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Educational objective domains


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Educational objective domains

  1. 1. EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY (Educational Objective Domain) Dr. Jayesh Patidar 1
  2. 2. Educational Psychology ….Name and define the six levels in Bloom's Taxonomy for the Cognitive Domain .... Developed by W. Huitt (1998) 2
  3. 3. Writing Instructional Objectives Instructional objectives, including behavioral objectives, can be written for any of the domains of instruction • Cognitive • Affective • Psychomotor 3
  4. 4. The Cognitive Domain Bloom's Taxonomy of the Cognitive Domain (started in 1948 and completed in 1956) was one of the most influential statements about levels of knowing. The official title of the book is Taxonomy of educational objectives: The classification of educational goals. Handbook I: Cognitive domain with the text having 4 other authors (M. Englehart, E. Furst, W. Hill, and D Krathwohl). 4
  5. 5. The Cognitive Domain he major idea of the taxonomy is that what educators want students to know (and, therefore, statements of educational objectives) can be arranged in a hierarchy from less to more complex. The taxonomy contains six levels, with sublevels identified for each. 5
  6. 6. The Cognitive Domain A mnemonic device for remembering the six levels: Killing Cats Knowledge Comprehension Almost Application Always Analysis Seems Evil Synthesis Evaluation 6
  7. 7. The Cognitive Domain Knowledge Student recalls or recognizes information, ideas, and principles in the approximate form in which they were learned. 7
  8. 8. The Cognitive Domain Knowledge Write List Label Name State Define 8
  9. 9. The Cognitive Domain Knowledge The student will define the 6 levels of Bloom's taxonomy of the cognitive domain. 9
  10. 10. The Cognitive Domain Comprehension Student translates, comprehends, or interprets information based on prior learning. 10
  11. 11. The Cognitive Domain Comprehension Explain Summarize Paraphrase Describe Illustrate 11
  12. 12. The Cognitive Domain Comprehension The student will explain the purpose of Bloom's taxonomy of the cognitive domain. 12
  13. 13. The Cognitive Domain Application Student selects, transfers, and uses data and principles to complete a problem or task with a minimum of direction. 13
  14. 14. The Cognitive Domain Application Use Compute Solve Demonstrate Apply Construct 14
  15. 15. The Cognitive Domain Application The student will write an instructional objective for each level of Bloom's taxonomy. 15
  16. 16. The Cognitive Domain Analysis Student distinguishes, classifies, and relates the assumptions, hypotheses, evidence, or structure of a statement or question. 16
  17. 17. The Cognitive Domain Analysis Analyze Categorize Compare Contrast Separate 17
  18. 18. The Cognitive Domain Analysis The student will compare and contrast the cognitive and affective domains. 18
  19. 19. The Cognitive Domain Synthesis Student originates, integrates, and combines ideas into a product, plan or proposal that is new to him or her. 19
  20. 20. The Cognitive Domain Synthesis Create Design Hypothesize Invent Develop 20
  21. 21. The Cognitive Domain Synthesis The student will design a classification scheme for writing educational objectives that combines the cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains. 21
  22. 22. The Cognitive Domain Evaluation Student appraises, assesses, or critiques on a basis of specific standards and criteria. 22
  23. 23. The Cognitive Domain Evaluation Judge Recommend Critique Justify 23
  24. 24. The Cognitive Domain Evaluation The student will judge the effectiveness of writing objectives using Bloom's taxonomy. 24
  25. 25. The Cognitive Domain In general, research over the last 40 years has confirmed the taxonomy as a hierarchy with the exception of the last two levels. It is uncertain at this time whether synthesis and evaluation should be reversed (i.e., evaluation is less difficult to accomplish than synthesis) or whether synthesis and evaluation are at the same level of difficulty but use different cognitive processes. 25
  26. 26. The Cognitive Domain I believe the latter is more likely as it relates to the differences between creative and critical thinking. Creative Thinking Synthesis Critical Thinking Evaluation Analysis Application Comprehension Knowledge 26
  27. 27. The Affective Domain Receiving Responding Valuing Being aware of or attending to something in the environment Showing some new behaviors as a result of experience Showing some definite involvement or commitment Krathwohl, D., Bloom, B., & Masia, B. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives. 27 Handbook II: Affective domain. New York: David McKay.
  28. 28. The Affective Domain Organization Characterization by Value Integrating a new value into one's general set of values, giving it some ranking among one's general priorities. Acting consistently with the new value; person is known by the value. 28
  29. 29. The Psychomotor Domain Perception Set Process of becoming aware of objects, qualities, etc by way of senses. Basic in situationinterpretation-action chain leading to motor activity. Readiness for a particular kind of action or experience; may be mental, physical or emotional. Simpson, J. S. (1966). The classification of educational objectives, psychomotor 29 domain. Office of Education Project No. 5-85-104. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois.
  30. 30. The Psychomotor Domain Guided Response Mechanism Overt behavioral act under guidance of an instructor, or following model or set criteria. Learned response becomes habitual; learner has achieved certain confidence and proficiency or performance. 30
  31. 31. The Psychomotor Domain Complex Overt Response Performance of motor act considered complex because of movement pattern required. Adaptation Altering motor activities to meet demands of problematic situations. 31
  32. 32. The Psychomotor Domain Origination Creating new motor acts or ways of manipulating materials out of skills, abilities and understandings developed in the psychomotor area. 32
  33. 33. Writing Instructional Objectives While it is possible to write instructional objectives of all types for each of the three domains, the vast majority are written for the cognitive domain. The major exceptions include preschool, physical education, and perhaps fine arts courses such as sculpturing and drama. 33
  34. 34. Thank you 34