CPWF IFAD - Why Benefit Sharing Mechanisms matter_13_09_11

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Alain Vidal, CPWF Program Director gave this presentation of sharing CPWF 10 years of experience in Payment for Ecosystem Services and Benefit Sharing Mechanisms in Rome, with colleagues from IFAD, 11th Sept. 2013, in the context of a CPWF-IFAD mainstreaming innovations grant.

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CPWF IFAD - Why Benefit Sharing Mechanisms matter_13_09_11

  1. 1. Why Benefit Sharing Mechanisms matter A review of CPWF 10-year experience Alain Vidal, Director (a.vidal@cgiar.org) CGIAR Challenge Program on Water and Food 11. Sept. 2013
  2. 2. Niger Water, food and poverty analyzed in 10 basins 1.5 billion people 50% of the poorest < 1€/j www.waterandfood.org www.slideshare.net/cpwf
  3. 3. A few lessons learnt on CPWF 10 large river basins There is enough water to meet our needs, it’s how we manage it! Dialogues should promote Equitable sharing of benefits Institutional water management avoiding fragmentation among actors Better feedback mechanisms will help link policy aspirations and local realities Local dialogues more likely to see BSMs emerging Can also inspire national and transboundary policies
  4. 4. From sharing the resource to sharing the benefits Turton (2008) in Southern Africa suggested several shifts From sharing resources (win-lose) to sharing benefits (win-win) From sovereignty to subsidiarity From national security (top-down) to human safety (bottom- up) Requires a « basket of options » to generate benefits
  5. 5. Sustainable fisheries and hydropower in the Mekong river basin
  6. 6. The Mekong water – fish – energy nexus and benefits Massive hydropower potential Fisheries provide 50-80% of animal protein to 60 mio. people and 50% of rural income Fisheries and food security threatened by the discontinuities due to large hydropower dams MRC, 2010
  7. 7. Changes in practice sharing the benefits between fisheries and energy production Water management techniques and practices improving the benefits of riparian communities Artificial wetlands (THPC, Laos) Rice-fish systems (THPC, Laos) Cassava (Yali Falls, Vietnam)
  8. 8. Sharing the benefits from the Volta Basin
  9. 9. A major income source for Ghana Akosombo Dam on the Volta (Ghana) How does small reservoirs’ development upstream (Burkina Faso, Ghana) threaten energy production?
  10. 10. A marginal trade-off opening opportunities for small holders CPWF research shows that evaporative losses from small reservoirs are not excessive Less than 50% of previously been assumed In a savanna setting losses from open water in small reservoirs even smaller than those from cropped areas of a similar size 4 times more small reservoirs would Can add significant wealth to small holders Result in less than 1% of additional water consumption
  11. 11. Why are we having this meeting? IFAD CPWF Mainstreaming Innovations Grant Tonya Schuetz, Grant and Knowledge Sharing Manager and (t.schuetz@cgiar.org ) CGIAR Challenge Program on Water and Food
  12. 12. Mainstreaming Innovations Grant Overall Goal & Objectives To improve food security and livelihoods of poor rural communities Validated CPWF innovations and adoption processes scaled up to reach more communities based on having developed appropriate policy, institutional and technical spaces Key national / regional planning agencies and development partners and IFAD use CPWF innovations and processes in their planning and operations
  13. 13. 2 years Identified Strategies ~1 mio. $ Repackage & disseminate materials to identified audience Organize stakeholder sharing events Contribution to/ participation in strategic events Targeted support upon special request Specific follow-up funding to quick wins (RiU projects IWMI, CRP5/ WLE) Marketing a particular innovation in organized workshops (e.g. ComMod – IFAD)
  14. 14. Multi-resource package Phase 2 Key products and messages Key messages posters/ smart cards Outcome stories Sourcebook (articles) Briefing notes Meta- synthesis book Institutional histories
  15. 15. CPWF Theory of Change Approach, example of the IFAD Grant IMPACT Re-/Packaged Materials Used by: Outcome Stories Main change agents Key messages - Smart card/ posters IFAD Country Program Managers Know about CPWF work & people most relevant to their work Engage and interact with our networks Sourcebook (articles) IFAD in-country project staff Interested towards our work and social capital and partnership networks Adapt and contextualize what is useful for their work Briefing/ insight notes Metasynthesis Institutional Histories Any other materials Knowledge, attitude and skills changes Changes in behaviour and practice Project Activities Improved food security and livelihoods of poor rural communities OUTCOMESOUTPUTS Other partner development & implementation professionals Have the skills to pick the suitable findings/ technologies
  16. 16. 20102005------2009 2011 2012 ...The Andes Story ......The Andes Story ......The Andes Story ......The Andes Story ...

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