramatics, role-playing, dancing, and physical expression. Moves body very easily and uses movement to learn. Enjoy athletics. Interpersonal social and are in tune with the feelings of others. They make excellent leaders, can help their peers, and work cooperatively with others. Prefers to work in groups. Logical-Mathematical enjoy number games, problem solving, pattern games, and experimenting. They also do well with writing that involves exposition, argumentation, definition, classification, and analysis. Easily picks up and applies math concepts Verbal - Linguistic sensitive to the meanings, sounds, and rhythms of words. They love reading, poetry, tongue twisters, puns, humor, puzzles, and riddles. Musical Easily picks up pitch, melodies and rhythms. Appreciate and excel in music Naturalistic Likes to be outside, appreciates nature, easily recognize and classify elements from the natural world Intrapersonal self-motivated and self-aware. Detailed, accurate self-knowledge. Like to work independently Spiritual recognition of the spiritual (D&C 46:11-33)
  10. 10. Something you will need to decide <ul><li>What are schools for? </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>What purpose should testing </li></ul><ul><li>have in schools? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Test Maker Troubles <ul><li>What to Measure </li></ul><ul><li>How to Measure it </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The quality of an achievement test depends on how well both these problems are solved </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Test Maker Troubles <ul><li>What we should measure is usually determined by the content standards </li></ul><ul><li>How we should measure depends on the nature of the what is being measured and the performance standards </li></ul>
  13. 13. QUESTION (CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER) <ul><li>NCLB legislation requires states to align test with standards. Which best describes the type of standards use by most states </li></ul><ul><li>Content standards </li></ul><ul><li>Performance standards </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Education Standards </li></ul><ul><li>All the above </li></ul>
  14. 14. Utah Core Curriculum http://www.uen.org/core/ http://www.education.com/reference/article/Ref_U_Pass_Tests/
  15. 15. Cognitive Domain Outcomes <ul><li>Knowledge - remembering </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehension - understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Application – procedural concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis – breaking into parts </li></ul><ul><li>Synthesis – combining, new ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation – judging value/usefulness </li></ul>
  16. 16. Revised Blooms Taxonomy Cognitive Domain Outcomes <ul><li>Remembering – recognize & recall </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding – interpret, classify, infer, explain, compare, summarize </li></ul><ul><li>Applying – execute, implement </li></ul><ul><li>Analyzing – differentiate, organize </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluating – critique, judge </li></ul><ul><li>Creating – plan, generate, produce </li></ul>
  17. 17. Categorizing Cognitive Domain Outcomes <ul><li>Lower Level Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remembering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applying </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Higher Level Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Applying </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analyzing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Types of Knowledge [2-21] <ul><li>Factual – terms, details </li></ul><ul><li>Conceptual – classifications, principles </li></ul><ul><li>Procedural – skills, techniques, method </li></ul><ul><li>MetaCognitive – strategies, self-knowledge </li></ul>
  19. 19. Memory and Knowledge <ul><li>Episodic Knowledge – tacit, experiential </li></ul><ul><li>Declarative Knowledge – semantic, facts & information </li></ul><ul><li>Procedural Knowledge – knowing how, following process </li></ul><ul><li>Conceptual or Conditional Knowledge – knowing why, adaptive, creative </li></ul>
  20. 20. Affective Domain Outcomes <ul><li>Receiving – attendance only </li></ul><ul><li>Responding – limited participation </li></ul><ul><li>Valuing – involved and committed </li></ul><ul><li>Organization – Integrating into one life </li></ul><ul><li>Characterization – Acting consistently </li></ul>
  21. 21. Psychomotor Domain Outcomes <ul><li>Perception – cues guide motor activity </li></ul><ul><li>Set – mental physical emotional readiness to act/perform </li></ul><ul><li>Guided Response – imitation, meets set criteria </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanism – habitual response, confidence & proficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Complex Overt Response – skillful performance of complex physical tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation – use or fit to unique situations </li></ul><ul><li>Origination – creating new movements </li></ul>
  22. 22. Practice <ul><li>Exercise 2 handout </li></ul>
  23. 23. Next Class <ul><li>Chapter 3 Learning Objectives </li></ul>

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