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The Challenge Program on Water and Food in the Volta Basin Olufunke Cofie Basin Leader, CPWF-Volta food  ·  water  ·  envi...
Outline <ul><li>The CPWF global agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Research in the Volta </li></ul>
What is CPWF? <ul><li>An international,  multi-institutional  research initiative of the Consultative Group on Internation...
Aim of CPWF <ul><li>CPWF aims to  increase the resilience  of social and </li></ul><ul><li>ecological systems through bett...
Phase I: 2003 - 2008 <ul><li>Some Lessons: </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated strategies are needed for effective innovations </...
CPWF Phase II: 2009-2014 <ul><li>Fewer projects: 4-5/basin, 6 basins, building on insights from Phase I </li></ul><ul><li>...
How we work <ul><li>Guided by core principles :  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>working in partnership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a...
Six basin Development Challenges Operational Operational Operational Operational Operational 2 1
The Volta Basin <ul><li>Main Features </li></ul><ul><li>Area : apx. 400,000 km 2   </li></ul><ul><li>Riparian Countries : ...
Main Challenges in the Volta <ul><li>Rainfall variability </li></ul><ul><li>Land degradation, poor soil fertility </li></u...
CPWF’s Response:  Volta Basin Development Challenge (VBDC) <ul><li>Integrated Management of </li></ul><ul><li>Rainwater an...
V2 – Integrated Management of rainwater for Crop-Livestock Agroecosystems V1 – Targeting and Scaling Out V4 – Sub-basin ma...
V1:   Targeting and scaling out  <ul><li>Project V1 develops a  decision-support tool  that will identify likely sites to ...
V2: Integrated management of rainwater for crop-livestock agroecosystems <ul><li>V2 will Identify, evaluate, adapt, and di...
V3: Integrated management of small reservoirs for multiple uses <ul><li>Integrated management options at local scale for s...
V4: Sub‐basin management and governance of rainwater and small reservoirs <ul><li>Provide understanding of the processes t...
V5: Coordination and Change: learning for innovation and adaptive management <ul><li>Ensure coherence amongst the VBDC Pro...
Study Areas
Network of Partners
 
In other words… <ul><li>Several projects and partners contribute to achieving the Volta basin development challenge  </li>...
If the VBDC is successful, then: <ul><li>A decision support tool will  be available to guide the out-scaling of successful...
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Cpwf volta basin devt challenge launch

  1. 1. The Challenge Program on Water and Food in the Volta Basin Olufunke Cofie Basin Leader, CPWF-Volta food · water · environment · livelihoods
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>The CPWF global agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Research in the Volta </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is CPWF? <ul><li>An international, multi-institutional research initiative of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research ( CGIAR ) with a focus on improving how water is managed and used for improved food production . </li></ul>
  4. 4. Aim of CPWF <ul><li>CPWF aims to increase the resilience of social and </li></ul><ul><li>ecological systems through better water </li></ul><ul><li>management for food production </li></ul><ul><li>Through its broad partnerships , it conducts </li></ul><ul><li>research that leads to impact on the poor and </li></ul><ul><li>policy change </li></ul>
  5. 5. Phase I: 2003 - 2008 <ul><li>Some Lessons: </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated strategies are needed for effective innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Successful projects have multiple partners at several scales </li></ul><ul><li>Beyond water productivity (more crop per drop), the resilience of social and ecological system is important </li></ul><ul><li>Rich source of data & information </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on new partnerships & networks </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building for research </li></ul><ul><li>Minimal investment toward influence and uptake </li></ul>
  6. 6. CPWF Phase II: 2009-2014 <ul><li>Fewer projects: 4-5/basin, 6 basins, building on insights from Phase I </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on basin development challenges, so research for development and impact </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of projects across a basin, mindful of on-going activities </li></ul><ul><li>Aiming to integrate strategies combining policy environment, institutions and technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Stronger basin-level coordination building on existing networks, institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-basin learning through Topic Working Groups </li></ul>
  7. 7. How we work <ul><li>Guided by core principles : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>working in partnership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>adaptive management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>capacity development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>gender and interdisciplinary integration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>accountability </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Linking research to impact through compelling basin development challenges and ‘outcome pathways’ </li></ul><ul><li>Seeking insight across projects and basins </li></ul>
  8. 8. Six basin Development Challenges Operational Operational Operational Operational Operational 2 1
  9. 9. The Volta Basin <ul><li>Main Features </li></ul><ul><li>Area : apx. 400,000 km 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Riparian Countries : Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Mali, and Cote d’Ivoire </li></ul><ul><li>Popn. apx 19 million; 70 % rural; 2.5 % growth rate </li></ul><ul><li>Population below $2/day: > 70 % in 5 out of 6 countries </li></ul><ul><li>Annual rainfall : 500 - 1,100 mm </li></ul><ul><li>Total annual water demand : 1.7 billion m 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Water Availability: >2000 m 3 /cap-yr (south); 900 m 3 (North) </li></ul><ul><li>Reservoirs: 3 Large reservoirs for hydropower; </li></ul><ul><li>over 1000 small for multiple uses </li></ul><ul><li>Elevation : 95 % of the basin is below 400 m </li></ul><ul><li>Natural rangeland : 85 % of the basin </li></ul><ul><li>Rainfed agriculture : 14 % of the basin </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigated agriculture : about 0.5 % of cultivated area </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions : VBA, sub-basin org, WUAs, National water </li></ul><ul><li>policies and IWRM plans; devt.org. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Main Challenges in the Volta <ul><li>Rainfall variability </li></ul><ul><li>Land degradation, poor soil fertility </li></ul><ul><li>Poor water quality </li></ul><ul><li>Poor access to infrastructure, production inputs and rural services </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate public and private sector investments especially in rural areas </li></ul><ul><li>Governance and institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Low agricultural productivity </li></ul><ul><li>water related diseases </li></ul><ul><li>High poverty and hunger </li></ul>
  11. 11. CPWF’s Response: Volta Basin Development Challenge (VBDC) <ul><li>Integrated Management of </li></ul><ul><li>Rainwater and Small Reservoirs for Multiple Uses </li></ul><ul><li>Objective </li></ul><ul><li>“ Improving rainwater and small reservoir management to contribute to poverty reduction and improved livelihoods resilience while taking account of downstream and upstream water users including ecosystem services ”. </li></ul>
  12. 12. V2 – Integrated Management of rainwater for Crop-Livestock Agroecosystems V1 – Targeting and Scaling Out V4 – Sub-basin management and governance of RW and SR V5 – Coordination & Change <ul><li>Guideline on rainwater management strategies (RMS) that improve s farmers livelihood targeted to different biophysical and socio-economic domains </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation platforms on crop-livestock value chains </li></ul><ul><li>Tools for integrated analysis of RMS </li></ul>Identification of successful agricultural water management (AWM) interventions in specific locations and under specific conditions <ul><li>SR management options that improves the livelihood of reservoir water users </li></ul><ul><li>SR management that improves the functioning and the resilience of reservoir </li></ul><ul><li>Information on governance decisions that combine sustainability, planning concerns and livelihood priorities </li></ul>V3 – Integrated Management of Small Reservoirs (SR) for Multiple Use <ul><li>high quality integrated research results effectively communicated to next and end users provides enabling environment for RW and SR management </li></ul>Basin Community Watershed VBDC Research
  13. 13. V1: Targeting and scaling out <ul><li>Project V1 develops a decision-support tool that will identify likely sites to introduce agricultural water management (AWM) interventions for smallholder farming systems </li></ul><ul><li>Lead Institution: SEI </li></ul><ul><li>Partners: INERA, UoO, SARI, KNUST </li></ul>
  14. 14. V2: Integrated management of rainwater for crop-livestock agroecosystems <ul><li>V2 will Identify, evaluate, adapt, and disseminate best-fit integrated rainwater management strategies (RMS), comprising of technological solutions, directed at different domains of the agroecosystems, strengthened by enabling institutional and policy environments and linked to market incentives that can drive adoption </li></ul>Lead Institution: ILRI Partners: IWMI, WUR-PPS, INERA, WRI & SNV
  15. 15. V3: Integrated management of small reservoirs for multiple uses <ul><li>Integrated management options at local scale for small reservoirs (SR) in a multiple use context. These include maintaining infrastructures, protecting and improving water quality for the various uses; enhancing water productivity potentials; and seeking for equity. </li></ul><ul><li>Lead Institution: UMR G‐Eau / Cirad‐Es, </li></ul><ul><li>Partners: IRD, 2iE, TU-Delft, WRI, INERA, SARI </li></ul>
  16. 16. V4: Sub‐basin management and governance of rainwater and small reservoirs <ul><li>Provide understanding of the processes that govern IWRM policy-making, practice and research in the Basin and identify demand-driven opportunities for the management and the governance of rainwater and small reservoirs at the watershed (sub-basin) level. </li></ul><ul><li>Lead Institution: IWMI </li></ul><ul><li>Partners: CIRAD; UPR-Green, SP-PAGIRE, WRC, WRI, UDS </li></ul>
  17. 17. V5: Coordination and Change: learning for innovation and adaptive management <ul><li>Ensure coherence amongst the VBDC Projects and aligned BDC research to stakeholders need so as to contribute to poverty reduction and improved livelihood resilience in the Basin </li></ul><ul><li>Lead Institution: VBA </li></ul><ul><li>Partners: GWP, IWMI and INERA </li></ul>
  18. 18. Study Areas
  19. 19. Network of Partners
  20. 21. In other words… <ul><li>Several projects and partners contribute to achieving the Volta basin development challenge </li></ul><ul><li>Our whole CPWF team is in place to support integrated research in the Volta </li></ul><ul><li>This will contribute to improving livelihoods of the poor. </li></ul>
  21. 22. If the VBDC is successful, then: <ul><li>A decision support tool will be available to guide the out-scaling of successful AWM initiatives in appropriate locations </li></ul><ul><li>Rainwater will be managed more appropriately leading to positive impacts on crop and livestock productivity, farm profitability, environmental resilience, and human well-being </li></ul><ul><li>Community-level institutions will be strong enough to manage small reservoirs to maximise the benefits from multiple uses. </li></ul><ul><li>The interaction between various institutions will be strengthened and mutually supportive </li></ul><ul><li>Governments and development agencies would have more evidence to support investment in small reservoir for multiple uses </li></ul>

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