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Small-Scale Irrigation: Present & Future


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Presentation for for the The seventh annual Water for Food Global Conference which will focus on the powerful impact that can be achieved through public-private partnerships in water for food research, technology and project development.
This presentation provides an overview of some potential for small scale irrigation to bolster food security in Africa

Published in: Science
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Small-Scale Irrigation: Present & Future

  1. 1. Small-Scale Irrigation: Present & Future Claudia Ringler IFPRI
  2. 2. Small-Scale Irrigation: A thriving but overlooked sector with large potential • In many SSA countries reaches more farmers than public irrigation • Significant income boost in the dry season • Significant farmer demand and own investment Source of images: IWMI/IFPRI/SUA. Source: IWMI (2012).
  3. 3. To unlock this potential, need to.. Source: IWMI (2012).
  4. 4. …implement business models, such as irrigation service providers • One service provider is linked to several irrigators • Paid for the service per hour
  5. 5. …target women to increase involvement in AWM activities  Irrigation favors male dominated crops  Lack of access to finance  Lack of access to information  Ex: 20% of bucket and water-can users are women, but less than 5% of motor pump owners are female Source: IWMI (2012).
  6. 6. Small-Scale Irrigation: New analyses • Expanded geographies • New solutions • Benefits of SSI beyond yields & revenues (climate resilience, health, nutrition, and gender)
  7. 7. New geographies: Flood and dry-season management in Nigeria • Develop AWM solutions to support flood recession agriculture and improve dry season farming. • Evidence on the extent of flooding and flooding patterns to guide decision- making on flood response Irrigation suitability for small reservoirs: Anambra, Benue, and Kogi States, Nigeria. Source: Xie et al. forthcoming
  8. 8. New solutions: Solar Pumps and Wetting Front Detector Photo credit: Petra Schmitter/IWMI.
  9. 9. • Capacity Building on: a) Financial Literacy of farmers and financial institutions; b) Access to loans for irrigation technologies (revolving fund); and c) Assessment of financial institutions’ lending capacity for irrigation technology • Potential and limitations of PPP for irrigation New solutions: SSI and financing Photo: Abby Waldorf.
  10. 10. • To what extent can SSI address climate variability and long-term climate change? • Is SSI a climate-resilient activity and to what extent is SSI a precursor to any other climate-smart agricultural activity? Benefits: SSI and climate resilience
  11. 11. Benefits: SSI and health
  12. 12. Benefits: SSI and nutrition (in red statistically significant changes) Ethiopia Tanzania Non-irrigators n=185 Irrigators n=284 Non-irrigators n=224 Irrigators n=227 Mean Mean Mean Mean Household food insecurity access scale, 0-27 [higher means worse] 5.78 4.04 3.92 2.58 Female dietary diversity score: number of categories consumed 3.69 3.58 3.71 4.20 Household dietary diversity: number of food categories consumed 5.69 6.06 4.88 5.63 Source: IFPRI-ILSSI 2016.
  13. 13. Benefits: SSI and women’s empowerment  Assessment of women’s empowerment for irrigators versus non-irrigators  Women’s decision-making over irrigated plots  Women’s time use for collecting domestic water  Without additional interventions access to SSI does not necessarily enhance women’s empowerment Image: IWMI. Source: IFPRI-ILSSI 2016.
  14. 14. Conclusion  SSI continues to grow in SSA  SSI has the potential for large-scale benefits beyond yields and income if climate resilience, health, nutrition, and gender considerations are actively promoted, if there is sufficient support for input and output markets, and if information and credit constraints are addressed  For SSI to remain successful, institutions for managing shortages and depletion are also urgently needed.