(These next few slides paint a picture of where the need is and the scope of the problem. You can run through them very quickly.)(Note: This slide is percentage of people without access – not necessarily on or off track)Talking Points:This slide tells us where the over-800 million people who still lack safe water supply are.The region with the most gaps, which also contains many of the countries which are off-track to achieve the water MDG, is Africa.However, there are large unserved populations in Asia as well.
(Note: This slide is percentage of people without access – not necessarily on or off track)Talking Points:This slide tells us where the 2.6 billion people who still lack improved sanitation are.The World will miss the sanitation MDG target by almost 1 billion people
There is a great deal of inequity of coverage.(You may need to provide a basic explanation of the graph so it is understandable at a glance – for water, the green is the coverage. For sanitation, the blue and yellow are improved sanitation. Water is is 77% for the richest and 16% for the poorest quintile. Sanitation is 86% for the richest and 36% for the poorest.)
So when we look at country coverage data over time, early analysis by stakeholders involved with SWA, which seems to be supported by the GLAAS 2010 findings, suggests that the lagging progress to achieve the MDG targets, especially the sanitation MD is associated with : insufficient political prioritisation; insufficient national investment and poor aid targeting; weak sector capacity at country level; lack of accountability; weak data analysis.Sanitation and Water for All brings together stakeholders from within and outside the sector to address these problems in order to accelerate progress towards and beyond the MDGs.
We know that, while real dollars have in fact increased since 2000, the aid going to WASH as a percentage of overall aid has decreased and especially with regard to the other main social sectors of education and health
We know that, if we are trying to achieve the MDGs, aid is poorly targeted. Only 42% of WASH aid is targeted to Low Income Countries. Middle Income Countries receive the majority of WASH aid.
We know that the percentage of WASH aid going to basic services – the improvements that improve coverage – has declined from 27% to 16% over the last five years.So most sector aid flows go to large systems, ie improving service for those already served.
Sanitation and Water for All just held the first Annual High Level Meeting. The first annual High Level Meeting had three main objectives:Mobilise political supportMonitor progress against global targets and commitments, decide how to address challenges and strengthen mutual accountabilityImprove sector financing & aid-effectiveness.
The Meeting was:Co-chaired by HRH Prince of Orange + Dep. Executive Sec UNICEF (Mr Saad Houry) Attended by:18 Ministers of Finance and Water/Sanitation13 DonorsWorld Bank, AsDB, UN, Civil Society
What are the results of the High Level meeting?Improved coordination and increased political prioritisationThe Minister of Finance from Ghana, who had previously not been engaged in the sector prioritized attending the meeting, and made the point that sanitation has a role to play in job creation and that made the issue interesting to him. Ghana is now reviewing expenditures and plans.There was an extensive preparatory process prior to the HLM, which strengthened inter-ministerial dialogue between Finance and Water/Sanitation Ministries and Ministers in 20 countries and brought the issue to the forefront in many countries where it previously wasn’t. Further, in-country coordination amongst the government and development partners was strengthened as a result of the HLM preparation, bringing partners together to work in greater cooperation.
Financing results:Minister Sonjica, South Africa’s Minister of Water Affairs and the current Chair of the African Ministers’ Council on Water, spoke on behalf of the sector Ministers and called on donors to increase sector aid for basic services to 27% (from the current level of 16%) and overall aid to LICs to 50% (from the current level of 42%).If donors meet that Call to Action over the next five years, over $1 billion will be mobilized towards basic services beyond current allocations (nearly a doubling). We are still analysing commitments and surveying post-High Level Meeting decisions, but anecdotally, we can see countries also committing increased to the sector.Following the HLM, the Senegalese Minister of Finance has committed $120 million over 4 years to the sector, which equals 20% of the financing gap in Senegal. In Angola, a proposal for over $100 million had been sitting idle before the HLM. When the Minister of Environment returned from Washington DC, she briefed the Head of State and the proposal was funded by the Cabinet as a result.
Swa Ppt To Dgis 8jun10 Vers02
Sanitation and Water for All: A Global framework for Action<br />Netherlands stakeholder meeting<br />DGIS<br />8 June 2010<br />Peregrine Swann<br />WHO<br />
Proportion of the population using an improved drinking water source, 2010<br />Over 800 million people still lack safe water supply<br />Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water and Sanitation (JMP)<br />
Proportion of the population using an improved sanitation facility, 2010<br />The world will miss the sanitation target by almost 1 billion people<br />Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water and Sanitation (JMP)<br />
Large disparities in access remain between different socio-economic groups<br />The richest in sub-Saharan Africa are almost five times more likely to use improved sanitation than the poorest<br />The richest in sub-Saharan Africa are over two times more likely to use an improved drinking water source than the poorest<br />Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme on Water and Sanitation (JMP)<br />
Why are countries off-track?<br />Insufficient Political Prioritization<br />Insufficient national investment + poor aid targeting<br />Weak country sector capacity<br />Lack of accountability for commitments<br />Weak data analysis, communications<br />
What is Sanitation and Water for All?<br />Vision: universal, sustainable sanitation and water <br />Alliance of like-minded organizations – not an organization in itself. Works though members.<br />Growing membership<br />Governments<br />Donors<br />Civil Society<br />Development Banks<br />Regional Bodies, e.g. AMCOW, EUWI<br />
Three Key SWA Activities :<br />Support Country Processes<br />Stronger Focus on off-track countries/sectors<br />Improve technical assistance<br />Catalytic support for actionable frameworks<br />Establishing Global Framework for Sector Dialogue - Annual High Level Meeting <br />Forum for global dialogue on water<br />Annual High Level Meeting<br />Improved Information for Decision-making<br />JMP biennial report on coverage<br />GLAAS annual global report on drivers & constraints to sector progress (financial, human, enabling environment)<br />
Aid for health and education has outpaced aid for WSS<br /><ul><li>WASH aid increased between 2000 and 2008: by over 150% to Africa and over 50% globally
Over the same period, WASH aid reduced as a % of overall aid (from approx 6.3% to 4.7%)</li></li></ul><li>Poor Targeting to Low-Income Countries<br /><ul><li>Only 42% of aid targeted to LICs
Top 12 priority recipients receive 50% of WASH aid </li></li></ul><li>Basic Systems are not Targeted by Water Sector Aid<br /><ul><li>Aid flows for basic water and sanitation remain about US$ 1.1 bn
ODA for basic services declined from 27% to 16% over the last five years
Aid flows for large systems increased from US$ 2.6 to US$ 4.3 bn from 2000 to 2008</li></li></ul><li>Main GLAAS Messages:<br /><ul><li>Greater political commitment for WSS needed by donors and dev. countries
Target resources better to reach WSS MDG Target
Strengthen national systems to plan, implement + monitor delivery of services
Stronger partnerships to develop and implement national WSS plans</li></li></ul><li>TargetingProper aid targeting: need to choose<br />
First High Level Meeting of Sanitation and Water for All<br />April 23 2010, Washington DC<br />UNICEF/Marvin Jones<br />World Bank Vice-President Katherine Sierra (right) welcomes the participants of the landmark High Level Meeting of Sanitation and Water for All to the World Bank, following opening remarks by the Chairs HRH Prince Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands of UNSGAB (middle) and Deputy Executive Director SaadHoury of UNICEF (left).<br />
UNICEF/Marvin Jones<br />Dr. Kwabena Duffuor, Ghana’s Minister of Finance and Economic Planning (center) expresses support for Sanitation and Water for All and stresses the “immense potential to create jobs and affect MDG 1 (eradicating extreme poverty) as well as the other MDGs” as the Mr. Alban S.K. Bagbin, Ghana’s Minister of Water Resources, Works and Housing (left) and Mr. Oumar Sarr, Senegal’s Minister of Urban Development, Construction and of Water (right) look on.<br />
UNICEF/Marvin Jones<br />Ministers responsible for water and sanitation prepare for the High Level Meeting <br />
1st HLM Outcomes<br />Country Commitments<br />19 countries (5 Asia, 14 Africa) <br />Specific country commitments e.g:<br />Ghana compact and budget increase,<br />Nepal SWAp, <br />Zimbabwe sector restructuring, <br />Min Water-Finance dialogue<br /><ul><li>Water Ministers’ Commitments to Action